Tomato varieties Japanese crab: he asks for a salad
Bred a little more than a decade ago in Altai, the tomato variety Japanese crab has become popular among lovers of large-fruited pink-fruited tomatoes. Having once tasted its fruits, you immediately become a constant fan of it. For the variety, the characteristic of one of the best salad tomatoes was fixed.
The history of the appearance of the Japanese crab
This tomato was bred in 2005 by the breeders of the Demeter-Sibir company from the city of Barnaul. When breeding, the goal was to create a variety for cultivation in the Siberian continental climate. In November 2005, an application for variety testing was submitted to the State Commission. It was registered in the State Register in 2007 as a variety for cultivation in private household plots both in greenhouses and in open ground in all regions of Russia. The variety copes with temperature changes, although when the temperature drops to 2-4 ° C, the flowers begin to fall. This is a full-fledged variety, not a hybrid, so the seeds obtained independently are suitable for growing these tomatoes in the next season.
Table: summary of Japanese crab (based on data from the State Register)
|Ripening time||Mid-season (110–115 days)|
|Nature of the plant||Indeterminate|
|Plant height||In greenhouses up to two meters,|
|The mass of the fetus (g)||250-350|
|Number of seed chambers||5-6|
in film greenhouses
|11kg / m2|
|Taste||Sweet and sour|
|Disease resistance||Resistant to apical and root rot,|
We recognize the Japanese crab "in person"
The fruits of the Japanese crab variety outwardly slightly resemble a crab claw, especially if you look at them from the side. They are slightly flattened, with a noticeable ribbing at the peduncle. The color of the fruit is deep pink. At the break, the fruits are fleshy, juicy, with a small amount of seeds.
Video: Japanese Crab Appearance
Features of the variety, its pros and cons, unlike other varieties
High germination rate of seed material of this tomato variety is noted - up to 95%.
The variety was bred for growth in the Siberian climate, so it may feel less comfortable when grown in the southern regions.
Japanese crab is an indeterminate variety, so in greenhouses it can grow up to two meters in height. One of the prerequisites for its cultivation is an ungrounded planting of seedlings (2-3 plants / m2), and the second is a mandatory garter.
Like other indeterminate varieties, it is better to form a Japanese crab in one, at most two stems, with obligatory pinching. In order for the fruits to form larger, it is possible to remove excess flowers in the inflorescence, leaving 4–6 out of 10 possible.
Indeterminate variety requires mandatory pinching
Since the Japanese crab has large enough fruits, it may be necessary to garter not only the stems, but also the fruits themselves as they become heavier.
The large fruits of the Japanese crab themselves require garter
Japanese crab, referring to varieties with unlimited stem growth, forms the ovary as the bush grows, so the number of fruits collected depends on the climatic characteristics of the cultivation. The state registry promises to receive a crop of 11 kg / m2 in film greenhouses. The average yield under ordinary conditions, according to gardeners, is 5-7 kg per square meter.
Japanese crab belongs to varieties of salad purpose, its fruits are not stored fresh for a long time. It is recommended either to consume fruits within a week after collection (in salads, sandwiches, sliced), or to process (ketchup, lecho, pasta, juice). The juice from these tomatoes is quite thick.
To the disadvantages of the variety, experts attribute the presence of a dense brown zone around the stem to the ripening fruit, which must be removed at the time of processing if the tomato has not yet had time to ripen completely.
The unripe fruits of the Japanese crab have a dense green zone around the stem
Like most large-fruited tomatoes, this variety is preferably grown through seedlings. The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings is the first decade of March.
Japanese crab seeds have excellent germination
Preparation of soil for planting seeds for seedlings
For future seedlings, special soil for peppers and tomatoes is perfect. Most often, this is a mixture of humus and sod land in equal parts.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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It is better to purchase specially prepared soil for growing seedlings.
Immediately before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to disinfect the soil in one of the following ways:
- calcine the composition in the oven at t 200 ºС,
- shed with a pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- spill it with boiling water, followed by drying.
After sowing the seeds, the soil in the box should be slightly moistened, it should not be allowed to dry out. It is recommended to cover the box with planted seeds with a film. Air temperature - 20–25 ° С. After the seeds germinate, the film should be removed, and the temperature lowered to 15–18 ° C (put the box on the windowsill) for 3-4 days for better formation of the root system and for earlier laying of the flower brush. Experts advise picking seedlings of this variety after the formation of four true leaves.
Planting seedlings in the ground
Seedlings can be planted in the greenhouse at the age of 45-50 days, in open ground (this option is also possible for this variety) after the threat of frost has passed.
