Pool Care: An overview of pool cleaners and water purifiers

The pool in the country or your own land is the dream of many owners. But to buy it or mount it is only half the battle. The aquatic environment magnet attracts any vile, serves as a habitation for bacteria. And the wind adds “aesthetics”, strewing the surface of the water with leaves, dust particles and various debris. And if you do not carry out constant care of the pool, then in the end it will turn into an overgrown duckweed pond or stinky swamp, where only toads will be happy to swim.

The first cleaning signal is the color of the water. In any type of pool (inflatable, stationary, etc.), the water should be transparent. As soon as you notice a greenish or milky shade, know: the pool is already dirty.

Basic pool care

Pools can be cleaned in several ways:

  1. By the method of physical cleaning.
  2. Chemicals
  3. Electrophysical method.

Physical cleaning: filters + brushes and nets

Physical care for the water in the pool begins with the fact that all the debris is removed from the surface of the water with various devices (nets, special vacuum cleaners, etc.). But in this case, you can only get rid of visible solid particles. All that the human eye does not see must be removed by a special filter.

Important! Whatever filter you buy, the pump must be turned on for at least 6 hours. Otherwise, high-quality cleaning can not be achieved.

There are several filter groups:

  • Sand filters

A sand filter costs less than other types because quartz sand filters the water inside the unit. Contaminated water is passed through this filter and particles of debris remain in the quartz layer.

This is how the internal structure of the sand filter looks

Despite the affordability in price, this filter is not too much in demand, because it requires weekly flushing. To clean it, you need to substitute the device under a stream of clean water, which will "sweep" everything that has accumulated inside. Summer residents who do not have a water supply will find it difficult to provide such a flushing.

In addition, the quality of cleaning the sand system is low. Only particles larger than 20 microns are deposited in it. Smaller litter remains in the water.

Such filters are recommended only for small inflatable pools in which water often changes.

  • Cartridge filters

Cartridge filters are most often used to clean the frame pool.

This cleaning system involves several cartridges located inside the housing. They are able to remove particles up to 10 microns from water. The cost of such a filter is higher than a sand filter, but it requires less maintenance, and better cleans the pool. To wash the cartridges, they are periodically substituted under the pressure of clean water. It is more convenient, of course, to use disposable cartridges, which, after clogging, are thrown away, replacing with new ones.

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  • Diatom filters

Diatom filter clogs too quickly and requires a cartridge change

Dear, just appeared filtering options. In these devices, cleaning occurs using diatomaceous earth (the so-called crushed plankton shells). Such filters provide the highest level of cleaning, removing particles up to 3 microns. But the minus of such systems is that diatomaceous earth “clogs up” very quickly, and even backwashing cannot restore its throughput. It is necessary to change cartridges several times a year, which is quite expensive.

Chemical cleaning methods

Chemicals for pool care are aimed at combating various types of pollution, and for quality cleaning you need to buy a whole set of drugs. Consider how to clean the pool comprehensively.

So, to fight bacteria, you have to buy a composition in which one of the components is active oxygen, chlorine or bromine.

  • The cheapest, but with a specific smell is a chlorine drug. He is able to provoke allergic reactions.
  • In bromine, the degree of disinfection is no worse, but there is no smell. True, the price is more expensive.
  • The most expensive but safest is oxygen. It kills bacteria by almost 100%, without harming either water or humans.

In addition to bacteria, the problem of home pools are algae. They develop so quickly that they do not fight with them periodically, but constantly, as soon as they fill the tank with water. By purchasing and falling asleep special preparations, you will protect the walls of the bowl from greening, and the bottom - from silting.

Preparations for removing particles less than 3 microns should complete the work begun by the filters, destroying fatty, protein molecules. Such substances are called flocculants.

The pH meter must be lowered into the pool to find out the acid-base balance.

The last task of chemical cleaning is to normalize the pH balance. A person needs a water balance of 7-7.4. To know him, you must have a special meter - a pH meter. If the acid-base balance is higher than the given figures, they pour drugs to lower the pH, if lower, use the opposite formulations.

Electrophysical Water Purification

The newest cleaning method, in which no chemicals are needed, is electrophysical. The group of devices includes ultraviolet lamps, ozonizers and devices that emit copper and silver ions. Each of the devices eliminates a certain type of pollution, and together they give the maximum degree of water purification.

Seasonal Pool Care

Features of cleaning the frame pool

A summer cottage is a place of seasonal residence, therefore, it often has pool or inflatable pools, which are cleaned in winter. Consider how to care for a pool with a frame base. The main care is:

  • water filtration (an appropriate filter is always included with the pool);
  • garbage collection from the surface (net or skimmers);
  • periodic cleaning with chemicals;
  • harvesting sediment from the bottom of the bowl. (There are various means in the store than cleaning pools from sediment, but it is best to find a bottom vacuum cleaner or a special kit).

Inflatable Model Care

For children, inflatable pools are most often purchased. To maintain cleanliness, it must be weekly cleaned of water completely and scraped off mucus, sediment. If the volume of the bowl is large, it is recommended to add disinfectants, because every week filling the pool with fresh water is quite expensive.

Children under 3 years old change water daily!

Maintaining cleanliness in the pool is easier than trying to restore an overgrown and sedimented bowl.


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