Removable Taganka raspberries - a wonderful harvest from spring to autumn!
Raspberries are valued not only for their good taste, but also for their healing properties and beauty. Of the existing varieties, Taganka is well suited for growing in almost any region of Russia. The high productivity of this repairing variety and the ability to bear fruit until late autumn have won the recognition of many gardeners. Ease of care makes Taganka raspberries affordable for anyone.
Taganka Variety History
Taganka is a domestic variety of raspberries, learned a long time ago, in 1976. The breeding-technology institute of gardening and nursery breeding (Moscow) became the birthplace of the variety as a result of the work of breeder VV Kichina, who crossed the Krupna Dvuroda variety with a Scottish hybrid 707/75.
Taganka raspberry is late-ripening and belongs to the repairing varieties, that is, it bears fruit twice a year - on old and young shoots. Some amateur gardeners call this variety “semi-permanent” due to the fact that the ovaries on the annual shoots form very late and do not have time to ripen in cold regions.
Taganka grows in large spreading bushes, reaching 2 m in height. Each bush forms from 7 to 9 rather thick brownish-brown shoots and 4–5 root offspring. Large, wrinkled leaves painted dark green grow densely on the stems. The surface of the shoots is covered with many spikes of purple. Fortunately, the spikes are very small and soft.
On each fruit twig two to three dozen berries are formed
Ovary formation occurs on fruit branches, very abundantly - up to 30 pieces, so that the branches can break off. The berries are quite large, with an average weight of 7–8 g, occasionally up to 17 g. The shape of the berries is a rounded cone. Thick peel of burgundy color covers juicy pulp with a strong raspberry aroma and sour-salty taste.
The Taganka variety is characterized by a number of positive and negative qualities.
- dry separation of berries;
- good winter hardiness of the aerial part and root system (up to −20 ° C);
- high productivity - each bush gives up to 5 kg;
- spiky spikes;
- large size and beautiful appearance of berries;
- good resistance to a number of major diseases and pests.
- poor resistance to drought - with a long dry period, the quality of the berries deteriorates;
- not very sweet taste of berries;
- poor transportability and keeping quality - the berries quickly become sour.
Raspberry seedlings are planted in the spring before sap flow begins, or in the fall, during dormancy. Planting in the spring is recommended in the northern regions, as in this case the plants will have more chances to root properly. In regions with a mild climate, on the contrary, it is better to plant in the fall - raspberries will take root before frost and next year will begin to bear fruit.
Raspberry seedlings should be purchased in nurseries. Healthy seedlings are characterized by developed roots without signs of decay, whole and strong stems.
The seedlings of the Taganka variety are ugly in appearance - small, with a thin stalk, which does not prevent them from rooting well.
Seedlings can be obtained independently from adult bushes: to separate root offspring or shoots with a sufficient number of roots. You can also use seeds - in remont raspberries, they retain the properties of “parents” in 60–65% of cases. Seeds are washed out of crushed pulp, dried and stored at a temperature of + 1 ... + 3 ° C. Shelf life can be several years.
Raspberries are not demanding on the soil, the main thing is to provide good nutrition and drainage (stagnant moisture quickly destroys the root system). The soil should be moderately moist all the time, because Taganka does not like drought.
If water stagnates in the area, it is necessary to make a drainage system
The place reserved for raspberries should be warmed up well and shined with the sun. It is allowed to plant in partial shade, but with constant shading, a drop in yield and a deterioration in the taste of berries are observed.
To form the ovaries, raspberries must be pollinated by insects, therefore, plantings should be protected from the wind, which not only interferes with the work of the bees, but can also break the shoots. Therefore, it is advisable to place raspberries along the fences or buildings.
Raspberry beds can be protected from the wind with an openwork fence
The soil for planting is prepared in 4-5 weeks. Leaves and weeds are removed from the intended area, fertilizers are applied (12–15 kg of manure and 140–160 g of wood ash per square meter) and digged. Then prepare the grooves with a width of 3 bayonets shovels and a depth of 1 bayonet. The distance between adjacent grooves (future rows) should be 1.5–2 m. A layer of nutrients 8–10 cm thick is poured onto the bottom of the grooves. The nutrient mixture is prepared at the rate of 2 buckets of compost, 200–250 g of superphosphate and 100–120 g of salts potassium per 1 m2. Fertilizers are covered with a thin layer of soil.
