Pineapple: planting, caring and hope for success

Pineapple is a popular tropical plant that can be grown at home. An additional advantage, in addition to its exotic appearance, is its unpretentiousness. However, there are several rules regarding the proper planting and care of this crop.

Pineapple planting methods

In nature, pineapple is propagated by seeds and basal layers, and at home you can get a good plant from the top.

Tops

If you want to plant the top of a pineapple, then carefully consider acquiring a “mother” fetus. Such a fruit should be ripe. Carefully inspect the top. It should be fresh, without rot and defects and with a healthy core of bright green color.

Suitable tops can be found in late spring, early autumn and summer. The tops from the “winter” pineapples will not work - they are often exposed to cold temperatures, freeze and therefore cannot develop into a good plant.

The top with a healthy green core is suitable for further cultivation.

The landing process involves several steps. First you need to remove the top. There are two ways to do this:

  1. Gently cut the top, grabbing the pulp 2-3 cm.
  2. Grasp with one hand the fruit, with the other - at the top and scroll it several times.

Pineapple top can be cut or twisted

Then you need to prepare the top for landing. Try to do all the work carefully, otherwise the workpiece will rot:

  1. Thoroughly clear the top of the remaining pulp.
  2. Remove the lower leaves so that a light cylinder 2-3 cm long is formed.

    Leaves from the bottom of the top should be removed.

  3. Disinfect slices to prevent decay:
    1. Prepare a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate (1 g of powder per 200 g of water) and place the top in it for 1 minute. Then rinse and dry.
    2. Sprinkle slices with activated charcoal (you need to crush 1-2 tablets).
  4. After processing, dry the tip for 5-7 days in an upright position (the slices should not touch the surfaces) in a dark, dry room at room temperature.

    The tops of pineapple are dried in an upright position

  5. Root (optional):
    1. To do this, place the cleaned part of the top in a glass filled with warm water, 3-4 cm. Try to change the water every 2 days.

      When rooting the top of the pineapple in the water, the roots should appear in 2-3 weeks

    2. The blank must be kept in a warm, bright place, but not in direct sunlight, and drafts and temperature extremes should be avoided.
    3. As a rule, the roots appear after 2-3 weeks.

      The top of the pineapple with roots can be planted in a pot

    4. When they reach a length of 2 cm, the top can be transplanted into the pot.

After the preparatory work, you can begin to plant the top in the ground:

  1. Prepare a small pot (200–300 ml) and make drainage holes in it.
  2. Put drainage on the bottom (expanded clay, fine gravel), and then the soil:
    • turf land (3 parts) + sand (1 part) + humus (1 part);
    • turf land (3 parts) + humus (2 parts) + peat (2 parts) + rotted sawdust (2 parts) + sand (1 part);
    • sand (1 part) + peat (1 part);
    • ready-made primer for bromeliads or cacti.

      At the bottom of the pot, pour drainage

  3. Moisten the soil and in the center make a hole 3 cm deep.
  4. Pour 0.5–1 tbsp. l charcoal.
  5. Carefully place the tip in the hole and spread the roots.
  6. Sprinkle the soil with soil, slightly compacting, and water again.

    Soil after planting needs to be slightly compacted

  7. Cover the planting with a plastic bag so that the leaves do not touch the film, or place it under a glass container, and then put it in a warm, bright place.

    The microclimate under the glass cover will help the pineapple take root faster

Florists planting pineapples, 2 days before planting, are recommended to spill the soil with boiling water to disinfect it and provide the desired level of humidity.

The fact that the top is rooted, says the appearance of new leaves. Until this time, keep the workpiece under cover, providing it first with small (10 minutes 2 times a day), and then all the longer ventilation until the cover is completely removed. Water moderately. Experienced growers are advised to moisten not only the soil, but also the outlet. Do not allow condensation to get on the leaves, wipe or change the film.

For all work and for further irrigation, only soft water is suitable - settled for a day, melt, rain or boiled.

