We equip the garden in the style of minimalism: for those who love a laconic aesthetics
Conciseness, simplicity and expressiveness are three key parameters of the architectural style of minimalism. It is based on the principles of organic fusion of form and content. Despite the small number of elements, the minimalism inherent in the style, whether in the design of an interior or a personal plot, it has incredible expressiveness and beauty. As for simplicity in landscape design, creating a garden that with a minimum set of components will comfortably exist and function is not so simple. But knowing the secrets and subtleties of arranging the site, even with a minimum of accessories at your disposal, you can create a real masterpiece of landscape design.
What to consider when designing?
Such a design can be implemented on almost any site. After all, the main thing is not “what” fills the territory and space, but “how”.
The minimalism style in landscape design is an ideal option for those who want to get a fairly easy to maintain garden
To make the space sound, when creating a garden should focus on a number of factors.
Factor # 1 - compositionality
A feature of the site, designed in the style of minimalism, is the lack of a clear division into functional zones. In it you will not find hedges and even low fences. Zoning is carried out due to level differences.
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Outwardly, the site resembles an open studio, which has several levels, equipped with low steps and spacious podiums.
Factor # 2 - Clear Geometry
But this parameter in this case does not imply the use of only geometric shapes used on the basis of the principles of regularity and symmetry. The main thing is a harmonious combination of elements that has clear shapes and pronounced boundaries. The philosophy of the direction of minimalism, the essence of which is that nature is inconsistent, over time everything in it changes and is updated, it manifests itself through asymmetry.
The predominance of asymmetry in the design of the site allows you to favorably emphasize the style and amazing beauty of the landscape
Factor # 3 - discreet color scheme
Gardens decorated in the style of minimalism, can not boast of special brilliance and splendor of flowering plants. After all, the main thing is the shape of the plant, its size and type of leaves.
The shade of the garden is dominated by light shades of green, beige, white, silver and terracotta. Bright accents, if any, are present in an amount of no more than 2-3 pieces
Factor # 4 - combination of materials
When creating a garden, both traditional and modern materials can be involved, not differing in special texture: concrete and brick, wood and metal. When designing the garden, terrain drops and various types of paving are used.
Straight walkways lined with large concrete paving slabs and wooden flooring are successfully combined
Factor # 5 - ponds, as an almost mandatory component
A small pond is the decoration of any site. But intricate waterfalls and classic fountains are inappropriate here. When designing a garden in a minimalistic style, ponds are given geometric shapes with round, oval and rectangular contours.
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Slightly raised picturesque ponds are often complemented by spectacular wide jets of water and natural “cascades”
We create a garden in the style of minimalism
To create a composition in which all elements are harmoniously combined with each other, you need to pay attention to any detail. At the same time, each shape and line should be highlighted as much as possible, trying to avoid blurry outlines when designing.
Ideal for small areas, the total area of which does not exceed 6-8 acres. The absence of unnecessary details allows you to visually expand the space
The garden in the style of minimalism is designed primarily to perform a decorative function. One of the features of the style is the lack of outbuildings.
We select decorative plants
The direction has no particular preferences in plants. To create multi-level compositions, deciduous and coniferous trees, beautifully flowering and decorative deciduous shrubs, spectacular annuals and restrained perennials are used. The only thing a designer should be guided by is a sense of style and measure. After all, one of the principles of minimalism is the superiority of form over color.
A fairly rich selection of tree and herbaceous plants opens up great opportunities for creativity and imagination when arranging a site
Minimalism is manifested not in the number of plants, but rather in their color scheme and assortment. Flower beds collected from only 2-3 plant varieties and decorated in the same color palette always look stylish and competent.
In combination with stones, in addition to moss, low-growing plants with small leaves and soil coverings forming a dense carpet are used. For example: on a gravel bed, the survivors of Multicolor or Atropurpurea, decorated with bronze and bright purple leaves, look spectacularly. A successful combination with gray stones is given by: moss-like saxifrage and Variegata, thyme Aureus, younger Rubin and Chameleon, plantain Rubra.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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To soften the angles of paving and flooring, short marigolds, irises, as well as a cuff, nasturtium, primrose are ideal. A successful addition to the relief changes will be decorative shrubs: rhododendron, spirea, snow berry, forsythia.
For vertical gardening, girl's grapes, decorative pumpkin, ivy, actinidia are perfect. Plants are placed on an existing structure without the use of additional supports
It is best to use decorative varieties of weeping willow and birch, columnar maple and apple tree, as well as a variety of spruce, arborvitae, and junipers as solitary plantings or the background of the compositions.
Ferns and cereals must be present in the garden. Plants are preferably planted not mixed, but in groups, picking them according to their external similarity and species.
As practice shows, the conifers of dwarf varieties with an unusual color of needles will look especially interesting. Blue and silver spruce, pyramidal arborvitae and cypresses are ideal for minimalism.
As an alternative to the lawn requiring attention, masters of landscape design recommend using inert materials: coniferous litter, tree bark, gravel
With the help of a special dumping, it is easy to solve the problem of trampling the lawns. And it is not at all necessary to cover the whole territory with them. It is enough to select a small area, having designed a place in the garden that is well viewed from all corners.
Choose concise decorations
It is difficult to imagine a site in the decoration of which small architectural forms would not be involved. Minimalism is no exception.
Brick, concrete and stone elements, original installations, as well as raised flower beds and containers for plants can serve as decorations for the site
Paving and steps in the garden can have unusual shapes: triangles, rhombuses, asymmetric polyhedra. To avoid excessive diversity, it is important to focus on the compatibility of materials. The use of one material for all elements of the composition is ideal for garden design. For example: if the basis of the recreation area is wooden flooring, then it is also advisable to use wood to frame the pond and pave garden paths.
When marking garden paths should be limited to straight and smooth lines, avoiding excessive tortuosity. Overloading with expressive elements will deprive the site of emphasized accents and clear lines.
Container planting is a popular gardening technique, which is widely used in the design of the garden in the style of minimalism.
When choosing containers for plants, it is preferable to give products of approximately the same shape and size. Concrete or ceramic containers of spherical, cubic or cylindrical shape - the best option for the design of the flower garden.
A connecting element of level differences are all kinds of stairs. When designing the site, you can use structures of any shape: smooth spiral and arc-shaped stairs, classic rectangular with offset to the side, with the original triangular steps ...
At any site there are always buildings: arbors, canopies, verandas. To create a harmonious architectural ensemble of the building on the site, it is desirable to combine into a single whole or in groups, for example: a veranda with a covered recreation area, a gazebo with a barbecue.
Pergolas, pergolas, garden benches are designed in restrained shades and strict forms that emphasize the general composition
All kinds of mirrors, metal balls, lamps and futuristic installations bring a certain “zest” to the garden, making it more interesting and attractive.
You can learn about how to use mirrors in the design of the garden from the material: dekor / zerkala-v-sadu.html
Furniture for such a garden
Garden furniture is one of the key elements of the minimalism style. It should not be particularly pretentious in design.
Light and comfortable pieces of furniture with a pronounced geometric shape - the best option for the garden in the style of minimalism
As for the materials of manufacture, preference is given to monophonic bases with an even texture - polished stone, wood, aluminum and plastic. The main difficulty in designing a garden is to combine the elements into a single composition, while maintaining the “isolation” of each of them.