In the area intended for planting raspberries, you need to thoroughly clean and dig the soil
- Check the condition of the seedlings, remove the broken and dried roots.
- Dip the roots for a few seconds in the soil mash (you can add a growth stimulator, for example, Kornevin).
- Place the seedlings in the prepared groove at intervals of 80–100 cm. Spread the roots, sprinkle with soil and compact. Make sure that the root neck is not submerged in the soil!
- Cut the stems 25-30 cm above the ground into a bud.
- Pour each seedling with 7–8 liters of water and mulch the soil with humus.
Video: planting remont raspberries
Features of raspberry growing
For successful cultivation of raspberries, it is necessary to follow simple agricultural rules - water, cut, weed and feed on time.
Watering, pruning and tying
Taganka is very demanding on watering - it suffers from both excess and lack of water. With a long absence of moisture, the berries lose their taste and become smaller, yield decreases. You need to water raspberries regularly, but not too abundantly. The main need for moisture occurs during ovary formation and during ripening of berries. Usually, plantings are watered twice a month, in the morning or evening. Until flowering occurs, watering is recommended by sprinkling, the rest of the time water is supplied into the grooves at the rate of 20–25 l per linear meter.
Raspberry responds well to sprinkling irrigation
Taganka raspberry can be cultivated as a one or two year crop. In the first method, after harvesting, all shoots are cut to the ground. In regions with a cold climate, cultivation according to the second method is recommended. In this case, only the shoots of last year are cut off in the fall.
In the spring of planting, dry and damaged areas of shoots are inspected and removed to a healthy kidney. With severe thickening, the plantings are thinned out.
Raspberries tend to “creep out” beyond the boundaries of their area, so all root offspring that appear outside the boundaries of the area, as well as in the aisles, must be removed.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Video: cropping remont raspberries
Tying serves not only to protect the stems from breaking by the wind or under the weight of the crop, but also facilitates the care of plantings. The most common form of support for raspberries is a single trellis. For its device, columns 2.5 meters high are driven into the ground along a raspberry row, and several rows of support wire are stretched over them. If no wind protection is provided, the raspberry stalks must be tied to a support wire, otherwise the shoots may break about it.
Video: features of caring for remont raspberries
Fertilizing, soil care and preparation for winter
To obtain a full crop, it is necessary to regularly fertilize raspberries. Feed plants begin in the second year. Nitrogen compounds (for example, 15–20 g / m2 of ammonium sulfate) should be added every spring, organic fertilizers (rotted manure, compost) at the rate of 5 buckets per 1 m2 in early summer, and potassium salts (30 g / m2) in autumn . Every three years, phosphorus compounds (for example, 55-60 g / m2 of superphosphate) must be added to the spring dressing. Organics are brought under the digging of the soil, and mineral substances are scattered on the surface of the soil, mixed with a fork and watered.
In addition to traditional fertilizers, you can use complex
In addition, in the summer during the flowering period, it is recommended to cover the ground near the bushes with a layer of humus. After flowering, liquid feeding is carried out with a solution of fresh chicken droppings (1 shovel per bucket of water).
The soil on a raspberry plantation should be kept in a loose and peeled grass condition. Loosening is carried out as soon as the soil dries out a little after the next watering. The depth of processing should be no more than 6-7 cm, so as not to touch the roots.
Before wintering, all last year's shoots are cut to the root
For the winter, Taganka needs to be sheltered because of its low winter hardiness. First of all, pruning is carried out and all cut stems are eliminated. With full autumn pruning, you just need to cover each row with peat mulch. If the shoots of the current year are left for the winter, they are tied together, bent to the ground and covered with straw, spruce branches or non-woven covering materials.
Pest and disease protection
Taganka shows sufficient resistance to the majority of pests and diseases common for raspberries. Nevertheless, raspberry beetles should be wary of pests, and purple spotting should be wary of diseases.
Raspberry beetle actively damages almost all parts of the raspberry bush
Raspberry beetle is a “universal” pest, as it eats inflorescences, buds, and leaves. In addition, the beetle lays eggs in flowers, and the emerging larvae gnaw through the berries, which are small and rot. Beetles can be knocked down from bushes on spread polyethylene or fabric, and then destroyed. Chemicals are also used: Fitoverm (in the last decade of May), Confidor, Kinmiks, Spark.
