What perennial flowers are best taken root in the conditions of the Urals and Siberia
The climatic conditions of the Urals and Siberia can withstand far from all cultivated plants. This creates certain difficulties for summer residents and owners of their own houses living in this region. Many are afraid to buy interesting plants for their plots that bloom for many years, because they are not sure that they will survive the harsh winter. Therefore, they are limited only to lawns and annuals. But Russian selection does not stand still, and annually new varieties of plants that were previously considered unsuitable for this climate are zoned in nurseries. So today you can pick up perennial flowers for Siberia, and decorative shrubs for the Urals. But which of them are the most unpretentious and resistant to frost - we will examine in more detail.
The most unpretentious undersized perennials
Low-growing plants are always appropriate in the landscape, because they can be used to shape the edge of the lawn, the foreground in flower beds, and create live borders. If we analyze the most profitable low-growing plants for Siberia, then only a few will be included in this list.
Challenger # 1 - primrose and snowdrops
Will be pleased before everyone else. Heat can not stand, but get along well in high humidity and coolness. If in the southern regions these plants are trying to plant in the shade so that the roots do not burn out during the summer, then Siberians can decorate any piece of the plot with primroses.
Primrose can be grown from seeds by planting in early March in containers on the windowsill or by dividing the bushes after the plants bloom
Challenger # 2 - lilies of the valley
They are distinguished by the ability to get along in any conditions, adapting to the local climate. If you take a whole flowerbed for lilies of the valley, then it will be decorative for the whole season, since in May fragrant white bells will scatter over glossy dark green leaves, and by August red berries will take their place (poisonous!). Lily of the valley for a season extends the rhizome by 30 cm, so in a couple of years it will tighten the entire area that will be assigned to it. You’ll even have to protect the edges of the flower garden with pieces of slate to stop the spread of roots. In one place, the flower can grow up to 40 years.
With lily of the valley plantations it is better to wait if the children are small, because they are attracted by the beautiful color of poisonous berries
Challenger # 3 - Violets (Pansies)
A plant of a biennial development cycle, i.e. in the first year after seed germination, it increases the aerial part, and the next summer (June-August) it pleases itself. It can propagate by self-cultivation, although housewives prefer to grow in crates. Suitable for combined flower beds, because before the appearance of flowers, it looks quite plainly.
Pansies (or tricolor violet) are grown in the first year in a bunch, in the far corner of the plot, and in the second year they are transplanted into the main flower garden
Challenger # 4 - Daisies
Very tender miniature plants of the aster family. They are considered to be perennials because the daisy has a flowering cycle such as that of pansies, and then it is simply planted by itself. Used to design alpine hills, as interspersed on the lawn, etc. With free division, daisies gradually run wild and become small. Therefore, the reproduction process is better controlled, periodically transplanted and divide too large bushes.
With daisies, you can draw thin strips of earth along the lawn, creating the likeness of white milk streams, because they are not afraid of mowing
Perennial flowers of the second tier, up to half a meter high
The second tier, i.e. for stunted plants, it is customary to plant those whose height does not reach half a meter. Among such perennials that are suitable for the Urals and Siberia, two groups can be distinguished: with beautiful buds and with decorative leaves.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Bright perennials differ in that they cannot be decorative all summer. As a rule, after flowering, the aerial part of the plant becomes inconspicuous and gradually dies to lay the buds for the new season. This is especially true for tuberous and bulbous, which in this way protect themselves from overspending. And yet, those bright blooming weeks that they give are so spectacular that every summer clerk tries to decorate his flower beds with at least a couple of copies of such plants.
Which of the following is suitable for the Siberian climate:
- Tulips For a cold climate, it is worth taking varieties that ripen before anyone else. These include simple and terry early tulips. Both varieties begin to bloom in May, but in Siberian conditions this period can move forward a fortnight. Simple early tulips grow up to 40 cm, terry tulips grow up to 25 cm. They require annual digging and drying so that the bulbs do not grow smaller.
- Daffodils. A child of two times - that's what he is called because he is trying to bloom at a time when winter is struggling with spring. It is convenient for growing in cold climates because it does not require annual digging, does not freeze in winter and is unpretentious to the soil. But new, only bred varieties are distinguished by very large buds, which require an indispensable garter. Thin peduncles from wind and rains can break in the midst of ripening.
- Iris mesh. An amazing perennial that can freeze out completely and be reborn from one surviving kidney. Compared with bearded irises, it is less common, but it is in no way inferior to the "older brothers" in decorativeness. Between thin, spiky leaves, like swords, high stalks with small but numerous flowers are fired by May. Thanks to the unusually bright blue-yellow, violet-white and other colors, they are visible from afar. They withstand very severe frosts, but do not like wet places. Therefore, they are not planted in the lowlands.
- Iris is bearded. This group of plants is distinguished by both beautiful fleshy leaves that do not lose their decorativeness until late autumn, and large flowers, pleasing to the eye from May to June. For the Urals and Siberia, irises are just a find: they are frost-resistant, beautiful all season, do not need frequent transplants. Specially for the cold climate, the variety "Siberian Iris" with large blue-blue flowers was bred. Able to produce peduncles up to a meter high, although the bulk of the leaves are located in the region of 50-60 cm.
Article in the subject: Planting, cultivation and care of bulbous irises - secrets of gardeners
In a couple of years, mesh irises grow in tall bushes, so that they can become the center of any multi-tiered flowerbed, but for rich flowering they must be divided periodically
Siberian iris was specially grown for harsh climates, so it does not require shelter for the winter and special heat in the summer
Perennials with decorative foliage
In a couple to the flowering plants, it is worth adding flowers with decorative foliage. They will create a background for the flowerbed and take the place of flowering plants when they begin to lose their beautiful appearance. Among the most spectacular and picky ones can be called hosts, astilbe, frankincense, lyatris, a motley pear, different types of stonecrops and buzulnik.
Perennials coexist perfectly in Siberia, which, before flowering, and after it do not lose spectacular foliage. These are chrysanthemums, rudbeckia, phlox, doronicum.
The photo shows: 1 - astilbe of different colors, 2 - stonecrops, 3 - lyatris, 4 - buzulnik. They can be combined to create several tiers in the flower garden.
A real decoration of a Siberian or Ural flower garden can be:
1. - chrysanthemums, 2 - phlox, 3 - rudbeckia, 4 - doronicum
Specially for Siberian conditions, a special grade of clematis has been grown - burning clematis. It is so winter-hardy that it does not require any winter shelter.
Clematis burning differs from other types of clematis in small flowers, which drench in the bush in summer, like small pointed stars
But the most spectacular, of course, will be roses. In cold climatic conditions grades grafted on rose hips, which are stronger and more hardy than root crops, successfully survive. The most unpretentious - park and floribunda. More details on the video: