Raspberries in the suburbs: a brief overview of the best varieties
Raspberries - one of the most popular berry crops in the suburbs. It can be found in almost every garden plot. And this is not surprising. After all, both children and adults love delicious and very healthy raspberries. In addition, unlike many other fruit shrubs, it is unpretentious to growing conditions and does not require laborious care.
The main criteria for choosing a raspberry variety for the Moscow region
The Moscow region belongs to the risky farming zone. Most often, gardeners in this region are faced with factors unfavorable for growing plants, such as:
- long, rather frosty winters (air temperature during this period can drop to -25-30 ° C, and in some years up to 45 ° C);
- spring back frosts that can damage raspberry flowers;
- heavy summer rains;
- soil scarcity over much of the region.
When choosing a raspberry variety for a site in the suburbs, they must take into account their ability to withstand these problems. Frost-resistant varieties grow and bear fruit here better than others, managing to ripen in a relatively short summer and are resistant to major diseases and pests. The taste qualities of berries and, of course, productivity are also important for gardeners.
Raspberry varieties zoned for the Moscow Region
The State Commission for the Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements recommends for the cultivation of more than 40 varieties of raspberries in the Moscow Region. Among them, every gardener will be able to choose the culture that best meets all his requirements.
Early and ultra-early raspberry varieties are especially popular with residents of the Moscow Region. Their berries ripen in the second half of June, when most fruit crops still do not bear fruit. These varieties include:
- Bryansk cascade;
- Kuzmin news;
- Early surprise;
An early ripe variety of raspberries for universal use. Its berries are used for fresh consumption and for the preparation of preserves and compotes. In addition, they well retain their taste when frozen.
Hussar is characterized by a powerful sprawling bush up to 2.7 m high. Two-year-old shoots are straight, prickly at the base. The berries are quite large, bluntly conical. When ripe, they turn a dark crimson color. The taste of berries is pleasant, sweet and sour. Tasting score - 4.2 points.
The average weight of hussar berries is 3.2 g
Husar ripe fruits contain:
- 10.8% sugars;
- 1.8% acids;
- 27.2 mg /% ascorbic acid.
The average yield of the variety is 83.6 c / ha.
The Hussar variety is excellent. This summer I was tormented to harvest. I never bend raspberries Gusar and do not cut the ends of the shoots before winter. In spring, I just trim the shoots, they are very long, after last winter, shoots overwintered about 2.5 m long. Fouling branches are located almost throughout the shoot, from the ground about 0.5-0.6 m.Pukhlik Klimovsk
An old Russian dessert variety, bred back in 1912. It tolerates low temperatures and other adverse weather conditions.
Bushes Kuzmina News tall and spreading. A young plant forms 15–20 shoots per meter; in old age, their number decreases. Two-year-old stalks are cranked, strongly hanging. The number of spikes is average. The berries are red, bluntly conical or elongated. Their pulp is very tasty and fragrant. Tasting score - 5 points.
From one bush News Kuzmin collect about 1.5 kg of berries
The variety Novosti Kuzmina also has disadvantages. Among them:
- low resistance to fungal and viral diseases;
- frequent affection with raspberry mosquito and spider mite;
- poor transportability of fresh berries.
Raspberry News Kuzmina is a very old variety, has been growing safely in my area for many years, inherited from my grandmother, but I have not tried raspberries better. I planted a lot, but the berries are tasteless, then they crumble into grains, which is also unpleasant.
As a result, everything is exhausted, only this one is growing. The variety was helped by a friend, a doctor of agricultural sciences from NIZISNP, in Biryulyovo. She said such raspberries are extremely difficult to find.
A characteristic feature is the aroma of berries. This is a fairy tale!Olgunya, Moscow region, the south of Moscow
A very early raspberry variety bred at the Kokinsky stronghold as a result of crossbreeding News of Kuzmin and Kostinobrodskaya. It is resistant to low temperatures and fungal diseases, but often suffers from spider mites, shoot gall midges, purple spotting and mycoplasma growth.
The meteor is a powerful medium-sized bush with an average shoot-forming ability (20–25 shoots per meter). Biennial shoots are slightly prickly, with drooping tips. The berries are bluntly conical, red. Their average weight is 2.3–3 g. The taste is dessert.
Gardeners of Moscow Region highly appreciate the Meteor variety for a very early ripening period and excellent taste qualities of berries
From one hectare of plantings of the Meteor cultivar, 50–70 centners of berries suitable for fresh consumption, canning and freezing are harvested.
