Winter and fruit pear Miracle

Juicy flavorful and sweet pears are a little lost in the summer against a fruitful feast. But it is so nice to enjoy the ripe amber fruits of our own production, when it is snowing outside the window, and it is still a long way to the new harvest. Miracle belongs to the family of winter pears. Gardeners who choose this variety do not pursue momentary pleasure. They know how to wait in order to fully appreciate the result of summer labors.

Grade description

Despite the fact that the pear as a culture was known one thousand years BC, scientists, breeders and amateur gardeners do not stop working on the creation of new varieties. Miracle belongs to young pears. Received in 2001 by scientists at the Michurinsky Research Institute of Genetics and Fruit Plant Breeding by crossing varieties of Talgar Beauty and Daughter of Dawn. This is a winter variety. It is included in the State Register since 2004. It is recommended to grow in the Central Black Earth district.

Branch with pear fruits Miracle

The tree is medium-sized with a pyramidal spreading crown. Shoots of medium thickness, brown, without pubescence, smooth, straight. Lentils are few.

The leaves are green, ovoid with a pointed tip and finely serrated along the edge. The flowers are white, have five petals. Collected in inflorescences.

Pear flowers are usually collected in inflorescences.

The botanical name for pear fruit is an apple. The peel during harvesting is green, medium density, oily, covered with a wax coating. After ripening - yellow-green, with a slight blush. Subcutaneous points clearly visible. The weight of the fruit is around 130 g. In the phase of full ripening, the pulp is of medium density, soft, creamy, oily, almost without rocky inclusions, sweet and sour. Harvested in the second decade of September. Fruits, subject to low temperature, are stored for three to five months.

The ascorbic acid content in the fruits of Pear Miracle 7.9 mg /%, sugars - 9.6%.

It begins bearing fruit for 5–6 years. The average yield of the variety exceeds 132 c / ha. There is no periodicity in bearing.

The Miracle Grade variety is characterized by experts as highly winter-resistant, but some gardeners practice that when growing north of the recommended zone, freezing of wood is observed.

Pear Miracle is highly resistant to fungal diseases. Possible defeat pear tinnitus.

The advantages of the variety are high productivity, resistance to diseases and pests, long term consumption of fruits.

The disadvantage is that you need to monitor the state of the crown. When it thickens, the fruits become smaller.

Planting pear variety Miracle

Although these trees are of medium height, they must be provided with a lighted place at a distance of 5-6 meters relative to other trees. Groundwater should lie no closer than two, or even two and a half meters from the surface. Otherwise, the method of planting miracle seedlings does not differ from planting other varieties.

Some gardeners prefer spring planting, but there is no fundamental difference, you can plant in the autumn.

For landing:

  1. They dig a hole 80–90 cm wide and 70 cm deep. The pear does not grow on clay soils, therefore it is important not only to separate the upper fertile layer of the earth, but also to make sure that there is no clay in the lower layers.

    The landing pit should be wide and not less than 70 cm deep

  2. The pear prefers soils that are light in mechanical composition, if necessary, add sand to the soil, and the introduction of rotted manure into the planting pit eliminates the need for additional nutrition for the next few years. The ratio of sand, manure and soil is 1: 1: 1. For those who prefer to use mineral top dressing, it is advisable to add 150–200 g of potassium sulfate and 75–100 g of superphosphate to the soil mixture. Granular fertilizers are better absorbed by plants.

    The introduction of sand and rotted manure improves the quality and mechanical properties of the soil

  3. Determine the height of the root neck so as not to deepen it. The root neck is usually located 5-6 cm above the surface level, since then the soil will settle anyway. If the seedling is containerized, it is removed from the kontener and placed in the center of the planting pit. In seedlings with an open root system, the roots are straightened, and placed on an earthen mound. Then they fill the soil, trying not to leave voids.

    The root neck of the seedling should rise slightly at the soil level

  4. The soil around the tree is carefully tamped, forming an irrigation hole. On the south side of the seedling, a planting stake is set and tied freely.

    Garter to the peg is important for annual seedlings

  5. Water abundantly, introducing at least two buckets of warm water. After the moisture is absorbed, the trunk circle is well mulched. In this case, weed growth is suppressed, and moisture evaporation is reduced.

    Mulching keeps moisture and inhibits weed growth

One-year-olds or two-year-old pear seedlings take root best. In more southern regions, quince stock is preferred. According to gardeners, seedlings grafted onto a pear-wild bird have powerful growth. When choosing seedlings with an open root system, experts advise giving preference to plants with a pronounced stem root. Such trees later turn out to be more stable.

Features of cultivation and subtleties of care

Immediately after planting, the seedling is cut. Shorten the central conductor to 50-60 cm. Leave three to four side shoots directed in different directions. They are also shortened by a third. In subsequent years, when trimming, they try to form a longline crown.

Pear pruning by year

It is important when caring for a pear Miracle Mistress to prevent thickening of the crown, as this affects the size of the fruit - pears are smaller.

