Tomato Mazarin - smart dandy in the garden!
Juicy red tomatoes are loved by many gardeners. Among the variety of varieties you can find vegetables not only delicious, but also with decorative advantages. An example of such tomatoes is Mazarin, which has an original heart-shaped form.
Description and characteristics of the variety Mazarin
Tomato Mazarin has been bred by domestic selectionists M. N. Gulkin, N. V. Nastenko, V. G. Kachainik. In the State Register, where Mazarin has been included since 2013, the owner of the variety is Aelita agricultural firm. Tomato is recommended for cultivation throughout Russia both in hotbeds (in cold regional regions) and in open ground (in regions with long summers). It belongs to salad varieties and has a yield when grown in open ground of about 12-12.5 kg / m2, in greenhouses up to 14 kg / m2.
Variety Mazarin - video
Appearance of tomato Mazarin
Mazarin belongs to the determinant varieties, that is, it is limited in growth - usually in the open ground it reaches a height of 110–130 cm, in a greenhouse - 180–200 cm. It ripens in the early stages (for 95–105 days in warm regions, for 110–115 days - in colder climates).
Mazarini tomato grown in a greenhouse - video
Bushes form many stepsons. Strong stems are covered with green, strongly cut, medium-sized leaves. Flowers with simple inflorescences are collected in a brush. In each brush 5-6 fruits are tied. Unripe fruits are painted in light green, ripe in pink-red. Coloring is uniform, without green spots at the top. The mass of the fruit recorded in the state registry is 150-190 g, however, an analysis of the reviews of gardeners shows that usually the fruits are much larger (300-500 g). The shape of the tomatoes is very unusual, resembling a heart or strawberries, the surface is flat.
Large, heart-shaped fruits covered with dense, bright skin
The skin is dense, not prone to cracking. Dense, fleshy and rather juicy pulp hides a small number of seed chambers. The number of seeds is very small. The taste is sweet, without sourness. The fruits have a rich aroma.
Juicy fruits contain very few seeds
Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties
Tomato Mazarin is a hybrid that has incorporated a number of positive qualities:
- high yield and long fruiting period (from the last decade of June to frost);
- early onset of fruiting (the first inflorescences appear in the sinuses of the 5th or 6th leaf, and then form every 1–2 leaves);
- great taste of fruits;
- the possibility of long-term storage;
- resistance to black bacterial spotting and the tobacco mosaic virus;
- undemanding to leaving;
- bush resistance to drought;
- stem capacity, helping to support the weight of the crop (no need for special garter);
- small density of foliage, providing good ventilation of the bushes.
Unlike other varieties, Mazarini is characterized by high returns during the first harvest. Compared with the Red Truffle variety, Mazarini ripening occurs 2–2.5 weeks earlier and the fruit size is approximately 1.5 times larger. Another feature of this tomato is the ability to collect unripe. Harvested matures well at home. The disadvantages of Mazarin include the following facts:
- being a hybrid, tomato does not produce full-fledged seeds, they should be purchased annually;
- to obtain a high-quality and plentiful crop, it is necessary to conduct regular stepsoning, as well as the formation of a bush;
- the fruits are too large for whole preservation;
- the peel is rough;
- in heat and drought, the ovary falls;
- strong dependence of the quantity and quality of the crop on weather conditions;
- plants do not have complex resistance to fungal diseases.
Features of planting and growing
Typically, tomatoes are grown seedlings. Given that Mazarini ripens early, you can especially take your time with sowing seeds for seedlings.
Growing tomato seedlings
As a rule, seeds are sown in the last decade of February - the first half of March. The sowing period is selected depending on the climate of the region so that by the time of planting in open ground or a greenhouse the seedlings reach the age of 1.5 months (the first fruit brush may disappear when transplanting adult seedlings).
Tomatoes require light, nutritious soil with a neutral reaction. The best option is to mix garden soil with compost and a small amount of potash fertilizers and superphosphate. Seeds are simply scattered over the surface of the soil, and then covered with 1-2 cm of soil on top. To accelerate germination, you can cover the crops with a film.
