Trellis for climbing plants: examples of DIY construction
To garden and garden plants pleased with the harvest, watering, fertilizers and conditions for their proper development are needed. Climbing plants, for example, need support: the stem will cling to it when it creeps up. For this purpose, it is most convenient to use a trellis - a special design that will help garden vines grow without sagging, and will be an excellent decorative decoration for any site. Twined with greenery, it forms a kind of openwork barrier: creates a shadow where it is needed, hides outbuildings from the eyes. How to construct a simple trellis with your own hands, and what you need for this, we will tell you.
The simplest design of branches
Spring is the time of pruning plants. Twigs, the diameter of which is about 1 cm, often go to waste, and because of them you can build a simple, but pretty trellis for various climbing plants. Peas, honeysuckle or hops are not too burdensome plants for lightweight twig construction. For work, it is important to use flexible branches so that they do not break or split. To form the trellis we need a pruner and wire.
Do not rush to throw out the branches remaining after spring pruning: they can turn out a simple but functional trellis for loaves, peas, hops
The number of branches used in the work depends on the scale of the forthcoming structure. In any case, they can not be less than two dozen. Branches need to be sorted by size, so as not to waste time subsequently looking for the right rod. If there are shoots on the branches, remove them.
We stick the first branch into the ground to a depth of about 10-15 cm. The next rod is placed 10 cm from the first, but at an angle of 60 degrees to it. The rods are connected together by a diagonal wire. We repeat this action as many times as necessary to get the trellis of the required size. Try to make the formed rhombuses of the correct form, then the whole structure will be neat and will last longer.
Everyone can make a trellis out of rods: you don’t need special skills for this, just be patient and don’t take two hours to work
Minimum costs brought tangible results. See how spectacular and attractive the different kinds of loaches look on this openwork design
The protruding ends of the branches are cut off. You should get a rectangle.
Also, material on the construction of supports for climbing plants will be useful: ozelenenie / opory-dlya-vyushhixsya-rastenij.html
More complex and reliable construction
If we decide to make a universal trellis that can withstand a heavy vine and lasts several seasons, we will have to spend more time and use other materials.
Here's what you need to prepare:
- rounded blocks of wood measuring 30x3 mm;
- round dense bar or fragment of a shovel shank or rake;
- woodworking screws;
- antiseptic solution for impregnation;
- dowels 8-10 mm in diameter;
- moisture resistant glue;
- a chisel;
- electric drill;
- brush and paint.
After you prepare everything, you can begin to do the work.
For the manufacture of a rectangular trellis frame, it is necessary to use wooden blocks: two horizontal (1.8 m each) and two vertical (2.2 m each) load-bearing strips. The width of the finished lattice is 42 cm, so the cross bars will be 35 cm long. We cut them in advance.
In the manufacture of such structures, it is important not to rush and do everything carefully, then the result will be not only functional, but beautiful and durable
We mark the bars by making cuts on the tree so that you can insert the transverse crossbars. The distance between the cuts is 35 cm. Using a chisel, part of the wood in the cuts is removed. Moisture-resistant glue will help fix the crossbars in wooden blocks. If this method of fixation does not seem reliable enough, then you can use self-tapping screws in the work. The vertical and horizontal parts of the grill are fastened with screws.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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It looks like a trellis, which is already attached to the wall and braided by plants: its presence allows looms to decorate the structure without destroying it
The design is ready, it remains to fix it, for example, on the wall of the house. To drill holes for the dowels in the wall of the house, we use a drill. A small distance must be maintained between the wall and the trellis. To do this, we cut cylinders 30 mm long from a fragment of the handle. In order for the grate to stand for a long time, it must be impregnated with an antiseptic and, if desired, covered with paint. We attach the dried construction to the wall.
Two types of designs for grapes
Properly build and install trellis for grapes is very important. It is necessary to give its perennial branches such a position that there is enough light and air for the development of the plant and the ripening of the fruits. There is time for preparation of the construction: it will be needed only in the third year. In the first two years, a temporary support is enough, the role of which the stakes perfectly play.
Option # 1 - Single Plane Vertical Trellis
An irrigated vineyard growing along paths or walls is best placed on a vertical trellis. The pillar (diameter 8-10 cm, height -2.5-3.5 m) made of metal, concrete or wood will make up the basis of the design. Wood is better to choose hardwoods (beech, chestnut, oak or white acacia). The lower end of the column (60-70 cm) can be burned, covered with resin or held for a week in a 6% solution of copper sulfate. This will extend their lifespan.
Also, material on how to make tracks in the country with your own hands will be useful: dekor / dorozhki-na-dache-svoimi-rukami.html
A single-plane vertical trellis allows the grapes to grow correctly and get enough sun, air and heat to better fill its clusters with juice
Pillars are placed along the planted plants at a distance of at least 3 m from each other. We mark the installation sites of the pillars and first dig in the extreme ones. We fix them with anchors or stops, which will allow the trellis to be in a tight state. Here is what it is:
- Anchor. A large stone is tied with wire and attached to the upper end of the column, after which it is buried in the ground a meter from its base. With this fastening, the posts are mounted obliquely.
- Emphasis. Vertical fastening of the extreme pillars requires the installation of spacers in their lower part from the side of the row. The upper end of the spacer is a notch on the surface of the pillar, and under the lower end is a stone buried half a meter in the ground.
Orient the trellis in a direction from south to north. Galvanized wire should be used. They place it in three or four rows, fixing it on the extreme pillars thoroughly, and on the middle ones - using brackets. So it can be tightened when sagging. The bottom row should be 30-40 cm from the ground, and each subsequent row should be a half meter from the previous one. Pull the wire from the top to the bottom row.
Option # 2 - two-plane design
If there is watering and the soil is fertile, then you can make a two-plane trellis for grapes with your own hands. This design is more complicated than the previous one, but it allows you to significantly increase the aerial part of the plant, providing it with air, heat and light. Such care guarantees a good harvest and excellent quality of berries.
The two-plane design is used in fertile land and irrigation: this design helps to get a larger crop in the same size areas
The two-plane design consists of two ordinary trellises, which are located at an angle to each other. The structure may contain cross bars, the upper of which is twice as long as the lower. The ends of these rungs are conveniently used to secure the wire to them.
Such trellises can be used both in the conditions of industrial production of grapes, and in the usual modest garden plot
Features of the construction of a support for cucumbers
It is not necessary to think long about how to make a functional trellis for cucumbers: this construction does not have to be beautiful. To ensure a generous harvest is his main purpose.
You can learn more about how to make trellis for cucumbers from improvised materials from the material: postroiki / shpalera-dlya-ogurcov-svoimi-rukami.html
On the bed we install supporting columns at a distance of 2.5 m from each other. To the top of each column we nail a wooden crossbar 80 cm long. Connects all the columns with the crossbars to each other with a spreader bar. It is located in the middle part of the structure, its length is equal to the total length of the beds. 25 centimeters on either side of the spacer bar drive nails into the crossbars. A wire is pulled over them. The trellis is ready.
Tapestries for cucumbers are not made for beauty, but to obtain the maximum crop yield, which does not prevent them from being careful and decorating the garden in their own way
Consider this trellis pattern. It depicts the entire structure in a very detailed and understandable way and gives a complete picture of how exactly it needs to be built correctly.
Twine is cut into pieces of 2.5 m. One of its ends is fixed on the stem of the plant, and the second on the wire. This arrangement of plants allows them to avoid diseases associated with waterlogging of leaves and stems. The garden space is streamlined, and crop yields are increasing.