Stefanotis: what care does Madagascar jasmine need for flowering at home

    A wonderful guest from the tropics, the owner of delicate and fragrant flowers - stefanotis, conquers at first sight. Elegant emerald greenery in combination with snow-white flowers looks elegant and elegant. But before you get the desired Madagascar jasmine, you should carefully study all the subtleties of caring for an exotic handsome man at home.

    Description of Stefanotis

    The exotic and vibrant Madagascar is full of surprises. One of them is a magnificent plant called stefanotis. On a tropical island, the flower prefers to grow on the forest edges, hiding in partial shade. The first description dates back to 1806. Since then, much water has flowed, but stefanotis still remains the most beautiful and desired plant for flower growers around the world.

    Stefanotis - representative of tropical Madagascar

    Stefanotis is a perennial climbing vine, growing under natural conditions up to 6 m. The stalk is elastic and elastic at a young age, and lignified in an adult plant. The leaves have a leathery glossy surface and are painted in a dark emerald color. The shape of the leaf plate resembles a vertically elongated ellipse with a pointed tip with a length of 5 to 10 cm. The central vein is pronounced. The leaves are oppositely located, attached to the stem with the help of long cuttings.

    Stefanotis - Curly Liana

    The name stefanotis in the literal translation sounds like a “crown of ears”.

    Beautiful, delicate flowers are the main decoration of a tropical plant. The flowers have a tubular shape, crowned with bent petals resembling a star. Inflorescences are loose corymbose, axillary type. In one bunch, there are up to 7 colors. They are painted in white, cream and purple shades. The unforgettable charming and delicate aroma of stefanotis gives it a resemblance to jasmine, so in common people this tropical plant is often called Madagascar jasmine. Under natural conditions, the duration of flowering lasts a long 10 months.

    Stefanotis blooms in nature for 10 months

    White tender stefanotis flowers are often used to create a bride’s bouquet, in wedding flower arrangements, and even weave into the bride’s hair. For this, stefanotis is known as the "wreath of the bride."

    The fruits of stefanotis are similar to boxes in shape resembling an ellipse. Inside are parachute seeds. As soon as the ripe fruit bursts, the seeds will fly apart.

    Inside the stefanotis fruit are parachute seeds

    If we talk about the difficulty of growing stefanotis at home, then, of course, you can’t call the care of the plant easy. In order for a tropical flower to feel at home and to develop normally, it needs to be helped and created conditions resembling natural ones. A person who is inattentive or very busy will not be able to follow the rules of care. But a patient and loving grower will certainly grow stefanotis and enjoy its beautiful flowering.

    Types of Stefanotis

    From 12 to 16 species of stefanotis are known, which in addition to Madagascar can be found in South China, Indonesia and even in Africa.

    KindsDescription
    Stefanotis floribunda

    or abundantly blooming

    This liana is the only species adapted to the conditions of the room.

    Its snow-white, star-like flowers have a diameter of 5 - 6 cm.

    Stefanotis floribunda

    variegate

    A variety of flowering stephanotis. Differ in color

    leaves. Instead of plain color, they are covered with stripes and spots.

    whitish, light green and yellow. Tip of the sheet a little

    smoothed out.

    Stefantis AkuminataIts flowers, unlike floribunda, have a creamy tint.
    Stefanotis grandifloraIts inflorescence is larger, as it consists of 30 flowers.
    Stefanotis ThorsiaThe flowers of this species are colored unusual for stephanotis.

    soft purple hue.

    Delicate flowers of Madagascar jasmine in the photo

    Stefanotis Thorsia

    Stefanotis grandiflora

    Stnfanotis Akuminata

    Stefanotis floribunda variegate

    Stefanotis floribunda or abundantly flowering

    Seasonal care for stefanotis at home

    Maintaining the necessary conditions in different seasons will help the plant feel at home.

    SeasonLightingHumidityTemperature
    Spring Scattered light, what you need

    stefanotisu. Southwest or

    south east direction

    suitable in terms of lighting

    most. Can

    place the flower and on the south

    window, but then you have to

    take easy

    curtain to shade

    plant from burning rays

    midday sun.

