Stamp raspberries - growing characteristics and an overview of varieties
With the advent of spring and the beginning of planting, gardeners often hear about the standard raspberry or raspberry tree. This miracle is offered to us by traders in the bazaar, street or in the online store, enticing photos of beautiful juicy berries and a promise to collect an unprecedented crop. Everything would be fine, the price is sky-high and you can buy, try, and suddenly ... However, before you get a seedling of standard raspberries, you need to find out what it is and what you can expect from it in the future.
How did the standard raspberries, or the essence of double pruning
Stamp raspberries were bred relatively recently - in the 90s of the last century. Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor V.V. As a result of selection, Kichina received raspberry varieties with a thick elastic stem that does not require support or garter to the trellis. On these seedlings, double pruning of raspberries is especially advantageously applied. As a result of such molding, a strong raspberry bush is formed, resembling a tree in shape.
The stem shape of the bush is obtained as a result of the correct pruning.
The essence of pruning: at the end of May or June, the young shoot is shortened to a height of 50–70 cm. After this pinching, side shoots will begin to form and grow quickly. In the early spring of next year, all side shoots are shortened. From the axils of the leaves, shoots of the third order will appear, which will have time to grow and set fruits.
The formation of the stem occurs in two stages
As a result of such trimming:
- raspberry bush takes the form of a stem;
- due to the increase in fruit branches, the yield is increased;
- there is no need to erect trellis;
- Harvesting and plant care are facilitated.
In addition, the standard form of raspberries hibernates better and is less affected by diseases and pests. Often sellers add excellent taste to all the advantages of standard raspberries - you should not pay attention to this. The taste and size of the berries depend on the variety and agricultural technology, and the pruning option increases the yield and can only slightly improve quality indicators.
Video: the formation of standard raspberries
Features of growing standard raspberries
In order for the acquired shtambovy raspberry bush to be really shtambovy and enjoy a good harvest for many years, the gardener needs to work hard. Everything is important here - proper planting, care during the growing season and, of course, formation. All varieties of standard raspberries are summer, that is, they have a two-year cycle. Fruiting occurs on the shoots of last year, which are cut after harvest. In a word, everything is like ordinary raspberries, but only every year you need to form a standard. However, this procedure is simple and rather pleasant for many gardeners.
Pruning raspberries is one of the most enjoyable activities in the garden.
For planting standard varieties of raspberries, sunny areas protected from the north wind are suitable. The occurrence of groundwater is not higher than 1.5 meters. It is important that the area reserved for raspberries is not flooded with melt and rainwater - raspberries do not like waterlogging. To get a good harvest, the soil is very important - fertile, breathable soil of neutral acidity.
An open sunny area is an ideal place to plant stem raspberries
Step-by-step landing instructions:
- Dig holes in the selected area with a depth of 0.5 m and 0.5 m in diameter. The distance between the bushes should be at least 1 m, and between the rows 2 m. It is important to maintain the recommended distances, because the standard raspberry in shape resembles a tree, which means that it needs more space than ordinary bushes.
- Each pit must be filled with compost (1 bucket), add 1 glass of ash and 40 g of Nitroammofoski if planted in the spring. During autumn planting, 30 g of superphosphate and potassium salt are added to the soil and mixed well with the soil.
- Raspberry seedlings are installed in the planting pit without deepening, sprinkled with fertile soil, compacted and watered.
- A hole is formed around the seedling and the surface is mulched with compost, peat or rotted sawdust.
Raspberries can be mulched with various materials, including straw
Caring for Raspberry Raspberries
Caring for standard raspberries is straightforward. During the summer, weeds must be harvested and the soil under the plants periodically loosened. Mulch with a layer of 5-7 cm will eliminate the need to weed, loosen, and it will be much less necessary to water the mulched bushes.