In mid-April, seedlings will be ready for planting in the greenhouse
Planting Seedlings of Indeterminate Type Tomato Seedlings
Tall indeterminate tomato varieties are recommended to be planted no more than 2 plants / m2.
Recommended planting of seedlings of tomato seedlings of indeterminate type
Immediately after planting the plants in a permanent place, pegs should be provided for the bushes.
The formation of a bush varieties Japanese crab
A bush should be formed in one or two stems, regularly conducting stepsonovki and removal of excess foliage. For better ripening of the crop a month before the end of the season, it is better to pinch the top. In the greenhouse, this can be done after about the seventh brush, and in the open ground after the fifth.
A pinch of the top is carried out for better ripening of the fruit crop
Watering and feeding
Tomatoes of this variety are watered infrequently, like other varieties, but regularly, with settled water directly in the holes or on the surface around the plants, but avoiding water getting on the leaves. This method of watering helps to avoid fungal diseases.
It is necessary to feed an indeterminate tomato variety at least three times per season.
You can feed tomatoes with complex mineral fertilizer
- The first time top dressing is carried out at the beginning of the formation of the ovaries on the lower hands;
- the second top dressing - after three weeks;
- the third - a month before the end of the harvest.
The variety is characterized as resistant to root and vertex rot, as well as to tobacco mosaic. As preventive measures to prevent other diseases, you can spray with warm water once every two to three weeks with the addition of 1 liter of milk and 25 drops of alcoholic iodine tincture in a bucket of water. It is especially useful to carry out such a procedure when cold nights occur.
Well perceive tomatoes spraying with water with the addition of milk and a few drops of iodine
I am not yet familiar with this variety of the Siberian collection; I grow other pink-fruited indeterminate varieties. I really appreciate the taste of pink tomatoes. And I want to share some tips on feeding tomatoes in a greenhouse. A week and a half after transplanting seedlings, it is useful for her to carry out yeast dressing, which is an excellent growth stimulator. To do this, dissolve 10 g of dry yeast and 25 g of sugar in 8 liters of water. And then dilute with water in a ratio of 1:10 and water the plants from a watering can. And one more thing: if the weather is predominant overcast days - the plants need more potassium, in hot weather you should increase the dose of nitrogen. But you can’t overfeed tomatoes in any case, otherwise they will gobble up and give more foliage than fruits.
Japanese crab variety attracts gardening enthusiasts with a peculiar appearance, excellent taste, bright aroma
Almost all reviews about the Japanese crab variety, which can be found on the Internet, are positive. Here are some of them.
For several years, this tomato was grown without shelter in a risky farming zone in the north of the Perm Territory, while not experiencing any serious problems. The exception is the cold summer of 2014. During very low temperatures (the thermometer column dropped to +2 degrees), the fruits were loosely tied. In the greenhouse, the harvest was excellent, only very late due to the lack of light and heat. I also want to note the good quality of the seeds: germination is excellent, no regrowing was observed. I hope that after reading my review, many gardeners will prescribe a Japanese crab tomato from the producer "Siberian Garden" on their fertile weaving, and gourmets will begin to look for it on the market shelves.nechaevatu
I want to write about Japanese crab tomatoes, and it doesn't matter which company these seeds are. A few words only about the variety. Planted last year for the first time, planted immediately in the open ground on May 10th. Almost everything has risen. Tomato bushes grew tall, above my height: about 180-200 cm. During the entire fruiting period, the tomatoes were large and smaller, but not small. The taste is very juicy and fleshy! I made juice from them. Compared with the Rosamarin tomato variety, these tomatoes are not as delicate as Rosamarin. The fruits of my bushes were difficult to tear from the stalk and I had to twist them or cut them with scissors. But this was also a plus, because the ripened and overripe tomatoes did not fall off and hung on the bush until I took them off. The disadvantage of my tomato was that in almost all fruits in the area of the stalk and in the upper part of the tomato the pulp was dense white-green (as if immature). I watered my tomatoes all summer directly from the well, that is, the water was almost icy. There is one nuance because of which, in my opinion, my tomatoes were deficient (except for irrigation with ice water): they were deprived of the morning (eastern) sun throughout the first half of the day. The variety in my opinion is very productive. I didn’t track what stubbornness, because everything was eaten, but in the refrigerator or in the cool underground I had a ripe red tomato for about a week. This year I will plant the same variety, but in another place, having made my own garden, so that the tomatoes get the sun all day. And I will water already with warm water from the tank.oixx1979 oixx1979
Harmonious sweet taste with pleasant acidity, bright aroma and original appearance of tomatoes Japanese crab will not leave you indifferent. Like everyone who has already met him, you will want to have him in your collection.