    This is an important care item.

    Tropical guest loves

    high humidity

    especially during the hot season.

    In addition to daily

    spraying will have to

    try to increase

    humidity around

    flower. Take advantage

    can be special

    moisturizers or good

    by all known methods,

    placing a flower pot

    on a pallet with wet

    filler. During

    spraying, try

    protect flowers from getting

    moisture on them.

    Stefanotis loves compliance

    temperature condition. Sharp

    transitions from heat to cold for

    dangerous to him, as well as

    drafts. In the summer you need to

    the thermometer was in

    limits of 18 - 24 ° C. Not what

    the heat! By the way, to the street

    stefanotis is better not to bear,

    but air

    the room where the flower is located

    necessary.

    Summer
    Fall In winter, you can

    keep stefanotis without

    shading. And be sure

    illuminate with phytolamps.

    The plant must be

    at least 12 hours a day

    Winter spraying

    necessarily shown with

    powered devices

    heating. Also good

    wipe the leaves moist

    a napkin to spare

    plant from accumulated dust.

    If the winter is cool, then

    spraying is carried out extremely

    rarely. Only spray

    good with warm water. Polishes

    for leaves use

    not allowed

    In winter, make sure that the plant

    was in temperature

    range from 14 to 16 ° C.

    Cool content

    beneficial to bookmark

    flower buds. Minimum

    threshold 13 ° C

    Winter

    Stefanotis does not need to be turned to the light source in different directions, especially during the formation of buds. He doesn’t like that, he cannot stand it. Otherwise, you will not wait for flowering, and if your plant already has buds, they will fall off.

    Stefanotis loves bright lighting

    Landing and transplanting

    Stefanotis is a liana with good growth rates. Therefore, young plants are transplanted 1 time, or even 2 times a year, but an adult plant should not be disturbed so often, about once every 2-3 years. Sometimes it will be enough to replace the top layer of the earth with more fresh and nutritious soil. The main indicator of transplantation is the pot from which stefanotis grew. To determine this moment is quite simple - the roots appeared from the drainage hole, and the substrate began to dry faster than usual. As a rule, they begin to transplant from the month of February and finish before the start of the growing season, using the gentle method of transshipment.

    A pot for adult specimens needs to be selected carefully. The best choice is ceramic containers with a drainage hole. The size of the pot should only slightly exceed the volume of the root system. In an oversized pot, stephanotis will develop worse and completely refuse to bloom.

    Ceramic pot holds massive stephanotis

    Drainage must be used when transplanting. You can take advantage of the remains of an old ceramic pot, breaking it into small fragments or buy expanded clay filler in a store. A drainage layer should be sufficient, at least 3 cm.

    For stephanotis, it is better to pick up heavy earth with a slightly acid reaction. You can purchase a suitable substrate in the store. But it is best to cook it yourself, picking up the ingredients in the following proportions:

    • humus or peat - 3 parts;

    • sand - 2 parts;

    • deciduous land - 1 part;

    • clay-turf land - 1 part.

    The composition, of course, is not quite ordinary, but a caring florist will surely find all the components. And also, do not forget to sanitize the mixture before planting.

    Step-by-step transplant process

    1. Having laid a layer of drainage on the bottom, fill it with soil mixture.
    2. Handling stephanotis in a new pot must be very careful so as not to damage the small and thin roots that absorb moisture. If this happens, then you need to add a root growth stimulator to the water for irrigation.

      In order not to damage the roots, stefanotis is transplanted by transshipment

    3. After installing the plant in a tank, they fill up the remaining earth on the sides and water it. Be sure to wait for the excess liquid in the glass pan and drain it.

    Only non-flowering stephanotis can be transplanted. If you purchased a plant with buds, you will have to wait until it fades and only after that proceed to the replacement of the pot and soil.

    Support

    The fast-growing stephanotis liana needs support because of its biological characteristics. The construction for maintaining the stem, as it were, recreates the natural conditions in which the plant weaves around a nearby carrier. The most common type of such a structure is in the form of an arch. Making a support is very simple, you just need to get a piece of strong wire. Bend it in an arcuate manner and insert it into the pot. And if you show your imagination, you can build various designs that stefanotis happy to master. If there is no wire at hand, then in any flower shop you can buy plastic structures in the form of a ladder.

