Planting flowers in May: tips for gardeners and the May planting calendar
As soon as the last spring frosts, which usually occur in late April - early May, are completed, gardeners massively begin to arrange flower beds. It is May days that are most favorable for planting many annuals and perennials, because the soil is still quite moist, but already warmed up. Seeds thrown into it instantly emerge, and seedlings take root painlessly and in a short time. Consider how flowers are planted in May and at what numbers it is better to plant certain plants.
The first half of May: we plant seeds and seedlings
Since the beginning of May is unpredictable, and after a lull in the sun, the weather may surprise you in the form of unexpected frosts, in the first half of the month seeds are planted and perennial bushes are divided that are not afraid of a cold snap.
Sowing flowers: nuances for choosing a place
Seeds until germination another 5-7 days lie in the soil, so that they are not afraid of frost. Therefore, annuals that have a short growing season can be planted with a calm soul.
This list includes:
Gypsophila. At this time, annual varieties are sown, so that by the end of July wait for a luxurious flowering. Perennials can be planted in the summer, when a place is vacated after flowering bulb.
Nasturtium. He is a little afraid of frosts, but due to long germination (up to 2 weeks) manages to wait out the critical time in the soil. Do not choose too fertile land for planting, otherwise the plant "grows fat": it gives a luxurious green mass, but it blooms poorly.
Asters In May, annual varieties are planted, which will bloom closer to autumn. Unpretentious flower withstanding drought and frequent rains. The only nuance is that it suffers from late blight, therefore, after nightshade (tomatoes, potatoes), it is not worth planting it.
One-year-old asters are planted in early May in order to wait for an early flowering. It will come in mid-late August, when most plants already pepper
Marigold. If the beginning of May turned out to be wet, then the seeds are sown to a depth of not more than 3 cm, and in dry weather they are planted deeper - by 5-7 cm. By the way, thin-leaved varieties are excellent at corrective cutting, and you can create live borders from them.
Daisies These flowers are bred both by seeds and by dividing the bush. In early May, old bushes are divided, because the seeds need warmer weather (summer). Daisies can be planted, even if they are in the flowering stage, you just have to cut all the buds so that the plant does not waste strength on them. One of the newest design techniques of registration - planting daisies on the lawn. Since the plant is stunted, the mower does not damage the sockets, but in the early spring the lawn will be strewn with beautiful little stars.
If you want to propagate varietal daisies, then do not use the seed method, since it does not preserve the properties of the mother plant. Ideal - dividing the bush
Leucanthemum. This is one of the names of everyone's favorite daisies. In gardening, both annual and perennial plants are grown. In May, varieties with a two-year development cycle are planted. Leucanthemum is called the "child of the sun" because it cannot stand the shade at all, and in a bad place it will punish you with poor flowering.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Purslane. A delicate flower that does not like the cold. But because of the long growing season (96 days), it is not worth planting later, since flowering will begin only in the fall. To protect crops from possible weather disasters, cover them with any non-woven material.
Perennial division and landing: who is not afraid of an early transplant?
May is the time to propagate early flowering plants. They have just faded, have not yet had time to lay new flower buds, so they are ready for the development of fresh territories.
In early May, 4-year-old primrose bushes begin to divide. Try to break the bush into parts so that each has at least one powerful outlet. If you delay the transplant by the end of May, the plant will suffer from heat and will cease to nourish the leaves with moisture. So you will have to water it more often, otherwise the aboveground part may completely dry. By the way, an open place is disastrous for primroses. Their element is a shadow. They feel great in tree-trunk circles and under grapes.
To primrose to keep all leaves healthy when planting, plant them on a cloudy day at the very beginning of the month, while there is enough moisture
Similarly, they love shady places and hosts. They also try to separate them at this time, until the heat has come and daily watering is not required.
The first half of the month is a good time for planting begonia tubers and cannes, gladioli bulbs. But if you were growing cannons in tubs, then wait until 15-20 numbers, since their leaves are too sensitive to changes in night and day temperatures.
In order for the cannes to grow foliage in a short time, consider when frosts end in your area, and only after them plant seedlings
If on the site there are old bushes of irises, which are already bare in the center and bulging roots above the ground, you can not wait until they bloom, but divide before the plant releases a flower arrow. All the same, such an iris will not bloom profusely, since it is crowded in the ground. Therefore, boldly dig up the plant and divide it into smaller parts. The main thing is that in each dividend there remains a fan of at least 5 leaves. Then in June this fresh seedling will already bloom.
The bare roots in the center of the iris bush indicate that it is time to divide the plant, because there will still be no good flowering
Planting seedlings and seedlings: prepare roses and petunias
Among the purchased plants that are planted in May, the most popular are roses and petunias. With roses, it is important not to miss the deadlines if you want to see the first flowering this season. Landing is advisable until May 15th. To do this, buy seedlings with an open or closed (in film) root system. Pot flowers for planting in May are also suitable, but it is better to postpone the dates to the 20th and later. These roses are grown in greenhouses, and weather changes can have a negative effect on flower buds.
The most “healthy” seedling has three powerful stems and roots at least 20 cm long. To nourish the plant with moisture, which will help to grow the root system faster, before planting, immerse the seedlings in water for 2-3 hours and only then proceed with planting.
If you plant roses before May 10, then by mid-June your pets will give out such beautiful first flowers
A three-hour bath with a growth stimulator will saturate the rose seedlings with life-giving moisture and help to recover after hibernation in the refrigerators or cellars
For petunias that have bought seedlings or grown on the windowsill, the days when cherries bloom are considered the best planting times. Already in mid-June, the plant will produce the first flowers both in open ground, and in flower pots or containers. If you sow seeds, then you have to wait until the end of the month, because seedlings need a stable thermal regime. Planting in the ground is rarely used, since the flowering period is shifted to August. In addition, too small petunia seeds are difficult to disperse so rarely so as not to thin out later, and any transplant shifts the flowering time.
The second half of May - planting of thermophilic plants
If we analyze the calendars of flower planting in May developed by landscape designers, then in the second half of the month “frogs” are sent to the ground - plants that can’t tolerate cold nights at a young age. On this list are tuberous begonias, seedlings of cineraria and cuttings of chrysanthemums that were divided and planted in the fall.
At this time, plants also begin to sow, the flowering of which will come only next year. A separate place is assigned for them (not in flower beds, but away, for example, in the garden), because this season the plants will be inconspicuous and they will not be able to decorate flower beds. Among them - viola (or tricolor violet), rudbeckia, forget-me-not, hesperis (night violet), etc. Flowers will be in the nursery until the end of August. Then they are transplanted into those flower beds, where they will bloom next year.
Forget-me-nots enough to plant on seedlings, and next year they will begin to scatter among the flower beds by self-sowing, so you have to adjust their planting
When determining the specific date of sowing or planting seedlings, it is worth checking with the lunar calendar to get on the day most favorable for arranging flower beds. It is noted that seeds planted on a positive day germinate faster and grow more actively than those whose planting occurred on the full moon or new moon.