Tomato Cowhide heart: salad variety with beautiful fruits
Tomatoes need different. And if small, especially plum-like ones are more suitable for canning, then they try to grow large, fleshy ones for salad. Many gardeners believe that the raspberry-pink fruits are the most delicious. Often the taste of tomatoes develops over time, so late ripeners manage to gain a thinner bouquet. For a long time, one of the best salad tomatoes was considered to be the Volovye Heart variety.
Variety description Cowhide heart
Tomato Cowhide was bred at the end of the last century and was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2000. It is recommended to grow it in all climatic regions both in unprotected soil and under film shelters. At the same time, it is indicated that this tomato is most suitable for the southern regions. In the north and even in the middle lane, they try to grow it only in greenhouses. The variety is recommended for use in small farms and on personal plots.
The variety is one of the indeterminate, that is, the bush is able to grow unlimitedly. In reality, it can reach a height of two meters. Requires mandatory formation and systematic garter. Leaves of normal size, green. It is highly resistant to a complex of diseases. The first inflorescence and, accordingly, a brush with fruits are formed above the 9–11th leaf, the next - every 3 leaves. A brush can contain up to five tomatoes.
Tomatoes on the bushes grow in clusters, repelling each other
Fruits ripen late, not earlier, in 3-5-4 months after emergence of shoots. They are heart-shaped, ribbing is moderate. Ripe fruits have a beautiful pink and raspberry color. Seed nests - 4 or more. Tomatoes are quite large, mainly weighing about 150 g, and can reach 300-350 g. The taste is rated as good, the sugar content is high, and the flesh is very juicy. The main purpose is salad, that is, fresh consumption. Productivity is above average, up to 7 kg / m2. In a greenhouse, with good care, this figure can be increased by one and a half times.
The peel of the fruit is dense, allows you to transport them over short distances. However, it is thin, which often leads to cracking when the moisture regime is disturbed during cultivation. Tomatoes are not stored for long, so those that were not used for salads should be processed into tomato paste or juice.
Video: tomato fruits Cowhide heart
Two subspecies of this variety are known: Minusinskoe Volovye Heart, characterized by earlier ripening, and Volovye Heart Striped, the fruits of which are golden pink in color with yellowish-green stripes. However, they are so different from the main variety even externally that it is worth considering them as independent varieties. In 2013, the Volovevye heart variety was registered in Gosrestre. Despite the similarity of varieties, the pink variety ripens somewhat earlier, the fruits are slightly smaller, but the overall yield is higher.
According to the name, the fruits of the Tovolovye tomato heart have an interesting heart-shaped shape. There are many such varieties currently bred, but this can be recognized by its color, which has a crimson hue rather than pink. The shape of different fruits within the same bush may vary somewhat in degree of elongation, but in any case, the fruits look exactly like a heart.
Tomato fruits Cowhide heart certainly look attractive
Advantages and disadvantages, differences from other varieties
Opinions of gardeners on tomato Volovye heart do not always coincide. Despite the outward beauty of the fruit, many believe that their taste is far from ideal. Among the obvious advantages of the variety are most often noted:
- excellent presentation of fruits;
- good yield;
- the ability to harvest seeds from your own garden (this is not a hybrid);
- good resistance to most diseases, including late blight;
- fleshy structure of fruits, allowing them to be sliced for salads and table decorations.
Rarely does one of the popular varieties have so many flaws, some of which, of course, are not significant. Usually talk about the following:
- moodiness in leaving, the need to form a bush strictly according to the rules;
- late fruit ripening, which complicates the use of the variety in cold regions;
- poor preservation of the crop;
- unsuitability for whole-canning;
- insufficiently high taste, even tasters evaluated only as good.
In recent years, gardeners have been spoiled by an abundance of tomato varieties and hybrids, among which there are fruit-bearing tomatoes of excellent taste. There are many varieties similar to the one in question.
In the understanding of many people, a bull and an ox are one animal, so they believe that the cow’s heart and the well-known variety Bull’s heart are one and the same.
This is not at all true, although the varieties are similar. The Bull’s heart has larger fruits and a slightly different color, the “founder” of the variety is closer to red, although there are varieties of the Bull’s heart with different colors of the fruits. Even in the State Register 10 varieties are registered with the name Bull’s heart and the term characterizing the color: from pink to black.
In addition to these, received a huge number of heart-shaped tomatoes with high characteristics. So, a great nobleman variety with very similar fruits of raspberry color. Their taste is excellent, and the variety is very cold-resistant. The Batyany Siberian variety has very similar fruits, but their taste is only good, and the yield is low, but the variety is not afraid of cold weather.
