When is it better to plant a pear depending on the region
Each fruit and berry culture has certain planting dates that must be observed. Only in this case, the seedling will successfully take root and grow. Planting a pear is possible both in spring and autumn, but the climatic characteristics of the region where this plant is supposed to be cultivated must be taken into account.
When to plant a pear
Having made the decision to grow pears in your home garden, it is important to know not only how to plant a seedling correctly, but also take into account the appropriate time for this process. If gardeners with experience are guided by the timing of planting, then for beginners this question can be a problem. Before deciding on the time of landing, you need to consider that a relatively dry and temperate climate is best suited for the development of culture. A good harvest of pears can be expected in regions with hot summers and cold winters, but without strong temperature fluctuations. In general, seedlings can be planted both in spring and autumn.
Pear can be planted both in spring and autumn, taking into account the region of planting
In the spring
Spring planting of a pear is carried out, as a rule, taking into account the climatic characteristics of the region. In the south of the country, gardeners can plant both in spring and autumn. Although some gardeners believe that the autumn period is more profitable, because it is more difficult to take root to seedlings in the hot summer. In the north of the country, spring is also chosen, otherwise the tree will simply die due to frost. In the middle lane, a pear can be planted in spring and autumn.
One of the main advantages of spring planting is the fact that you do not need to worry about possible frosts. Over the summer and autumn, the tree will get stronger and winter cold will transfer much better. In spring, it is best to plant crops from late March to early May. Many are guided by the end of April. The signal for landing is the time when warm weather is established (no higher than +15 ˚ С) and temperature drops are not predicted. It is important to carry out the procedure before the sap flow and budding of the kidneys begin. Beginning gardeners prefer to plant seedlings of fruit trees in the spring, since the probability of plant death during this period is less.
Planting a pear in the spring is carried out before the start of sap flow and bud opening
Autumn planting of the crop in question has the following advantages:
- the root system is more developed and ready for planting;
- the soil is well warmed up during the summer period, which is more natural for a tree;
- Autumn plants are more resistant to frost.
There are also disadvantages, because the tree will have to survive the winter almost immediately after planting.
It is best to carry out the procedure when the plant drops its leaves.
As for the timing, they depend on the region and its inherent climate. The main thing is to catch it before the frost arrives: the pear must be planted a month before the temperature starts to drop below zero.
For summer planting, seedlings with a closed root system (in containers) are usually used. Planting of such plants can be carried out at any time. Trees in containers are characterized by the highest percentage of survival. The main thing is that when planting, carefully remove the seedling from the tank so that the earth does not crumble. Otherwise, the plant may become ill or die at all.
For summer planting, seedlings with a closed root system are used, which were grown in containers
Landing dates in different regions
Each region has its own planting dates, which should be followed.
In the middle lane, pear can be planted in both spring and autumn. Many gardeners prefer autumn, because at this time the largest selection of seedlings is offered. Spring is also suitable for planting due to the high moisture content in the soil. Dates of pear planting in spring are in April, in autumn - from late September and all of October.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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In Siberia and the Urals, a pear can also be planted in spring and autumn. Since the culture wakes up quite late, survival will be good. In the autumn planting period, you need to take measures to protect the tree from rodents and sunlight, for example, to whitewash the trunk. Spring planting will require more careful maintenance, and special attention should be paid to watering, especially until the seedling is taken.
In Siberia and the Urals, a pear can be planted in spring and autumn, but it is preferable to do this in the spring
In the Primorsky Territory, it is recommended to plant a pear exclusively in the spring, since the climatic features of this region will lead to the fact that the seedling during the autumn planting will most likely freeze and dry.
In the northern regions, for example, the Leningrad, pear planting should be done in the spring. Autumn planting due to the climate of this region is definitely not suitable for a pear.
Video: fruit tree planting dates
When is it better to transplant a pear
There is a need to transplant the pear to a new place, you need to know what time frame to carry out this procedure so that the tree takes root as quickly as possible. The transplant of the culture in question can be carried out in spring and autumn.
In the spring
During this period, young pear trees are transplanted. To know when to start work, you need to monitor the condition of the trees. When the snow has melted, but the buds have not yet swollen, it's time to start transplanting, that is, in early spring.
In the spring, young pear trees are transplanted
Autumn transplant provides active development of the root system. Before the frosts come, the tree will have time to take root, and with the advent of spring, new shoots will begin to develop. Moving in the fall allows you to quickly adapt to new conditions and begin the development process. If this period turned out to be warm and long, the plants later go into a dormant state. Therefore, the timing of transplantation occurs in late October-early November. Before the cold comes, the tree will have time to prepare.
If the region is characterized by a mild climate, then adult pear trees can be transplanted in winter, in the absence of snow and a temperature of about 0 ° C. In this case, the seedling is dug up with a large earthen lump to prevent soil shedding and damage to the roots. When transplanting in cold weather (-10˚С and below), the root system may freeze.
Video: when is it better to transplant seedlings
Which trees are suitable for transplanting?
If you need to transplant a pear, then one important nuance should be taken into account: the older the tree, the worse it tolerates this procedure. The best change of place of growth is carried by trees aged 2-3 years. Good results on survival are shown by plants with a vegetative stock. Such trees are able to restore the root system, which is laid at the level of genetics.
Vegetative stock - a clonal stock, which is obtained by propagation by layering or cuttings.
Young pears aged 2-3 years are suitable for transplantation
An adult tree that is over 15 years old cannot be transplanted. This is due to the fact that the root system of the plant is large and during digging, most of it can be damaged. The remaining roots will not be able to provide the tree with the necessary nutrition. Before proceeding with a transplant, you need to inspect the tree for diseases. A good pear seedling should be flexible, with elastic branches and a trunk, with a healthy bark without any spots and damage. If diseased areas are detected, they are immediately removed.
Despite the fact that the pear is a heat-loving crop, picking up a regionalized variety and planting on time, you can grow a healthy and strong tree. The opinions of gardeners regarding the time of planting differ, but adhering to the information presented, it will be easier to make a choice.