Proper planting of strawberries in a summer cottage: what can not be planted next to the garden

Strawberries are one of the most labor-intensive berry crops. But also one of the favorite berries of our children. Therefore, it is imperative to plant it on your site. The health of the bush, as well as future crops, depends on the proper planting.

Where to plant strawberries

Strawberries should grow in loose and breathable soil with little acidity (pH is about 5.5). Various soils are suitable for culture, in this sense it is not very demanding: it feels good on black soil, loam, and sandy loam. But any land must be well seasoned with organic and mineral fertilizers. The plantation needs protection from cold winds. Neither dry nor marshy areas are suitable for planting strawberries. Groundwater should not be closer than 1 m to the soil surface.

On light soils with a lack of watering, strawberries suffer from drought, and on heavy clay soils it grows poorly and gives low yields.

The relief site should be more or less even. It is possible to land on small slopes (an angle of no more than 2 °), it is better than the south-western direction, but it should be remembered that in low places, strawberries suffer greatly from frost. It should be immediately noted that strawberries will grow for a maximum of 5 years at the selected location. Usually, after the third year, productivity decreases sharply, and by the age of 5 its further cultivation becomes inexpedient. Therefore, it can also be planted in the aisles of freshly planted fruit trees: by the time they grow, strawberries are removed.

Optimum precursors for strawberries are cabbage, radishes, various salads, legumes, onions, garlic, carrots, clover. Unsuitable in this quality are raspberries and nightshade (tomatoes, eggplant, potatoes).

Clover - the best predecessor for strawberries

What can not be planted next to strawberries

Near strawberries, you can plant almost everything except plants that produce a lot of overgrowth: raspberries, blackberries, plums, cherries. And do not forget about the "egoists" - apricot and walnut. These monsters pull all the juices from the ground many meters away from themselves. Among vegetable plants, horseradish, which usually grows over the entire available area, should be included in this list.

Of the vegetable crops, the best neighbors are basil, salads, beans, onions and garlic. Good results are obtained by the neighborhood of strawberries with cucumbers, parsley and cruciferous crops: radish, radish, various types of cabbage.

Garlic and onions secrete volatile, and parsley does not like slugs. True, there is an opinion that due to the sharp smell of bulbs on the plantation there will be fewer bees pollinating strawberry flowers, but the protective effect of onions and garlic is much more important, and pollinating strawberry flowers, as a rule, is very easy, there are almost no empty flowers on this crop .

Garlic coexists well with strawberries, scaring away insect pests

Recommended pick-up dates

Strawberry planting times vary by region:

  • in the southern regions it is better and more convenient to plant it in the spring, from late March to early May. The October landing also succeeds well in the south;
  • in the middle lane, they are engaged in planting at the end of summer (until mid-September);
  • in the northern regions - from late July to mid-August (and often in spring).

Planting strawberries is possible throughout the summer; only flowering bushes do not take root well. The sooner a strawberry is planted in the summer-autumn period, the better it will take root, winter and a larger crop will yield next year. However, the timing of planting depends on the availability of planting material - a mustache, and they, without special measures in sufficient quantities and of good quality, grow only by the end of summer.

In the spring

Almost always, strawberries are propagated by seedlings, i.e. rooted rosettes formed on the mustache. The best seedlings have 3-5 well-developed leaves and roots no shorter than 6-8 cm. The largest number of mustaches give 1-2 year-old plants. Older shrubs have a low quality mustache, and you should not take them.

Landing Stages:

  1. The bed is prepared in advance, preferably in the fall. For digging, humus and compost are necessarily added, adding to them mineral fertilizers - phosphorus and potash, as well as wood ash.

    Of potash fertilizers, it is better to choose those that do not contain chlorine (potassium sulfate, potassium magnesia, potash).

  2. For disinfection the day before planting, the prepared beds can be poured with a solution of copper sulfate (2 tbsp. Per bucket of water), consumption - about 1 liter per 1 m2. Before planting bushes, the beds are well watered.
  3. Plant strawberries in cloudy weather. If it is still hot, the lower leaves of the seedlings must be cut off, and the first week to shade the plants with grass or newspapers, often watered.
  4. Before planting, strawberry seedlings are disinfected: for 10-15 minutes they are placed in water at a temperature of about 45 ° C. Chemical disinfection is also practiced: 10-minute bathing in a solution prepared from 3 tbsp. l table salt and 1 tsp. vitriol on a bucket of water.

