Queen of the summer - strawberries: the best varieties and unusual ways of growing it
The strawberry we know is a hybrid of two American varieties bred in Europe. It was born just two centuries ago, but during this period it managed to become the most common berry in our gardens. To be precise, large-fruited varieties of wild strawberries grow on the beds of most gardeners, whose ancestors are considered American species: Chilean and Virgin. But the wild strawberry, or real strawberry, whose homeland is Northern and Central Europe, is used only in breeding, and is not grown in industrial volumes. Therefore, out of habit, we will also call strawberry strawberries.
Types of Strawberries
Remembering strawberries, we immediately see bright, fragrant berries ripening on glades and hillocks warmed by the sun. But the delicious berry in our beds is the same strawberry, although it is much larger and differs from the forest in taste.
Garden strawberries are grassy bushes with a height of 20 to 40 cm. The color of the fruit ranges from almost white (for example, in the Pinberry variety) to red and cherry. Depending on the nature of fruiting, all varieties are divided into ordinary, repair and the so-called “neutral day”. The most common are ordinary berries whose berries ripen in early summer. These varieties are used in agriculture for industrial production.
Repairing and neutral daylight varieties are grown only in private gardens, and are also used for scientific purposes.
Pineberry Berry Strawberry Pineapple Flavor
A single fruiting strawberry is a classic that has been grown in the fields for more than a decade. All varieties of this berry give the main crop once a summer. But there are a lot of fruits and they are very tasty. Some varieties are able to give some more berries after a while, but the second crop has no serious industrial value.
Ripening time depends on the variety selected . There are both early and superearly, and late varieties.
Table: common varieties of ordinary strawberries with different ripening periods
|Ripening Group /|
(5 point system)
|Honey||30-50||Sweet and sour|
with the smell of strawberries
|4, 5-4, 6||America|
with the smell of strawberries
|Amulet||25-30||Very sweet||4, 5||Russia|
|Elsanta||up to 50||Sweet with sourness||4.8–4.9||Holland|
up to 100 g
|Festival camomile||40||Very sweet||5||Ukraine|
|Lord||up to 100||Sweet and sour||4, 5||Britannia|
|Gigantella||60-100||Sweet with sourness||4.8||Holland|
|Tsarskoye Selo||13-15||Sweet and sour||5||Russia|
|Maxim (Gigantella Maxi)||up to 125||Sweet|
with strawberry flavor
A striking representative of this group is strawberry Asia, which belongs to the mid-early. Harvest of this variety ripen in the last decade of May. The long shelf life of berries is convenient for industrial production, so the variety is grown both in open ridges and in greenhouses. Asia is adapted to the continental climate, withstands frosts of -17 ° C. The main positive property of the variety is resistance to spotting.
Strawberries of medium early variety Asia of Italian selection tolerate low air temperatures well
Strawberry Alba ripens very early, which is not afraid of frost. Long bright red berries are easy to store. One bush can produce about 1 kg of fruit per season.
Cleri, an Italian breeding variety that produces berries 1.5–2 weeks later than Alba, will please you with early fruiting. Very sweet berries have a beautiful cherry color. At the same time, the bushes are moody. To obtain an abundant crop, it is advisable to plant them under arcs and cover with a film.
Gives harvest in May and the classic Elsanta. It is considered a reference variety, a sample for selection. Her fruits are large, glossy and very tasty. True, the climate of the middle zone is dangerous for her. Bushes often get sick, poorly tolerate waterlogging and drought.
Elsanta strawberries are distinguished by a reference form
Kama low compact bushes begin to bear fruit in mid-May. The first berries weigh up to 60 g, the next ones are smaller. Berries are hidden under the leaves, but there are many of them - during the season the bush gives up to a kilogram of fruits. Bright red ripe strawberries are a bit sour, so you need to wait for it to fully ripen.
Kama strawberries have a characteristic strawberry flavor
Repairing strawberry varieties cannot provide such rich harvests as ordinary ones. But the duration of their fruiting allows you to collect delicious fragrant berries before the onset of cold weather, sometimes bushes with ripe fruits go under the snow. Those varieties that bear only 2 times per season produce more abundant crops. Moreover, the peak of fruiting occurs in the second crop - in August - September.
For your information. Two to three crops are usually brought by large-fruited strawberries, and small varieties are able to give berries continuously.
However, the repair strawberry is less strong and durable than regular varieties. After all, repeated or continuous fruiting depletes the plant. The beds with repair strawberries are renewed from the end of July until the beginning of August, so that the bushes take root before the beginning of autumn.
Table: some varieties of strawberry
|Queen Elizabeth||3 times||2, maximum 3|
|Baron Solemacher||All season||4|
Removable strawberries ripen quite early and end fruiting in late autumn. It is usually divided into small fruited and large fruited.
The Dutch variety Baron Solemacher, which has sprawling bushes with a large number of peduncles, is small-fruited. Baron can not boast of large fruits, but its berries have a strong pleasant aroma. From the bush per season, you can get up to 0.5 kg of fruits.
Baron Solemacher strawberries have flower stalks below leaf level
A high-yielding variety, giving a lot of small, 3-5 grams, bright berries, is Ali Baba. Powerful, but low bushes winter successfully, they are not afraid of diseases.
Fruits and a good variety of Ruyan. Small bushes, however, produce fairly large fruits. Juicy berries smell of wild strawberries. Strawberry easily tolerates winter, is not afraid of drought, successfully resists diseases and pests.
Large-fruited include Queen Elizabeth, Moscow delicacy, San Andreas, Albion. One of the most successful is a variety of varieties Queen Elizabeth - Queen Elizabeth I. The first ripe berries appear in early June. Strong bushes give very few whiskers, but the berries are large, hiding under the foliage. Tasty and fragrant strawberries reach a weight of 40-60 g, and individual samples up to 100 g. Harvest ripened throughout the warm period. Queen Elizabeth I is able to treat strawberries even on New Year's holidays, if grown in a greenhouse.
On a note. There are two types of Queen Elizabeth variety: Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Elizabeth II. The variety Queen Elizabeth II appeared later and is distinguished by larger berries.
From mid-May to the start of frost, the Albion variety bred in America bears fruit. Bushes can withstand weather changes and successfully resist most diseases. Large dark red fruits of conical shape, sweet and aromatic. By autumn, the dense flesh acquires honey sweetness. Fruits successfully tolerate transportation; therefore, they are often used for industrial breeding.
Fruits in May and before the onset of frost hybrid variety Temptation. Its fruits weigh up to 30 g, have an original musky flavor and are very beautiful. Bushes are used for decorative purposes.
Temptation strawberries have a high yield
Juicy sweet berries of the Clery variety, when fully ripened, acquire a cherry color. Gently smelling strawberries, large berries reach a weight of 40 g. Bushes are strong, sprawling, with a large number of mustaches. Clery's strawberries ripen in mid-May. It is distinguished by resistance to frost and drought, with good top dressing it is almost not sick.
Photo Gallery: large-fruited varieties of remontant strawberries
- San Andreas variety strawberries have slightly sunken seeds
- Moscow delicacy strawberries do not like excessive watering during growth
- Strawberry Queen Elizabeth is very popular among gardeners
- Albion variety strawberries are used on an industrial scale.
Strawberry "neutral day" - a variety of remontant
Strawberry neutral daylight has a great future. In those places where the day is short, there is little heat and sun, such a strawberry is indispensable. Like a remontant, it is able to bloom and bear fruit year-round if the bushes are moved to a heated greenhouse during the cold season. The difference between these two types is as follows. In repairing varieties, flower buds occur several times during the season, and in neutral daylight varieties continuously. Therefore, remontant strawberries bear fruit 2 to 4 times a season (depending on the variety), and strawberries on a neutral day produce a constant yield. Here are some examples of such varieties:
- Queen Elizabeth II;
Queen Elizabeth II (Lisa). Fragrant sweet berries with dense pulp are round or conical. Bushes release little mustache, this makes it easier to care for plants. But Elizabeth II requires plentiful timely watering. An additional plus is the fact that the plant practically does not suffer from fungal diseases.
The first ripe berries appear at the end of May, and fruiting continues until the frosts. At the same time, one bush is able to produce up to 1.5 kg of crop. You can plant them often, up to 6 pieces per square meter.
Strawberries of the Queen Elizabeth II variety tolerate a thickened planting
Variety Felicia is from Turkey. Shrubs with glossy dark green leaves bloom with beautiful raspberry flowers. The fruits are small, but sweet and tender. Bushes bloom and bear fruit at the same time. The plant gives little mustache, which facilitates care. Beautiful bushes can be used for decorative purposes.
