Raspberry transplant: basic rules and useful tips

Raspberries are one of the most popular shrubs that can be found on every garden plot. Like other cultures, raspberries require various care measures, and transplanting is one of them. To do everything correctly and provide the best conditions for the bushes to grow, you need to familiarize yourself with the information regarding the transplant procedure.

Preparing for a raspberry transplant

Unfortunately, many gardeners consider raspberries an unpretentious berry and therefore provide it with the most minimal care, neglecting the transplant. Meanwhile, there are several reasons explaining why transplanting must be included in a set of measures for growing this crop:

  • Raspberries greatly depletes the soil, especially with prolonged growth in one place. The lack of nutrients negatively affects the yield and generally affects the health of the bush, so the soil needs to be changed.
  • Without transplantation, the risk of infection and the spread of various diseases and pests (anthracnose, chlorosis, etc.) increases.
  • Transplanting contributes to the renewal of the bush and the emergence of new shoots.

Transplant time

There is no consensus among gardeners as to which season is most favorable for transplanting raspberries. Typically, all work is carried out in spring or autumn. In the first case, try to transplant the bush from the beginning to mid-April, in the second - from the beginning to mid-September, so that the plant has time to take root before the onset of cold weather.

It is recommended to transplant raspberries every 4 years.

Site selection and preparation

Raspberries should be transplanted to a site with light fertile soils (loamy or loamy sand). In addition, the site should be protected from the wind and be in the sun - in the shade, the plant stretches and reduces yield. Also, the selected location should be neither dry nor excessively wet, so consider the location of groundwater - at least 1.5 m from the soil surface. Many gardeners argue that raspberries are best transplanted to a site on which nothing had grown before. If you do not have such an opportunity, then pay attention to what cultures used to occupy the chosen place.

The best precursors for raspberries are siderates (lentils, alfalfa, rye, oats), legumes (peas, beans, soybeans), cucumbers, zucchini, onions and garlic. Planting raspberries to where strawberries or potatoes used to grow is not recommended next to currants and sea buckthorn.

You need to prepare a place for raspberries a season before the transplant. To do this, dig a site, carefully remove weeds (especially harmful for wheatgrass raspberries) and apply the following fertilizers to the soil: dry manure, compost or humus (6–8 kg / m2), superphosphate (30 g / m2) and potassium salt (40 g / m2). If you are preparing a plot in the spring, then also add urea (10 g / m2), if in the autumn - ash (500 g / m2). Those gardeners who do not have the ability to fertilize the entire plot can fertilize the planting recesses immediately before transplanting.

Before transplanting raspberries, the soil needs to be fertilized with organic and mineral fertilizers

Keep in mind that raspberries do not fit acidic soils (their main characteristics include an abundance of moss or horsetail, the presence of light plaque and rusty water in the pits), so 10-12 days before fertilizing, deoxidize them with lime digging (250-300 g / m2) or dolomite (350-400 g / m2).

Raspberry transplant technology

You can transplant raspberries into holes and in trenches. Both methods are suitable for both spring and autumn. It is better to carry out work in cloudless, calm weather.

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In addition to weather conditions, some gardeners focus on the lunar calendar. According to him, should not be transplanted to the new moon and full moon, as well as 12 hours before and after their onset. Since raspberry is a plant that forms fruits on its aerial parts, it is better to transplant on days of the growing moon.

Transplanting an adult bush

For transplantation, healthy bushes should be selected, the stem diameter of which must be at least 1 cm. Before transplanting, raspberries must be cut to a height of 0.7–0.9 m.

  1. 10-15 days before transplanting on the prepared site, make planting recesses and fertilize them if you have not improved the soil throughout the site:
    1. Wells. Diameter - 30 cm, depth - 25-30 cm. The distance between the holes should be 30-50 cm, between the rows -1.5 - 2 m.

      Place raspberry holes at least 30 cm apart

    2. Trench. Length - 60–80 cm, depth - 40 cm.
    3. At the bottom of the hole or trench, apply fertilizer per bush: humus or compost (3-5 kg), potassium salt (10 g), superphosphate (10 g). Sprinkle with a layer (5-7 cm) of earth.
    4. Cover the recesses with a film or roofing material.
  2. Carefully dig a bush in a circle with a diameter of 30–35 cm, trying to save a lump of earth.
  3. Place the bush in the recess and spread the roots if necessary.
  4. Fill the bush with soil so that the root neck (the place where the stem goes to the root) is flush with the surface of the soil or buried by 2-3 cm, and compact the soil.
  5. Water the bush well (about 3-5 liters of water) and mulch the soil with straw, peat or sawdust with a layer of 5 cm.

Raspberry transplant - video

If possible, try to inspect the roots of the transplanted bushes - they should not be bloated, rot or other defects.

Root growth

The root shoot of raspberries, like other plants, are shoots growing from buds located on the roots. Such shoots grow at a distance of 20-30 cm from the main bush. As a rule, transplantation is carried out in mid-April. By this time, the shoots acquire a root system and reach 15–20 cm in height. For transplantation, it is better to take 4–5 processes located at a distance of 0.5–0.7 m from the main bush.

For transplanting, it is advisable to use shoots located half a meter from the bush

The plot for transplanting root shoots is prepared in the same way as for adult bushes. Wells or trenches should be located and fertilized in the same way.

  1. 10-15 days before the transplant, prepare the landing grooves.
  2. Carefully dig up the selected processes, trying not to disturb the lump of earth on the roots. Also remove the leaves from them.
  3. Place the shoots in the planting groove, leaving the root neck at the level of the soil or deepening it by 1-2 cm, and compact the soil.
  4. Water well (2–2.5 liters of water) and mulch the soil with straw, peat or sawdust with a layer of 5 cm.

If you did not meet the deadline and transplant raspberries in late spring, when the shoots grow to 0.5 m, after transplanting, shorten them to 15–20 cm so that the plants do not spend energy on growth instead of developing the root system.

Replanting sprout transplant

Replacement shoots are called shoots that grow from the buds on the main root and are located directly at the main bush. In height, they usually reach about 0.5 m.

Prepare a raspberry substitution shoot in the fall

The plot for replanting the replacement shoots is prepared in the fall in the usual way, and the procedure itself is preferably carried out in the spring.

  1. After the raspberries finish bearing fruit, cut out all the old stems, leaving 1-2 substitution shoots.
  2. Remove all root shoots.
  3. Drive stakes into the ground near the bushes and tie the stems to them.
  4. Around the end of September, before the onset of frost, gently hush the bushes. Remember that raspberry roots are at a depth of 10–20 cm, so do not take the earth deep.
  5. In spring, cut the shoots by 10 cm. The stems should remain earthed up until leaflets appear and grow by 1.5 cm.
  6. When the leaves have reached the desired size, chop off the roots of raspberries in a circle with a diameter of 20 cm.
  7. Dig a bush and carefully remove from it the remains of old stems.
  8. Place the shoots in the planting grooves prepared and arranged in the usual way, leaving the root neck at the level of the soil or deepening it by 1-2 cm, and compact the soil.
  9. Water well (2–2.5 liters of water) and mulch the soil with straw, peat or sawdust with a layer of 5 cm.

It is not difficult to transplant raspberries, it is enough just to prepare the site correctly and to perform all the work in a timely manner. Follow these recommendations, and you will get a healthy plant that will bring you a good harvest.

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