Stamp raspberries, like any other, are very demanding on soil fertility, so you can not forget about top dressing. In spring, you can feed the bushes with a solution of Nitrofoski or Nitroammofoski - 20 g per bucket of water. Until mid-summer, they are fed green fertilizer - infusion of weeds or liquid mullein in a proportion of 1 liter per 10 liter of water. WITH
about the second half of July, they don’t bring organic matter, since all organic fertilizers contain nitrogen, which stimulates the growth of shoots, and this is no longer necessary. Shoots must ripen before winter to withstand frost. Therefore, in late August or early September raspberries are fed with mineral fertilizers marked “Autumn” or with a solution of Superphosphate 20 g and potassium salt 10 g per bucket of water.
Stambular raspberries propagate by cuttings, shoots and rooting of pieces of roots. The easiest way to get a new plant from the overgrowth. To do this, a daughter plant is dug up and planted on a prepared place in the garden.
Rooting offspring is the easiest way to propagate bole raspberries
To root the root cuttings, it is necessary to dig a raspberry bush and select root sections with 1-2 kidneys. Roots are planted in a light, loose substrate on a seedling bed. Before seedlings appear, the garden bed is shaded from the sun and kept moist. For the winter, the sprouts are covered with agrofibre. The following spring, the seedling is planted in a permanent place.
From the unearthed raspberry roots, root cuttings are cut
When propagated by green cuttings, young offspring 7-8 cm long are cut out. The sections are dusted with Kornevin or Heteroauxin, after which the cuttings are planted in a mixture of soil and sand, taken in equal amounts. Rooting will occur in about a month, and all this time the cuttings need to maintain heat and humidity. To create suitable conditions, it is necessary to build a greenhouse in a shady place of the garden and cover it with a film.
It is important that the sun does not fall on the film - otherwise the cuttings will burn, well, and do not forget to air every day. When the cuttings take root and start growing, the film can be removed. For winter, it is advisable to cover young seedlings with agrofibre, and plant them on a prepared place in the garden next spring. This method of propagation is used when you need to get a lot of seedlings.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Green raspberry cuttings are easily rooted in water - the main thing is that there is little water, otherwise the shoots will suffocate
Popular varieties of standard raspberries
Fortified - a non-studded variety of standard raspberries of medium ripening. Bright red berries of a blunt-shaped form often reach a weight of 12 g, although the average weight is 7–9 g. The flesh is juicy, but dense with small seeds. The berries are sweet, with a pleasant taste and aroma - ideal for all types of processing and fresh consumption. The variety is very productive - under good climatic conditions and proper care, you can get 4 kg of fruits from the bush and this is not the limit. Berries do not crumble and tolerate transportation well. Ripening begins in early July and ends in early August. The variety is characterized by good winter hardiness - can withstand temperature drops of -30 ° C, as well as resistance to diseases and pests. Fortress forms little basal growth and does not creep on the site.
Variety Krepysh lives up to its name - stands firmly on its feet and does not lose berries
Tarusa - characterized by strong powerful shoots that are easy to shape and do not require support. The height of the bush depends on pruning and care and can be from 1.5 to 2 meters. The round-shaped berries are large, aromatic, with excellent taste and weigh 12–14 g. The pulp is dense, juicy, with small drupes. The fruits are distinguished by good transportability. The variety is resistant to diseases and pests, does not form excess shoots, and winter well without shelter.
Large bright berries of Tarusa will be appreciated not only by the owners of the hryvnia
Gold is a large-fruited dessert variety of standard raspberries. Golden-yellow berries of excellent taste with imperceptible seeds often reach a weight of 16 g. The yield of the variety is high and does not depend on weather surprises. Tall tall bush branches well and reaches a height of 2 m. It withstands winter temperature drops to -30 ° C.
Bright yellow berries of excellent taste are offered by Gold.
Tale - according to network sources, this is a high-yielding summer variety with a height of 1.5 to 2 m, most likely is a clone of the Tarusa variety, it is not registered in the State Register of Selection Achievements. The stems are thick, erect without spikes, do not give extra growth and do not need support. The berries are dense, fragrant, with an excellent sweet taste. Fruits are not subject to decay, are easily transported and keep their shape for a long time. From mid-July to mid-August, up to 5 kg of berries can be collected from a single Tale bush.
Berries of the Fairy Tale variety have excellent taste and perfect conical shape.