Grade Nobleman - a good competitor to the Cow's Heart
Thus, there is always a choice, depending on the wishes of the gardener, and we must admit that the Volovye tomato heart has many advantages, but, of course, is not unique among similar varieties.
Features of agricultural technology tomato Cowhide heart
Most tomatoes are grown through the seedling stage, and late ripening is even more so. This also applies to the Cowhide variety.
Planting and Seedling Care
In the middle lane, seedling preparation concerns begin in March. The specific number depends on the climate of the region: the farther south, the earlier, and at a latitude, for example, Moscow Region, if you do not use film shelters, seedlings are transferred to open ground only at the beginning of summer. Since she should be about two months old, sowing seeds can begin on or around March 20 (earlier for greenhouses).Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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The cultivation of tomato seedlings of this variety is carried out in the traditional way.
- After calibrating the seeds, they are disinfected for 20 minutes in a dark solution of potassium permanganate and hardened for 2-3 days in the refrigerator.
If the packaging of the seeds says that they have been trained, it is better to sow them dry
- Purchased soil or its own (from peat, humus and sod land), disinfected with a pink solution of potassium permanganate, is poured into a box with a layer of 6-8 cm and sown seeds to a depth of 2 cm, after 2-3 cm from one another.
For sowing, you can take any junk box
- Before emergence, keep the box warm, then lower the temperature to 16-18 ° C for several days. Further cultivation is carried out at room temperature during the day and 4-5 degrees lower - at night, with sufficient daylight.
Before picking, the box (box) is kept on a cool window sill
- At the age of 10-12 days they dive into separate cups or a spacious box.
Dive better in peat pots
- For two months, the seedlings are moderately watered, 1-2 times fed with complex fertilizer, and a week before planting they are tempered.
The main thing when growing seedlings is that it does not stretch
Good seedling stocky, 20–25 cm high, with a thick stem. If the soil has warmed up to 14-15 ° C, and the night frost has passed, it can be planted in the garden, but it is advisable to cover it with a spanbond for the first time.
Landing and further maintenance
An indeterminate variety requires a lot of space, therefore, a Volovy’s heart is planted no thicker than 50 x 70 cm. Since no roots need to be deeply buried, seedlings that are longer than required are planted obliquely, deepening almost to the first leaves. Immediately drive in stakes for garter, and if convenient, build a common trellis. Good watering seedlings when planting and mulching the soil are required.
When caring for a plant, watering, weed removal, loosening and mulching of the soil are carried out, they provide top dressing and necessarily form a plant. All operations are common for indeterminate varieties. Watering this variety requires abundant, but it is stopped as soon as the tomatoes begin to brown, otherwise cracking is inevitable. Fertilizers are given every 3-4 weeks: first with infusion of mullein, then with infusion of 20 g of superphosphate and a handful of ash in a bucket of water.
A cow’s heart is formed in 1 or 2 stems: the second stalk makes a strong stepson located above the first inflorescence. The remaining stepchildren systematically break out when they reach a length of 4–5 cm. If more than 6–8 brushes have formed on the bush, the following are removed: as many varieties will not stretch. After the formation of each brush, the leaves located under it are cut off. Tie bushes several times a season as the stems grow.
When the time comes and enough brushes develop, the top just needs to be cut
With high resistance of this variety to diseases, they try not to spray the bushes once again, but before flowering it is advisable to walk through the leaves and soil with a 1% Bordeaux fluid. In the greenhouse, the cultivation of the Cow's Heart is carried out similarly, just do not forget to ventilate the room.
I have a cow’s heart ... it turned out to be one and a half meters high, medium early. I didn’t weigh the fruits, but approximately - 200–230 g. I didn’t notice any diseases. Sown was in early March. The color is raspberry red with "meat".
And at home, I washed and cut this handsome man and ... What a disappointment. Instead of fleshy pulp, hard white patches are completely tasteless. When I decided to crush this tomato into a salad, I threw out at least two-thirds of the minimum.
I liked the cow’s heart more than the Bull’s heart, and the fruits are about 250 grams, raspberry blossom, although the plant is not tall, but also tied up, because our summer is rainy, I was afraid that the stems would fall to the ground and the fruits would begin to rot, there were more fruits than the Bull’s heart. By the way, the cow’s heart and the bull’s heart did not have any diseases, which I was very glad about.
The most favorite salad tomatoes in our family are pink Cow’s Heart tomatoes, which are named for their size and shape, reminiscent of the heart of an ox.
Tomato Cowhide, having mixed characteristics, enjoys some success with gardeners. Apparently, this is due to tradition and excellent presentation of the fruit.