The taste of strawberries Felicia has citrus notes
Another successful variety from Turkey is Aisha. A large bush with bright green leaves gives a lot of mustaches, which immediately begin to bloom. Large conical berries are aromatic and tasty. Fruits continuously throughout the warm season, with the exception of 2 weeks after the first harvest. The variety is good in that the bushes show immunity to diseases, and the berries successfully tolerate transportation.
Varieties of "neutral day" require special care, because the constant formation of berries greatly depletes the bushes. They can not do without regular fertilizing and timely watering.
Varieties of strawberries: many, tasty and healthy
For a private garden plot and for extensive farming located in different climatic zones, you can pick up suitable varieties of garden strawberries. The variety of varieties obtained by breeders allows us to find the optimal solution for the greenhouse and for open ridges.
High Yielding Strawberry Varieties
The gardener is happy when the strawberries on the plot give large elegant berries. A few berries - that's a full cup. Early ripe, mid-ripening, and late varieties can provide a good harvest.
To large-fruited varieties that give a large harvest, Honei belongs. This early ripe variety has a strong root system, berries appear in the last decade of May. Fruiting lasts until mid-June. The fruits are bright red, in a classic "strawberry" shape - in the form of a cone with a slightly flattened nose. Bushes throw out a lot of mustaches that can be used for new landings.
The medium-late variety Lord is able to produce from each unit up to 2.5 - 3 kg of berries. The bushes reach a height of 60 cm, thick peduncles are strewn with bright red berries with a blunt finish, having a sweet and sour taste.
Mid-late high-yielding variety of strawberries Lord is not picky
The mid-season Gigantella of Dutch selection is well known to summer residents. Spreading sun-loving bushes require plentiful regular watering, but the work will not be in vain. Large scarlet berries with dense pulp ripen in early June.
Strawberry variety Gigantella - one of the most beloved among gardeners
Especially popular is the Gigantella Maxi or Maxim variety. The berry of Dutch selection reaches 100 g of weight, has a sweet taste and flavor of wild strawberries. The variety does not suffer during transportation, it is also suitable for freezing, since it does not lose shape during defrosting. With good care and good weather, one gigantella bush can remove up to 3 kg of berries for the entire period.
Video: large-fruited high-yielding strawberry varieties
Strawberries for greenhouses
To have a strawberry crop year-round, a heated greenhouse with good lighting is required. The choice of varieties for the greenhouse is especially important, since the installation of the necessary equipment will require significant costs. Yes, and capricious strawberries require considerable work.
For greenhouses, self-pollinated varieties of a “neutral day” would be the best option.
It is desirable that the large size of the fruit and continuous fruiting are combined with a pleasant taste of berries. In the greenhouse, varieties Elizabeth II, Baron Solemacher and Honey are often grown.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
The variety Marshall is also good. It is convenient in that fast-growing large leaves of the bushes obscure the bed and inhibit the growth of weeds. A variety that does not require regular watering gives delicious sugar-free berries. Unpretentiousness and excellent taste do Marshal convenient for cultivation indoors.
Strawberry variety Marshal unpretentious and he fights weeds
If you plan to grow berries only in season, and the purpose of installing a greenhouse is to get the crop early, you can choose early ripe varieties for covered ground, for example, Albu.
The medium-sized bushes have few leaves, but the berries are quite large, conical in shape and bright red in color. Fruits tolerate transportation well. In combination with the resistance of the bushes to various diseases makes the Alba variety attractive for industrial cultivation.
Successfully resists spider mites, powdery mildew and rot variety of Dutch selection Sonata. Delicious delicious berries without loss tolerate transportation, in addition to the bushes of this variety are not afraid of strong temperature fluctuations.
Unusual ways to grow strawberries: both tasty and beautiful
Planting strawberries or garden strawberries not only give useful berries, but also serve as a decorative decoration. In the gardens, vertical ridges are formed from them, beautiful berry plants are planted on the balconies.
Strawberry for the balcony
For balcony breeding, it is best to choose a restant strawberry or a “neutral day” strawberry. A delicious balcony is Home Delicacy. The berries are quite large, up to 5 cm wide. Fruiting continues from the beginning of summer until the onset of frost. The variety requires careful maintenance. Young plants must be protected from condensation by regular ventilation. In the future, the bushes will need top dressing and timely watering. In their absence, the crop may die.
Very beautiful bush varieties Moscow delicacy. It is desirable to plant bushes in a cache-pot or flowerpots. Large strong peduncles with large bright berries will decorate the balcony, and the taste of the fruits is beyond praise. Yes, and the collection of berries begins within 4-6 months after sowing seeds.