Seeds

This method is rarely used, since there are almost no seeds in the pineapples on sale. In addition, in stores you can often find hybrids whose seeds do not carry the properties of the mother plant, so it is recommended to take material only from proven plants, for example, those that themselves were grown from seed and gave good results.

Pineapple Seed

In pineapple, the bones are in the pulp right under the skin. If they have a dark brown color and are hard to the touch, then they can be planted. Carefully remove the seeds with a knife and rinse in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 200 ml of water), then remove, dry on a paper towel and start sowing.

Pineapple Seeds Suitable for Planting - Dark Brown, Hard

Stages of preparation and landing:

  1. Soak. Place moistened material (cotton cloth or cotton pads) on the bottom of the container or on a plate. Put the bones on it and cover them on top with the same material. Place the workpiece in a warm place for 18-24 hours. Seeds should swell a little.
  2. Sowing in soil. Fill the container for planting with a mixture of peat and peeled sand (they should be taken in equal parts), moisten the soil and plant seeds at a distance of 7-10 cm from each other, deepening them by 1-2 cm.
  3. After sowing, be sure to cover the container with film or glass and place in a warm place.
  4. The time of emergence of the seedlings depends on the temperature: at 30–32 ° C, the seeds will germinate in 2-3 weeks, in colder conditions the seedlings will appear no earlier than in 30–45 days.

Shoots usually appear within 3-4 weeks, while the temperature should not be lower than 30 ° C. Ventilate the plantings regularly (10 minutes 2 times a day) and water the soil as needed. If you sowed the seeds in a common container, then after the third leaf appears in the seedlings, peck them into separate containers:

  1. Prepare pots with a volume of 0.5-0.7 liters. Make drainage holes in them and fill 1/3 with crushed expanded clay or fine gravel.
  2. Pour the soil (turf soil (2 parts) + humus (1 part) + sand (1 part)).
  3. Well moisten the soil in a container with sprouts 2 hours before a dive.
  4. Before picking, moisten the soil in tanks and make holes in it 2 cm deep.
  5. Carefully remove the sprout, keeping a lump of earth on the roots, and place in the hole. Sprinkle with soil, slightly compacting it.
  6. Cover the containers with foil and place in a warm, bright place.

Sprouts need to be dived to provide enough space for the roots

Keep the sprouts in the "greenhouse" until they root (the signs are the same as at the top), providing them with airing (20-30 minutes every day). Also do not forget to water the soil when drying.

Layering

You can plant pineapple this way if you already have an adult plant. Unfortunately, the pineapple bush dies shortly after it gives the crop, and if you want to continue cultivating the pineapple, you can very well do this with the help of layering.

For planting, layering is suitable, the leaves on which have reached a length of 15 cm.

Pineapple can be propagated by layering

Step-by-step process:

  1. Carefully break out the root layers.
  2. Dry in a vertical position with the outlet downside down for 5-7 days in a dark place at room temperature so that tissue forms on the slices. Remember that layering should not touch any surfaces.
  3. Take a 0.3 L pot and fill it:
    1. The drainage layer is 2-3 cm.
    2. Soil (turf land (3 parts) + humus (2 parts) + peat (2 parts) + rotted sawdust (2 parts) + sand (1 part)). Pour boiling water 1–2 days before planting.
  4. Make a hole in the moistened soil with a depth of 2–2.5 cm and plant layers in it, after sprinkling the roots with charcoal. Lightly compact the soil.
  5. Cover the landings with foil and put in a warm, bright place.

Sprouts must be covered until rooting.

Pineapple Care Rules

To get a quality plant, you need to follow several simple agrotechnical rules, paying special attention to lighting and temperature conditions, since it is from them that the health and development of pineapple depends.

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Lighting

For proper development, pineapple needs about 12 hours of daylight. It is desirable to place the plant in a bright place, a partial stay in direct sunlight is allowed.

In winter, pineapple must be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp.

Pineapple needs to be placed in a bright place, it needs daylight hours about 12 hours

Temperature

Pineapple is a heat-loving culture, therefore it is necessary to carefully observe the temperature regime, otherwise the plant will not be able to develop correctly. In summer, the temperature should be maintained within 25–30 ° С, in winter - 18–20 ° С. Also try to avoid sudden changes in temperature and drafts (especially in winter when airing), since hypothermia negatively affects the health of the pineapple and can provoke its death.