    Stefanotis needs support

    Care in detail

    Caring for stefanotis in an apartment requires patience and attention to the plant from the gardener. Only following all the rules of care will help to admire the beautiful flower for a long time.

    Watering

    Like any houseplant, stefanotis in the period of active growth needs watering. It must be plentiful so that the earth is in a moderately wet state during the warm season. Try to prevent over-drying of the earthen coma! In hot weather, depending on the thermometer, moisturize 2-3 times a week. Starting in the fall and throughout the winter, watering should be moderate.

    Water for irrigation should settle for several days. Chlorine contained in tap water negatively affects the overall development of stefanotis.

    In the spring-summer period, stefanotis should be watered abundantly

    Top dressing

    In order for stefanotis to have the strength to grow rapidly and bloom profusely during the growing season (from March to early October), it is fed every 2 to 3 weeks. Fertilizers should be selected complex, but with a high content of potassium. Nitrogen does not act very well on the plant - stefanotis begins to actively grow stems and leaves, because of which wintering will not proceed according to plan and flowering can not wait. Particular attention is paid to dressing during the buds - from April to May.

    For normal growth and flowering, stefanotis must be fed

    How to make it bloom

    In room culture, stefanotis blooms in early summer. This unusually beautiful sight can last up to 4 months. Already blooming adult plants that have reached the age of 3 to 4 years. The achievement of annual flowering helps compliance with certain rules of care.

    1. Stefanotis needs to be transplanted in a timely manner.

    2. Avoid temperature extremes and drafts.

    3. Wintering should take place in a cool room with an average temperature of 15 ° C.

    4. Do not get carried away with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, especially during the budding period. Stefanotis should receive enough light.

    5. Do not rearrange or rotate the stefanotis pot during budding.

    Crossandra is also distinguished by its long and lush flowering. You can learn about how to grow it at home from the material: ozelenenie / krossandra-vyrashhivaem-bez-problem-cvetok-fejerverk-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html

    In order for the stefanotis to bloom, it is necessary to observe some rules

    Rest period

    The rest period, starting from the second half of November, is primarily characterized by a decrease in temperature in the room. With a thermometer of 14 -16 ° C, stefanotis is preparing for the laying of buds. Watering the plant at this time should be extremely careful, and feed and completely stop.

    Pruning

    Due to the peculiarity of stefanotis blooming on young shoots - pruning is of no small importance. The procedure is carried out annually at the very beginning of spring. Removing weak elongated and old bare shoots helps maintain an attractive appearance of the vine. Pruning, contributing to the growth of young shoots, should be moderate. In the summer, in order to prolong flowering, pinch the shoots.

    After moderate pruning, young shoots grow in stephanotis

    Care Mistakes

    With inadequate care, stefanotis loses its attractive appearance and refuses to bloom.

    Why leaves fall, doesn’t grow or bloom - table

    ErrorHer manifestationHow to eliminate
    Stefanotis observed

    mass falling of leaves

    • The plant stands in a draft.
    • A sharp drop in temperature.
    • Maintain the necessary indoor

    air temperature.

    • Stefanotis should be placed in places

    inaccessible to draft.

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    Yellowing and falling

    leaves

    • The plant lacks lighting.
    • Watering with hard water.
    • Too hot in the room.
    • Give Stefanotis the brightest place

    but inaccessible to direct sun.

    • Water before irrigation should stand at least

    day.

    • In the heat, try to increase the humidity

    around the plant.

    Stefanotis does not want to bloom
    • Excess nitrogen.
    • Lack of lighting.
    • Warm rest period.
    • Do not overfeed stefanotis with nitrogen.
    • If the daylight is short, light up the lamps

    daylight.

    • The rest period should take place in a cool

    indoors.

    Growth slowed downNutrient deficiency.Do not forget to fertilize the flower during the growing season.
    Flower buds fall off
    • Draft.
    • Inadequate watering.
    • Change of location.
    • Do not place stefanotis in a place accessible for draft.
    • Do not dry the earthen lump, it should be

    moderately hydrated.