Many gardeners recommend treating the seeds with potassium permanganate (1% solution) before planting and germination stimulants - Zircon, Epin, HB-1. It should be borne in mind that Mazarin seeds are often sold already poisoned from disease.
The seeds of tall tomatoes, which include Mazarin, do not need to be soaked in growth stimulants. They too strongly provoke the growth of seedlings, and with it there is already enough trouble to prevent "overgrowing". If there is sufficient humidity in the room, and the air temperature is 22-24 °, then the sprouts will appear approximately on the 6th day. To prevent seedlings from stretching, seeds need to be planted sparsely, best of all in separate cups, and provide optimal lighting. In the absence of phytolamps, encloses seedlings with foil reflectors. Gently pinching the cotyledon leaves and even 1-2 lower leaves helps to control the growth of seedlings. This stops the stretching of the plants and at the same time provokes a thickening of the stem.
It is easy to grow tomato seedlings. The main condition for success is the maintenance of optimal temperature and humidity, as well as maximum illumination (daylight hours of 10-12 hours are desirable). To supplement seedlings, it is recommended to use special LED lamps. If there is not enough light, the seedlings will stretch and become frail. Elongation is also observed during heavy watering and growing in a warm room (for seed germination, a temperature of about 24 degrees is necessary, but then it must be reduced to 20–21 ° C during the day and 17–18 ° C at night).
Video: what to do if tomato seedlings outgrew
After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings need to be dived into separate containers. This is especially necessary for tall tomatoes such as Mazarin, as picking inhibits seedling growth. After diving for 1-2 days, seedlings need to be slightly shaded.
Water the seedlings sparingly, best with a spray bottle. After the picking, fertilizing with complex phosphorus-potassium fertilizers is carried out. Then top dressing is repeated two more times (the last time before the landing).
1-1.5 weeks before transplanting to a permanent place, seedlings need to be tempered. To do this, it is taken out into the open air during the day, gradually increasing the residence time from 1-2 hours to a whole day.
Growing tomato seedlings on video
Planting tomatoes in a permanent place
Beds for tomatoes are prepared in advance. Since autumn, the soil has been enriched with humus (2–5 kg / m2), phosphorus and potassium compounds (2 tablespoons per 1 m2) and dug up. In the spring, before the formation of the beds, urea is added (1 tablespoon per m2). The width of the beds should be 1.4–1.5 m (for a two-line landing), height 30–35 cm.
Tomato seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place after they reach the age of 45-50 days. You can plant in a greenhouse in May, and in open ground - in early June. The main thing is that by the time of planting the threat of return frosts has already passed - heat-loving tomatoes cannot tolerate them. Seedlings in the open ground at first covered with a film.
With a strong cold snap in unheated greenhouses with tomatoes, you need to put closed containers (to prevent condensation) at night with hot water.
Large bushes of Mazarin require a large area of nutrition, so no more than 3-4 plants should fall on 1 square meter. The landing pattern (0.6–0.7 m) X (0.8–1 m) corresponds to this requirement. If plants are planted more densely, the yield will be lower. During planting, a teaspoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (or 1/2 cup ash) is laid in each well.
It is advisable to immediately place a support peg near each hole (for open ground, height 1.5 m, for greenhouses 2 m) and immediately tie up seedlings to it. During the season, 3-4 more garters will be required.
How to plant tomato seedlings in open ground - video
Rules for growing tomatoes Mazarin
Tomato Mazarin does not require special care conditions. Providing standard watering and top dressing and the correct formation of a bush, you can get high yields without hassle.
Tomatoes need to be watered regularly (usually 2 times a week). Moisture is especially necessary for the bushes during ovary formation and fruit pouring. For irrigation should use settled lukewarm water. It is sometimes recommended to add a mullein solution to irrigation water. After each watering, the topsoil is dried out and the soil is loosened to a shallow depth and weeds are eliminated. If tubercles (root buds) are visible on the lower part of the stem, hilling should also be carried out - it provokes the development of additional roots.
When hilling, loose moist earth is piled to the base of the stem, so that the plant gives additional roots
During the period of growth and fruiting of tomatoes, dressing is performed 3-4 times to compensate for the amount of nutrients taken by the plant from the soil to build green mass and form fruits.
