Self-made cherries: a review of proven varieties for different regions

Among cherries, there are varieties that are classified as so-called self-fertile (self-pollinated). Among them there are trees of various heights, frost resistance. Some prefer certain regions for growth. All this must be taken into account in order to achieve good results when growing cherries in the garden.

What are self-fertile (self-pollinated) varieties of cherries

Cherry varieties are called self-fertile, which do not require pollinators to obtain the ovaries of plants, this differs from cross-pollinated ones. Self-pollinated trees have both male and female flowers, so they are tied independently. In many self-fertile varieties, due to the special flower design, pollination can occur with an unopened bud, which allows you to get a crop even in the absence of insects and strong wind. Typically, the number of ovaries reaches 40-50% of the total number of flowers, in partially self-fertile varieties - up to 20%.

However, in any case, the presence of pollinating varieties can significantly increase the cherry yield due to the formation of additional ovaries.

Low-growing and dwarf self-fertile cherries

Low-growing and dwarf varieties are popular due to their compactness, which greatly simplifies the cultivation and care. Typically, cherries of such varieties have a tree or bush height of up to 1.5–2 m. Almost all of them, except for self-fertility, also have high early maturity (fruiting occurs on the 2nd – 3rd year after planting) and good productivity. Below are the main representatives of these varieties.

Youth

In the State Register, the variety has been registered since 1993 in the Central Region. Youth cherry has the following features:

  • self-fertility;
  • the tree is stunted, with a round, drooping, moderately thickened crown;
  • berries weighing 4.5 g, sweet and sour;
  • flowering and ripening periods are average;
  • winter hardiness is high, average flower buds;
  • resistance to fungal diseases is average.

    Cherry Youth is considered undersized

Tamaris

It has been in the State Register since 1994 in the Central Black Earth Region. Its characteristics:

  • this variety has a very high self-pollination;
  • the dwarf tree has a round, transparent crown, does not require forming pruning;
  • berries of different sizes from 3.8 g to 4.8 g;
  • blooms late, at the end of May and even at the beginning of June (depending on the region);
  • tolerates frosts well, but flower buds can freeze during spring frosts;
  • effectively resists coccomycosis, worse - other fungal diseases.

    Tamaris cherry fruits 3.8 g to 4.8 g

Lyubskaya

The old variety was introduced in the State Register in 1947 in most regions of the Middle Strip. His features:

  • successfully grows among trees of only its own variety, as it is self-pollinated, and is also considered a good pollinator for other varieties;
  • cherry is a weak-growing tree of a bush-like type, the crown of which is round or spreading, often drooping, weeping;
  • the berries are considered large, but uneven, from 4 to 5 g, while their taste is mediocre, sour;
  • blooms and ripens cherries late;
  • the tree can withstand cold winters well, but flower buds may suffer with return frosts;
  • the variety is poorly resistant to disease.

    Lubskaya Cherry Blossoms Late

Winter-resistant self-fertile varieties of cherries

A significant part of the self-fertile varieties of cherries have good winter hardiness.

Bulatnikovskaya

Cherries are zoned in the Central region. Characteristics:

  • good self-fertility;
  • compactness - a tree 2.5–3.5 m high with a translucent crown;
  • a good harvest of small (3.8 g) sweet and sour berries in mid-July;
  • flowering in the second decade of May;
  • frost resistance up to -30 ° C, however flower buds are afraid of return frosts;
  • good resistance to coccomycosis.

    Bulatnikovskaya cherry gives a good harvest

Rusinka

The variety is recommended for cultivation in the Central region. Features:

  • good self-pollination;
  • small, sprawling tree;
  • tasty, sweet and sour, medium-sized (3 g), but the same berries;
  • late flowering;
  • winter hardiness is high, flower buds - medium;
  • satisfactory resistance to major fungal diseases.

    Cherry Rusinka has sweet and sour and medium-sized berries

Children

The variety belongs to the genus of felt cherries and, like all its varieties, has high winter hardiness and drought tolerance. Recommended for cultivation in all regions. Features:

  • self-fertility;
  • medium transparent, root-growing bush 1.8 m high;
  • large (3.5–4 g), bright red berries of sweet and sour, harmonious taste;
  • flowering May 17-23, ripening after 2 months;
  • good frost resistance in the bush, and in flowers - to spring frosts;
  • high probability of lesion of moniliosis in years with high humidity.