    • If stefanotis is covered with buds, do not twist it and

    Do not rearrange to another place.

    Care Mistakes - Photo Gallery

    Stefanotis loses buds if not getting enough moisture

    Leaf falling occurs when stefanotis is standing in a draft

    Stefanotis leaves turn yellow in low light

    Diseases and Pests

    Inadequate care will weaken stefanotis and make it defenseless against diseases and pests.

    Diseases and pests: what can be done to get rid of them - table

    Diseases and

    pests

    How do they manifestControl measuresPrevention
    Rotting of roots and

    stem base

    With moist soil, stefanotis

    starts to fade quickly

    and dies.

    • At the initial stage of the disease

    plant transplantation

    with a complete replacement of the substrate and

    removal of affected parts

    root system. Treatment

    Fundazol (2 g per 1 liter of water).

    • If the disease has gone too

    far, the plant will have to

    to destroy.

    • Observe the watering regime,

    excessive moisture leads

    to the sad consequences.

    • Disinfect before boarding.

    the soil.

    • Eliminate drafts and drops

    temperature.

    Powdery mildewAt the beginning of the disease, the leaves

    covered with white powdery

    easy to wear

    with your fingers. Fast

    spreading spots

    capture all sides

    leaf depriving plant

    normal course

    photosynthesis. As a result

    the leaves dry and the plant

    dies.

    • Tear off all the affected leaves.
    • Treat stefanotis with one of

    drugs: Topaz, Fundazole,

    Previkur or Skor. Instruction manual

    attached.

    • During the fight against the disease is better

    refuse to spray with water.

    • With a slight lesion

    or as a prophylaxis you can

    use a weak solution

    potassium permanganate - 2.5 g per 10 liters of water.

    Spray 2 to 3 sprays with

    interval of 5 days.

    • Observe watering mode.
    • Rearrange the plant on

    lighted place.

    Mushroom mosquitoThe insects themselves are not terrible,

    and their larvae. Larvae feed

    young roots of the plant.

    Stefanotis starts to hurt

    It fades and can die.

    • Against mosquitoes use

    Raptor or Neo-Dichlorvos,

    sprayed not far from the plant.

    • To get rid of the larvae

    apply the fly-eater. To

    the effect of the drug was

    yourself, you can’t water after it

    land within 5 days.

    • Do not let the soil sour,

    water according to the rules

    (especially it concerns

    cool period).

    • You can catch mosquitoes

    use glue

    traps.

    • Insect repellent odor

    citrus (zest can

    spread out near the pot or

    on the surface of the soil).

    AphidLeaves of the affected plant

    sugar coated

    raid. Sprawling

    aphid colonies cause

    leaf deformation, and

    then withering away.

    To fight use the drug

    Aktara, Actellik, Decis. One

    from the preparations they treat the plant

    repeated spraying is carried out

    in a week. Drugs can

    alternate. With severe defeat

    at least 3 treatments must be performed.

    • When insects appear

    wash the leaves under a warm shower.

    • Good effect shows

    spraying with soapy water.

    • It is necessary to maintain the right

    moisture around the plant

    since aphids instantly

    spreads in dry air.

    ShieldLeaves, stems, petioles - here

    favorite habitats

    scale insects. Settled down under

    shell protection, pest

    eats plant juices.

    Leaves begin to turn yellow and

    fall off. With severe defeat

    the plant may die.

    Use in pest control

    Actellik or Fitoverm. Conduct

    will have more than one treatment, as

    the shield has reliable protection.

    Processing should be carried out 1 time per

    week to complete disappearance

    harmful insect.

    • Leave the affected plant behind

    healthy.

    • Use to wipe leaves

    soap solution.

    • A good result is rubbing

    a weak solution of vinegar essence.

    • Check stephanotis periodically

    for the presence of a scab, because it can

    suddenly appear and after six months

    after defeating her.

