Raspberry Bryansk divo - a remodeling masterpiece with large berries
Gardeners and farmers are increasingly interested in remont raspberries. Ordinary raspberries often freeze in harsh winters, its productivity in a drought decreases sharply, pests lead to the loss of most of the crop, and the overgrowth annoys, spreading over the site. These problems can be avoided if, instead of ordinary raspberries, planting species are planted. Russian scientists have created a raspberry of a repairing type, which has no analogues in the world. The real admiration is the Bryansk divo variety with large chiseled fruits.
The history and description of raspberries Bryansk divo
Repairing raspberries that produce twice the crop have been cultivated for two centuries. However, the first varieties in the cold climate of central Russia did not have time to fully mature and gave the second crop only a third. Thanks to the work of the outstanding Russian breeder I.V. Kazakov and his colleagues, it was possible to create new types of raspberries with excellent taste characteristics, bearing fruit right up to the snow. One of the best varieties of I. V. Kazakova and S. N. Evdokimenko is the Bryansk divo, the result of pollination of large-fruited form 47–18–4. In 2001, this raspberry was recognized as a separate species, and in 2008 it was included in the State Register.
Raspberry Bryansk divo - one of the best large-fruited repairing varieties of domestic selection
The variety is zoned for the Central and Central Black Earth regions, has high frost resistance and tolerates frosts well up to -25 ° C. Valued for large-fruited, excellent fruit taste, as well as for resistance to pests. By the time of harvest ripening in late summer, the raspberry mosquito and raspberry fly flies already end, so there are no wormholes on the berries.
Repairing raspberries, unlike ordinary varieties, bear fruit not only on annuals, but also on two-year-old shoots. During the season, you can get a crop twice - in summer and autumn. Having a short growing season, the culture manages to give 90% of the crop to the cold weather. Grown on fertilized soil, under good weather conditions, the variety can produce more than 13 t / ha.
The Bryansk divo variety is valued for its high yield - more than 13 tons per hectare.
The Bryansk marvel is a tall (1.5–1.8 m) slightly spreading bush, consisting of 5–7 direct shoots. Stems are powerful, covered with a slight wax coating, prickly. Young shoots are reddish-purple, biennial - brown. From each shoot node, 2 fruit branches grow, which is typical for this variety. Secondary shoot formation. The leaves are dark green, large, slightly twisted, slightly pubescent.
Large raspberries Bryansk divo elongated-conical shape, with dense fragrant flesh
The genotype is distinguished by large berry sizes: 4 cm long, average weight 8 g, maximum 11 g. The fruits are beautiful, chiseled, elongated-conical in shape. The pulp is red, juicy, aromatic, sweet and sour. Tasting score 4 points. Due to its high density, the berries are not damaged during transportation. The fruits ripen in late June, the second wave begins in mid-August and lasts until frost. Productive variety - 3.5 kg per bush.
The disadvantages include the loss of sugar content in low light and the demand for watering. Maximum yields can be obtained only with regular irrigation of raspberry.
Video: remont raspberry Bryansk divo
To grow a good harvest of raspberries Bryansk divo is possible only subject to the rules of agricultural technology.
Where better to plant
For planting, you should choose the most illuminated places - even slight shading delays the ripening period, worsens the taste of berries. Raspberries should receive as much heat as possible, so they plant it on the south side of the garden, along the sheds, protect it from the wind by planting trees, hedges - in these places a warmer microclimate is formed. Only in hot areas, in order to save the culture from the hot sunshine, places with a little shading are permissible.
For the raspberry, you should take a section along the fence to protect the landing from the wind
Bushes should not be planted in lowlands where cold air lingers, water stagnates after rain. Groundwater should be at least 1.5 m. Raspberries and overly elevated areas where snow is blown away in winter and plants in summer suffer from a lack of moisture are not suitable.
To soil conditions, the culture is undemanding, but prefers to grow on sandy or light loamy soils with neutral acidity. The plant will also take root in clay areas, but in conditions of high humidity, the bush will grow intensively, and fruit ovaries will form weakly. Therefore, to improve the quality of the soil, sand (1 bucket / m2) must be added. Sandy areas may be suitable for heavy fertilization and watering. Acidic soil is alkalinized (500 g lime / m2).
The previous cultures are very important for raspberries. You should not lay a berry in areas where tomatoes and potatoes used to grow. Culture grows well after cucumbers, legumes, zucchini. Raspberries get along well with an apple, cherry, red currant. And it is advisable to plant grapes and sea-buckthorn in another corner of the garden.