At me "Meteor" at the moment the earliest of raspberries begins to bear fruit. The taste is good ... but the berry is too small. True, when the lingering autumn and the bush begins to repair, the berry for some reason is almost 2 times larger than the main summer crop. Overgrowth gives the sea. In connection with early fruiting, all his shortcomings are forgiven him.Lyova Obninsk
Later varieties of raspberries are poorly adapted for cultivation in the suburbs. As a rule, their berries do not have time to ripen in the conditions of a short summer in this region. Only mid-ripening and mid-late varieties are listed in the State Register of the Moscow Region, for example:
- Zorenka Altai;
- Red rain;
- Ruby Bryansk;
- Ruby Bryansk;
- Samara is dense.
A universal raspberry variety with an average ripening time obtained at the All-Russian Institute of Horticulture and Nursery at the crossing of Molling Promis and Carnival. It tolerates thaws and is relatively resistant to raspberry and spider mites, as well as anthracnose, but often suffers from raspberry beetle, root cancer and mycoplasma growth. Kirzhach grows well and bears fruit on poor soils, characteristic of most of the Moscow region.
Bushes of this variety are powerful, with a high ability to form overgrowth (more than 25 shoots per meter). The stems in the shade are painted in green, in the sun - in bright red. A few purple spikes cover the shoot along its entire length.
Bred more than 20 years ago, the variety Kirzhach does not lose its popularity among gardeners in the Moscow region.
Tupoconic, raspberry, with a slight pubescence, Kirzhach berries weigh 2.2–3 g. Homogeneous drupes are well linked to the receptor. From one hectare of plantings of this variety, 67–100 centners of fruit with a good dessert taste are harvested, which is estimated by experts at 4.3 points.
Medium late winter hardy raspberry variety of universal use. It is rarely affected by purple spotting, anthracnosis and raspberry mites.
Tall but compact bushes of Peresvet form an average number of shoots. Biennial shoots are brown, annuals are reddish, without wax coating. The thorns are hard, with a purple base, located along the entire length of the stems. Peresvet is characterized by dark red berries with an average weight of 2.5–3 g. Their flesh is dense, sweet-sour, without aroma. Tasting score - 4.7 points. One hectare of raspberry Peresvet on average brings 44.2 centners of fruit.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
The berries of the Peresvet variety are used both for fresh consumption and for processing
A medium-late variety bred at the Samara Regional Experimental Station by crossing Novosti Kuzmina and Kaliningradskaya. In the conditions of the Moscow Region, even in severe winters, it practically does not freeze. Overgrowth and purple spotting are average.
Bushes of the Samara dense are tall, but slightly spreading. The shoots of the first year are brown, with a wax coating, of the second - cranked, brown. Along the entire length of the stems are covered with an average number of dark purple spines. The berries are rather large, conical, in a ripe state they acquire a raspberry color. Their average weight varies from 2.6 to 3.3 g. Inhomogeneous small drupes are well bonded to each other. The pulp is dense, aromatic, with a pleasant dessert flavor.
Productivity is good. Fresh fruits perfectly tolerate transportation and storage.
A real breakthrough in the selection of raspberries was the discovery by the English scientist Derek Jennings of the L1 gene, which is responsible for the large size of the berries. Its varieties bear fruit weighing up to 12, and in some cases up to 23 grams. In addition, this gene is the cause of the appearance of a large number of branches of fruit branches (laterals). In most large-fruited varieties, laterals have 4–5 branching orders, on each of which up to 45 berries can form. Due to this, the yield of such forms increases many times. For comparison, the fruit branches of Kuzmin News have one or two branches, capable of forming no more than 14 berries.
Unfortunately, the large-fruited gene is not stable. Over time, this varietal trait may be lost, due to which the berries are noticeably smaller.
Most varieties of large-fruited raspberries need favorable climatic conditions and careful care. But some of them grow well and bear fruit in the Moscow region. Among them:
- Beauty of Russia;
Repairing raspberry variety. Harvest on the shoots of the first year of life in the Moscow region begins to ripen in August. Fruiting continues until frost.
Hercules bushes are medium-sized, slightly spreading, with a low ability to form shoots (no more than 3-4 shoots per bush). Purple, prickly stems do not need support. The fruiting zone occupies more than half of their length.
Hercules is often used by large farms.
The berries of this variety are red, truncated-conical in shape, with uniform, well-boned drupes. Their average weight is about 6.8 g, and the maximum - can reach 10 g. The pulp is dense, sour-sweet, with a pronounced aroma.
The average yield of Hercules is 2–2.5 kg per plant or 93 kg / ha. Its berries are well transported and suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for all types of processing. Among the advantages of the variety is increased resistance to major diseases and pests of raspberries.