Transfer

It is advisable to transplant pineapple every year in the summer. An annual plant can be transplanted into a pot with a volume of 1 liter, a two-year-old with a volume of 2–2.5 liters, a three-year-old with a volume of 3-4 liters. Plant immediately in a large tank is not worth it, because the soil can quickly become acidic. When transplanting, use the transshipment method to preserve the earthen lump and not damage the root system: for this purpose, do not water the soil for several days when it dries, turn the pot over and remove the plant. At each transplant, sprinkle the root neck (the place where the trunk goes to the root) with 0.5 cm soil.

Step-by-step process:

  1. Prepare a pot of the required volume and fill it 1/3 with drainage material.
  2. Pour a little soil on top of it (you can take the same one that was used when planting).
  3. Remove the pineapple from the pot as described above and put the resulting lump in the center of the new container.

    Pineapple should be transplanted according to the basic scheme of transshipment of domestic plants - while preserving the coma of the earth on the roots

  4. Fill the empty space between the plant and the walls of the pot with soil.
  5. Water the soil well and place the pot in a bright place.

Pineapple does not have a strongly developed root system, so it is advisable to choose shallow wide pots for it.

Watering

There are several features that relate to proper watering of pineapple:

  • For watering, you need to use water with a temperature not lower than 27 ° C. It must also be acidified by adding citric acid (1/5 tsp. Powder to 250 ml of water).
  • There is no consensus among gardeners on how to properly water a pineapple, so study different methods and choose the most convenient for you:
    • Watering at a power outlet. If you want to water the pineapple in this way, do it once every 7–10 days, and moisten the soil only when it dries, or put the pot in a tray with a moistened substrate. If the water in the outlet stagnates, then try to remove it, otherwise the leaves may begin to rot. A situation may also arise that the outlet does not absorb water at all. In this case, go on watering the soil.
    • Watering the soil. It is carried out less often - about once every 2 weeks, while it is necessary to moisten all soil layers, while avoiding stagnation of water, otherwise the roots will begin to rot.
  • Every 2-3 days, spray the leaves or wipe them with a damp cloth. If the pineapple absorbs water well, then you can leave a small amount of it in the base of the leaves of the lower row, so as not to dry the roots.
  • In winter, watering should be carried out 2 times less often than in summer. It is better to refuse spraying during this period.

Top dressing

Organic and mineral fertilizers can be used to feed pineapple. If you want to use natural fertilizer, then in this case a solution of mullein is best. It is prepared as follows:

  1. Mix dry organics (50 g) with water in equal parts.
  2. Leave to insist under the lid for 7–10 days in a warm, dry place.
  3. Before use, dilute the resulting solution with water, taking 1 part of the mixture to 1 part of the mixture.

You can prepare a solution for several top dressings at once and store it in a tightly closed container. For the season, 2 cans of 3 liters are usually prepared. For one feeding of a young plant (2–2.5 years), 10–15 ml of a solution is required, for an older one, 20–30 ml, applied under the root to a previously moistened soil. This method of feeding is suitable if it is possible to put a pot of pineapple on the balcony or in the greenhouse for the summer.

You can also feed pineapple with flower fertilizer (Agricola, Kemira, Azalea), having prepared it according to the instructions, but taking the powder 2 times less than recommended for feeding other plants. In this case, the outlet and leaves should be sprayed. It is also better to use the mineral complex during flowering, and then return to organics again. It is undesirable to use lime and ash as fertilizers. Pineapple needs to be fed after it reaches the age of 1.5–2 years, 1 time in 15–20 days from the beginning of March to the beginning of August.

Many flower growers recommend spraying pineapple with a solution of iron sulfate (1 g of powder per 1 liter of water). A similar procedure should be carried out once a month from the beginning of March to the end of September.

