Raspberry Lyachka - large-fruited and productive variety
Raspberries have always attracted the attention of gardeners. Particularly increased interest is manifested in its fruitful and large-fruited species. One of them is a variety of Polish breeding Lyachka, which is very popular in Europe. It is massively grown both on an industrial scale and on personal farms. The productivity and marketability of this raspberry was also praised by Russian gardeners and farmers.
Homeland raspberries Lyachka - Poland. This variety can also be called Lachka, Lyashka, Lashka. The name Lyachka is more common among Russian gardeners, however, the closest variant to pronunciation in Polish is Lashka.
Raspberry Lyachka was obtained by Polish scientist Jan Danek at the beginning of the 21st century at Sadowniczym Zakładzie Doświadczalny instytutu Sadownictwa i Kwiaciarstwa in Brzeznej (Institute of Gardening and Floriculture). In 2006 it was registered in the Polish register of varieties, in 2009 - in Ukraine. Lyachka became widespread in Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. The variety was not entered into the register of selection achievements of the Russian Federation.
Description and characteristic
Ball - ordinary (not remontantny) raspberries, which bears fruit on a two-year-old shoots. Beginning of fruiting earlier - often already at the end of June in the southern latitudes the berries begin to ripen. A feature of the variety is a stretched yield period, the fruits ripen gradually over a long period. In central Russia, the first fruits begin to be picked in mid-July, and in early September there may still be berries on the bushes.
Growth power is medium and strong, it all depends on micro-conditions and care. Shoots grow from two to three meters (sometimes they can reach 3.5 meters). The stems are stiff, with a wax coating, in the upper part they bend onion-like. There are many thorns, but they are not prickly, therefore harvesting is not difficult. On two-year-old stems, many rather long and well-branched laterals (fruit-bearing shoots) are formed. The variety is not prone to strong growth, substitution shoots are formed in moderation.
On branched bushes of raspberry Lyachka many branched fruit-bearing shoots are formed
The berries are large, from 6 to 8 grams, can reach 10 grams with good care. The color is light red. A surface with a slight pubescence. The shape is elongated-conical with a blunt end. The berries are dense, drupe is small.
Large cone-shaped berries of Raspberry Lechka have a light red color, their mass is 6–8 g, with good care it can reach 10 g
The taste is balanced, sweet and sour, dessert. Tasting score - 9 points. With a long stay on the bushes do not crumble, but only gain sugar and lose acid. Fruits can be used universally.
Transportability declared high, 9 points. However, opinions on transportability were divided. There are numerous reviews that good mobility persists only with timely harvesting. If the berries are on the bushes for a long time, then they darken and after harvesting the very next day they lose their presentation and flow. We can conclude that you should not be late with the harvest, if the berries are intended for transportation and sale.
With a timely harvest, dense berries of Lyachka raspberry have high transportability
The average yield on an industrial scale is 170 kg / ha, the maximum - 200 kg / ha. With one bush, experienced gardeners with careful care received 4-5 kg of marketable products.
Yield of raspberry Lyachka is high, with an appropriate level of agricultural technology, you can get up to 5 kg of products from one bush
According to the description of the originator, as well as the reviews of gardeners growing the Ball, abundant productivity, large size and quality of berries are achieved only if optimal growing conditions are observed.
Winter hardiness and frost resistance is high - 9 points. Freezing of flower buds is 5–10%. According to reviews, the bushes withstood frosts to -35 ° C. However, Lyachochka has a feature due to which plants do not always successfully tolerate winter.
The period of winter rest in Lyachka is very short - this is laid at the genetic level. As a variety with a prolonged period of fruiting, the plants vegetate for a long time in the fall, and due to early ripeness they awaken early. In a climate characterized by alternating thaws and return frosts, the kidneys freeze. The roots remain viable and plants are successfully restored, but fruiting occurs only in the next season. Most often this happens in the mild climate of the southern latitudes of Russia and Ukraine. The bent and covered with snow shoots Lyachki more successfully tolerate winter in cold and snowy regions without thaws.
Bushes of raspberry Lyachka tolerate winters well under dense snow cover in the northern regions
Like many modern varieties, Lyachka is relatively resistant to common diseases (8 points) and pests (7-8 points) raspberries. In the description of the variety, resistance to fading of shoots and rotting of berries is separately noted.
