Wooden picket fence: the technology of erecting the most popular fence
In Russia, wood has long been widely used as a building material. Log houses, window frames, interior items, kitchen utensils are built from it. This natural material allows you to create an atmosphere of inner comfort and coziness. A wooden fence made of picket fence is one of the most popular types of fences in suburban construction, which is simply indispensable when arranging a site in a rustic style. Such a fence on the one hand outlines the boundaries of the site, and on the other hand, its territory is not obscured.
Fences made of picket fences can be given any height, shape, color, and even clearance distances, so that they acquire an original look and complement the design of a suburban area with their appearance.
A wooden fence fence is used as a reliable fence for a personal plot, an element of zoning of the territory, decorative framing of beds and flower beds
Stems with flowers, filling the gaps in the gaps between the vertical slats, give the fence a more attractive look
The constant popularity of this type of fencing is explained by a number of its parameters and properties, the main ones of which are:
- Universality. Wooden fences fit perfectly into any terrain. They are perfectly combined with any other bases, organically fitting into the interior made of stone or brick, concrete or metal.
- Easy installation. The strength of the picket fence can be done independently by any summer resident and the owner of a country house, without resorting to the services of professional craftsmen.
- Ease of care. Care of the fence consists only in timely painting of the surface and the elimination of defects that may occur during operation as a result of mechanical stresses and seasonal precipitation.
- Reliability. A high wooden fence will act not only as a decorative element of landscape design, but also as reliable protection for the owners of the site.
One of the advantages of a picket fence, in comparison with a traditional solid fence, is the ability to plant plants right at its base.
Procurement of material for arranging the fence
To build a fence you will need:
- Supporting pillars. They can be made of metal pipes or thick bars.
- Shtaketin. Not wide rails are made of edged or planed boards.
- Veins. Cross strips placed horizontally between the supporting posts, 2-2.5 meters long, are made of bars with a section of 40 mm.
When choosing a material to make a fence from a fence, you can go in two ways: purchase a finished fence or make it yourself from boards. The first method saves time. The finished fence can be installed on the day of purchase. But a significant drawback can be poor-quality raw wood, which acts as the basis for the picket fence, which during operation will "lead" the fence. Choosing the second way, the owner will need to make an effort to spend several days on the manufacture of all elements of the fence. But as a result, he will have a picket fence that is fully consistent with his ideas and wishes.
First you need to calculate the length of the future fence, its height, the distance between the supporting posts and the dimension of the picket itself. By purchasing boards for the fence, preference should be given to well-dried products.
If the material is not sufficiently dried, it is necessary to use special dryers for the forest, because in natural conditions the drying can stretch for several seasons
The service of drying the forest, as well as cutting of cross-beams and shtaketin, can be ordered at the place where wood products are made. When preparing the material yourself, it is necessary to carefully saw and sand all the tops.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Design options for the tops of a wooden fence
The bottom of the wooden support poles must be coated with hot var. This will prevent wood decay and extend the life of the structure.
Installation and installation of fencing
The arrangement of the picket fence is carried out according to the same principle as the construction of other types of fences. First of all, the direction of the future fence is determined. It must be freed from weeds, bushes and tree branches that will interfere with the construction. Then, lighthouses are pulled on the cleared area and a place for posts is laid out along the stretched cord. The distance between the posts should not exceed three meters. Otherwise, long spans between the supports can cause the cross-pieces to sag under the weight of the shtaketin.
Support poles can be installed directly in the ground, but to create a more durable structure, it is better to erect them using cement-sand mortar.
To install the columns, you will need to dig a hole with a drill, the depth of which is determined by the height of the fence. On average, 1.3 m depth is enough
Install columns on a 20 cm gravel cushion, which helps to prevent the extrusion of the support during freezing of the soil. Vertically fixed columns are covered alternately with concrete and soil mortar.
After installing the columns along the line of the fence, you can install between them veins. In principle, the fence can be installed in two ways: at the first, the crossbars are first fastened between the posts, and then a fence is nailed to them, and at the second, the spans are assembled separately and fixed to the supports already in blocks.
The first shtaketin is mounted vertically, and the rest are aligned according to a t-shaped pattern in which the width of the leg of the letter “t” is equal to the step of the shtaketin, and beaten
On average, the distance between the shtaketins is equal to the width of the props themselves. You can fix the transverse planks on wooden support posts using self-tapping screws, bolts, or ordinary nails. Veins are attached to metal columns on a specially welded corner for fastening the beam.
Decoration and decoration of the fence
The finished fence can only be protected from atmospheric phenomena and other negatively influencing factors.
It is necessary to repair all cracks and chips with puttying compounds, impregnate the picket with an antiseptic, and then cover with varnish, stain or paint
Film forming agents do not fit well on freshly planked boards and do not last long. To "roughen" the surface of the tree, you can clean it with medium-grained sandpaper.
Stain - an excellent preservative that protects wood from the development of microorganisms and mold
Varnish will protect the tree from moisture. Using stain and clear varnish, you can also imitate various types of wood.