What to do to revive roses after wintering

Good day. After wintering, roses climbed out of the ground, the place of vaccination was exposed. What should be done with them, in what period of time, how much should they be deeply planted? Thanks.

Elena

Specialist response

Hello!

In order for your roses to tolerate the harsh conditions of winter, there are several important points.

  1. Compliance with the optimal depth of planting bushes;
  2. Proper preparation of roses for winter;
  3. Timely treatment of plants in the spring after opening, if necessary.

Rose planting depth

It is on the depth of planting of roses that their successful development depends. When they are illuminated by the sun, new growth buds form at the site of inoculation (the root neck). From these buds grow the strongest shoots. If the plants are planted very high, then the vaccination site will be above the soil level. In this case, new shoots will grow from the stock (dog rose). Therefore, the root neck must be deepened. The optimum depth is 5–7 cm. The exception is climbing roses. Their root neck is deepened by 10 cm. This is due to the fact that in these varieties only at this depth of planting does not go overgrowth from the roots of the wild rose, and roots form on the cultural part of the bush.

You can learn more about the rules for planting and caring for garden roses from the material: rastenija / posadka-i-uxod-za-rozami.html

It is very important to prevent the roses from being planted too deep:

  1. Such bushes poorly take root and lag behind in growth.
  2. The root neck can rot during watering.

Therefore, if the root collar has been deeply buried, in the summer the soil should be removed from it by 5 cm, and returned in the fall.

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Preparing for the winter

Before sheltering roses for the winter, it is imperative to inspect the root neck. She could be exposed due to the erosion of the soil and its subsidence. In the fall, without waiting for the first frost below a critical temperature, you need to sprinkle roses with clean, dry sand (0.5–1 l per plant), and pour a layer of compost or dry leaves on top of the sand. It is desirable that the layer thickness be 40–45 cm, but it can also be less (15–25 cm), then fir-tree spruce and plastic wrap must be additionally laid on top, pressing its ends with stones.

Do not spud roses with peat and sawdust - in the winter they will freeze, and by spring they will create a barrier to heat. You can not spud the bushes taken from beneath the roses of the earth - it can cause pathogenic bacteria and spores of fungi.

Also, material on pruning roses for the winter will be useful: rastenija / obrezka-roz-na-zimu.html

How to revive them in the spring: work and flower treatment

Sprinkle root necks after wintering with earth to the desired depth.

If you find that some shoots have turned brown or blackened, cut them to the level of healthy wood (2-3 cm of healthy wood must also be taken), and treat fresh cuts with greenhouse or a special RanNet garden putty.

If there are lesions on the bushes characteristic of fungal diseases, also prune the infected shoots, and then treat the roses along the stems and under the root with a 0.2% Fundazole solution.

There are frequent cases where at first glance it might seem that in the place of vaccination after wintering no living buds were preserved at all, but one should not rush to conclusions, considering the bush dead. In fact, the living kidneys are preserved, but are in a sleeping state. A plant can wake up only by mid-July or August.

Material author: Laryukhina Aza

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