A wonderful gift of nature: the cultivation and care of asparagus at home
Asparagus is a beautiful houseplant valued for its delicate delicate greenery. This airy creature is a true miracle of nature. The plant looks especially impressive when bright red fruits appear on fragile branches. Elegant asparagus, reminiscent of lace, will decorate any collection of flowers grown at home. If you think about it, caring for a plant is not so difficult.
Description of a houseplant and its photo
The genus asparagus unites about 300 species of perennial plants. Africa is considered the native land, in the nature grows in India, on the Mediterranean coast of Europe, in the Far East. The first image of the plant dates back to the 3rd century. BC. Even the ancient Egyptians grew this culture and ate it. After all, asparagus growing in an apartment belong to the same genus as vegetable asparagus, only to other species. Decorative asparagus began to grow a little more than 100 years ago.
Asparagus is valued for its tender lush greenery.
The culture is distinguished by species diversity: it is represented by herbaceous plants, large shrubs or vines. The characteristic features of asparagus are branched shoots, small flowers, a fruit in the form of a berry, a powerful tuberous root. Most asparaguses lack green leaves, their role is played by flattened needles located in the axils of small scaly leaflets.
Decorative asparagus belong to the same genus as vegetable asparagus
With good care, the flower grows to 40 cm and lives for more than 10 years.
Asparagus adapt well to living conditions, growing them at home is not difficult.
Types and names: cirrus, Mayer, Sprenger and others
Cirrus asparagus is a branching shrub with bare shoots. Leaves - small (0.5 cm) triangular scales. Light green phyllocladies are slightly curved. The flowers are white. The fruit is a black berry.
Curved light green phyllocladies of cirrus asparagus give an openwork appearance to the whole plant
The finest asparagus is similar to cirrus, but its phyllocladies are thinner and longer, quite rarely located. The length of the shoots is up to 1.5 m. It blooms with white flowers, the fruits are black.
Mayer asparagus is a shrub with straight stems up to 60 cm long, highly pubescent - this feature is characteristic only for this species. Small phyllocladies grow close to each other.
Mayer asparagus differs from other species in highly pubescent stems
Crescent-shaped asparagus is a vine with long thick shoots up to 15 m long. Numerous sickle-shaped cladode up to 8 cm long with corrugated edges are located on flexible stems. The flowers are white.
Asparagus Sprenger is a herbaceous plant. The stems are bare, branching, up to 1.5 m long. Leaves in the form of scales 2–4 mm long. Phyllocladia up to 3 cm long, straight or slightly curved. The flowers are white or light pink. Fruits are red berries.
Varieties in the photo
- Asparagus officinalis contains many useful elements
- Asparagus asparagus - climbing tree shrub blooming with white flowers
- Small flowers of asparagus Sprenger are very fragrant
- Crescent-shaped asparagus is characterized by sickle-shaped cladode
Variety of Asparagus on video
Comfortable growing conditions
|Lighting||Many species of asparagus prefer bright diffused lighting, so it is best to place the flower on the western or eastern side, protecting from direct sunlight that causes a burn of greenery. You can arrange the flower on the north side, but in low light it becomes less decorative, shoots are very extended, phyllocladies are sparse on them. In summer, you can take asparagus to the balcony and terrace, gradually accustoming to new conditions after winter. They are placed in partial shade, protecting from drafts.|
|Humidity||The plant feels comfortable in a humid microclimate. Dry air can lead to yellowing of the leaves and even death of the flower. Therefore, asparagus should be sprayed more often. You can leave it overnight in the bathroom after a shower. In winter, the flower should not be kept near heating appliances.|
|Temperature mode||The optimum summer temperature is + 20–25 degrees. He does not tolerate extreme heat. In winter, the room should not be lower than + 12-15 ° C, otherwise the plant will begin to dry out and discard the foliage.|
|Watering||In spring and summer, you need regular watering, every 3-4 days. However, it is impossible to overmoisten the soil. In winter, watered less often.|
|Top dressing||Asparagus is fed weekly in spring and summer, once a month in winter. At the same time, the soil is enriched, plant growth is enhanced, their immunity is increased.|
|Transfer||Young plants are transplanted every year, adults - every 2-3 years.|
|Pruning||Shortened shoots no longer grow, but pruning stimulates the growth of new branches.|
|Breeding||Asparagus is propagated by seeds, cuttings, division of rhizome.|
Asparagus prefer bright ambient light
Landing and transplanting
Young asparagus are transplanted annually, because they grow rapidly, and the overgrown roots become crowded in pots. More mature plants are transplanted less often, every 2-3 years.
The best time for transplanting is spring. The plant tolerates the procedure quite easily and quickly grows. In autumn, only transshipment is carried out.
Important! Until the roots of the asparagus fill the entire capacity, the greens will not grow. Therefore, when transplanting, they pick up a pot, only 2-3 cm more than before.
If the asparagus is not transplanted, the roots and tubers, growing, will come to the surface, the flower will begin to experience an acute shortage of nutrients and moisture, which will negatively affect its appearance. In addition, by carefully inspecting the plant during transplantation, you can detect diseases in time and take urgent measures.
- Before transplanting, an earthen lump is shed and a flower is taken from the pot.
- Inspect the root system, remove old and dried branches, cut too long or rotten roots, which contributes to the growth of young shoots. Carefully separate the nodules.
- Prepare nutritious loose soil.
- Pick up a slightly larger pot
- Lay drainage on the bottom and sprinkle with earth.
- The roots of the renewed asparagus are placed in a tank and covered with new soil, not higher than the previous level.
- After planting, slightly moisten the earth and at first observe the flower.
When transplanting, carefully inspect the root system
After the transplant, the asparagus experiences stress and it will take him some time to get used to the new conditions. If the flower begins to dry, it should be placed for 5-7 days in a dimly lit place, do not water and do not fertilize. Then gradually move on to the correct content.
Transplant Rules - Video
Just bought a plant, too, must be transplanted into new soil. Be sure to wash the crown with warm water to rinse off the substance with which the plant is treated for better preservation. Otherwise, very soon asparagus may crumble and lose its decorative effect.
Gentle-looking asparagus are very unpretentious. There are only a few nuances in caring for a plant.
When choosing a place for your green pet, you need to consider that it is harmful not only dry and hot air, but also a draft.
Asparagus prefers space, so you should not place it close to other home flowers.
Asparagus is hygrophilous. In spring and summer, every 3-4 days, when the upper layer of soil dries, it is watered with warm water. To create a wet microclimate, place a container with water nearby or place the pot in a tray with wet expanded clay.
In winter, watering is reduced. Loves the flower daily spraying, and not only in the summer, but also in the winter. Once a week, you can arrange a warm shower for the asparagus.
After irrigation, the soil must be loosened, thereby providing air access to the roots.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Asparagus tubers absorb and accumulate moisture well, so the plant does not suffer with a short drought.
Asparagus is responsive to fertilizer application. In spring and summer, they are introduced every week, in winter - once a month. During the period of active development, fertilizing with complex fertilizers is useful. To brightly color the crowns, they spray the branches with a solution of the growth stimulator Bud (1 g per 1 l). Mineral fertilizers are useful to alternate with organic. Rapid growth of shoots is facilitated by the introduction of liquid bird droppings.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in spring and summer. The use of nitrogen at other times of the year will make it difficult for the plant to transition to a dormant state.
Liquid fertilizers are better absorbed by plants
Feeding should only be done on moist soil, after watering.
Asparagus Care - Video
Indoor asparagus blooms very rarely, and even then 8-10 years after planting, in the spring. His flowers are modest, white with a delicate aroma.
Bright pink raceme asparagus flowers are very fragrant
From October to March, the plant is in a kind of hibernation. Reduce watering to 1 time per week and fertilizer - once a month. You can rearrange the plant in a cooler room, where the temperature should not drop below 12 ° C.