Moscow delicacy strawberries suitable for growing a house
A good variety is the World Debut, whose low peduncles are densely covered with flowers and berries. The flowers are pale pink, and the berries are large, up to 35 g.
It looks beautiful in a flower pot blooming with bright pink Tuscany flowers. Compact plants are completely strewn with flowers and small elegant berries. The variety tolerates short drought and light frosts without loss, and the aromatic crop is always plentiful.
Strawberry Varieties for Vertical Growing
Beautiful fragrant berries appeared in our gardens not so long ago, but due to their taste and abundance of vitamins attracted close attention. Breeders do not stop experimenting with varieties, and there are new ways to grow this berry culture.
Vertical cultivation not only facilitates crop production and planting protection from pests, but is also very decorative. Vertical beds of strawberries will become a real decoration of the garden. However, it is important to choose the right varieties.
Vertical planting protects strawberry roots from pests
Vertical planting is formed from repairing varieties or varieties of "neutral day". Ampel options are also good. Their distinguishing feature is the flowering of rooted rosettes on the mustache.
It is convenient to grow Queen Elizabeth, Home delicacy, Honey, in a vertical way. Good for these purposes curly Alba.
Alba strawberries suitable for vertical cultivation
Suitable for vertical beds and the old crop variety Geneva, bred in America. The repairing variety is distinguished by large aromatic berries and high productivity. Geneva gives berries 2 times per season, but is characterized by high stability of fruiting. She is not afraid of bad weather conditions, she is almost not affected by fungal and viral infections. Only gray rot is a dangerous disease for her - a common fungal disease of strawberries.
Varieties of strawberries for growing in the regions
In order to identify all the positive qualities of the variety, to get a good harvest, it is advisable to opt for varieties intended for a particular region. This will allow you to get the maximum result with the lowest labor costs.
The industrial cultivation of strawberries requires specific varieties for each region.
Table: Suitable Strawberry Varieties for Growing in the Regions
Queen Elizabeth II
The best varieties for Belarus
Of the earliest in Belarus, Albion, Clery and Capri feel good. Varieties of Honey and Alba are widespread, but the bushes of the latter are affected by anthracosis and other fungal diseases.
Clery's strawberries are among the early varieties of Italian breeding.
In the medium term, Belarus matures in Belarus. One of the most common varieties is Roxanne . Glossy red-burgundy berries are very large, weighing up to 80 g. The very first ones can be even larger. The berries are conical in shape with a forked tip, very tasty. The variety is resistant to pests, is well stored and transported.
Cultivated in Belarus and a variety of Syria. Its fruits are small, even, weighing 23 g. The berries are sweet with sourness, well stored and transported. The disadvantages include susceptibility to bacterial infections, but the variety is resistant to fungi, not afraid of showers.
Varieties for planting in the Urals
For cultivation in the Urals, it is worth choosing varieties resistant to rot, not afraid of frost and rain, early ripening. Within the boundaries of one garden plot, it is recommended to plant varieties with different ripening dates. It is advisable to select several early ripening varieties, several mid-ripening varieties, add late and 1-2 repair.
Of the early ripe in the Urals, Maria and the Amulet have proven themselves well. Maria does not suffer from rot and spotting, has a stable immunity to fusarium and ticks. A low bush with rich foliage is not afraid of late frosts. Gently smelling berries weighing up to 26 g have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight acidity.
Maria strawberries are resistant to diseases and pests
The Amulet variety gives very tasty, sweet berries that ripen all at once. The bushes are resistant to fungal diseases, are not afraid of a strawberry tick. Conical red berries weigh up to 30 g, per season the bush is able to produce up to 2 kg of fruits. Berries are good both in fresh form and for jam, well tolerate transportation.
From mid-season, the Festival Chamomile variety is good, the hallmark of which is the stability of fruiting. Bushes are resistant to ticks, are not afraid of drought and frost. The first berries reach a weight of 40 g, then they are crushed to 15 and even to 8 g. The berries have an original taste, a characteristic smell, are well stored and transported.
Festival chamomile strawberries suitable for long storage
Of the later spread in the region received the Lord. From one bush it is possible to get up to 3 kg of berries, but this only happens on mature bushes a few years after planting.
Of the repair rooms in the Urals, Temptation, Festival took root. The festival is perfectly adapted to grow in the region. The berries ripen plentifully until the onset of the rainy season, the variety successfully tolerates drought. The berries of the first harvest can weigh up to 45 g. The variety successfully resists all diseases, except verticillosis.