Raspberry Hercules - planted in the spring of the 14th year. Six bushes. This year gave the first harvest. I liked it. The shoots are powerful, the berries are large and tasty. And they are not enough. Not aggressive, as it gives a little growth.Elena M. Moscow
One of the most popular varieties of large-fruited raspberries, bearing fruit on the shoots of the second year. It rarely suffers from the main diseases of raspberries and does not reduce productivity even in the presence of infection. The cold resistance of the variety is moderate, in the Moscow region it often needs a bending of shoots for the winter. Among its shortcomings, susceptibility to late blight can be noted.
Patricia is a medium-sized, semi-spreading plant, annually forming 6-10 shoots of substitution and 5-7 root offspring. Upright, studless stems are covered with a wax coating of low or medium intensity.
Berries of Patricia in a truncated conical shape, red. Their average weight ranges from 4 to 12 g. The pulp is of medium density, with a pleasant sweet taste and bright raspberry aroma. The fruits of this variety retain good integrity when removed from the bush and do not crumble when overripe.
With intensive cultivation, the yield of Patricia variety reaches 10-12 tons per hectare
In the conditions of the Moscow Region, the fruiting of Patricia usually lasts from July 5–7 to August 1. The average yield of a variety is about 25o kg per hundred square meters or 4-5 kg per bush. Under favorable weather conditions and high soil fertility, this indicator can almost double.
I liked Patricia, tasty and trouble-free in my opinion ... Harvest gives a good ...Kitten Moscow
The first variety of Russian selection with thickened. stiff shoots of the standard type. It practically does not need support and does not form a large number of root shoots, spreading over the site. The height of the bushes of this variety does not exceed 1.8 m.
Due to the thick and hard shoots, the Tarusa variety is often called raspberry trees.
Ripe Tarusa berries are painted in bright red color and have a pleasant sweet taste with a characteristic raspberry aroma. Their weight varies from 4 to 12 g. The fruits are perfectly separated from the fruit, without scattering into individual drupes. Due to the juicy pulp and the small size of the seeds, they are suitable for all types of processing. In addition, the berries of Tarusa well tolerate transportation and storage.
In the Moscow region, Tarusa begins to ripen at the end of the first decade of July. Fruiting does not end earlier than the beginning of August. During this time, up to 20 tons of berries are harvested from one hectare of plantings of this variety.
Shoots of this variety do not freeze when air temperature drops to -30 ° C. If more severe frosts are expected, then it is better to bend them to the ground. Tarusa is quite resistant to all fungal diseases of raspberries, and, according to the author of the variety V.V. Kichina, does not require mandatory preventative treatments with chemicals. She is immune to such a dangerous pest as aphid.
I have Tarus for over 10 years. She planted 3 bushes and at first she did not give the shoots. Now crawling like ordinary raspberries. Planted in veterinary science. There is no other place, we have a corner plot and wind from two streets as in a Jericho pipe. The sun from morning until 17 o’clock, then a shadow from the forest. I don’t bend, it’s standing by the soldiers. The tops rarely freeze. With a height of me, 150-160 cm. The earth was, just poked. two or three years ago she began to monitor the land and feed so that the berries were large. Harvest pleases. The ripened berry is sweet. I am very pleased with her!
In the summer you have to tie up. Heavy bushes are raining and raining. But I stick the armature and tie the falling bushes to it. For some reason, not all bow.MiLeDi, Mozhaisk district
Yellow raspberries are quite rare in the suburbs. Many gardeners refuse to grow it because of poor transportability and unsuitability for processing, while forgetting about the advantages of sunny berries. They are great for dieting, due to their low acidity and low content of anthocyanins, often causing allergies .