    Sometimes the roots are planted before planting in a mash of clay and mullein, as in the case of planting fruit trees.

  5. In each dug hole, you can add a handful of humus. Then the roots of seedlings are placed there, they are freely distributed and covered with soil, compacting it with fingers. It is necessary to ensure that the apical kidney (heart) is at ground level.
  6. Again, carefully water each bush (approximately 1 liter of water per plant).
  7. At first they often water it, not allowing the soil to dry out.

When planting strawberries, the heart does not need to be covered with soil

Fall

In most areas of the middle lane they prefer summer-fall planting. It is necessary to finish it before mid-September, otherwise the bushes will not have time to take root before the frost and will not survive the winter. It is best to plant them gradually, as soon as the planting material is ready on last year's bed, unless, of course, you have got yourself a separate mother liquor. The best mustaches are those that grew first from strong bushes. If they are not pulled out easily, most likely, you can cut, dig and transplant.

Read more about the autumn planting in our article: Secrets of planting strawberries in the fall.

The planting technique does not differ from the spring, but the time for preparing a new garden is somewhat longer.

Tip. It is convenient to have 4-5 beds for strawberries. Garlic is planted on one of them at the end of September. The next year in July they clean it and prepare a bed for strawberries. As the mustache appears, they are planted in this place. After a few years, the strawberries grow old, the bushes can be destroyed, and garlic can be planted in the garden.

The landed mustache will yield a small crop for next year. In the second season, he will be much more. But it should be remembered that fruit buds are born in the year preceding fruiting, therefore, quality planting care is necessary constantly.

Video: the secrets of autumn strawberry planting

Lunar calendar for planting strawberries

Some summer residents are firmly convinced that it is necessary in planting plants and caring for them to follow the rhythm of life of heavenly bodies. Astrologers consider the following dates of 2018 favorable for strawberry planting:

  • April 30;
  • May 10;
  • July 30–31;
  • August 7-10.

How to plant strawberries

Before planting strawberries, liming the soil in advance is carried out if it is too acidic. But this should be done a year before the event. It is necessary to dig the bed in at least 2-3 weeks, so that biological equilibrium can be established in the soil. When digging, it is best to add well-rotted manure or compost to the soil.

Good results are obtained by preliminary sowing on future strawberry beds of siderates (peas, oats). At a young age they are dug up with the earth with the simultaneous application of mineral fertilizers.

Strawberry Planting Pattern

Strawberries can be planted according to various patterns (carpet, ribbon, square-nest, etc.). Their choice depends on many factors, but first of all - on the region, the relief of the site and the preferences of the gardener. When planting strawberries in the usual time in summer cottages, they most often use a single-row method: bushes are planted with a distance between rows of 50–70 cm, between plants in a row - from 10 to 30 cm (depending on variety).

Some gardeners try to isolate each bush by removing all the mustache that appears, others grow strawberries in a narrow-band system: the mustache is rooted, not separated from the uterine bush, located along a row. This creates a strip of plants about 30-40 cm.

The layout of strawberries depends on the topography, climate, gardener preferences

Some lovers plant 3 rows on ridges about 1 m wide. The next year after receiving the first crop, the middle row is destroyed, and in its place annual ripe vegetables (salads, radishes) are sown as a sealant or onions, garlic or bulb flowers (daffodils, tulips) are planted in one row. With any planting scheme, the ridges are better oriented from north to south.

In addition to the usual methods of planting and maintaining strawberries, there are many “exotic” ones that help save space, decorate the site, and smooth out adverse climate conditions.

Carpeted

Some say that the carpet method of keeping strawberries is suitable for lazy people: it takes less effort and time. True, the berries are smaller, although no less tasty. Therefore, the method can be recommended to gardeners who do not have enough time to care for strawberry beds and to obezhivat each bush.

With the carpet method, mustaches are planted without observing any scheme, only previously introduced into the soil an increased amount of fertilizer. Strawberries, growing, cover the entire plantation with a continuous carpet. The mustache does not touch, and new plants randomly grow out of them. Under them creates its own microclimate. A solid strawberry carpet inhibits weed growth, less moisture evaporates. It happens that a strawberry carpet successfully bears fruit up to 10 years.