What varieties are suitable for the Leningrad region
Climate and soil features suggest cultivation in the region of late ripening varieties resistant to fungal diseases, waterlogging, and frost. In the Leningrad Region, strawberry Festival feels good. The Sudarushka variety is widespread, it is distinguished by frost resistance, good resistance to diseases, and abundant fruiting.
The Tsarskoye Selo variety, resistant to gray rot and verticillium wilt, is characterized by high productivity. Strawberries are late but very tasty.
Strawberry variety Tsarskoselskaya has a great taste
Varieties of strawberries for growing in the Kuban
In the fertile climate of the Kuban, Albion, the World Debut, Queen Elizabeth II, Honey, Elsantha grow beautifully.
Both on garden plots, and on an industrial scale, a variety of Zenga Zengana of German selection is grown. It tolerates winter well and is resistant to waterlogging. The berries are mostly small, 10 g each, but some reach 30 g. Sweet and sour berries smell like strawberries. 1 bush is able to produce up to 1.5 kg of fruit. It is sick with rot and spotting, but it is resistant to powdery mildew.
Zenga Zengana strawberry variety is distinguished by compact seedlings
Varieties for Ukraine
Elsanta, Festival Chamomile, as well as many varieties of local selection grow well on the rich lands of Ukraine. Peremoga variety is distinguished by good productivity; it belongs to strawberries of “neutral day”. Fruits from late May to late autumn. Sweet and sour berries, fragrant, weighing about 15 g.
The medium-late variety Torch is resistant to fungal diseases, is not afraid of drought, and winter well. The first sweet and sour berries reach a weight of 40 g.
Strawberry varieties Torch tolerates wintering well
Suitable varieties for the Moscow region
In the suburbs, Elsanta and Sudarushka grow well. You can land Alba, Honey and Clery. It is also worth paying attention to the variety Darselect. The variety is early, gives berries once, in mid-June. The average weight of berries is up to 30 g, although larger ones are also found, up to 60 g. Dense red berries have a sweet, slightly sour taste and smell pleasantly of strawberries. With careful care, 1 bush is able to produce up to a kilogram of berries.
You can grow an interesting variety of White Swede. The mid-season variety produces berries weighing about 23 g, white with a pinkish barrel. The ripening of berries can be judged by the appearance of dark red seeds. The variety is resistant to droughts, diseases, tolerates thaws and subsequent cooling. Delicate sweet and sour berries smell like strawberries and pineapple.
Sudarushka strawberries have a cherry hue
Video: Newfangled Strawberry Varieties
Greetings to all from Western Ukraine, Bukovinsky Territory! I have been producing the Elsanta variety for the third year. I received 15 bushes with a parcel three years ago from Kiev from Inter Flora. Great grade.mentura
I have several varieties of repair, including a neutral day. In addition, non-repairing varieties. The result is berries from the last days of May to autumn. It is not worth it in the greenhouse if it is not heated. Then there is the opportunity to get a crop in the winter :-) It is better to cover the spring garden with a restant neutral day in arcs. And get the berries at the end of May. A remodeler needs watering and fertile land. Then there will be a berry both fragrant and sweet. Otherwise, the taste is affected. If the care is normal, there are no differences in taste in the repairing grades compared to the usual ones. Another question is to choose varieties that are to your taste. For example, in my remontant, a mustache that has not yet taken root is bearing fruit :-) Now the traditional has finished bearing fruit, and the remontant has bloomed again. Another nuance is to replace the mother bush in two years with a baby. In contrast to the traditional one, which lasts for five years ... ... ..repaired varieties are quickly depleted due to abundant fruiting. Therefore, on the site, it is better to combine the repair with the usual, in my opinion.Restaurant critic
I grow several repairing varieties, but I like Elizabeth 2 the most. I have some particularities for growing: bushes of this strawberry are quickly depleted and need to be replaced every two years, they should be planted not in rows but in nests, that is, young mustaches should be rooted nearby - они начнут плодоношение, очень требовательная к постоянной влажности почвы.Зосья
Многообразие сортов садовой земляники позволяет выбрать подходящий для любого способа разведения. Удачный выбор районированных сортов, правильная посадка и квалифицированный уход позволят получать хорошие урожаи даже в зонах, где выращивание клубники затруднено климатическими условиями. Вкусные и полезные ягоды украсят стол в течение всего года, надо только потрудиться.