What to plant on a flowerbed in the shade and how to properly arrange a shady flower garden
Shady corners in the garden on summer days often become a favorite vacation spot, where it is pleasant to settle down, sheltered from the scorching sunlight, and enjoy the picturesque picture of nature. But how to ennoble this corner and what to plant on a flowerbed in the shade? Indeed, not all plants are able to easily tolerate the shade created by the crowns of trees. You can turn a shaded zone into an elegant flower garden or a lush border using shade-tolerant plants: bulbs, perennials and shrubs.
Selection of plants depending on the degree of shade
The shadowing of the site is determined by the duration and intensity of sunlight. The illumination of the zone, in turn, depends on the duration of daylight hours, the height of the sun and the presence of trees, the crowns of which create a shadow.
When choosing shade-loving plants for a flower bed, you need to focus on the degree of shade of the site and its soil composition
Plants of densely shaded areas
The shaded areas include zones that are illuminated by daylight for three hours, and the rest of the time they have only limited illumination.
With a fairly dense shade created by the crowns of old sprawling trees or the walls of the northern sides of the building, such plants are able to maintain decorativeness: European ungulates, heart-shaped tiara, bought and elecampane magnificent
The dense crown of the spruce creates a thick shadow. Under its canopy, a sedum or a delicate arizema, the flowers of which outwardly resemble elegant glasses, can comfortably settle down.
In conditions of dense shade, a special microclimate is also created, which is characterized by increased humidity of air and soil. Such conditions are favorable for the formation of a flowerbed in the shade, the basis of which is astilbe, geranium, hellebore, volzhanka, anemone oak.
If geranium refuses to bloom, the situation can be corrected with proper care. Read about it: rastenija / pochemu-ne-tsvetet-geran.html
Hosts are rapidly growing on well-moistened soils, the species diversity of which amounts to several thousand.
These amazing plants attract attention primarily with the beauty of foliage with a rich palette of colors, starting with pale green and blue shades and ending with rich yellow with white blotches
Extraordinarily beautiful graceful ferns can act as the center of a shade-like flowerbed: the majestic purebred, the ostrich and the male thyroid.
As for shade-loving conifers, they include decorative varieties of juniper, Canadian tsugi and ordinary spruce.
You can learn about how to choose a juniper variety and properly care for it from the material: rastenija / mozhzhevelnik-posadka-i-uxod.html
Arrangement of flower beds in the area with a bright shadow
Trees with openwork crown create a lighter shadow: bird cherry, acacia, cherry, aspen, pine ... Some trees, such as birch and bird cherry, creating a diffuse shadow, significantly dry the soil in the radius of the crown. This should be taken into account, since most shade-tolerant plants are moisture-loving in nature.
Dry shade is preferred by broadleaf, periwinkle, goryanka, forest anemone. In areas with dry shade, it is best to plant spring primrose, frankincense, comfrey, cereals.
In areas where the sun is from 3 to 5 hours a day, you can plant beautifully blooming lupins and daylilies
In semi-shaded areas, medicinal herbs feel comfortable: peppermint, pink radiola, tarragon, lemon balm. Not demanding of sunlight and: spring umbilical, medunica, woodruff.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Due to the fact that such areas receive more sunlight, the choice of plants to fill them is greatly expanded. For the design of the flower garden, you can use species peonies: Maryin root, Caucasian, Wittmann.
Also in the area with a light shadow Freesia feels good. You can learn about how to grow this fragrant flower from the material: rastenija / freziya-posadka-i-vyrashhivanie-v-domashnix-usloviyax-i-otkrytom-grunte.html
Lily of the valley, periwinkles, survivors and violets, which also prefer to grow on sandy and sandy soils, will comfortably be placed under the crown of a pine
Shade-tolerant trees and shrubs include pea cypress, thuja western, Korean fir, Cossack juniper, as well as tree hydrangea, black elderberry and white derain. Among the vines for cultivation in the shade, a round-leaved pliers and colomict actinidia are well suited.
Determine the optimal soil composition
Many of them are attractive from the point of view of landscape design with an unusual form of leaf plates or an original form of a bush. These plants include: pachisander, hosta, ivy, periwinkle. The “highlight” of other shade-tolerant plants are colorful berries, for example, in a haulteria or cotoneaster.
But in order for the plants to show their beauty in full, it is necessary to take care of the appropriate conditions for their cultivation. Dense clay soil is far from the best option for arranging a flower garden.
Shade-tolerant plants do not differ in bright beauty. Their main advantage is colorful foliage that preserves decorativeness throughout the season.
Plants feel great on fertile, enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers, loose soil
If clay and loamy soils prevail on the site, their composition can be improved by adding peat and sand. To enrich sandy soils, humus or fertile clay soil can be added.
Can also be useful material on how to care for the soil in the country: ozelenenie / ot-chego-zavisit-plodorodie-pochvy.html
Flower design variations in the shade
A characteristic feature of flower beds formed from shade-tolerant plants is a contrasting combination of shapes and color of leaves.
Therefore, when choosing plants for a flower garden, you should pay attention to the shape of their leaves, because with their help you can make the flower arrangement truly unique and original.
Shade-loving flower beds, like any plant composition, are formed taking into account the principles of multi-tiered, when the foreground is occupied by low-growing plants, and the middle and background are taller samples and large-sized
If the flower bed is given a central place in the shaded area, then the tallest plants are placed in the middle of the composition, and as you move away from it, flower growth decreases
With this method of arrangement, the plants do not close each other, and the composition looks spectacular from all sides.
You can learn more about how to arrange a flower garden under a tree from the material: ozelenenie / pristvolnye-krugi-derevev.html
You can give the flower garden originality by alternating plants with foliage decorated with horizontal and vertical lines. For example: a successful combination is created by garden geraniums or digitalis planted next to them against a variegated Rogers.
You can always fill in the empty spaces in the plant composition with the help of plants in pots. It is convenient to rearrange containers with plants, changing compositions and achieving the desired effect.
We offer you to watch a video selection “all about plants for shady places”: