Selection of plants for a pond in the country, taking into account the principles of zoning
Water, as a symbol of purity and a change in life, has always attracted people. A small pond, near which it is pleasant to spend time, moving away from everyday troubles, is a fairly popular element of landscape design of suburban areas. Plants for the pond - a mandatory attribute of the design of the reservoir. The landing of beautifully flowering and decorative leafy beauties allows not only to transform the pond, but also to protect it.
Plants in a pond - it's not only decor
Herbaceous plants and shrubs decorated with delicate and variegated flowers complement the picturesque composition of the natural cozy corner with bright touches and unique aromas.
The pond framed by green compositions always looks natural and at the same time elegant
However, in addition to the decorative appeal, aquatic plants for the pond also fulfill a practical purpose. The leaves of plants located above the surface of the water slightly obscure the body of water, thereby hindering the development and intensive growth of algae. Due to this, the water can remain a longer period of clear and clean.
In addition, on hot summer days, natural shading of foliage on the water surface allows the diffusion of the sun's rays, which heat the water.
Shading is especially necessary for reservoirs inhabited by fish, frogs, turtles and other amphibians
Factors determining the choice of plants
When choosing plants for a pond in the country, you must adhere to a single decorative idea. This will create a composition that stands out from other elements of the landscape, at the same time will be in harmony with them.
When planning the placement of green landings, it is advisable to decide on the main angle, regarding which the composition will look most spectacular
Any decorative composition looks elegant and rich, if created taking into account the planning of the elements, when the foreground is decorated with low or ground cover plants, taller plants appear in the background.
Planning to equip a recreation area along one side of the reservoir, the plants for this section are selected low so that they do not block the picturesque landscape and access to the pond.
Plants for water bodies are selected taking into account the zoning of the latter in depth. In the deepest part of the reservoir, which is mainly located in the center of the pond, deep-water plants are located, closer to the shores and the marshy zone - shallow floating ones. On the coast of the pond are representatives of the plant world, which grows comfortably on wet soil, and on the dry shore - less moisture-loving shrubs and flowers.
What part of the pond is better to plant?
Deep sea varieties
The middle of a handsome man floating on a water surface is dotted with countless stamens. Lotus prefers to grow in sunny areas of the reservoir, the depth of which is at least 40 cm. Its roots are immersed in the ground under water, and flowers and leaves float freely above the water surface.
Lotus - a delicate and surprisingly beautiful flower, loved by many gardeners, can rightfully be considered the king of the pond.
The middle of a handsome man floating on a water surface is dotted with countless stamens. Lotus prefers to grow in sunny areas of the reservoir, the depth of which is not less than 40 cm. Its roots are immersed in the ground under water, and flowers and leaves float freely above the water surface.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Water lilies can also be an equally effective addition to a plant composition.
There are more than a dozen varieties of these nymphs, and each of them requires certain planting conditions and depth for growth. Water lily is also among the sun-loving, deep-sea flowers.
Braces with dark purple inflorescences and mulberry with delicate white miniature flowers can become a worthy decoration of the central part of the pond
Floating on the surface
Fresh water plants floating freely on the surface act not only as a natural “screen”, shading the surface of the water. They perform an important function, because they absorb organics dissolved in water, and thereby regulate the ecological balance.
Among the most picky representatives of this variety of plants can be attributed: azole, wolfia, water chestnut, and cheesecake. They feel very comfortable both in sunny areas and in shaded places.
A tight lace rug woven from tiny azole leaves gives any pond a special mystery. The shades of the carpet can vary from red-brown and deep green with pinkish to bluish-green
Water chestnut, visually resembling a spiny ball with curved horns, is decorated with a decorative rosette of jagged sheets
Among the beautifully-blooming picky floating plants stand out: water-red, hydroclis, luronium, pemphigus.
An unpretentious water-color, also called a branchberry, stands out effectively against other aquatic plants with heart-shaped leaves and three-petalled flowers. Exotic hydroclayce that has taken root in our latitudes looks very much like a water coat
Planting such plants should be in small quantities. Their leaves should cover no more than half the surface of the water.
Oxygen Generator Plants
Externally unattractive plants, oxygen generators, are primarily used to clean the reservoir. Absorbing carbon dioxide and mineral substances from water, they deprive algae of food and thereby prevent water pollution.
Among the decorative varieties of plants-oxygenators stand hornwort, rdest, elodea and urut
Fluffy hornwort with needle leaves prefers shady coastal areas. The spike-shaped inflorescences of the pink rose shades are excellent food for the inhabitants of the reservoir. Floating twigs with a metallic sheen of Elodea grow so quickly that already in the first year of being settled in a pond, a plant can create dense thickets. Elodea is not picky about lighting and temperature conditions.
Choosing plants for decorating a pond in the coastal zone, you can stop the choice on such moisture-loving plants as calamus, kaluzhnitsa, cattail, and reeds.
Among the bog plants, ferns, daylilies, voljanka, gravilat have decorative forms
By forming a flower garden in the coastal zone, you can play on the contrast of shapes and colors. For example, graceful elongated leaves and unusual iris flowers, contrasting with the golden inflorescences of a swimsuit, look spectacular against the background of openwork fern. When creating compositions, the main thing is not to overdo it. A harmonious aesthetic composition of plants should adorn the landscape of the site, filling the soul with pleasant emotions from contemplation.