They begin to feed bushes 14-16 days after planting seedlings in the ground. By this time, both the underground and ground parts of the plant are approximately doubled. Since the bushes grow actively during this period, they need nitrogen, therefore organic matter is suitable for the first feeding (mullens are diluted with water in a proportion of 1:10, and chicken droppings are 1:20, they are insisted for a day, and then planted at the rate of 2-3 liters per bush )
One of the most important minerals for tomato is potassium: when it is deficient, the leaves dry out, and the color of the fruits becomes uneven, green-red. But if you overfeed the plant with potassium, then the effect will be negative - matte spots will appear on the leaves, then the foliage will fade.
The next top dressing is carried out after 2 weeks, the third - during the formation of the fruit, and the fourth - during active fruiting. It is recommended that in the intervals between root dressings, foliar.
To prepare root dressings, you can use the following mixtures (bred in a bucket of water, consumption rate of 1 liter per bush):
- 1/2 liter of poultry manure infusion diluted 1:20, superphosphate (20–25 g) and potassium sulfate (5 g);
- liter of mullein and nitrophos (15 g);
- ash (2 tablespoons), superphosphate (20 g) and manganese sulfate at the tip of a knife;
- liter of infusion of green fertilizer, ash (300 g), superphosphate (2 tablespoons), copper sulfate (1/3 teaspoon).
If there is no possibility or desire to independently prepare fertilizers, you can use multicomponent complex fertilizers: nitrofosk, diammophos, nitroammophos, Kemira Universal-2, Rastvorin, potassium monophosphate.
When weakening plants with diseases, the concentration of fertilizers for root dressing must be reduced by half.
In greenhouses, top dressing is convenient to combine with irrigation and carry them out when the soil dries.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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In the open ground, tomatoes grow in more severe conditions and top dressing should adapt to weather conditions. With prolonged rains, fertilizers need to be applied more often, since they are washed out by precipitation.
Top dressing a tomato with mass fruiting - video
Foliar feeding of tomatoes allows you to quickly saturate the plant tissue with nutrients. Feeding is especially important when plants are weak and the roots can not cope with providing nutrients, as well as after rains.
Foliar top dressing helps to first of all fill up the deficiency of copper, boron, potassium, magnesium, zinc. One of the recommended compositions for spraying bushes is a mixture of potassium permanganate (1 g), boric acid (1 g), zinc and magnesium sulfates (2 g each) and copper sulfate (1/2 g) dissolved in 10 l of water. You can use ready-made complex fertilizers. Spraying is carried out in the evening or in cloudy weather. As well as usual top dressing, foliar spend 3-4 times per season, about once every 2 weeks. Try to confine the spraying to the formation of an ovary.
During the period of mass flowering, it is very useful to spray plants with calcium nitrate (a tablespoon in a bucket of water). This will help prevent vertebral rot disease.
Do not mix calcium preparations with phosphorus fertilizers! The interval between treatments with such fertilizers should be at least 4-5 days.
Foliar feeding of tomatoes - video
The formation of tomato Mazarin is necessary, since with uncontrolled growth, it forms many stepsons and gains greater height to the detriment of the size of the fruit.
The bushes need high supports (twine or trellis), to which the plants are tied immediately after planting in the ground.
Immediately after planting seedlings, you need to tie up the tomatoes to the supports and then regularly repeat the garter as the bush grows.
It is recommended that Mazarin be kept in one stalk, although it can also be formed in 2 stems — this will accelerate fruiting by 1–1.5 weeks. With two-stem cultivation, only 2-3 fruit brushes should be left on each of them.
If the plant is in 1 stem, then pinch the top after the 5th fruit brush. If this rule is neglected, the stem will grow and form fruits until the frost, but the tomatoes will turn out to be very small.
Bushes can be formed in 1 or 2 stems
Stepchildren need to be removed regularly so that they do not take away nutrients from forming fruits.
Fruits will ripen better if the leaves under the formed brushes are removed. In this case, the illumination and ventilation of the plant improves.
Rules for the formation of tomatoes - video
Pest and disease protection
The Mazarin variety is resistant to a number of diseases common to tomatoes, but it is easily affected by fusarium, late blight, gray rot and tobacco mosaic.
