Variety of raspberries Tarusa: the subtleties of caring for raspberry tree
The phrase “raspberry tree” sounds unusual for us, since we all remember from childhood that raspberries grow on bushes. However, there are tree-like variants of this berry. The first grade with this characteristic was Tarusa. This is a very popular variety of raspberries, famous for large sweet berries, high productivity and unpretentiousness in care.
History and description of the Tarusa variety
Raspberry trees are considered varieties characterized by strong erect branches that appeared as a result of breeding measures. Professionals call such plants standard. The name comes from the term "shtamb", which refers to the part of the trunk from the roots to the beginning of the crown.
The first raspberry variety with a strain in Russia was Tarusa. A new type of raspberry was born in 1987, when breeders, under the control of Viktor Valeryanovich Kichina, combined the varieties Stolichnaya and Shtambovy-1. In 1993, Tarusu began to breed and sell. From Scottish hybrids, raspberries inherited a large fruit size and large yields, and domestic varieties gave the plant good resistance to frost and disease.
The Tarusa variety does not relate specifically to tree trees by chance: although it is far from a full-fledged powerful tree, its shoots are large and very developed.
Appearance and features of the plant
Raspberries reach a height of 1.5 m. The skeleton of the plant form upright sturdy stems. They grow from the middle of the tree, leaving the stem part bare. Lateral shoots that give a crop grow to 50 cm. On one plant, their number can reach 10 pieces.
Raspberry varieties Tarusa reaches a height of one and a half meters
The thickness of the trunk is 2 cm. Despite this, strong shoots with a large number of fruits tend to the ground, and a strong and harsh wind can damage raspberries. For this reason, during the fruiting period, the plant is provided with support in the form of a support so that it can withstand a powerful crop. Experienced gardeners are advised to use trellis.
The shoots are painted in a light green shade, on the surface there is a waxy coating. There are no thorns on the branches, which facilitates harvesting and makes this variety of raspberries especially attractive for growing. During growth, a small shoot is formed due to the fact that the branches are fastened to each other.
It is recommended to install the support in the form of a trellis, so that the crop does not pull the branches down
The wide leaves are heart-shaped and painted dark green. They are distinguished by a peculiar corrugated relief and noticeable veins. The leaves form a lush crown, which can be seen from a great distance. To get the shape of a real tree, you need to properly form a plant. Due to the appearance, Tarusa can be considered a decorative decoration of the site. The plant blooms beautiful flowers that are actively pollinated by insects.
Heart-shaped raspberry leaves are dark green.
Tarusa tolerates winter frosts well and can bear fruit even after winter with temperatures up to -30 ° C. However, some gardeners noticed that the shoots freeze out even at -25 ° C, if there is no snow in winter and a strong wind walks . This raspberry variety is suitable for cultivation in both warm and cold regions of the country.
The variety is resistant to disease and pest attack. Even if the plant became ill during the fruiting period, the number of fruits will remain unchanged.
The treasure of the variety is berries with small drupes. Large fruits of an elongated shape during the ripening period turn dark red (sometimes, if there was a lot of sun, they become burgundy). The berry sometimes reaches 7 cm in length and can weigh about 16 grams. The height of the cap is 3 cm. The elongated shape of the fruit is sometimes disturbed, bent and bifurcated specimens are found.
The berries of the Tarusa variety are elongated, large and sweet
The pulp filled with juice tastes very sweet and tender, with a slight sour taste. The berry exudes a pleasant aroma, pronounced, inherent in this particular culture. Seeds are almost not felt, so the fruits are consumed fresh and processed. Berries hold on to the shoots and do not fall for a long time, which increases the chances of a rich harvest. Fruits perfectly tolerate transportation and storage.
About 4 kg of berries are obtained from one bush. This is the largest figure among the rest of the tree raspberry varieties. Under favorable conditions, the yield can be even greater. 19-20 tons are harvested per hectare of plantings. Of course, the yield depends on weather conditions and the zeal of the gardener. Variety Tarusa refers to medium-late varieties. The first crop is in early July, and the last in early August. In the southern regions, the bearing period may be longer.
