Variety cherry Dessert Morozova
With all the variety of varieties of cherries, it is not easy for the gardener to choose exactly those that are sure to please their presence in the garden. The Dessert Morozova variety may be ideal for those who grow it in the “cherry” part of Russia, in its central regions.
Description of the variety of cherries Dessert Morozova
Dessert Morozova Cherry is a relatively new variety, which was included in the State Register of Selection Achievements in 1997. It is named after its author - a famous breeder, candidate of agricultural sciences T.V. Morozova. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region.
General characteristics of external species characteristics
Dessert Morozova Cherry has medium height and large fruits
The variety has the following characteristics:
- height - average, up to 3 m tall;
- crown shape - spherical;
- shoots - straight, fruiting mainly on annual growths;
- leaves - light green in color, obovate;
- inflorescences are large in size with rounded petals;
- fruits are large (3.7–5 g), with a concave apex and a slightly noticeable lateral suture.
Dessert Frosty Blooms Early
The variety has high winter hardiness. Dessert Morozova Cherry belongs to the early flowering varieties.
Types of pollinators
The variety is partially self-fertile: it can independently tie 7–20% of the fruit. The best pollinating neighbors are the following varieties:
- Griot Rossoshansky;
- Griot of Ostheim;
The ripening period of the cherry variety
Cherry early ripening. In the conditions of the city of Michurinsk, where the variety was bred, ripening begins in mid-June .
Berries of this variety are sweet, with almost no acidity.
The taste of the fruit resembles cherries, characteristic of sour cherry is minimal. The tasting score is 4.6 points. Berries are able to tolerate transportation. Productivity from one adult tree is up to 20 kg.
Planting cherries Dessert Morozova
To grow cherry of this variety on your plot, it is enough to adhere to the following recommendations.
Choosing a place to land
This should be a well-lit area on the south or south-west side of the site. Ideally, if from the north winds, landings will be closed by buildings.
Cherry does not tolerate water stagnation. The groundwater level should go at a depth of 1.5–2 m. The best soil for cherries is loam or sandy loam.
With an open root system, you can plant cherries only in spring. If the seedling is in the container - from spring to September.
Saplings with an open root system can be planted exclusively in spring
Landing pit preparation
The landing pit should be of the following sizes: 80 cm in diameter and 60 cm in depth.
Separate the upper fertile soil layer and make the following complex of fertilizers:
- organic fertilizer (humus) 1: 1 to the soil, taken out when digging a hole;
- potassium chloride - 20 g;
- superphosphate - 30–40 g.
Planting a seedling
For planting, it is better to choose a material aged 1-2 years.
The procedure for landing:
- The seedling is lowered into the planting pit, while straightening the roots, and carefully cover it with fertile soil.
- To ensure plant resistance, it is tied to a landing peg.
- Press the soil around, forming a hole for irrigation.
- 1-2 buckets of water are poured into the hole formed after tamping.
- After the liquid is absorbed into the soil, it is mulched from above with a layer of peat, sawdust or humus.
After planting, you need to tie a cherry seedling to a peg
Video: general requirements for planting cherries
Features of cultivation and subtleties of care
The cherries of the Dessert Morozova variety are not much different from other varieties in terms of care features, therefore general recommendations apply to it.
To push the beginning of flowering and protect the buds from frost, it is necessary to collect it in the snowdrifts around the trunks in early spring, before the snow melts.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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In the first year, in order for the plant to take root better, experienced gardeners advise cutting off up to 80% of all flowers. In the future, it is recommended to remove half of the possible yield at the stage of the onset of fetal formation. The remaining berries will be larger and sweeter. This operation is called crop rationing.
In autumn, the trunk should be whitened to branches.
Almost all types of soils under cherry need periodic liming. Once every 5–6 years, dolomite flour is introduced: 300–600 g / m, depending on the soil. Less on light, more on heavy soils.
Cherry prone to the formation of basal shoots, which should be periodically cut, because there is no benefit from it.
For the prevention of winter freezing, you can wrap the stem with covering material. Some gardeners use nylon tights for this purpose.
Cherry requires regular watering, which is especially important in the following periods:
- the beginning of flowering;
- the beginning of the formation of fruits;
- immediately after harvest, at the time of laying the flower buds of next year.
Watering rate - 1 bucket per adult tree 2 times a day (morning and evening). The quantity adjustment is dependent on weather conditions. In a dry year, watering is required even in autumn, until October.
Periodically, you need to loosen the trunk circle and make fertilizers. In spring, before flowering begins:
- ammonium nitrate - 15–20 g / m2;
- superphosphate - 30–40 g / m2;
- potassium chloride - 10-12 g / m2.
In the summer, during the fruiting period, it is good to feed the trees with mullein infusion. For this:
- A bucket of fertilizer is poured with 5 buckets of water.
- Add 1 kg of ash and leave to infuse for a week.
- Then diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and watering the resulting composition (1 bucket per tree).
The main types of diseases and methods of combating them
There are varieties and disadvantages.
Dessert Cherry Morozova often suffers from coccomycosis
Dessert Cherry Morozova is characterized by moderate resistance to coccomycosis. The damage during the tests in conditions of severe infectious background was 1-2 points. For the prevention and control of the disease, the following types of spraying can be used.
Table: Methods for processing cherries against coccomycosis
|Ash and salt spraying||Take ash, salt and laundry soap in a ratio of 6: 1: 1, dilute in 10 liters of water, boil for 5 minutes and cool|
|Iodine Spray||Dilute 10 ml of tincture of iodine in 1 bucket of water, process the trees three times before flowering with an interval of 3 days|
|Manganese solution||Dissolve 5 g of potassium permanganate in 1 bucket of water and spray the cherry three times: in the “green cone” phase, after flowering and when the fruits ripen|
I keep varieties Vladimirskaya and Dessert Morozova just because of the taste - they have a great taste.
I have a dessert Morozova. Very like. Cherry is large, scarlet, with brilliance, the sweetest of cherries. It looks very nice. It is sprawling, and the leaves are large. Sparrows love her, because they are sweet ... The fruits are large, they keep their shape well in freezing.
The variety Dessert Morozova has many advantages. Among them are the following: frost resistance, early ripening of the crop and very tasty, sweet and aromatic fruits. All of them say that it is worth paying attention to the variety, especially to those who are still forming their cherry orchard.