    How do diseases and pests manifest themselves - photo gallery

    The shield is a very insidious and dangerous enemy, the fight against it takes a lot of time

    A small insect that has bred in large numbers can ruin a plant

    It is not the mosquito itself that is dangerous, but its larva

    Powdery mildew interferes with the process of photosynthesis in leaves

    Rotting of the roots and base of the stem in an advanced stage can lead to loss of the plant

    Breeding

    Stefanotis propagated by seeds or cuttings.

    Seed propagation

    This process is very time consuming and lengthy. And besides, the seeds do not always germinate. But those who have the patience may well take up this hard work.

    1. Fill the container with a sterilized mixture of peat and sand, mixing them in equal amounts and moisten.
    2. Seeds that are presoaked in water for 2 days are not buried, it will be enough with a finger to slightly push them into the moistened soil.
    3. Cover the container with glass and place in a well-lit place with a temperature of 26 ° C.
    4. Moisten the soil with a spray gun, waiting until the soil mixture is almost dry. Do not allow waterlogging! Condensate accumulated on the glass must be wiped daily with a napkin so that it does not get on the seedlings.
    5. Seed germination can take up to 2 months.

      After 2 months, stefanotis seeds germinate

    6. After the first leaves appear, the seedlings dive into small pots filled with a mixture for growing an adult plant.
    7. If daylight hours last less than 14 hours, young plants should be additionally illuminated.

    Propagation using cuttings

    Stefanotis is considered to be a hard-to-root plant, so phytohormones must be used when grafting. In addition, this type of reproduction fully preserves the genetic qualities of the parent. Rooting is best in the spring and summer.

    1. Material for rooting is most often procured during pruning. Cuttings should be half lignified and have at least 2 - 3 leaves. The slice is made 2 cm below the knot and treated with Kornevin.

      Cuttings can be stocked during pruning

    2. The tank is filled with sand. Cuttings are inserted into it at an angle, deepening by 1.5 cm.
    3. Top cover with glass and put in a bright place.
    4. Rooting occurs during lower heating (temperature in the greenhouse 25 ° C) and periodic moistening.
    5. After 2 to 3 weeks, the cuttings take root and young shoots appear in the axils of the leaves.

      Rooting occurs after 2 weeks.

    6. In the prepared 7 or 9 cm pots, new plants are planted and transferred to a bright room with a temperature of 18 ° C. Nighttime temperatures can drop to 14 ° C.
    7. As they grow, rooted plants are transferred into a larger pot.

    Some gardeners have successfully rooted stefanotis cuttings in water. By air layers, unlike hoya, stefanotis does not multiply.

    Gardeners reviews on growing stefanotis

    My stefanotis is 10 years old. The pot is more than 10 liters. The height of the arc is 1.3 meters. Loves the sun (better in the morning). In the summer it stands on the street. In the summer I water abundantly, in the heat - daily. Winter once a week.

    viniti

    I would say that with proper care (light, humidity) - it is not a whimsical plant. The growth rate is amazing, I barely have time to reel on the supports. Mine is also from the "markdown." Grows for a long time, blooms.

    Alex

    I want to give some advice. 1. There was a first sad experience - I decided to “rejuvenate” the bush, trimmed it well and the bush disappeared completely. I began to study literature on the plant and deduced that stefanotis should not be cut off much - it would die. 2 This plant reacts to a change in location (especially when it blooms), experienced flower growers advise labeling the pot so as not to change the position of the flower in relation to light. By the way, in shops they sell small bright insects with Velcro for pots, very nice and convenient.

    Irene

    My Stefanotis stands all year round on the south window in full sun. But after winter it is necessary to gradually accustom to the sun. Yesterday I took it from the windowsill to water, I look, and he has all the leaves with such a light yellowness almost imperceptible, but it’s immediately clear - they were burnt from the bright spring sun!

    Busya

    Video on the nuances of flower care

    Caring for stefanotis is not easy. But the result is worth a little work, recreating conditions similar to natural ones for the plant. At an attentive florist, the result will not be long in coming. The plant covered with fragrant flowers will become the main decoration of the room. But like any strongly smelling flower, stefanotis should not be kept in the bedroom and children's room.

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