About four kilograms of berries are harvested from one bush.
Each variety has its pros and cons. The popularity of this variety is determined by the predominance of attractive characteristics that prevail over disadvantages.
Advantages and disadvantages of raspberries Tarusa - table
|great fruit with a pleasant taste||strong shoots (about twenty shoots grow in the first season)|
|large yields that do not decline even during illness||freezing of shoots in severe frosts|
|lack of spikes injuring hands during grooming and harvesting||berries are not always large, as stated in the description (sometimes the lack of a special gene leads to violations)|
|high frost resistance, allowing cultivating the variety in different regions||taste with sourness|
|takes up a small amount of space|
|does not capture the site because of the characteristic roots of trees|
There are no thorns on the branches of Tarusa, which facilitates the care and collection of berries
Table: Tarusa variety in numbers
|Tree height||1, 5 m|
|Fruit weight||10-16 g|
|Tasting rating||3, 5–5|
|Productivity||19–20 t / ha|
Features of growing standard raspberries
Raspberry is considered an unpretentious culture, but caring for standard varieties has its own nuances. As a result of competent care and a suitable climate, Tarusa can bear fruit twice a year. A rich harvest of ripe berries from the Tarusa variety is obtained mainly in areas with dry weather. Heavy precipitation causes serious damage to the plant and can lead to its death.
How to plant
When choosing a site should adhere to a whole set of rules. Raspberries are planted in a place that is well lit and not obscured by houses or other buildings: the sun affects the abundance of the crop and the sweetness of the fruit. If you place the trees in the shade, the branches will begin to stretch, trying to reach the sun, the yield will drop, and the fruits will become acidic. The variety can be placed around the perimeter of the garden, if it is not possible to allocate a separate site. Thus, you will receive a decorative decoration, and a hedge. You can not plant a tender berry next to potatoes, tomatoes and wild strawberries. Such a neighborhood sometimes causes the development of certain diseases.
You can not plant raspberries next to potatoes
Better plant raspberries next to the apple tree. The crop will become more abundant in both crops, and the number of diseases will decrease. Raspberries are planted so that a tall apple tree does not cast a shadow on a smaller tree.
When choosing a landing site, keep in mind that groundwater should be no higher than 1.5 m. Raspberry prefers loose soil containing useful elements - sandy loam and loamy soils. Sandy soil will ruin the plant due to lack of moisture, as a result of which the yield will drop and the berries will grow smaller. Growing raspberries in sandy soil will only succeed if you add organic matter and clay to the soil. Sand is added to the clay soil.
River clay should be added to clay soil before planting raspberries
Before planting bushes, soil acidity indicators are checked. If the indicators are too high, lime is added . Lime soil in the autumn, if they are going to plant bushes in the spring. This is due to the loss of a large amount of nitrogen during liming. A drainage system must be equipped on site.
If the acidity of the soil is increased, liming is carried out in the fall
After 8-10 years, a new patch is selected for raspberries. This measure is necessary in order to prevent a decrease in productivity due to land depletion. Raspberry shrubs can only be returned to their old place after 5 years.
Tarusa planted in spring or autumn. In spring, plant the plant early. Raspberries planted at this time, will begin to bear fruit only after the first season. In the autumn, a tree is planted in the second half of October. Do not do this earlier, because during the warm autumn it can begin to grow and die in the winter. Often the favorable time for planting depends on the area. The optimal period is from mid-September to the end of November and from early March to the end of April .
- At a distance of 50-60 cm (and it is better to retreat a meter or even one and a half, if possible) pits are dug, in each of which fertilizer is placed (for example, bird droppings or ash). If you plan to plant a whole grove, then dig a trench. The distance between the rows should be 2 m.
To plant a large number of bushes, dig a trench
- Digging the ground, they select all the extra roots, so that later there are fewer weeds. Raspberries love water, but cannot tolerate its excess. A tree is advised to plant on a low embankment. The shoots occupy a vast area, so the distance between the trees is made large. Nutrient humus is added to the wells.
