Super-Extra Grape (Citrine) Grapes: Features of Planting and Growing
Grapes are an ancient culture. People grow it since ancient times. Over the centuries of viticulture, many varieties have been bred, as a result of which the cultivation of this southern plant has become possible even in cold regions. One of the modern cold-resistant varieties is Super Extra.
Super-Extra Grape History
Another name for Super Extra is Citrine. He was bred by Yevgeny Georgievich Pavlovsky, a famous amateur breeder from the city of Novocherkassk, Rostov Region. “Parents” of Citrine are hybrid varieties of white grapes Talisman and black Cardinal. A mixture of pollen from other varieties was also added.
The grape received the name Super-Extra because of its high palatability, attractive appearance and adaptability to different conditions.
Ripe Super-Extra berries resemble a citrine stone in hue
For the selection of grapes, it is not necessary to have a special education. Many modern varieties are bred by amateur winegrowers.
Super Extra - white table grapes. It is intended for fresh consumption or for cooking, but not for winemaking. The variety has several advantages:
- early ripening berries - 90-105 days;
- frost resistance (withstands up to -25 ° C);
- high productivity;
- good resistance to most diseases, including false and powdery mildew;
Super Extra is resistant to powdery mildew
- good keeping and transportability of berries.
Of the minuses, a different size of berries on the clusters is usually noted, which, however, only affects the presentation.
Video: Super Extra grapes
Bushes are vigorous, prone to overload due to the abundance of berries. Shoots are light green and light brown. The leaves are green, have 5 blades.
The clusters are moderately loose, cylindrical in shape. The brushes have a weight of 350 to 1500 g. The size of the berries is from medium to very large.
Super Extra Grape Size - Medium to Very Large
The fruits are white, slightly elongated, in the shape of an egg, with a dense skin. When ripening, they acquire a light amber tint. Their taste is simple and pleasant - rating 4 out of 5 points on a tasting scale. The average weight of the berry is 7–8 g. The flesh is juicy, but nevertheless it retains density in overripe berries, they do not lose their shape.
Features of planting and growing
Light soils with good moisture are best suited for the variety, but it can grow on any . Due to the cold resistance, Super-Extra can be planted even in Siberia. But in regions with a short summer, it is preferable to arrange bushes on the south side so that they get as much sun as possible.
Young plants are planted in open ground or grafted cuttings to stocks of other varieties.
A stock is a plant to which a stalk is grafted; in grapes it is usually the stump of an old bush.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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When planting in the ground, if the earth is heavy and clay, you need to mix it with sand and humus or compost.
Video: growing grape seedlings
Cuttings grapes propagated as follows:
- On each handle Super-Extras leave 2-3 eyes.
- The lower part of the handle is cut obliquely, the upper part is covered with paraffin.
- The rootstock section is cleaned, its surface should be smooth.
- In the center of the rootstock they make a split (not very deep), put the stalk there.
- The place of binding is tightened with a cloth so that the contact between the handle and the stock is close and they grow together.
The place of contact of the cuttings and stock is tightened with a cloth or film
Cut the cuttings preferably on the day of vaccination. To be kept alive, they are stored in containers with water.
Grape cuttings are stored in water before vaccination.
In general, Citrine is unpretentious to care. The following growing conditions must be observed:
- Grapes are watered regularly, at least once every two weeks, spending 12-15 liters of water per bush.
- Despite its resistance to fungal diseases, the bush needs to be sprayed with copper preparations for prevention.
- Top dressing is carried out based on the region of cultivation, soil and climate.
- In the spring, the vines are tied to a support.
- For winter, the plants shelter.
In the spring, vines are tied to pylons
Super Extra requires cropping. It is produced in the spring in such a way that 4-8 buds remain on the vine, and approximately 25 on the whole plant. For enlargement of clusters, it is better to leave 3-5 shoots.
It is also desirable to normalize the crop so that there is no overload of the plant and its depletion. For this, during flowering, part of the inflorescences is plucked.
On my site Super-Extra has established itself on a very good side. In the cool season of 2008, this form was edible by July 25 and was completely removed until August 01. In the first year of fruiting, four full-grown clusters of 500-700 grams each were obtained, the berry was up to 10 grams, which is very good, the type of Arcadia berry. Vigorous, well resistant to disease. In addition, the vine ripens well, cuttings easily root.Alexey Yuryevich
Super-Extra has been growing weakly for me for 1 year (14 bushes), but this year I noticed, after top dressing with a solution of pigeon droppings (3l / bucket), in June the vine grew over the entire height of the trellis, about 2.3 m.yogurtsan
I have already had Super-Extra for 5 years. It was grown both in a greenhouse and in open ground. It behaves in completely different ways. You can even say how two different varieties. In the greenhouse, the brush, the berry is larger, but (oh, but it) the color, taste, aroma is inferior to that in the open ground. The pulp becomes more juicy than fleshy. Sugar is gaining, but somehow slowly. And the ripening period, to my regret. not premature, loses in particular to the First-Called, Galahad.
In the open ground, despite its more modest size, it proved to be very worthy, with a very tasty sweet berry when fully ripened almost yellow, with some kind of crunch and dense pulp, if the brushes are not shaded. The ripening of the vine was to the very top of the trellis. As for the load, I can say that this variety is extremely demanding on a competent load assessment. It’s not even Arcadia, if the winegrower made a mistake or “greedy” will get a couple of buckets of green sour berries at the exit and no “lotions” like unloading brushes and additional dressings do not work here. Plus, when overloaded, the vines ripen zero. For this reason, I part with the greenhouse this year.Forestman
In 2008 it was terribly peas, it was gaining sugar faster than its yellowish color, it hung on the bushes for a long time without a sifter, the shape is like for a market, but it’s very simple to taste (low acidity), although many liked it. And I noticed such a feature is very overloaded (maybe it was just me that was.R Pasha
Super-Extra grapes are a good choice for those who are interested in qualities such as frost resistance, high yield and unpretentiousness of the plant. However, for cultivation for sale, this variety may not be suitable; also it is not suitable for winemaking.