Video: review raspberry varieties Lyachka
Features varietal agrotechnics raspberries Lyachka
All the best properties of the variety are manifested only with the appropriate level of agricultural technology. The nuances of growing Lyachka are important to consider, otherwise there is a risk of not getting the expected result. Such a statement is in the official description of the variety, and it is also confirmed by numerous reviews.
The place for planting is traditionally sunny and open, but plants can tolerate a slight shade without pain. The planting scheme for this variety is recommended 2.0x0.5 m. With this placement, raspberries will have enough space for full development.
Raspberry Lyachka planted in a sunny place, with optimal for this grade two-meter aisles
Light fertile loams with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction are most preferred for cultivation. Heavy wetlands are completely unacceptable. Air and water permeability of the soil as one of the indispensable conditions for the successful development and fruiting of plants is stated in the description of the originator.
Raspberry Lyachka makes high demands on soil fertility. Before planting the soil, it is important to properly fill with organic fertilizers. For digging make 2-3 buckets of humus or compost per 1 square meter. During planting, a mixture of wood ash with complex mineral fertilizers is introduced into the pits.
If substitutional shoots are not formed enough for propagation, then, based on the experience of gardeners, Lyachka can quite successfully propagate by the cuttings method. The rest of the requirements for landing Balls are the same as for any other raspberries.
Video: propagation of raspberry Ball by cuttings
Since the variety consumes a large amount of resources for the formation and yield of the crop, it is necessary to apply the normalization of shoots in order to optimize the load on the plants. In annual and biennial bushes, it is enough to leave 2-3 of the strongest shoots. The maximum load on an adult bush is 5–7 stems. And they also regularly destroy unnecessary overgrowth, which can be formed with high humidity and an excess of nitrogen fertilizers.
Raspberry Lyachka needs rationing of shoots; no more than 5-7 stems are left on one bush
Despite the stiffness of the wood, the stems do not withstand the load of the crop and require garter. High shoots, which in rainy regions (for example, like the Northwest) can reach 3.5 meters, are not recommended to limit in growth. Summer pinching causes branching and a delay in the maturation of wood, which leads to a weakening of winter hardiness. It is better to cut the stems to the height of a two-meter trellis in spring.
Tall shoots of raspberry Lechka need a garter to the trellis
The description states a rather high drought tolerance of the variety, but, as practice shows, insufficient watering negatively affects the quantity and quality of the crop. The standard scheme includes 5–7 waterings per season in the following periods:
- 1-2 times before flowering;
- the period of the beginning of the formation and ripening of the crop - 2-3 times;
- after fruiting - 2 times (in rainy autumn they are weather-oriented).
Watering is necessary so that the earth is wet to the depth of the plant roots (20–40 cm); for this, 30–40 liters of water must be consumed per 1 m2. In rainy summers and on heavy soils, irrigation is regulated to prevent overmoistening. The watered soil is mulched.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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To increase productivity and marketability of products raspberries Lyachka must be regularly watered
The ball also needs to provide the optimal amount of fertilizing, as the plants, having high productivity, intensively consume nutrients and deplete the soil. Especially raspberries need nitrogen, which is found in sufficient quantities in cow dung and chicken droppings. Fertilizing with diluted water infusions of cow manure (in a ratio of 1:10) and bird droppings (bred 1:20) are the most effective for raspberries. Make such solutions at the rate of 3-5 liters per 1 m2. You can replace organics with Kemir complex fertilizer (3 tablespoons per 10 liters of water) or urea solution (30 g / 10 l), they are applied 1 liter under a bush.
It is important to remember that nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in the first half of summer, as they stimulate the growth of green mass, which prevents the maturation of wood and negatively affects winter hardiness.
The first top dressing is carried out in the spring after budding. Then they feed it two more times with an interval of 2-3 weeks. During the fruiting period, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are added. In autumn, potassium salt is added at the rate of 40 g per 1 m2, which can be replaced with 0.5 l of wood ash.
Video: raspberry dressing with chicken droppings
Diseases and Pests
The ball is quite resistant to diseases (at the level of 8 points), so preventive measures are usually quite enough so that the plants do not get sick. The variety is resistant to rotting berries at the genetic level. The wax coating on the shoots partially protects the plants from fungal diseases such as didimella and anthracnose.
In order to prevent diseases, a number of preventive measures are carried out:
- planting material is carefully selected and diseased seedlings are rejected;
- plantings are thinned out in a timely manner;
- do not allow stagnation of moisture;
- if any disease could not be avoided, thoroughly clean the area from infected plant debris;
- they are treated with chemicals in accordance with the schedule: in early spring, before flowering and after harvest.