Video: how to trim a pear

It is necessary to remember about sanitary pruning of trees. Broken and injured branches must be removed. Cut the slices with a garden var. The pear is very sensitive to a bacterial burn. The defeat is transmitted through dirty equipment, so you need to thoroughly disinfect the pruner before work.

To avoid such a misfortune as a bacterial burn, you need to thoroughly disinfect the instrument before working

My own pear is currently undergoing a recovery period after the defeat. Unfortunately, the lack of the necessary experience often interferes in time to determine what exactly happens to the tree. Single black leaves can be a consequence of pest damage, and a signal of the disease. In any case, knowledge of the basic rules of working with tools would help keep the pear healthy.

Do not forget about whitewashing. It must be carried out both in autumn and spring.

Feeding and watering

If you fill the planting pit with humus or mineral fertilizers, in the next few years, additional top dressing is not required.

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On the Internet, there are sometimes videos where it is recommended to add rusty nails in the planting pit for pears and apple trees to saturate the soil with iron. Experts consider this event ineffective, because the need for iron is low, and to satisfy it, the manure introduced into the landing pit is quite enough.

If you mulch the near-stem circle with humus or freshly cut grass throughout the season, you don’t have to worry about entering the necessary macro- and microelements into the soil.

Having a powerful core root system, the pear is quite drought-resistant. It is especially important to water pear trees during flowering and fruit setting, bringing at least 30-40 liters under an adult tree. In the fall, after harvesting, do not forget about water-charging irrigation. It is usually carried out a month before the onset of cold weather.

Diseases and Pests

Pear Miracle resistant to disease. With competent agricultural technology and timely high-quality pruning, it pleases with a harvest of low-lying tasty fruits.

Of the pests, the most dangerous is the pear throat. You can suspect a pest defeat by detecting a soot coating on the leaves of a pear. It appears when the fungus colonizes sticky secretions of the larvae of the tinnitus.

Pear Thorns

As a result of the vital activity of the pest larvae, deformation of the flowers, falling of the ovary, and numbness of the fruits are observed. Harvest is deteriorating. In addition, as a result of the defeat by the tinker, the leaves suffer significantly: the production of chlorophyll is inhibited, the products of photosynthesis do not accumulate, which leads to a loss of vitality. Trees cannot fully prepare for wintering and even suffer from small frosts. Cases of the death of pear trees in central Russia due to a severe defeat by a tinker are described. Warm winters contribute to the spread of the pest.

In order to combat the tinnitus in early spring, before the buds open, you need to treat the trees with a kerosene-oil emulsion. 40 g of grated laundry soap are diluted in a small amount of warm water, 80 ml of kerosene are added, stirred, 10 liters of water are added and the tree is quickly sprayed, trying to cover all branches of the crown.

It is especially important to handle pear plantings with insecticides in August. At this time, the copperfish is preparing for wintering, so the effect of the drugs dramatically reduces the number of pests. Means effective against a tartar: Aktara, Karbofos, Komandor. Insecticides are toxic. When using them, personal protective equipment should be used and strictly guided by the instructions.

Agrotechnical measures that prevent the propagation of pests - caring for the bark: repairing cracks, cleaning moss and dead bark, as well as collecting and destroying fallen leaves and fruits. As an option - a deep burial of litter.

Reviews

The last pear remained the Miracle - did not keep track. Sweet, juicy, crunchy, granulation in places and almost not felt - what you need to taste! I lay in a special refrigeration nofrost on a shelf without bags at +2 C, I could still lie like that.

babay133. Location: Tambov.

Popster wrote: Advise varieties of apple-pears.

I have a pear Miracle, I just adore her.

SilverSky 04/22/2016,

Extravaganza the most successful variety from the line of hybrids Talgar Beauty X Daughter of Dawn. Harvest, relatively tasty. This also includes Yakovlevskaya, Nick, Miracle, etc. But to me personally, the Michurinsky pears are not very. Well, how can a variety obtained from fresh Talgarka and the “winter hardiness donor Daughter of Dawn” be tasty? Then the breeders made a tricky move - they increased their keeping quality due to the dense pulp. The variety can really be eaten in September and it is stored for a long time.

yri. Trubchevsk, Bryansk region

volya wrote: good evening, does anyone have pear varieties a miracle woman and a Yakovlevskaya, which is better to choose from?

Miracle is considered more delicious in Michurinsk. In our country, it does not ripen and may taste inferior to Yakovlevskaya. Winter hardiness Miracles insufficient for Mosk. region., and at Yakovlevskaya it is slightly above average. In our garden, I observed a severe freezing of the wood at the Miracle Woman after the winter of 2012/2013. Yakovlevskaya they were 1 point.

Kolyadin Roman. Mos.obl. Stupinsky district, village of Khatun

Pear Miracle - the same age as the twenty-first century. This is so small for a crop cultivated for more than three thousand years, but it was enough for the variety to be noticed, they began to grow and enjoy the tender oily fruits.

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