When and where it is better to drill a well in the area - useful tips

Water is the life-giving moisture that is needed by everything on earth. Without it, a person, animal or plant cannot survive. If there is no water on the plot, then it will turn into a real desert. Therefore, in the absence of a well or other source of water supply, the owners of the cottage will have to worry on their own about providing it with water. Pure key water from a deep well - what could be better? This source has advantages such as high water loss and a long service life. Let’s talk about when and where it is better to drill a well so that it can provide the site with quality water for many years.

How to determine the location of the aquifer?

The most important thing in choosing a place for drilling is the location of the well above the aquifer. Otherwise, you can try to try, but you can’t get to the water. In addition, you need to place the well in such a way that it is convenient to use it and carry out repairs if necessary. By the way, do not forget that drilling machines should drive up to the drilling site.

Finding an aquifer is not so easy - the diagram shows possible well designs depending on their depth (click to enlarge)

In order to be sure that in this place it makes sense to drill the earth, it is necessary to study a number of factors. The presence of an aquifer is indicated by:

  • surface water;
  • certain types of vegetation;
  • geological features of the area.

For example, when studying your own site on the subject where it is better to drill a well, you need to pay attention to places where willows and sorrel, rosemary and birch, bird cherry and lingonberry grow. If small insects curl above the ground in dense vegetative thickets, then this is also considered by people as a sign of groundwater. To be sure, reconnaissance drilling is necessary. How to do it yourself is described in this video clip:

Additionally, you can verify the presence of an aquifer by resorting to the help of the so-called dowsers. They explore the territory of the site with special frames, after which they indicate specific places and even sometimes the thickness of the soil that separates water from the surface of the earth.

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Where not to drill a well?

Although the main condition for successful drilling is the presence of an aquifer, there are several other factors that must not be forgotten.

For example, choosing a place where to drill a well in the area, it is worth remembering that the source must be reliably protected from pollution. Therefore, it is better to give preference to an environmentally friendly corner. In no case should the well be placed near sources of pollution. From sedimentation tanks and septic tanks, it should be removed at least 15 m. A distance of 50 m is acceptable from cesspools and sewage wells. Wells must be removed one hundred meters or more from industrial enterprises, warehouses, garbage heaps and landfills.

The water source must be located in reasonable condition from residential buildings, neighboring wells or boreholes, as well as farm buildings. Nearby trees with large roots and power lines, it’s also not worth drilling.

What season is the best time to start drilling?

Having decided on the place, it is necessary to appoint a time when the well will be drilled on the site. It is traditionally believed that for such work, the best time is summer or warm autumn. But thanks to modern technology, you can change the point of view: drilling equipment is able to cope with its task in the winter. Moreover, from an economic point of view, drilling a well is more profitable precisely in the cold. Of course, this is not about severe frosts: mercury on a thermometer should not fall below the 20 degree mark.

Winter drilling is fully justified - it is much easier to carry out work than during spring floods or during rain

In the cold season, drilling is facilitated by the fact that at this time groundwater is at a minimum level. Therefore, it is much easier to get into the aquifer with maximum accuracy. By the way, the soil will not suffer as much from heavy equipment. In winter, any car will easily get to the swampy or most inaccessible area.

Another plus of performing drilling operations in the winter is the absence of rain or melt water, which can significantly complicate the drilling process. Finally, embarking on this useful business in the winter, by spring you can provide the site with excellent water. And with her it is much more fun to start a new planting season.


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