    Children's cherry is felt

Where and what self-made varieties of cherries are best grown

Self-made cherries can be grown in all regions where cherries grow.

The best self-fertile varieties for the North-West, including for the Leningrad region

For the cold climate of the Leningrad region, the most winter-hardy trees are chosen. In the State Register there are not so many varieties of ordinary cherries that are allowed to grow in this region, there are much more varieties of felt cherries among them. They live in all regions, and in the Northwest they are common.

Cherry Lyubskaya has long been settled in the Northwest for a long time. The taste of berries, of course, leaves much to be desired, but when used for processing, this drawback is easily leveled. But Lyubka (as it is affectionately called by the people) will never fail and will not leave without fragrant, vitamin jam for the winter.

Amorel Pink

Variety Amorel Pink of folk selection, in the State Register since 1947. Its productivity is 6-10 kg. Other features:

  • self-fertility;
  • a tree 2.5–3.5 m high with a thick, roundish-spreading crown;
  • sweet (10% sugar), small (3 g) berries;
  • early flowering and ripening;
  • average winter hardiness of a tree and flower buds;
  • moderate susceptibility to coccomycosis.

    Amorel Pink Cherry gives sweet berries

Story

Tale - a variety of felt cherries. Suitable for all regions. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • root-growing bush of medium height (1.3 m) with an oval, thickened crown;
  • fruits for felt cherries are large (3.3–3.5 g) with a harmonious sweet and sour taste;
  • flowering in late May, ripening in the second half of July;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • It resists coccomycosis.

    Variety Fairy Tale refers to felt cherries

The best self-made varieties for Siberia

In Siberia, ordinary cherries cannot grow. Only the steppe and felt cherries withstand the harsh Siberian climate.

Self-made varieties of felt cherries were considered above. Perhaps the best option for Siberia is the steppe (sand) cherry, or Bessey. Coming from the North American prairies, it is called the prima don Siberia for its enormous advantages:

  • unpretentiousness to soils and leaving;
  • frost resistance of the crown up to -50 ° C;
  • self-fertility;
  • early maturity and annual fruiting;
  • good preservation of fruits: berries do not fall off after ripening and can hang for more than a month, first poured and then wilted;
  • easy propagation by layering and cuttings.

    Bessey cherry berries do not fall from the tree for a long time

Desired

Grade in the State Register since 1990. The cherry yield is up to 12 kg. Characteristics:

Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties

5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia

How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats

  • self-fertility;
  • stunted bush (1.6 m), raised crown, medium density;
  • berries weighing 3.7 g, sweet and sour;
  • the timing of flowering and ripening is medium late;
  • winter hardiness is high, flower buds - medium;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is low.

    Cherry Zhelannaya gives berries weighing 3.7 g

Abundant

In the State Register, the variety has been registered since 1992. Its productivity is up to 12 kg. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • stunted bush (1.6 m), raised crown, medium density;
  • berries weighing 2.5–3 g, sweet-sour;
  • late flowering and ripening;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is average.

    Abundant Cherry is characterized by late ripening

Seliverstovskaya

In the State Register, the cherry variety has been registered since 2004. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • tree-like bush 2 m high, with a drooping crown of medium density;
  • berries weighing 4.3 g, sweet-sour;
  • flowering and ripening periods are average;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is average.

    Seliverstovskaya cherry bears fruit with a weight of 4 g

The best self-made varieties of cherries for Belarus

Breeders of Belarus have bred a lot of good, regionalized varieties of cherries. Among them are self-fertile, but, unfortunately, they are often very susceptible to fungal diseases. But varieties resistant to them are usually self-sterile and bear fruit only under favorable conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to search for a “golden mean, ” that is, to choose self-fertile varieties with medium resistance to disease.

Wyank

Vyank - cherry variety of felt Belarusian selection. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • high (2–2.5 m) pyramidal crown;
  • berries weighing 4 g, a pleasant taste, with acidity;
  • flowering and ripening periods are average;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is average.