- Before planting, the root system is kept in a root growth stimulator, for example, in Kornevin.
Cornevin is used to stimulate root formation.
- A young plant is placed in a hole no lower than the root neck, while maintaining the same depth at which it grew before.
- The ground is poured into the pit, which is well rammed.
- The shoots are cut off, leaving no more than 25-30 cm above the ground.
- The soil around the trunk is covered with mulch (humus).
- At the final stage, each bush is watered, spending 5 liters of water.
- For 2–3 days, raspberries create shaded conditions, protecting them from direct sunlight.
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How to care
Periodically rid the weed of berries. In the first year, be sure to protect from frost by warming the soil around the trunk.
Raspberries are regularly watered, making sure that the soil is not dried. It is important not to overdo it: waterlogging threatens to rot the root system. In dry weather, watering is done every 10 days, especially during fruiting. Moisture must penetrate at least 25 cm so that the entire root system is moistened. If you want to reduce the amount of watering, mulch the soil. During a hot summer, the soil around the trunk is mulched, resorting to the use of onion husks or any other material except sawdust. In this case, the layer is made at least 10 cm thick.
Onion peel great as a mulch
Tarusa is a productive variety, so fertilizers are paying increased attention. The need for potassium is provided with the help of 300-400 grams of ash, which in this amount is applied to each square meter. Ash is formed from burning wood. This fertilizer crumbles once under a tree in the spring and is slightly embedded in the ground. Ash contains not only potassium, but also phosphorus and other trace elements, it does not allow the soil to acidify.
Ash provides raspberries with potassium
Tarusa needs a lot of nitrogen fertilizers. 10 grams of urea and 1 kg of manure are mixed in 10 liters of water. Trees are watered with the resulting solution, spending one liter of liquid per instance. The first time they are fed at the moment of budding, the second and third time - after fourteen days. After each fertilizer application, the soil is watered with fresh water. Do not water only during heavy rainfall.
Tarusa also loves a fertilizer consisting of an infusion of herbs with nettles. Grass and water are placed in a container (not made of metal). The mixture is insisted for 7 days, then it is bred in a proportion of 1:10 and watered trees per liter per instance. During the development period, 2-3 such top dressings will suffice.
Raspberries as a top dressing love infusion of herbs with nettles
During the formation of buds, Tarusa needs foliar feeding. Use complex fertilizer, for example, Ryazanochka or Kemira-Lux. 1.5 teaspoons are added to a bucket of water. Fertilize the plant in cloudy weather (but without precipitation) during the growth of the moon. Using a spray gun, the leaves are sprayed with a solution, until the evening the fertilizer should be absorbed into them.
You can’t feed with nitrogen at the end of the growing season, because it prolongs this period and contributes to the growth of green mass. In this case, raspberries will spend strength and will not be able to prepare for winter.
The tree is regularly fed with urea or chicken droppings.
The raspberry tree only takes on a finished look when it is correctly formed. The process includes timely pruning and pinching. In the first season, after planting, pinch the main shoot. The plant is pruned for the first time not earlier than the last spring month to enable lateral buds to develop.
Pinching and pruning will help form a standard tree
In the next season, pinching again grown lateral branches. In the second half of July, the branches of the plant are pruned. In September - October, they begin to form a crown: they get rid of old branches and cut the top by 15-20 cm. If this important procedure is not given the necessary attention, the bush will not form and will not "work" at full capacity.
In areas with harsh winters, Tarusu must be prepared for wintering. The stems are gradually bent to the ground, so that in winter frosts they do not freeze and die. If you leave the shoots in their original state, they will freeze and simply break. It is not worth covering the bushes, this will create a favorable environment for the development of parasites and the occurrence of diseases.
In winter, the bushes gradually bend to the soil: in this position they will not freeze
Tarusa propagates by root cuttings or shoots. If the bush gives a small number of children, use root cuttings. The procedure for propagation by root cuttings:
- The mother plant undermines.
