Pruning roses for the winter: how to do everything without harming the plant?
- Type: Rosaceae
- Flowering Period: June, July, August, September
- Height: 30-300cm
- Color: white, cream, yellow, pink, orange, red, vinous
- Sun loving
Roses are the favorites of most gardeners. These beautiful plants adorn many suburban areas. How nice to watch the blossoming buds of roses with petals of the most incredible shapes and colors exuding a delicate pleasant aroma. In order to enjoy the riot of color in the new season, pruning roses for the winter should be a mandatory procedure among activities to prepare the garden for winter.
What autumn pruning is done for
Autumn pruning of roses for the winter is necessary to strengthen the plant itself. If pruning in spring aims to form and ennoble a beautiful bush, then the autumn procedure is aimed at providing access to the light of the buds and stems of the plant, airing its crown, as well as increasing the winter hardiness of the rose. In addition, pruning of old branches provokes the laying of new buds, from which large flowers will bloom, and the formation of new stronger shoots.
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If wild beauties look gorgeous and delight with flowering without additional care, then garden roses need annual pruning
Not only roses that adorn the flower garden for more than one year, but young seedlings planted this year are subject to pruning. The main recommendations include the need to remove all unripe buds and already blossoming flowers, as well as cutting out diseased and weak stems.
Unripened shoots left for the winter begin to rot in the shelter. This often leads to fungal infection and disease of the entire plant. After pruning, only lignified powerful shoots with several sleeping buds should remain on the bush.
In order to prevent the development of pathogenic microbes, cut off the remains of the plant must be removed and burned without leaving under the bush.
The bush after trimming has only 3-5 evenly spaced the most developed and more powerful shoots that do not thicken the crown
You should also get rid of old shoots in a timely manner, which include three-year-old stems having many lateral branches and covered with dried bark.
Secrets of the correct procedure
In order for the trimming procedure to bring only a positive effect, it is necessary to adhere to several basic rules:
- Trimming should only be done with sharpened secateurs. A dull tool makes torn slices and damages the bark of a plant, which then heals for a long time or even dies from infection.
- To remove thicker stems d = 1.5-2 cm, it is preferable to use a hacksaw.
- Choose a place for the cut over the swollen bud, which did not have time to germinate, after maintaining a distance of 0.5-1 cm. The shoot should be cut to white healthy wood.
- It is necessary to perform a slope so that the area of the slice does not become a hotbed of moisture accumulation and infection.
The most successful time when you can cut roses for the winter is a sunny, windless day. Typically, rose bushes are pruned at the end of October.
Pruning is performed on the external kidney. This will prevent bush thickening and ensure sufficient ventilation and illumination of the crown
In order to prevent infection of plants with fungi and infections, it is advisable to disinfect the tools before pruning by treating with potassium permanganate solution, and after pruning the cut on the stems themselves with garden varnish.
And, perhaps, the most important rule that should be followed when cutting roses for the winter, says "do not overdo it." Since the volume of the root system of a rose, like any other plant, must be proportional to the volume of its aerial parts, pruning must be done correctly and carefully so as not to disrupt the nutrition system, which can lead to illness and even death of the plant.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Main types of pruning according to variety
In order to make the flower garden more beautiful every year, when pruning roses, one should take into account the characteristics of the varietal group of representatives growing on the site. Depending on the size, variety and intensity of the growth of the bush, you can apply one of the main types of pruning:
After pruning, only the base of the bush with 2-3 sleeping buds remains. Short pruning is applicable for rose polyants, the branches of which are prone to strong tillering.
With strong pruning, all the stems of the aerial part of the plant are mercilessly cut
Miniature roses, adult shaped bushes of tea-hybrid roses and climbing representatives of the Rambler group successfully tolerate strong pruning.
For other plant varieties, short pruning is permissible only as a last resort.
With a moderate method of trimming, weak shoots are also completely eliminated. Middle pruning perfectly activates the growth of young shoots.
When conducting medium pruning, the stems of the bush are shortened by half, and at the base of the plant there are low 25-30 cm shoots with 4-5 buds
Moderate pruning is applicable for Pernepians, hybrid tea varieties and many other rose groups.
The only exceptions are English and park roses, climbing, ancient and species beauties of this family.
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After pruning, quite high shoots remain at the base for two-thirds of the stem with 8-10 buds. Weak sparing pruning is used for delicate varieties of Bengal roses, ancient and species, park and English, as well as vigorous tea-hybrid varieties. The use of gentle pruning on other groups of roses allows you to achieve earlier flowering, but with the constant use of this method for several years, the bushes lose their shape and are very elongated, and their flowering becomes less plentiful.
With gentle pruning, only the upper parts of the shoots are removed
The method of pruning climbing roses for the winter is selected depending on their belonging to the varietal subgroup
The stems of climbing small-flowered roses do not need to be pruned and do not shorten at all, large-flowered roses are cut to a third of the length, in other species - to half.
Ground cover roses do not need autumn pruning. When caring for a bush, you should only cut the shoots that have lost their decorativeness, as well as unripened, broken and diseased branches.
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For standard roses, pruning is chosen, which is based on the characteristics of the grafted rose group.