When carpet planting strawberries, it is difficult for weeds to break through the cover

On agrofibre

For several decades, the industry has been manufacturing lightweight non-woven synthetic materials from harmless polymers, most often polypropylene. Weeds hardly grow on the bed with covering material, and the soil retains moisture longer. The most common non-woven material is spunbond, available in several versions that differ in surface density. When planting strawberries, spunbond is used denser than 45-60 g / m2. Lighter options withstand less than 2 seasons of use. Spanbond can significantly reduce the number of irrigation: even in hot weather, moisture lingers in the ground for a week.

The film will lie on the bed for several years, access to land at this time is difficult. Therefore, you immediately need to make an increased amount of fertilizer: for every 1 m2 up to 3 buckets of well-rotted manure.

The order of the beds:

  1. Agrofibre is laid out on a bed.
  2. The edges of the film around the perimeter of the beds are sprinkled with earth or fixed with any convenient objects.
  3. Make cross-shaped incisions at the site of future bushes. They should be very small and only needed to stick the roots into them.
  4. Under the film, manually make a hole and carefully place the roots of the bush into it.
  5. Water well.

Non-woven material protects berries from contamination, retains moisture, prevents weeds from growing

Vertical landing

Vertical cultivation of strawberries has a lot of options and is used in cases where the area of ​​the plot is very modest (in particular, they are used in greenhouses or in a city apartment). The beds are arranged from a variety of materials, sometimes completely unpredictable: for example, planting is practiced in plastic pipes, in plastic bags, in car tires installed by the pyramid.

Variants of vertical planting of strawberries are numerous

The soil for this method of planting is prepared in any large capacity in advance and must contain an increased amount of nutrients. It is advisable to calcine or disinfect the soil taken in the garden. The soil is placed in the constructions made and strawberry mustaches are planted. Caring for vertical beds is usual, but you need to carefully monitor the moisture of the soil: it may be necessary to water more often.

Pyramid landing

Pyramidal landing is one of the options for vertical cultivation. Pyramids are arranged, for example, from suitable-sized boards. In the construction, strawberries are planted in several tiers. The method is most suitable for repair strawberries.

  1. For the organization of the pyramidal beds, 4-5 wooden boxes of different sizes without bottom are hammered from the boards. Each height is 20–25 cm.
  2. To organize watering, you need a piece of pipe with a diameter of 2 cm and a length of up to 2.5 m. In it, holes are made for almost the entire length of it for water to flow.
  3. The pipe is driven vertically into the ground.
  4. The largest box is installed on top of the pipe so that it is exactly in the center, and put it on the ground, slightly tucked.
  5. Pour the prepared soil into it and compact it a little.
  6. Then similarly install the following boxes as their size decreases.
  7. A piece of irrigation pipe should remain above the last tier: put a hose on it when watering.
  8. A mustache is planted around the entire perimeter of each box, they are caring for seedlings as usual.

A pyramid of wooden boxes takes up little space and allows you to care for strawberries, almost without bending

How to plant strawberries in tires

As an option of a vertical bed, its manufacture from automobile tires is used. The structure can have any convenient height, the stability of the tires is sufficient. The essence of the reception is similar to the same as when using wooden boxes: they use several tires. But they can be of the same or different size: depending on this, a cylinder or cone is obtained.

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Tires are stacked on top of each other, falling asleep inside the soil. If they vary greatly in diameter, a pyramid is obtained, and the mustache is planted around the perimeter, as in boxes of different sizes. In the case of identical tires, small holes are previously cut into them, into which seedlings are planted.

For strawberries, you can arrange a "car" bed

Amp Strawberry Planting

Ampel strawberries are one of the varieties of ordinary garden strawberries. She has decorative flowers of pink color. But the main difference is that ampel strawberries bear fruit simultaneously both on the main bush and on numerous mustaches. In addition, she is able to give berries year-round. Therefore, in our conditions, it is usually planted in greenhouses or in an apartment.

Sometimes this strawberry is called “curly”, although it is not: it cannot behave like a vine, but it is usually grown in vertical plantings, that is, the mustache is tied to some support. In this case, the side rosettes grow down from the main bush.

In ampel strawberries, mustaches with berries fall down

The device of a vertical bed for ampelous strawberries can be anything, but the dimensions of the landing capacity should be at least 30 cm in all measurements. Drainage is necessarily put at the bottom: broken brick, small pebbles. Only then they lay nutritious soil: peat and sod land (2: 1) and some river sand. Planting is usual, but more water is needed for irrigation.

Emerging flowers are pruned to grow bushes more powerful. Mustaches on the plant leave up to 5 pieces. Top dressing is carried out mainly with mineral fertilizers. Ampel strawberries react poorly to sunlight, therefore, requires additional shading.