Video: how to process raspberries from pests
Purple spotting, or didimella, is one of the most dangerous and common raspberry diseases. Usually the onset of the disease is observed in June in the form of dark spots with a purple tint on the leaves and buds. If you do not take measures, then the area of spots increases, the bark begins to crack and peel off. To reduce the spread of the disease, thickening of landings should not be allowed. Sick shoots are cut with a portion of healthy tissue. Watering should be moderate. From chemical means of protection apply:
- Bordeaux mixture (the first time when the buds open, then another three times);
- Cuproxate (50 ml per bucket of water);
- Fundazole (20 g per bucket of water).
Purple spotting is a very common and dangerous raspberry disease.
Anthracnosis is an even more unpleasant disease, as it is difficult to treat. It appears in the form of brown spots on the leaves and stripes on the stems. Over time, the area of these damage increases. The surface of the spots becomes depressed and cracks, and with increased humidity, decay begins.
At the beginning of the disease, brownish spots appear on the leaves
Prevention of the disease is the maintenance of raspberry plantings clean and, if possible, far from other berry crops, as well as timely thinning and top dressing with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. Of the chemical means of preventing and treating anthracnose, preparations containing copper are recommended - copper sulfate, Oksikhom, Kuproksat.
How to harvest and keep the crop
The fruiting of Taganka raspberry begins in the first half of August and lasts until mid-October (weather permitting). They collect raspberries by hand and very carefully - it is extremely easy to wrinkle. The ripe Taganka berries are easily separated from the stem, so do not try to separate the berries by force. The collected fruits are stacked in boxes, small plastic buckets or containers.
It is advisable to lay the berries in layers, laying them with raspberry, hazelnut or horseradish leaves. The same leaves should be put on the bottom of the container.
Fresh berries can lie in the refrigerator for 5-6 days, however, you can keep raspberries fresh all year round by freezing the berries in plastic containers. Taganka is also good for making jams, wines, fruit pies and other delicacies. You can use not only berries, but also raspberry leaves - they are part of herbal teas.
Raspberry serves as an excellent filling and decoration for fruit pies
For 5 years now, raspberry taganka has been growing and bearing fruit. Variety of the usual type of fruiting, large berries of a typical raspberry color. The variety is very early, this year on June 10 already sold berries, the berries are very tasty. I have about 15 varieties of raspberries, and the taganka in my opinion is the most delicious. Shoots of her small stature 70-100cm. and not very thick, so its seedlings next to modern varieties look second-rate and are reluctant to buy them. But when she begins to bear fruit, they come and thank. So it was with me. This variety is sooooo very piggy but winters well.Nikolka, Odessa
Now Taganka, planted in the spring of this year, gave the second berries for this season, the first were on old shoots. It’s just that the laterals break under the load of berries, apparently I’m tying them wrong. Necessarily need a trellis, without a trellis there will be no business.Vert, Slavyansk-on-Kuban
Personally, I planted Taganka in the fall of 2011, 50 bushes after planting (in the fall) the green shoots appeared at 48, but survived in the spring 23. At the end of July, ripening began, harvested in a day1.5–2 liters from the middle of September, the crop decreased to 0.5 liters last berries plucked yesterday, but the taste is sour (the weather affects) it's all in the first year after planting. I liked the gradepotanatoliy
I’m growing Taganka on an area of 6 acres 10 years. I think if the Germans or the Dutch would see her endurance on my site, then it would be the number one repaired variety in the world) I especially like its taste and transportability and yield, of course, in winter it gives almost all the berries .. in short classes !!! it’s amazing why no one has this variety .. I’m simply amazed sometimes .. everything Western is dragging when a diamond is underfoot .. the only thing that annoys is ripping berries .. When I ask for raspberries in the fall, I will cut a bunch of branches for him and he will break .. the main part of the berries on unsold seedlings (already fed the weight the region is overgrown with sea)) turns into raisins .. even if one fell .. can it really be due to the heat?)) and also the drought resistance is phenomenal in her horse .. without watering under two meters and this despite the fact that I dig everything up, it grows like a lawn and growing unclear why)Lissad (aka Vladimir Lugovoi), Lugansk region
Raspberry Taganka is a productive and disease-resistant variety that can be grown in almost any climate. Large elegant berries will decorate the garden and table. True, they are not stored for long. But this shortcoming is redeemed by late fruiting, which allows you to eat fresh raspberries until late autumn.