Planting and caring for garden roses: a memo for beginner gardeners
- Type: Rosaceae
- Flowering Period: June, July, August, September
- Height: 30-300cm
- Color: white, cream, yellow, pink, orange, red, vinous
- Sun loving
If the lion is the king of animals, then the rose is the unconditional queen of the garden. From ancient times this plant was considered an object of admiration and worship. No wonder it was her who was chosen as symbols of love. The first mention of the rose can be found even in the legends of the ancient Indians. Legends of a beautiful flower are also found in the annals of Ancient Iran. According to legend, Allah himself created a charming white Rose with very sharp spikes. She was supposed to be the master of flowers instead of the magnificent, but already very lazy Lotus. Today this plant can become a real decoration for your gardens, but for this you need to learn how to choose and plant a seedling, what is the proper care for roses.
Rules for planting a garden rose
Planting and caring for roses is not as complicated as it seems. It is important to follow simple rules, and your garden will be filled with magnificent fragrant bushes.
We select and save seedlings
To initially ensure success in growing roses, you need to purchase high-quality planting material. It is better to choose plants whose root system will be closed. When planting such a seedling, the earth around the root must be preserved.
Rose seedlings are best chosen with a closed root system: they take root more easily at the planting site and are less sick
Often in modern supermarkets you can see imported roses with a closed root system, which are sold in advance. Several seedlings can be stored in the refrigerator on the lower shelf at a temperature of 0 to + 5 ° C. During storage, you will have to regularly monitor the condition of the substrate around the rhizome. It does not have to dry completely, but too much hydration is also harmful to him.
Advice! A solution of root or heteroauxin promotes root growth, so you can water them with seedlings several times.
When should I plant roses?
Spring planting of roses in the middle lane is recommended when the soil warms up to + 10 ° C. Typically, these conditions correspond to the period from late April to early May. Spring is chosen for the planting of standard roses.
Most roses are recommended autumn planting. The preferred period of work begins in mid-September and ends in mid-October. Earlier planting time is undesirable due to the fact that the rose can give warm fresh shoots that do not have time to get stronger and freeze in winter. Late planting is also dangerous, because the plant must take root before frost.
Most roses are planted in the fall. This is also convenient because when buying planting material on the market, you can see the flower itself
Planting flowers in May. Useful tips for gardeners and the May planting calendar: ozelenenie / posadka-cvetov-v-mae.html
Determine the place to land
The place for planting roses should be sunny. In the shade, roses can get bored, they stop flowering, dark spots appear on the leaves of plants, blind shoots form. The plant can be affected by powdery mildew. Choose a section that is ventilated, but has protection from strong northerly winds.
Roses adorn the garden, regardless of their location, but the plants themselves need conditions for successful growth and flowering
Roses have no particular soil preferences. They are not as capricious as it might seem. Any soil other than heavy clay and light sandy loam is suitable for them. The landing site should not be located where groundwater is close to the surface of the earth.
The process of planting roses
Planting pits need to be dug so deep and wide that the roots of the plant are spacious. If the soil is fertile, then half a meter of depth and the same width will be sufficient. For clay soil with the same width of the pit in depth, you need to dig 60-70 cm.
It is necessary to prepare a nutrient mixture for filling in the pit. It consists of humus or compost, rotted manure and soil. Fertilizers should not be in contact with the roots of the plant, so we sprinkle them with a layer of soil.
The soil or substrate with which the roots of the plant are closed must be preserved: the rose quickly adapts to new conditions of life
Before planting a seedling, pour water into the pit so that it is absorbed. If the root system of the rose is closed, it is not necessary to free the root from the ground. If the root is free, it must be cut to a third of the length and soaked in plain water or a root growth stimulator for two hours.
Shoots should also be pruned:
- in polyanthus and tea-hybrid roses so that there are 2-3 buds on each of the shoots;
- in floribunda roses, leave 3-4 buds;
- in park roses, shoots are shortened by 10-15 cm;
- in a groundcover rose, only root sections are trimmed (renew, not shorten).
The seedling should be sprinkled with soil so that the grafting site is approximately 5 cm below the ground. Remove wax from the burial place, if any. The earth should be tamped and watered again. In this way, air that could remain around the roots is removed, and the closest contact of the plant and soil is achieved. The sapling can be spudded by about 10-15 cm. The formed hill needs to be removed in two weeks - the time for which the sapling should take root.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Rules for arranging a rose garden from a climbing rose: //diz-cafe.com/rastenija/posadka-i-uhod-za-pletistoy-rozoy.html
Reproduction of the Queen of the Garden
There are not so many ways to propagate roses. But the desire to have as many of these undeniably beautiful and diverse plants on the site as possible is so great that gardeners seek to master them all to the maximum extent. Here is a list of ways to propagate the rose:
- Budding. On the bark of the trunk of the plant, close to the ground level, a T-shaped incision is made, into which a cultivated kidney is inserted, and then fixed with a film. The scion can use the developed root system of the stock. Such an operation is simple, but requires some experience.