In peat tablets

Seed propagation to obtain strawberry planting material is not used, since seedlings are split into numerous varieties. Sowing seeds is carried out only for breeding new varieties. One of the methods for growing strawberries from seeds is the use of peat tablets.

The tablets are manufactured by pressing extruded dried peat with the addition of complex mineral fertilizers and growth stimulants. For sowing strawberry seeds, tablets with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm are used.

Peat tablets are made with the addition of complex mineral fertilizers

Acquired seeds are soaked, quenched in the refrigerator and sown in peat tablets in early spring. Caring for emerging sprouts soon is similar to caring for any vegetable seedlings. In summer, grown bushes are planted in open ground with a tablet. This gives a guarantee of 100% survival, since the growth is practically uninterrupted, and strawberries, if it is gradually hardened before planting, are not experiencing problems.

On toilet paper

There are various ways of growing planting material without using soil - on the "hydroponics". Moreover, various inert materials serve only as a “holder” of seeds and future seedlings, and nutrients are introduced in the form of specially made solutions. One of these materials can be ordinary toilet paper. A “snail” is made of it, and seeds are placed there. However, such a technique is so complicated for a regular summer resident that it hardly makes sense to recommend it for widespread use. But toilet paper is very convenient to use for peeling and initial germination of seeds.

  1. Three layers of toilet paper are placed in any convenient container.
  2. Shed with a purple solution of potassium permanganate. Excess solution is poured.
  3. Seeds are laid out on paper.
  4. The container is placed in a large plastic bag and taken out in the cold for hardening for 3-4 days.
  5. After that, they are placed directly in the package in a warm place.
  6. For about a week, you need to monitor the humidity of the paper and, if necessary, lightly spray it.
  7. Seeds peck, and after 3 days, a sprout sprouts through the paper. Now the paper is not needed: it has done its job.
  8. Seeds should be planted in pots or boxes with ordinary nutritious soil. When planting, it is convenient to use tweezers or a toothpick. Семечку осторожно берут за семядольку, делают зубочисткой маленькую лунку и опускают туда корешок.
  9. Поливают крайне осторожно: достаточно после засыпания лунок просто спрыснуть из пульверизатора.

Клубнику из семян выращивают для выведения новых сортов

«Умная грядка»

В садоводстве под термином «умная грядка» понимают участок, огороженный неким каркасом, внутри которого «правильным образом» оборудована грядка для посадки. Их часто называют высокими или «тёплыми».

Схема устройства «умной грядки»:

  1. Каркас можно изготовить из досок, плоского шифера или листового железа.
  2. Устраивают их на солнечном месте. Ставят каркас на неглубокую яму (до 20 см), вырытую по площади всей грядки.
  3. На дно помещают слой картона или плотной ткани для того, чтобы семенам сорных растений трудно было прорасти.
  4. Затем укладывают слой мелких веток вместе с различными органическими отходами.
  5. Всё это пересыпают плодородной землёй и компостом.
  6. Сверху — слой чистого компоста или старого перегноя.

В результате получается самостоятельно живущий контейнер, внутри которого поддерживаются оптимальные температурные условия. Высота грядки зависит от того, как будет изготовлен каркас: самая удобная – от 25 до 40 см.

В местностях с избыточным количеством осадков внизу каркаса стоит проделать отверстия для отвода лишней воды.

Часто сочетают описанный приём с применением агроволокна. Сооружённую грядку накрывают плотным спанбондом и сажают клубнику в проделанные в нём небольшие отверстия.

Для большего эффекта «умную грядку» накрывают агроволокном

Посадка клубники в регионах

Технология посадки клубники во всех регионах практически одинакова, но климат вносит существенные поправки, в основном — в сроки высадки усов на постоянное место. Кроме того, в различных районах сильно различается влажностный режим, а также способы подготовки высаженной рассады к зиме.

In outskirts of Moscow

Многие подмосковные дачники сейчас не сажают клубнику из-за плохого урожая, а также потому, что она требует много сил и временных затрат. Уход за клубникой в этом регионе практически не отличается от такового в большинстве районов нашей страны: климат во всей средней полосе для клубники вполне благоприятный.

В Подмосковье лучше сажать клубнику во второй половине лета . До наступления заморозков рассада хорошо приживётся и даже заложит цветочные почки. Крайний срок посадки — начало сентября. Часто сажают клубнику на высокие грядки, а если нет времени — выращивают ковром.