- Cuttings with two strong buds on each are made from roots with buds.
- Germination tanks are filled with sand and peat.
- Cuttings are planted, containers are placed in a warm, well-lit place.
- After rooting, the cuttings are seated.
- Strong seedlings will be ready next year.
It is much easier to propagate the plant with root shoots. The children are dug up with roots, planted in open ground, where they are watered, fertilized and mulched.
Diseases and Pests
Raspberry trees are sometimes attacked by parasites and diseases, although Tarusa is resistant to attacks. In the spring, as a preventive measure, raspberries are treated with insecticides to avoid pests.
The main enemy is a raspberry beetle that consumes fruits and leaves. Its reproduction is prevented by regular loosening of the soil. Beetle larvae grow in the ground, so loosening destroys parasites. This procedure should be carried out very carefully so as not to damage the roots located near the surface. During the formation of the buds, the bushes are treated with insecticides.
The main raspberry pest - raspberry beetle - eats fruits and leaves
Raspberry moth, which gnaws buds in spring, can also attack Tarusu. After this, the plant stops growing. They fight the parasite, cutting off the diseased branches to the base. Sometimes a tree is damaged by a weevil and aphids.
Collection and use of fruits
After ripening, they begin to collect berries so that they do not have time to fall. Harvested every two days. Do not pick fruits after rains, otherwise they will quickly rot. Berries are handled with care, as they are very delicate.
If you want to transport raspberries, collect them together with the stalks: this is how it is stored longer without releasing juice.
Raspberries have a lot of nutrients. It contains vitamin C, minerals, glucose and fructose. Berries are used in medicine and cosmetology. Delicate fruits can also be prepared for the winter. They are placed in plastic containers or bags made of polyethylene and stored in a freezer. At any time, they can be used to make compote. However, the most common way to harvest raspberries is to jam.
Tarusa raspberries make a delicious jam
Tarusa and Tale from the assortment of the Russian garden. I ordered it myself with delivery in April. But I have already had Tarusa for two years - I’m very pleased, the berries are simply huge, the crop is up to frost. Winter hardiness is decent for the Moscow Region. Do not listen to anyone - order and plant, you will not regret it.PERS
I cultivated this variety for several years, since 2005. Years 3-4, when I removed him completely from his site. The reason is that it is impossible to lay the shoots for the winter, lignified shoots break out at the base. The variety is "standard", the shoot is thick, durable, not bending, so to put it down, you need to do this almost in August. For me it was inconvenient, because Tarusa grew along with other varieties of raspberries. I tried not to bend Tarusa for the winter in my conditions several times. Probably, the low temperatures in those winters were such that the shoots froze to a mark just below the level of snow cover. I’ll clarify, I had several bushes of Tarusa, so I tried different wintering options in the same winter. The location of my site is the north-east direction from Moscow, 30 min. from the city of Sergiev Posad. This is me because the site is located near the border with the Moscow region. By the way, the winters of 2015 and 2016 were very warm. Rarely, when the temperature dropped below 20–25 degrees Celsius and for a short while, there were mainly thaws and small minus values. Therefore, I admit normal wintering of Tarusa these winters without shelter / crouching of the shoots. In short, you need to try if you really want to. Because the conditions are very different for everyone, even in the same region, especially if your site is located on the south side of the capital.Sablja
I'm not overjoyed at my Tarusa. The bushes really do fall from the abundance of the crop. I have been ripening on the site since about July 5, the collection takes about 10 days. It does not flow for a very long time and is very tasty, we only keep this variety for ourselves as late. I won’t say that it’s tasty, but that it’s not - it’s just different, and so ordinary, very fruitful (nobody on the market has ever asked anyone to try raspberries), transportable. I do not plan to change even in the distant future, they are not looking for good from good. I have it, in my area - manure, mulch and moisture are abundant.meadow
Tarusa is not so difficult to buy: look for a good nursery with quality plants. The variety is quite popular, so this should not be a problem. The costs and efforts made to grow raspberry groves will pay off in any case, so plant this delicious berry without any doubt.