Experienced gardeners at the site of the future berry plant sow mustard, lupine in advance to increase soil fertility, mow herbs at the end of the season and mix with the ground.
Siderata will displace weeds from the site and enrich the soil with useful elements, but you need to mow them and start flowering.
You can plant raspberries in the spring, before buds open. However, in spring planting, fruiting is not so plentiful, because all the forces of the plant go to survival. Therefore, the optimal planting time is after leaf fall, 20 days before stable freezing of the soil. The plants planted in the fall will have time to take root, adapt to new conditions and grow stronger to approach wintering.
It is very important to choose a healthy planting material, so you need to purchase it in nurseries. First of all, it is worthwhile to carefully examine the seedling: its root system should be developed, fibrous, without mold, branches 8-10 mm thick, flexible, without spots.
Saplings with open roots should be lowered into a clay mash or wrapped in a wet cloth during transportation. It is advisable to buy container plants - a 2-year-old raspberry with a well-formed powerful root system, ready for transplanting. They can be planted from spring until the end of the season.
It is better to purchase container seedlings that are characterized by better survival
Planting material, acquired in late autumn, is dug in the garden until spring. Plants are laid in a groove 15 cm deep, sprinkled with earth, covered with a spruce top. In such a shelter, raspberries will not freeze in the winter and will be reliably protected from rodents.
20 days before planting, weeds are removed, the site is dug up and fertilized. On 1 m2 make:
- 2 buckets of humus;
- 50 g of superphosphate;
- 30 g of potassium salt or 300 g of ash;
- 500 g of lime are added to strongly acidic soil.
When raspberries are formed from separate bushes, holes 60x45 cm are dug with an interval of 80-100 cm between them and 2 plants are planted in each. For linear planting, trenches of 50x45 cm are prepared, leaving between rows 1.5–2 m, between plants - 70 cm.
On large areas, the tape method of planting is usually used with a distance between rows of 1.5–2 m, between plants - 70 cm
The landing process consists of the following steps:
- A few hours before planting, the roots of the seedlings are lowered into a solution with Kornevin, Heteroauxin - biostimulants that accelerate root formation and increase stress resistance.
- A mound of fertile soil is poured at the bottom of a hole or furrow.
- A seedling is lowered onto it, the root system is evenly distributed over it.
- They fill the plant with soil, holding it so as not to deepen when tamping.
Sprinkle the seedling with earth, compacting it so that there are no voids
- Around the bush form a circular groove for irrigation.
- 5 liters of water are introduced into it.
- After absorbing moisture, the soil is mulched with a 10-centimeter layer of straw, hay. Mulch improves the structure of the soil, retains moisture in it.
Mulching the soil after planting allows you to retain moisture for a long time and does not allow weeds to spread
- Shoots are shortened to 40 cm.
In a temperate climate, for a more intensive development of plants and an increase in productivity in early spring, raspberries are covered with a black film that attracts the sun's rays. The soil warms up faster, plant vegetation begins 2 weeks earlier, and productivity increases by 500 g from 1 m2.
Video: Raspberry planting secrets
Repairing raspberries are more demanding on food, moisture, and light than ordinary varieties.
At the beginning of the season, when there is an intensive build-up of green mass, nitrogen fertilizers are preferred. Urea (30 g / m2) is added every 10 days. In mid-summer, shrubs are fertilized with nitrophos (60 g / 10 l), at the end of the season with superphosphate (50 g) and potassium salt (40 g / m2). For regular top dressing, you can use Kemir complex fertilizer (50 g / 10 l) at the rate of 500 g of solution per bush.
In remontant raspberries, the need for food is significantly greater than in ordinary raspberries, but its yield is also 2 times higher
Organic fertilizers in their composition are not inferior to mineral additives. Under bushes every 10 days make solutions of mullein or chicken droppings, rich in nitrogen compounds. They are diluted in water 1:10 and 1:20 and fed plants (5 l of solution / m2). After applying the fertilizing fluid, the soil should be well watered. The source of calcium, potassium, magnesium and other elements necessary for the plant is ash (500 g / m2).
A good nourishment for raspberries is the nettle infusion. 1 kg of grass is poured into 20 liters of water, 3 kg of manure and 200 g of ash are added. Leave for fermentation for a week. The resulting infusion is diluted with water 1:10 and brought under the bush 500 ml.