Asparagus grows very quickly, often the shoots "grow bald", the plant takes on an untidy appearance. In this case, at the beginning of spring, pruning of old or yellowed branches is carried out. Cropped shoots no longer grow, but new ones begin to appear actively.
You can nicely shape asparagus with cropping
Diseases and Pests
In a comfortable environment, asparagus rarely gets sick. But it can become infected from other plants or react painfully to violations of the irrigation or lighting regime.
|Pest / disease||Symptoms||Prevention||Treatment|
|Root rot||The spores of the fungus are scattered only in a humid environment. Leaves fade. The roots become soft, rotten.||Carry out proper watering, avoid stagnation of water.|
When planting and transplanting for prophylactic purposes, use Glyokladin (3 tablets are carefully stuck in the root of the plant).
|Processed with a biological product Fitosporin.|
|Shield||It sucks the juice from the plant, drains it and leads to yellowing.||Inspect plants periodically for parasites.||Remove the guards manually. Treated with Actellic (2 ml per 1 liter).|
|Spider mite||The plant turns yellow and dries.||The pest loves dry air and heat - in order to prevent it, it is necessary to irrigate the crown regularly with warm water.||They are treated with a solution of laundry soap, trying not to get on the ground,|
infusion of garlic (20 g of husk per 1 liter, insist 5 hours).
Spray with Fitoverm (5 ml per 0.6 l).
|Worm||White lumps appear on the surface of the leaves, similar to cotton wool. Sucking insects inhibit plant growth, cause yellowing and drying of the leaves.||Maintain high air humidity - it inhibits the development of parasite colonies.||The plant is cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water, then sprayed with garlic infusion. After 7 days, the spraying is repeated.|
Use Tanrek (1.5 ml per 5 l for spraying).
|Aphid||A small insect sucks the juices from the plant, the leaves wither, the shoots dry out.||Inspect the flower garden regularly for parasitic insects|
Monitor the temperature, ventilate the room.
|With a small number of parasites collected manually and destroyed.|
It is treated with celandine infusion (pour 150 g of dry grass into 1 liter of hot water, leave for 24 hours) three times with an interval of 7 days.
Spray with insecticides (Fitoverm - 5 ml per 0.6 l, Intavir - 1 tablet per 10 l), cover the plant with a film for several hours. After 7-10 days, re-treatment is carried out.
Important! Asparagus does not tolerate chemical processing agents, so biological preparations with a more gentle action should be used.
Diseases and pests - photo gallery
- The main sign of tick damage is the appearance of a web covering the plant
- Aphids suck plant juices
- Settlement of insects on asparagus stems causes damage to the plant
- One cause of asparagus shedding is root rot.
- A plant affected by a mealybug is covered with a white downy coating
How to revive asparagus
When the flower is kept in uncomfortable conditions, problems may arise: asparagus leaves turn yellow and crumble, the bush becomes less decorative. So the plant reacts to a change of place, to too low a temperature or extreme heat, to improper watering and lighting, dry air and flowers nearby. It can be revived if the causes of malaise are eliminated.
- If cladodias showered, it means irrigation is irregular or the conditions of detention have changed dramatically.
- A burn or darkening of the edges of the leaves can be caused by too bright sun or drying out the soil.
- Weak elongated shoots that quickly turn yellow and die, sparse phyllocladies are a signal that the plant lacks light.
- To yellowing and lethargy of a flower can lead and growing in a too close pot.
If the asparagus begins to turn yellow and crumble, you can revive it. Cut all the stems under the root completely, carefully water it, take it out of the pot and carefully examine it. Dried and rotten areas are removed, leaving only light nodules. If you want to propagate the plant, the root system is divided. Plants are planted in a completely updated nutritious loose soil, well watered. Soon a new shoot will appear.
Yellowed asparagus can be revived
In a favorable environment, the flower will grow healthy and will delight you with its airy greens for many years.