Table: varieties of yellow raspberries popular in the Moscow region
|Grade name||Ripening period||Berry Weight (g)||Berry color||Productivity (t / ha)||Bush height||Grade Features|
|Apricot||Remontant||3.0||Golden apricot||117||Average||The bush is slightly spreading, with light brown biennial shoots, prickly at the base. The stems of the first year are green, covered with a medium-intensity wax coating. The berries are dull, slightly pubescent. The pulp is tender, sweet and sour, with a mild aroma. It contains 10.4% sugars, 1.3% acids, and 36 mg /% vitamin C. The tasting score for fresh fruits is 4.5 points. The variety is slightly affected by diseases and pests.|
|Runaway||Early||About 2.5||Golden apricot||76.3||Average||Shrubs are medium spread. Stems are straight, with a small number of thorns located in the lower part of the plant. The berries are bluntly conical, with very soft, sweet and sour flesh, containing about 7.1% sugars, 1.6% acids and 19 mg /% vitamin C. The runaway is resistant to frost, heat and drought. Diseases are damaged no more often than standard varieties.|
|gold autumn||Remontant||5||Golden yellow||126||Average||The bush is slightly spreading. Annual stems are light brown in the lower part and light green, with a slight waxy coating in the upper part. The thorns are soft, greenish, located at the base. The berries are elongated-conical, slightly pubescent. The pulp is tender, sweet and sour, with a slight aroma. Tasting assessment of fresh fruits - 3.9 points. The resistance of the variety to diseases and pests is medium.|
|Golden domes||Remontant||3.8||Yellow, apricot overripe||95||Average||Bushes are medium spread. Two-year-old shoots are light brown, straight, mid-prickly along the entire dyne. Annual stems are light green, slightly pubescent. The berries are hemispherical, sweet-sour, with tender flesh. They contain 13.8% dry matter, 6.4% sugars, 1.4% acids and 17.8 mg /% vitamin C. The variety is resistant to pests and diseases.|
|Orange miracle||Remontant||Average 5.5, maximum 10.2||Bright orange, glitter||155||High||The bushes are powerful, medium spread. Annual stems are light brown, covered with a slight waxy coating, with a slight pubescence. The main part of the greenish spines is concentrated in the lower part of the stem. Berries of elongated stupid form, with slight pubescence. The pulp is tender, sweet and sour, aromatic. It contains 3.6% sugars, 1.1% acids, 68 mg /% vitamin C. The tasting score for fresh berries is 4 points. The variety is medium resistant to heat, drought, disease and pests.|
Photo Gallery: Yellow Raspberry Varieties
- Apricot fruits are suitable for processing
- The Beglyanka variety was included in the State Register for the Central District in 2009
- The berries of the golden autumn are not only tasty, but also very beautiful
- The berries of the Orange Miracle variety tolerate transportation better than other yellow-fruit varieties
Video: Golden Domes autumn fruiting
Black raspberries came to the Moscow region relatively recently. To date, not a single variety of this crop has been entered in the State Register for the region. But gardeners in the region successfully grow it in their plots. They highly appreciate black raspberries for their unpretentiousness and pleasant taste of fragrant berries. In addition, it does not give root shoots, which greatly simplifies the care of plantings. Aronia forms differ and ease of reproduction. To obtain a new plant, it is enough to trick the top of the shoot and wait for the roots to appear, after which the young bush is separated and transplanted to any suitable place.
Video: personal experience of growing Cumberland black raspberries in the suburbs
Table: Aronia raspberries for the Moscow region
|Grade name||Ripening period||Berry weight||Berry color||Productivity||Bush growth||Brief description of the variety|
|Cumberland||Middle||About 2 g||Black, with a blue wax coating||About 2 kg per plant||About 2.5 m||The bush is slightly spreading, with powerful, densely covered with sharp spikes shoots forming an arch. The berries have a pleasant sweet and sour taste and pronounced blackberry aroma. They are eaten fresh, dried or frozen, and also used to make jams and compotes. It is characterized by high winter hardiness (up to -30 ° C, and, according to some sources, up to -34 ° C) and the presence of immunity to most fungal infections, with the exception of anthracnose.|
|Corner||Early||1.8–2 g||The black||41 kg / ha||Middle||Bushes are medium spread. Annual shoots have an arched bend. Biennial stems horizontally directed, slightly prickly. Berries are ripening, dense. Their pulp contains 6.6% sugars, 1% acids and 12 mg /% vitamin C. The tasting score of fresh fruits is 4.1 points. The variety rarely suffers from diseases and pests. Resistance to low temperatures is satisfactory.|
|Gift of Siberia||Mid-late||1.6 g average||The black||4–4.5 kg per plant||Tall||Shoots are powerful, covered with spikes along the entire length. Berries rounded, with good dessert taste. The variety is resistant to diseases and pests.|
|Black jewel||Middle||Up to 2.5 g||Black with a bluish tint||High||Up to 3 m||Shoots upright. strongly prickly. The fruits are round, with juicy and sweet pulp, having a blackberry flavor. They tolerate storage and transportation well. The variety tolerates frosts and is practically not affected by fungal diseases.|
|Brisbol||Middle||3 to 5 g||Black with a gray coating||High||Up to 3 m||Shoots upright. The berries are round, the flesh is juicy, dense with good taste. Fruits are not damaged during harvesting and tolerate storage and transportation. They are also great for processing and freezing. The variety is often used for industrial cultivation.|
With due diligence, almost all varieties of raspberries can be grown in the suburbs. But in order to get an excellent crop without significant labor costs, it is best to choose zoned varieties of this crop that have proven themselves in the region.