Flowering stimulation

Typically, pineapple begins to bloom in the 3rd year after planting. If this does not happen, then you can stimulate its flowering yourself by fumigating the plant with smoke or pouring it with a special solution. But be careful: the stimulation procedure can only be carried out with strong, well-developed plants, the leaves of which have reached a length of 60 cm, and the base of the rosette has a diameter of 8-10 cm.

Table: ways to stimulate the flowering of pineapple

MethodTechnology
Watering with calcium carbide solution (acetylene)
  1. Pour calcium carbide (1 tsp) with water (500 ml) and mix.
  2. Stand for a day in a sealed container.
  3. Pour the resulting solution into a separate container.
  4. Water them for 7 days. One watering will take 50 g of solution.
Fumigation
  1. Put a plastic bag on the pineapple pot.
  2. Place iron utensils with several steaming coals under the bag or lay them on the ground. You can use cigarettes.
  3. Light a landing for 10 minutes.

Repeat the procedure 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days.

Use of plant stimulants
  1. Place several (usually 3-4) ripe apples, bananas, or tomatoes in a pot on the ground.
  2. Put a plastic bag over the pineapple.
  3. Leave for 2 weeks. If stimulants begin to rot, replace them with new ones.

This method is effective if the room temperature is 26 ° C.

Pineapple care in the greenhouse

If you have a heated greenhouse, you can try growing pineapple in it:

  1. Prepare the ground. It should consist of a mixture of garden soil, humus, peat in equal amounts and sand (it needs to be taken 2 times less than any other component). The soil layer is 25–35 cm.
  2. Moisten the soil and drop rosettes or cuttings into it at a distance of 1 m from each other in holes 3-5 cm deep.

The main condition is that the air temperature should not be lower than 25 ° C, the soil temperature should not be lower than 20 ° C.

Pineapple is best grown in large boxes mounted on stands to hold heating appliances under them.

Landing care is the same as at home. Try to water the plants with acidified with citric acid water, the temperature of which is not lower than the temperature in the greenhouse. Acetylene, rather than fumigation, can be used to stimulate flowering so as not to harm other plants.

Pineapples can be successfully grown in a greenhouse

Pest and Disease Control

Pineapple is a plant with a fairly strong immunity, but there are several problems that you may encounter when breeding this crop:

  • Drying leaves. This usually happens if the plant is in direct sunlight or the temperature is excessively high. Move the pot to a cooler or shaded place and spray it with water.
  • Blanching of the leaves. A sign of a lack of light, so rearrange the plant in a bright place.
  • Decay of the base. This is due to increased humidity and cold. Put the pineapple in a warmer place and let the soil dry. Continue to moderate watering.

Table: Pineapple Pest Control

PestSigns of defeatControl measures
Shield
  • The plant stops growing, its leaves dry and die.
  • The sheets are covered with brown plaques.
  • Sticky mucus appears on the plant.
  1. Soak a cotton swab in the solution (liquid soap (15 ml) + denatured alcohol (10 ml) + water (1 l)) and wipe the affected areas. Please note that the solution must not be allowed to enter the soil. The next day, wash the soapy areas with clean water.
  2. After mechanical removal of the pests, treat the pineapple with a special preparation (Actellik, Aktara, Fosbetsid), especially paying attention to the inside of the leaves.
Spider mite
  • The plant slows down in growth and weakens.
  • White or yellowish dots appear on the leaves.
  • A cobweb forms on the plant, especially in places between the stem and the leaf.
  1. Remove the most affected leaves.
  2. Prepare a soap solution and rinse the plant thoroughly. You can leave the soap for 3 hours, then rinse and put on a wet plant bag. The greenhouse needs to be kept for 2-3 days. If you doubt the effectiveness of such a measure, then after washing and drying, apply the chemical.
  3. Treat the pineapple with a special preparation (Apollo, Nisoran, Sanmayt), having prepared it according to the instructions.
MealybugTypically, symptoms appear in winter when the plant is in the least favorable conditions (dry air, lack of light). Only the aerial part of the plant is affected.
  • Young parts of the plant greatly slow down growth.
  • A white waxy coating appears on the leaves.
  1. Wipe the affected areas with soap and water. Rinse them the next day. You can also use a garlic solution: grind 4-5 cloves and pour boiling water, leave for 24 hours, and then wipe the damaged areas.
  2. Use a special preparation (Rogor, Fosfamide, Aktara, Actellik, Fitoverm), having prepared it according to the instructions.
Root wormThis pest affects the root of the plant, it is difficult to recognize it by external signs. You should be wary if, with proper care, the pineapple stops growing, and yellowness appears on its leaves (subsequently they wrinkle and die off). In this case, remove it from the pot and carefully inspect the roots. If you notice small white insects, then start treatment immediately.
  1. Rinse the pineapple roots thoroughly and cut out the most affected areas
  2. Place the pineapple roots for 20 minutes in water heated to 55 ° C. Then remove and dry for 12–15 hours.
  3. Rinse the pot thoroughly and replace the soil.
  4. After planting, treat the pineapple with a special preparation (Aktara, Dantop, Mospilan, Spirotetramat).