Asparagus is propagated by seeds, division of rhizomes and cuttings.
Seeds are usually sown after harvest (January - March).
Asparagus seeds are sown immediately after harvest
- They are pre-treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and soaked in warm water for 2 days.
- Then put in a moistened cloth and leave for 5 days until they hatch.
- Sprouted seeds are placed in moist soil made of sand and peat (1: 1), covered with a film and put in a warm place (+.22 ° C).
- The soil is regularly sprayed with settled water, ventilate and remove condensation.
- After 25-30 days, seedlings will appear.
- When the thin seedlings grow to 7-10 cm, they are dived into separate cups.
- In early summer, transplanted into pots with drainage and nutrient substrate.
Thin shoots will grow from seeds in a month
Asparagus from seeds - video
A simple method of reproduction is the division of bushes.
- Well moisturize the earthen lump.
- Wet roots are straightened and pruned a little.
- The plant is divided into several independent seedlings.
- Each part is planted in a separate pot with fertile soil.
Separation into separate parts is often painfully perceived by asparagus. The plant needs time to survive a stressful situation.
Propagation by cuttings is carried out in early spring.
- Shoots are cut into cuttings 8-12 cm long.
- Rooted in wet sand.
- The container is covered with a film and put in a warm place (+ 20–22 ° C).
- Regularly moisturize and ventilate the greenhouse.
- Rooting occurs within 4-6 weeks.
- Fortified plants with young leaves are transplanted to a permanent place.
Propagation by stem cuttings is carried out in early spring.
Once I bought the seeds of asparagus Meyer. On the picture is a very spectacular plant. Of the two large seeds, one came up after a long time. But in 5 years a microscopic bush has grown from it. Now I bought more of these seeds, I want to try again.Asel
My asparagus has been around for many years. In principle, there are no special problems with it. But recently something has happened - its shoots are ginger and dried needles are showered right in the rain, and there are almost no new shoots. What happened? And is it possible to somehow save the asparagus? Changed nothing, stands in its corner.Elol
I like asparagus very much, but they don’t take root in me, maybe dry air? I tried to sow in the spring - it came up very quickly, but it grew up to a certain period (probably heat) and withered.Tattoo
Here is my asparagus ... almost naked, I noticed that small twigs dry on it, they just get out of the ground, only I will be happy and ... After a couple of days, they already dry up, and even with adult twigs, the needles fall off. I rarely water it, because I was told that he stores moisture in tubers and loves a little drying ... standing in the kitchen, enough light. Try to water more often? Or is there any other problem?Karapuz
... I also want to get an asparagus, but I like to propagate either with cuttings or seeds, and not buy ready-made rastyukha in pots. I tried it with seeds - it didn’t work. Now the question is - can it be propagated by the very same nodules that were mentioned earlier, which must be removed when transplanting the plant. And then I got three nodules ... In general, I have already planted them in the ground, I will wait for seedlings.Daphne
A few months ago I looked at an interesting plant in the store - fluffy, soft, bright green, with needle-like leaves, similar to needles. It turned out to be Asparagus. I decided to buy it. I immediately had an association with him, so soft and fluffy in appearance - comfort and warmth in the house. Now he stands on the windowsill and pleases the eye. The charm. I began to water it and its foliage became much brighter, greener than I was in the store. The only inconvenience from it is the falling leaf-needles, which create a garbage-looking window sill on which the flower stands. In all other respects, I like him. Growing, giving new shoots, Asparagus quickly, if you water it regularly.sweetty
Due to its unpretentiousness, asparagus is very popular among flower growers. It can be grown as a climbing plant, if you put a support. Or put a flower in a hanging planter - then it will grow like an ampel, forming a beautiful cascade. Florists often use asparagus in flower arrangements, its fluffy branches favorably set off roses and gerberas. In addition, it is believed that this plant cleans the space, neutralizes negative energy, creates a feeling of peace and comfort in the house.