- Seeds This method is used extremely rarely due to the fact that the result has to wait a long time, and there is no certainty that it will turn out to be positive. Yes, and the germination of rose seeds leaves much to be desired.
- Layering. Shrub and climbing roses propagate in this way because they have long and strong stems. The shoot of the plant in the lower part is incised for 8 cm, a sliver or a match is inserted into the incision. The cut part of the shoot is placed in the ground and fixed, and its free tip is tied to a peg. The rooted shoot is cut off from the parent bush.
- Cuttings. The method is good because roses rooted in this way will not give wild shoots. A stalk is part of a strong shoot. It is cut off next to the leaf bud, and germinated using root stimulants. After the root appears, the rose can be planted in the ground.
It is good to use the lay method only for propagating plants with long stems, which are used to create a new rose bush
Garden Rose Care Guidelines
For a rose to bloom and delight its owners for many years, you should pay attention to it, do not forget to feed it and protect it from viral diseases. Do not be afraid of difficulties: caring for different types of roses growing in the garden is not as complicated as it seems.
Manure is a natural fertilizer and preference should be given, of course, to it. Horse manure is considered the best, having at least six months ago. Chicken and pork manure, especially when fresh, can seriously harm the plant: it is sour and young shoots can simply burn. Fresh manure also has a bad effect on soil, because it blocks nitrogen.
Manure is a natural fertilizer, therefore, the most acceptable. When choosing fertilizing, preference should be given to rotted horse manure or mullein
During the formation of buds, you need to feed the plant with a solution of calcium nitrate at the rate of 1 tbsp. for 10 liters of water. At the time of active growth and development of the plant, it should be watered every 10-15 days with herbal infusion, a solution of mineral fertilizers, chicken droppings or infused mullein. To make fertilizing better perceived by the plant, it is better to make the same mineral fertilizers in dissolved form and after the next watering. When the first half of summer is already behind, that is, in the second part of July, the dressing of the rose stops. The plant begins to prepare for winter.
Plants are also able to survive stress. It is in this state that they are in a period of intense heat, cold or lingering rains. To make roses easier to overcome difficult times in your life, you need to spray them with zircon, epin, eco-strength or sodium humate. Overfed roses give abundant greens, but bloom very sparingly.
Roses need to be watered no more than once a week. If the summer is hot, then the frequency of watering can be doubled. Irrigation rate - a bucket of warm water for each bush. It is necessary to pour water under the root, trying not to fall on the foliage. Water should penetrate the soil to a depth of at least 20-30cm. If the watering of roses is not deep, surface roots can form that are easily damaged.
A rose in dew is a magnificent sight, but nature ordered that the dew disappear with the first rays of the sun, otherwise its drops, like magnifying glasses, would enhance the energy of the sun and burn the petals: you need to water the roses under the root
If there is no one to water roses for a long period (more than a week), the soil at the base of the plant should be covered with humus, mowed grass or tree bark. This measure not only retains moisture at the roots, but also prevents the growth of weeds.
With a lack of moisture, the flowers of the plant can become small, but roses should not be poured: this can lead to a reduction in the supply of oxygen to the roots. As a result, the leaves turn yellow in the plant. To prevent this from happening, do not forget to loosen the soil after watering.
Prevention, control of disease and parasites
Of course, proper feeding and watering is important, but the process of caring for a garden rose is not limited to this. One of the most unpleasant diseases for a garden rose is powdery mildew. Preventive measures will help take care of the plant's health in advance. The rose must be sprayed directly on the leaves with a solution of ordinary drinking soda at the rate of 40 g of soda per liter of water. This should be done from spring 2-3 times in a week, as well as at the beginning of summer.
Plants, like all life on earth, can get sick. These are not random spots or traces of fertilizer. It is powdery mildew that is easier to prevent than to treat.
Aphids are a big nuisance for roses. But you can overcome it. To do this, boil a bucket of water, put in it a piece of grated laundry soap and a couple of branches of wormwood, after which they cook for 10-15 minutes. With a cooled and filtered solution, roses are sprayed. After a week, the procedure should be repeated. If the aphid stubbornly does not want to leave the plant, you will have to use a systemic poison, for example, Aktara.
Aphids will not appear on roses at all if you plant lavender or nasturtium under them. And calendula and marigolds will help get rid of beetles. By the way, health roses, like people, will add onions and garlic. In their environment, plants become more fragrant and less sick.
Stains on the leaves, cracks in the stems and the cessation of the development of buds indicate a disease. Affected branches should be removed. Prepare the infusion of horsetail, wormwood and nettles, which spray the rose.
This is useful! How to hide roses for the winter: //diz-cafe.com/rastenija/kak-ukryt-rozy-na-zimu.html
A few words about pruning roses
The shoots of plants growing inward should be pruned. This stimulates the emergence of young shoots and active flowering. Fading flowers need to be removed, then the saved energy of the plant will be directed to a new wave of flowering, which will be more plentiful.
Just look what a beauty! But all this splendor can be grown with your own hands. If someone succeeded, you will definitely succeed
There are a lot of pruning rules, and this topic is undoubtedly worth a separate article.