Photo gallery: who threatens pineapple

Scale shield affects many home plants, pineapple is no exception

Pineapple stops growing due to rootworm activity

A white waxy coating on the leaves is a sign of the appearance of a mealybug

A spider mite is invisible to the naked eye, but traces of its activity are visible on plants

When controlling pests, it is advisable to use chemicals, not limited to manual processing. The fact is that otherwise only adult insects are destroyed, and the eggs remain intact. Carefully read the instructions for the drug: it is possible that you will need to re-process. If you have other plants, rearrange the pineapple in a separate place to reduce the risk of infection. Место, на котором стоял горшок с ананасом, необходимо хорошо промыть хозяйственным мылом или хлоркой.

Популярные сорта ананаса

В домашних условиях вы можете выращивать ананасы в различных целях. Размножение и уход во всех случаях осуществляются одинаково.

Ананас прицветниковый

Популярный сорт ананаса, имеющий замечательную особенность: от пребывания на солнце его листья приобретают розово-красноватые оттенки. Листья достигают в длину 1 м, имеют белые и жёлтые полосы. В отличие от других ананасов, этот вид живёт около 7 лет. Часто используется как декоративное растение. Подходит для разведения в домашних условиях.

Особенностью ананаса прицветникового является наличие полос

Ананас Каена

Куст достигает в высоту 0, 3–0, 5 м, имеет множество тёмно-зелёных листьев. Подходит для посадки дома, не занимает много места, хорошо размножается отводками. Предпочитает пористые, хорошо дренируемые почвы. Плоды формирует маленькие, длиной не больше 7–10 см и весом в пределах 0, 5 кг, которые могут использоваться в пищу.

Плоды ананаса Каена могут использоваться в пищу

Что я только не выращивала на своем подоконнике, но сейчас я хочу рассказать вам о ананасе «Каена». Данный ананас мне подарили весной, на восьмое марта. Ананас был красивым, густым, с красивой розеткой красных мелких цветочков. Через какой то промежуток времени стал появляться маленький плод ананаса, сперва зеленый, потом начал желтеть, от опадания цветов до появления желтого плода прошло наверное пол года. Плод ананаса по вкусу очень-очень сладкий, мягкий, не такой, какой продают в магазине. Конечно после очищения от кожурки там не осталось почти ничего, но вся моя семья смогла попробовать и оценить. Ананас (зелень) сама по себе не высокая, 20–25 см. А фрукт был около 7 см.

Raspi

Ананас Чампака

Куст достигает в высоту 0, 8–0, 9 м, образует длинные зелёные листья с сизым налётом и колючками по краям. В домашних условиях в основном используется как декоративное растение, не образуя съедобный плод.

Ананас Чампака часто используется как декоративное растение

Вырастить ананас — нетрудное дело, достаточно лишь правильно подготовить его к посадке и соблюдать несложные правила ухода. Следуйте всем рекомендациям, и вы получите замечательное растение, которое не только послужит украшением вашего дома, но и порадует урожаем.

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