Resistance to pests was assessed by Lyachki at the level of 7-8 points. The most common pests of raspberries are raspberry-strawberry weevil, raspberry beetle, raspberry fly and shoot shoot.
Table: possible pests of raspberries and the harm they cause
|Pest name||Harm done|
|Raspberry and strawberry weevil||The weevil female gnaws a hole in the side of the bud, lays an egg in it and gnaws the peduncle.|
|Raspberry beetle||Beetles gnaw young leaves, buds, flowers. During the years of mass summer, insects damage up to 30% of raspberry buds and flowers.|
|Raspberry fly||Young individuals penetrate into the middle of young stems and lays spiral and ring-like passages. The apical parts of damaged stems gradually fade, blacken and die over time.|
|Escape Gallic||Larvae of the shoot gall midge penetrate into the stem and form outgrowths (galls). The shoot collapses and easily breaks off at the site of damage.|
Photo Gallery: The Most Common Raspberry Pests
- Raspberry-strawberry weevil damages the buds
- Raspberry beetle can destroy up to 30% of raspberry buds and flowers
- Raspberry fly damages young stems - they wither and dry out
- Larvae of the shoot gall midge destroy the stems from the inside, forming growths
Usually, to prevent the attack of pests, it is sufficient to apply the following agrotechnical preventive measures in a timely manner:
- Loosening the soil in rows in autumn or spring with mulching in a thick layer.
- Digging aisles (during pupation and larvae leaving for wintering) to a depth of 20 cm.
- Timely cutting and burning of old shoots, rejuvenation of raspberry.
- Regular inspection of plants.
- Collection of buds damaged by raspberry-strawberry weevil.
- Conducting preventive treatments with fungicides according to the instructions for the drugs.
Frost resistance this year showed a low grade. Perhaps because of the thaw in February (an early fruiting variety and at a temperature of 15 degrees Celsius for 3 days started growing and then frost minus 20). Need increased protection against fungal diseases. But it's worth it. With proper care, the berry is more than 4 cm and becomes square in the literal sense. Buyers are in shock.Old Man Garden
The variety really grew more than 2 meters. For a variety you need a high agricultural background. With a high agricultural background, the berry will be really large. Our berry has ripened on June 25th. In winter, the tops froze slightly at a temperature of -35. Raspberries were not covered and there was a good harvest. The berry is very sweet and we all liked it.** Oksana **
We started collecting Lachki. Taste good, no acid, transportable, very large berry. Wintered well, practically did not notice return frosts.
The ripened berries of Raspberry Lechka are very large and transportable.NARINAI
A frog must be watered, because after harvesting it is also necessary to grow new sprouts. I had no time at the end of July to water for 3 weeks, so I almost ruined everything I had gained ... Lyashka requires an increased agricultural background. Checked.evd
From the fact that Lyashka was “tormented” with me, and my other summer varieties flourished under equal conditions (sparse watering and lack of fertilizer), I also conclude that Lachka should be chosen only for those who provide her with a high level of agricultural technology. And this must be known to everyone who chooses this variety.antonsherkkk
This year I have Lyachka - a complete disappointment: an almost complete lack of taste, unlike the previous two fruiting, when during the season it gradually gained sweetness, becoming really sweet by the end of the samples. Well, she didn’t have any flavor or flavor anymore. The only plus is a large berry, although again - uneven ripening of the berry and decent burning in the sun at our 35 in the shade.Nikolay223
And Lyashka surprised me this year. Only 2 top dressings per leaf and horse manure under the root, and raspberries can not be recognized. And there were thoughts to say goodbye. One minus - some buyers shy away from sizes - do not believe that a berry can be of such size without the intervention of GMOs. Well, we will accustom ....black lily
The first berries were somehow not very like, Now mass fruiting (second year) - have become better. Lyashka is dense, large, the demand is still on the market. I noticed that it reacts very much to watering - if you just gape - that's it, the berry is fading.Minerva
Raspberry Lyachka is a high-quality agricultural grade. Only with appropriate care can a high yield of large berries with excellent taste be obtained. The variety requires increased attention and its cultivation should not be allowed to drift. But when at the height of summer the raspberry is densely covered with red lights of ripe large berries, it becomes clear - the result is worth the work.