Root dressing should be combined with foliar. The application of Uniflor-micro liquid fertilizer (1 tbsp. L / 10 l), Kristallon (30 g / 10 l) on a sheet of liquid fertilizers allows you to quickly fill in micronutrient deficiencies, has a general strengthening effect on plants, and helps increase productivity.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Fertilization on the leaf allows you to quickly saturate the plants with the necessary nutrients
Watering and loosening
The culture is hygrophilous; in extreme heat, in the absence of watering, the berries are very small. Moisten the raspberry every 7 days (10 liters per bush). However, stagnation of water during excessive watering has a depressing effect on plants.
There are several ways to water raspberries: sprinkling, through grooves, drip irrigation. Water is better served through a drip system, which allows you to moisten the rhizome directly and significantly save water consumption. This type of irrigation on large plantations is especially convenient.
During drip irrigation, water evenly flows through droppers in tapes to the roots of plants
When watering along grooves made around a bush or along a row to a depth of 15 cm, water is introduced from a bucket or hose. After absorbing moisture, the grooves must be closed. On hot days, it is advisable to use sprinkling with sprinklers, in which not only the soil but also the entire bush is moistened. Such watering is carried out in the morning and evening hours in order to avoid burns to the leaves and to reduce the evaporation of moisture. Before the onset of cold weather in the absence of rain, pre-winter watering (20 l / bush) is mandatory.
When simulating rain, the soil around the plants, leaves and shoots are well moistened
After each watering, the soil is loosened to remove the crust, which prevents air from reaching the roots. Tilling in the root zone is carried out to a depth of not more than 7 cm. Then mulch is laid - hay, straw, humus. The mulching layer with a thickness of 10 cm improves the structure of the soil, does not allow moisture to evaporate quickly, in winter protects the roots from freezing.
Raspberries Bryansk marvelous have long side shoots, under strong gusts of wind they can break. Lodging of branches loaded with the crop is also possible, since the berries are distributed over 2/3 of their length. Therefore, garter shoots to the support are necessary. It is easy to install it yourself. Near the bush, set a stake to which the bush is tied.
With a linear planting of a raspberry, along a row every 3 m, dig in the posts and pull the wire in 2 rows. Garter shoots to the trellis is carried out at a height of 50 cm and 1.2 m. You can use the fan-like method of garter to the support. Pegs are installed on both sides of the bush, to which part of the stems of one plant and part of the branches of the neighboring one are tied at different heights.
To protect the shoots from lodging under the weight of berries, raspberries are grown on a trellis
Trimming remont raspberries has its own characteristics. If the berry is grown to produce one late summer harvest, at the end of October all the shoots are cut. If you plan to get 2 crops per season, only the two-year-old stalks are removed, the annuals are shortened by 15 cm.
At the beginning of the season, inspect the bush, remove the dried stems. In the summer, excess shoots and root offspring are cut, leaving no more than 6 branches to provide them with good nutrition. With this pruning, the bush is well ventilated and evenly lit.
Raspberries are pruned when the weather is cool, shoots are cut at ground level
Rip berries start from the top, gradually sinking to the lower tiers. If the lowest flowers are removed at the bud stage, the remaining fruits will be noticeably larger and sweeter.
Video: how to trim repair raspberries
The variety is frost-hardy, winters well in central Russia without shelter. The root system can withstand a significant drop in temperature with a snow cover of 30 cm. However, in snowless winters, with a sharp change in severe frosts, thawing rhizomes can freeze. Long rains in the warm autumn contribute to the growth of new shoots, which also reduces the level of winter hardiness.
Annual shoots are bent by an arc, tied to a stretched wire and covered with non-woven material
If you plan to get two crops, only two-year-old shoots are cut. Annuals leave. The basal zone is moistened, mulched with humus. The left branches are bent, attached to the installed arches and covered with agrofibre.
Double fruiting greatly weakens plants, their winter hardiness decreases, this method is recommended only for the southern regions. In a temperate climate, late summer fruiting with removal of the aerial part is more productive. At the onset of cold weather, all shoots are mowed, the area is cleaned of leaves and debris, watered and a layer of mulch is laid. In this case, insulation is not required.
Raspberry Bryansk marvel gives few shoots of substitution, little offspring and root offspring - 2–4 per bush, so it does not fill the garden space and does not drown out the crops growing in the neighborhood. For propagating varieties, several methods are used.
Culture easily propagates with green cuttings. In June, young shoots 5 cm high are cut underground and planted in a greenhouse at an angle of 45 degrees. Regularly moisturize, ventilate. Rooting takes 2 weeks. Green plants need to be fed with complex fertilizer and planted a week later in the garden according to the 10x30 scheme for growing. In the fall they are transplanted to a prepared place.