Оптимальные ранние сорта клубники:

  • Заря;
  • Московский деликатес;

medium:

  • Красавица Загорья;
  • Надежда;
  • Festival;

поздние:

  • Альфа;
  • Zenga Zengana;
  • Золушка.

Клубника Зенга-Зенгана — один из популярнейших сортов

В Подмосковье хороший своевременный снежный покров не гарантирован, поэтому посадки обязательно присыпают мульчирующими материалами. Зимой приходится иногда подсыпать снег со свободных мест на клубнику.

In Siberia

Суровые погодные условия Сибири требуют серьёзно относиться к уходу за клубникой. Повышенное внимание следует уделять и выбору сортов, и места для посадки.

Предпочтительнее сажать рассаду клубники местных сортов:

  • Фея;
  • Талисман;
  • Festival;
  • Omsk early.

Южные сорта придётся выращивать только в теплицах, а это требует дополнительных средств и физических усилий. Часто сажают ремонтантные сорта, собирая с них 2–3 урожая за лето.

Выбирают для грядок самое тёплое место: ровный участок или небольшой южный склон. Обычно применяют узкополосный однострочный способ посадки. Все усы, вырастающие не далее чем в 10 см от ряда, укореняют на месте, формируя полосы шириной до 25 см.

В Сибири стараются сажать клубнику весной, чтобы к зиме кусты успели хорошо отрасти. При угрозе ранних заморозков молодые плантации укрывают плёнкой, спанбондом или еловым лапником.

In the Krasnodar Territory

Климат во всех районах Кубани относительно однородный, хотя и немного различается от близости моря. Но в целом для разведения клубники здесь всё благоприятствует. Несколько отличаются от всего региона природные условия черноморской зоны Краснодарского края, но они даже более хороши для посадки культуры. Это самое тёплое и влажное место в регионе. В этих условиях клубника растёт почти круглый год. На Кубани её сажают обычно в марте или с середины августа до конца сентября.

Клубника здесь растёт на любых почвах, но лучше всего — на лёгких, особенно на южных склонах. Достаточное количество дождей позволяет успешно выращивать клубнику в междурядьях молодых деревьев. Агротехника посадки и ухода — самая обычная.

В условиях влажной и тёплой субтропической зоны период осенней посадки весьма продолжителен: иногда вплоть до прихода зимы. Наилучшее время — середина октября. Часто применяют и весеннюю посадку. Зимы здесь очень мягкие, и никаких подготовительных работ с целью предохранения от морозов на клубничных плантациях проводить не требуется: нужны лишь прополка и рыхление.

Reviews

Усы на маточнике оставляю, подсыпаю плодородную землю и начинаю выращивать розетки. Лучшие розетки — те, которые ближе расположены к маточному кусту. Поэтому на каждом побеге оставляют не более трех розеток.

Nevada

Клубника — влаголюбива, но переувлажнения не переносит. Место, где растет клубника, должно быть защищенным от ветров, так как часть корневой системы вымерзает при температуре -10–12°С, поэтому лучше она зимует под покровом снега слоем не менее 20–25 см. Клубнику нельзя выращивать более 4 лет на одном месте (хорошо 2–3 года), так как скапливается различная инфекция и грибковые заболевания, такие как: вилта, серая и белая гнили и другие заболевания.

alina11

У меня первый год земляника посажена на черную нетканку. Кустики выросли очень пышные, ягоды чистые и с сорняками почти нет проблем. Не очень буйно, но под нетканкой растет повитель, приходится иногда поднимать доски (они лежат в междурядьях и придерживают лутрасил) и под тряпкой обрывать сорняк. Поливала в жару и потом дождей много было, земля уплотнилась под земляникой, весной придется рыхлить, в некоторых рядках сделать это будет неудобно. Не знаю, получится ли снять и снова надеть нетканку, очень уж они раскустились.

DEva

Сам я этих башен не строил, но видел как другие дачники строят башни и пирамиды, через некоторое время остывают и бросают. Никогда не видел коммерческих посадок на башнях, только на плоских полях. Да и сама земляника не пытается никуда залезть повыше, всегда пластается…

Наблюдатель

Вырастить клубнику непросто. И особенно, если она была посажена в спешке и без соблюдения элементарных правил. Но при правильном и своевременном прохождении всех этапов урожай будет гарантированный и высокий.

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