All varieties of standard raspberries were created by Russian breeders, taking into account our climatic characteristics. Therefore, they can be grown both in the southern regions and in Central Russia, in the Moscow Region, the Volga region, in the Urals and in other regions.
Experienced gardeners are advised to purchase seedlings of standard raspberries in local nurseries. Plants grown in these climatic conditions are more likely to take root and bear fruit in your garden. In addition, buying a seedling in a particular place, you can always return there with questions, if suddenly instead of the standard raspberries a marvelous grows. For the same reason, there is no reason for the nursery employees to deceive.
The bar raspberries in my garden are a fruit element of landscape design. For a long time I thought about how to separate the garden from the garden, and for some reason, I considered only decorative shrubs as hedges. But then I came across an announcement by a local nursery about the sale of seedlings of standard raspberries Tarusa and Krepysh, and the decision was made in their favor. I bought two seedlings of each variety, planted according to all the rules, in one row and at a distance of 1 m from each other. All seedlings took root, and then planted seedlings. Although these varieties do not give a lot of overgrown, for three years I got a row of raspberries about 20 meters. The height of the bushes is an average of 1.5 meters. Raspberries do not crowd in the shade of the fence, but are planted in a row in the center of the site, the bushes are formed, look beautiful and there are a lot of berries. Harvest in joy - the approach to the bushes on both sides is free. It’s easy to take care of such a berry - pruning, feeding, spraying and watering are not complicated by anything. In general, it turned out beautifully, functionally and very conveniently - everyone is happy.
Raspberry Raspberry Reviews
In our country, raspberry tree is conventionally called varieties that grow in a direct bush, do not require garter and give few shoots. Such as Krepysh, Tarusa. Their height is 1.20–1.30. They do not scatter their shoots in different directions, but grow in a bush. When pruned twice, the shoot really looks like a small tree. Very convenient varieties to care for.Nila
The culture of this raspberry does not differ from ordinary varieties, except that the shoots under the snow bend at an earlier date, until they are "numb", or else they will not bend.amplex
I have been trading in plants for a long time. I grow them myself and buy something new. In 2015, new varieties of raspberries were brought from Crimea, it was called Tarusa - this is a raspberry tree. I live in the Krasnodar Territory, the summer is hot, like it should have grown well. I bought it out of interest, planted it, it seemed like a raspberry started, even a small berry was full. Planted, as it should be in partial shade, watered. All was good. But in an instant he simply died, as if he imagined that it even existed. She just dried up before her eyes, although she looked after her. Many people, acquaintances said the same thing that is not accepted, he does not live with us. They just threw money and labor to the wind. All the tips and stories about the wonderful tree are not for our region, mostly they talk about planting in the Crimea.Shopaholic 2017
I have long wanted to plant standard raspberries. In the market, a saleswoman of seedlings touted her raspberry tree, Tarusa variety. Showed a photo of berries. Persuaded. The seedling was not very cheap - as much as 600 rubles. bought it. Planted. Observed all agricultural technology. Planted in the winter. In the spring, over this bush, she almost arranged dances with a tambourine. I cut off the entire ovary so that the tree does not waste strength on berries, but successfully rooted itself. However, my raspberries were stunted, stunted, then withered. In the spring, the market went to the same saleswoman, asked raspberry seedlings, she began to tell me fairy tales about other seedlings. For the sake of interest I asked - DO YOU HAVE A TARUS? To which she received an answer - WHY DO YOU HAVE THIS Nonsense? SHE IS NOT WORTH EASY. AND BERRY THERE IS ALMOST ALL. Like this. If desired, they will boil a cactus and say that it will bear fruit.natalya-skripka
As for the taste of Tarusa, I’m not happy, a little sweet, and the crop is average, leaves much to be desired. But she is not in a very good place, she stuck when she bought where there was a place. I will try to transplant, and if that, I refuse it. The only plus is that you don’t need to tie it up, it costs like a tree.Alenka
Stamp raspberries are not a raspberry tree and not a stump as such. Using double pruning of the bush, this form can be given to any sort of raspberry. A stamp variety differs only in a thick strong shoot, which is easily formed and does not require tying to a trellis.