It is easy to propagate raspberries by cuttings
Raspberries are bred using root cuttings. At the end of the season, the roots are cut into 10 cm pieces and planted on a fertilized area. Water, mulch the soil and cover it with a conifer for the winter. In early spring, having released the beds from the spruce branches, they stretch a film over them. When green offspring appear, the film is removed. In the fall, seedlings are transplanted.
Video: Raspberry propagation by root cuttings
You can divide the bush into parts with root and shoots and plant it separately. Branches must be shortened to 45 cm.
A bush with well-developed roots can be divided into several parts
The seed propagation method is rarely used, it is rather laborious and does not guarantee the conservation of varietal characters.
Pest and Disease Control
The variety is medium resistant to diseases, especially susceptible to fungal infections. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures.
Table: Disease, Prevention and Treatment of Raspberries
|Anthracnose||Brown spots appear on the foliage and stems, the stems rot and break. The disease develops rapidly into dampness and fog.||Remove fallen leaves, do not overmoisten.||Before flowering, spray with Nitrafen (300 g / 10 l).|
|Purple spotting||The stems are covered with dark spots. Affected shoots dry out. The spread of mushroom spores is facilitated by thickened planting and high humidity.||Get rid of overgrowth, observe moderate watering.||Before budding, treat with Nitrafen (200 g / 10 L), 1% DNOC.|
|Septoria (white spotting)||The disease is strongly manifested in high humidity. Light spots with a brown border are formed on the foliage, the leaves dry out.||Do not plant bushes too close together, do not flood.|
Photo Gallery: Raspberry Disease
- Anthracnose develops in wet weather
- Purple spotting spreads quickly in thickened landings.
- Septoria affects the leaves and stems
Table: Pests, Prevention and Control
|Aphid||Aphids suck out juices from leaves and shoots. Plants weaken, resistance to viral infections decreases.|
|Raspberry beetle||The beetle feasts on foliage, buds, the larvae feed on the pulp of ripe fruits.|
|Raspberry tick||The parasite feeds on plant sap, leaves are deformed, acquire a pale green color, the bushes grow poorly.||Observe the watering regime.||Before opening the buds, treat with Nitrafen (200 g / 10 L).|
Photo Gallery: Raspberry Pests
- Aphid is a carrier of dangerous viral diseases
- Raspberry beetle, eating buds, weakens flowering
- The oblong body of a raspberry tick is painted yellow
Natural enemies of aphids - seven-spotted ladybug, horseman, praying mantis, lacewing, wasps, dragonflies. To attract them to the site will help dill, anise, coriander. Entomophagous insects per day can destroy up to a thousand aphids.
The dense berry of my database is not at all tender. I've been watching him for the third year, I have never disappointed. I’m surprised when they sometimes write that his berry is “sour”, for me it’s a normal sweet berry and the sourness is very small, otherwise it would be fresh Or the seedling came to me successful and “with a good pedigree”, well, or it’s my black soil Harvest and like the whole berry manages to give, which is very important. Well, in all respects I am satisfied with the database.Milan15
I tried (first time last year). Loved it. I would not say that it has a sweet and sour taste. Rather, sweet and sour. Of the characteristics of the variety: very long lateral shoots, it is necessary to plant at a decent distance from each other. Garter is required.Annie
In the summer 2 bushes of Brusvyany disappeared. Bryansk marvel grows like in a fairy tale. Well, it's a miracle - shoots of 1.3 meters. The first year they dispensed with trellis, in the second they did not take any chances, made the trellis. I started comparing these two varieties. I picked more berries from one bush. Bryansk divo more, the berry is larger, the sweetness is good. Bryansk diva is growing very well. After 2 years, I already gave several bushes to the neighbors. Raspberries really to frost.urlor
I plant repair raspberries: Diamond, Orange miracle, Bryansk divo, Hercules, etc. I plant seedlings in May. Harvested in the first year in mid-August, and it bears fruit until the frost. This raspberry is convenient because it does not need to be covered in winter. It is only necessary to cut the branches, leaving hemp 3-4 cm tall. The cycle repeats next year. Harvest high, no disease.mark
But Bryansk marvel didn’t please me at all. In addition, they got sick in the first year after planting (sprouting - from the nursery, it seems), I threw it out without regret.Andrey Vasiliev
Gardeners growing raspberry Bryansk divo in their area speak with enthusiasm of this variety with very tasty aromatic large fruits without a single wormhole. Easy care, winter hardiness, excellent productivity, the ability to feast on berries before frost make this remont raspberry look very popular.