For prevention, it is necessary to observe the watering regime (overmoistening contributes to the development of fungal diseases), top dressing and ventilation (with greenhouse cultivation).
Greenhouse soil (top layer 5-6 cm) is desirable to change annually. Before planting, you can disinfect the soil - shed with potassium permanganate or vitriol.
It is recommended to use phytosporin after planting seedlings at a constant place during the first watering, which not only protects tomatoes from all fungal diseases, but also is an organic fertilizer. A tablespoon (15 ml) of the drug is diluted in 10 l of water and poured 1 cup of solution after watering under each bush. It is advisable to repeat this treatment 3-4 more times with an interval of 5-6 days. You can use phytosporin to spray bushes, as this drug is non-toxic to humans.
Disease Tomato Processing - Video
Planting can be attacked by pests: aphids, slugs, spider mites. From aphids, washing the plants with a soap solution will help. Deeper can be eliminated by spraying plantings with ammonia solution. Insecticides (Pant-Pin, Etisso, Actellik, Fitoverm) will be required to expel the spider mite, however, they can be used only before the beginning of mass flowering. Treatment of infusions with bleach is a folk remedy for tick control (1 kg of dried raw material is poured with a bucket of water and infused for 12-14 hours, a little soap is added before use). Bleached should be processed 2 times with an interval of not more than 7 days.
Tomato pest control - video
Harvesting, storage and use of crops
The first fruits of Mazarin, depending on the timing of planting and the climate of the region, can be obtained already in late June - early July, and then tomatoes can be harvested in batches (as they ripen) before the onset of frost.
You can collect fruits in standard plastic buckets
Before the onset of cold weather, you must remove from the bushes all available fruits, including green ones. Unripe tomatoes ripen perfectly in a cool dark place (it is recommended to put several ripe fruits to them).
Due to the high density of the pulp and peel, Mazarin tomatoes can be stored for 1.5 months (in a cool room). It is necessary to regularly inspect the fruits and timely remove perishable.
Mazarini is considered mainly salad variety due to its taste and size of the fruit. However, you can find another use for it: it will make wonderful seasonings, juice, ketchup, and smaller fruits from the top of the bush are suitable for conservation.
From the dense meaty pulp of Mazarini tomatoes you get an excellent ketchup
This year, planted tomatoes Mazarin, having heard a lot of praise for them. And they really didn’t deceive - the tomatoes on the bush are dark, all large, very tasty (fleshy). Now we are eating them. Next year I’ll definitely land. And about the fact that all tomatoes are good with good care, I do not agree. if you compare with the Red Truffle (grow on an adjacent bed), then the Truffle is garbage some - small, small, just ripen. I care for everyone the same.Natalya Solovyova
Mazarini was grown in a greenhouse, the first year for testing, the second year because the seeds remained, I was not impressed, I do not want to, there are many other varieties for testing.Goksa, Moscow Region
Mazarini in mid-July is already ripening, I liked the taste, there are few seeds. I got medium-sized fruits (in 2-3 trunks it led), but there are many of them.Svetikk
There are very conflicting reviews about Mazarin, someone really likes, someone believes that you should not spend time and place on this vaunted variety.Lily
My opinion. Mazarini is a beautiful rather than tasty tomato. То есть он вкусный, но не так чтобы прямо ах. Буду выращивать в этом году, потому что он очень красивый. Помидора большая, увесистая, и довольно ровная. Ну не на столько, конечно, как на картинке с семенами, но все равно. Выращивать буду в 1 ствол, чтобы получить на первой кисти томаты покрупнее, если вести в два ствола — то плодов будет побольше, но они мельче. А ведь именно этот сорт выращивается в том числе и в эстетических целях.Помидоровед, Солнечная Прибалтика
сажаю мазарини лет 5 очень нравятся, самые любимые. Выписываю с сайта биотехники, т.к. много подделок, а помидоры не те ( по крайней мере у нас в Смоленске)silva
Томат Мазарини не капризен и подходит для выращивания даже начинающими огородниками. Соблюдение необременительных правил ухода позволит получить высокий урожай крупных плодов необычной формы.