Vyanok is one of the best self-made cherry varieties in Belarus

Seedling №1

The variety is bred from ordinary sour cherries by free pollination. His productivity is high - 14 kg / ha. Characteristics:

  • partial autonomy;
  • medium-sized tree with a round crown;
  • berries weighing 3.9 g, sour-sweet;
  • the timing of flowering and ripening is mid-early;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • coccomycosis resistance is good.

Berries of variety Seyanets No. 1 are sour-sweet taste

Volochaevka

The variety of Russian origin, but distributed in Belarus, is considered universal. One of the most reliable varieties with a high yield of good quality fruits. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • medium-sized tree, spherical crown, medium density;
  • berries weighing 2.7 g, with a sweet and sour taste;
  • flowering and ripening periods are average;
  • winter hardiness is high, in flower buds - medium;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is average.

Cherry Volochaevka differs reliable and stable harvest

The best self-made cherries for Ukraine

For Ukraine, self-fertility is not as important as for colder regions, since the conditions for growing in most of the territory are favorable. A lot of cherries are also grown there, which is a good pollinator for cherries. But self-fertile varieties are also present in the country.

Elegant

Variety obtained in Ukraine. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • medium-sized tree, spherical crown, medium density;
  • berries weighing 5 g, sweet;
  • early flowering and ripening;
  • winter hardiness is average, in flower buds - below average;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is high.

    Elegant Cherry gives large berries

Lot

Lotovaya is an old West European variety. The tree grows fast and strong, therefore, it requires pruning restraint. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • strong-growing tree, dense crown, very branched, broad-pyramidal;
  • berries weighing 4–4.8 g, sour-sweet;
  • late flowering and ripening;
  • winter hardiness is average, in flower buds - below average;
  • resistance to coccomycosis is average.

    Lotovaya Cherry is an old West European variety

Chocolate girl

In the State Register, the cherry variety has been registered since 1996 in the Central Region. Productivity is 78–96 kg / ha. Characteristics:

  • self-fertility;
  • medium-sized tree, crown pyramidal, medium density;
  • berries weighing 3 g, sweet and sour;
  • flowering and ripening periods are average;
  • winter hardiness is good, in flower buds - medium;
  • coccomycosis resistance is below average.

Ripening time for cherries Chocolate medium

Grade Reviews

About felt cherry. I have been growing cherries in my country house for many years, I am collecting an extraordinary harvest. Large, sweet. We have two large bushes, we do not cover it at all, however, last year it froze a little, but it still gave a good harvest. And when it blooms, then this is a natural sakura, all dotted with flowers!

Balbara

Bessey is a sand cherry. It does not freeze 100% with us - it sits on my retaining wall, the roots are close to the freezing stones. But, apparently, it’s getting wet - it transplanted three bushes at the foot of a small slope, she didn’t like it very much (The berries are large, dark-dark cherry, it tastes like something between cherry and cherry)) Sweet, but without sugaryness, a little tart. For me, the only cherry I can eat. The bush has a specific form - slightly creeping, but easily formed. The color of the leaves is pleasant, gray-greenish, blooms profusely fragrant and small white flowers.

Contessa

For a compote, it’s very good, but you’re unlikely to eat it raw. However, this variety can be recommended to a friend. Cherry is self-fertile, productive, is a pollinator for many varieties of cherries. Berries ripen late (end of July - August) and hang ripe for a long time, not sprinkling. Early in 2 years can begin to bear fruit. Winter hardiness is low, unstable to disease. She won’t take up much space, but she will pollinate good cherries and give the harvest herself for winter compotes.

Lavrik

Self-fertile varieties of cherries have their advantages (lack of need for other varieties for pollination and less dependence on external adverse conditions) and disadvantages (low resistance to diseases). However, often in cold regions, the choice of such varieties is the most favorable option. The farther south the area, the less significant this feature.

Recommended

All about chains for power saws: how to choose, correctly replace and sharpen
2020
What is a repair blackberry and what are the features of its cultivation
2020
On-site water drainage system: arrangement of surface and deep options
2020