Penguin is a productive raspberry that does not require garter and formation
You have been growing raspberries for many years and still have no way to get a good harvest? Tired of European hybrids with surprisingly tasty berries, but requiring painstaking care? Do you dream that raspberries grew on their own, without dowling to the ground, garters to the trellis, uproots overgrown? Do you want to grow a highly productive repair form in harsh climates? Then the fabulous raspberries with the funny name Penguin may have been created for you.
History of Raspberry Penguin Growing
The author of this raspberry is Ivan Vasilievich Kazakov, an outstanding Russian breeder and scientist. It was he who became the founder of a new direction for our country - the raspberry of the repairant type, created modern varieties that have no analogues in the world. Among them: suitable for machine harvesting, high-yielding (10–20 t / ha), resistant to diseases, pests and adverse weather conditions, capable of growing in different climatic zones.
Video: grade author I.V. Kazakov and his raspberries on Radio Russia
Kazakov's creations formed the basis of the Russian assortment of raspberries. Penguin enters into it. The variety appeared in the early 2000s and to this day is the subject of meaningless debate about the taste of its berries. Amateurs and farmers grow this raspberry. And everyone describes the taste in their own way: sour, sweet, fresh, sour-sweet, sweet with sourness. There are such sayings: “Last year I was cloying, but in this - I like the taste.” But aesthetes about the Penguin do not argue, everyone calls his bushes surprisingly beautiful. Sometimes they even regret picking a berry, they cannot stop looking at it.
Penguin bush is covered with berries, fruit branches form even near the ground
On the Internet, I met the namesake of this raspberry or double - the King Penguin. Some write an article about him as about Kazakov's raspberries, and repeat the characteristics of the raspberries described here. Seedlings under this name are sold by well-known suppliers, in particular, the Search agricultural company. According to the description on her website, this is a completely different variety: the bush is tall, the berries are large up to 10 g, the yield is simply amazing - 10 kg from the bush.
In the online store of the Moscow nursery "Yuzhny" there is also a King Penguin, which is very different from what the "Search" sells. Here, all the characteristics of the Penguin Kazakov are exactly repeated. Why he became Royal, one can only guess. All this is misleading to gardeners, some have already decided that the King Penguin is a revised version. I want to say in defense of the Penguin that he is one in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. No other varieties with the same name have yet been tested and certified.
The variety lives up to its name. Firmly stands on the ground without any trellis. It seems to be well-fed, thanks to the thick, juicy stalk and side branches splendidly growing on it. At the height of summer, the bush in its shape resembles a small Christmas tree, and by autumn it is dressed up with balls of berries of various shades: from green to dark raspberry. Many fruits point upward, like the beak of an important and a little curious penguin.
Penguin berries are often directed upward.
The height of the shoots is up to 150 cm, usually 110–130 cm. The side branches sprout themselves, it is not necessary to pinch the top of the stem for this, as with ordinary raspberries. The variety is called one of the earliest among the repair forms. Berries begin to ripen in the conditions of Krasnodar in mid-July, in St. Petersburg - in early August. The penguin was listed in the State Register in 2008 with access to cultivation in all regions of the Russian Federation.
Penguin annual shoots are green, without anthocyanin color, densely covered with a wax coating and thin spikes. On two-year-old shoots, the spikes are located less often, most of them are concentrated at the base. But few people leave shoots of this variety in the second year.
Video: Penguin crop in the year of planting
The penguin is grown according to a one-year technology, that is, in the fall, the entire aboveground part is mown and burned, so that raspberries do not get sick. You will not find wormy berries, because by August, when they begin to ripen, all pests are already ceasing their active life.
The fruits of Raspberry Penguin are large: the average weight is more than 4 g, the maximum is up to 7 g. They have a round shape, are easily separated from the root. Some gardeners dispute the latter fact, perhaps the reason is a deceptive coloring. The red berries of the Penguin seem ripe, they want to eat, but in reality they still hold on tightly to the branch and haven’t got their taste. It is necessary to wait until they become dark raspberry, it is this color that is characteristic of a fully ripened berry.
Penguin gives very few shoots - 4–6, coupled with a small growth it seems very compact, even dwarf. But the yield is impressive - 2-3 kg of berries from the bush or 8-12 t / ha. The fruits are dense, do not crumble into drupes, hold their shape, are well transported, have a universal purpose. Taste professional tasters rate 3.7 out of 5 points, there is no raspberry flavor. Not very high score, but averaged. Many gardeners are happy with the Penguin berry and consider it the most delicious among the remont.
Great influence on the taste have:
- in sunny summer more sugar accumulates in the berries;
- after a hot summer, cool autumn has come - sourness will appear in the sugary-sweet berry;
- the summer is rainy and cold - the berries will be sour.
- Composition and structure of the soil: on poor clay and sandy soils, berries grow fresh.
- The quality of care, because macro- and microelements are responsible for good taste, you need to replenish the earth with them, making top dressing.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Penguin— table
|Does not give shoots, does not creep on the site||It is difficult to propagate, some gardeners even use the method of cuttings|
|All shoots are cut in autumn, there is nothing to bend to the ground||In regions with snowy winters, roots need to be protected from frost|
|Shoots are low, stable, do not need to be tied to trellises||Does not show the declared yield when growing on a two-year technology|
|High yield with compactness and easy maintenance||The berries have a simple, unremarkable flavor without aroma.|
|The berries are large, dense|
|High decorativeness of the bushes during ripening|
|Very long harvest period: from early August to mid-October|
|With a one-year cultivation method, it does not get sick, is not affected by pests|
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How to Plant and Grow Raspberry Penguin
Remembering that the taste of this raspberry also depends on agricultural technology, pay due attention to the preparation of the site. Choose the sunniest place for the Penguin. Fill the ground with fertilizers, add 1.5 buckets of humus and 0.5 l of wood ash for each square meter of the area allocated for raspberry. Add a glass of dolomite flour to acidic soil, and if you prepare a bed in the autumn, scatter superphosphate (1-2 tbsp. L / m²) for digging.
Superphosphate can be added in the spring, but it dissolves for a very long time, and plants need it already at the beginning of the growing season. Therefore, they fertilize them in the fall, so that by the spring he has time to switch to a form accessible to plants.
If your site has light loamy, sandy loamy soil or chernozem, then just dig the site, applying fertilizer
If the soil is heavy and clay, then the Penguin is best planted on a raised bed:
- Dig a trench 30–50 cm wide and deep on the spade bayonet (30 cm).
- At the bottom, lay a pillow 15-20 cm thick from waste of plant origin: branches of shrubs and trees, weeds, last year's leaves, kitchen waste, etc.
- Mix the removed soil with humus or compost (1: 1), you can additionally add loosening materials: peat, chopped tree bark, old sawdust, etc.
- Fill the trench with this soil mixture. Get a bed with a height of about 15-20 cm. To prevent the earth from crumbling from it, install a box.
Video: raspberry trenches on a farm plot
The size of the raspberry penguin patch depends on the number of seedlings and the planting pattern. To create a solid wall, place plants 70 cm apart. If there is not enough planting material, you want to grow separate bushes, then increase the distance to 1.5 m. The row spacing is at least 2 m. Planting on a prepared and fertilized bed does not cause any difficulties: make holes to the size of the roots, spill them with hot water in the sun and plant the seedlings. The root neck can be deepened by 2-3 cm, but no more.
For the tape method of growing, the distance between the seedlings should be 70 cm
Caring for raspberries Penguin is very simple and consists of only three agricultural methods:
- Watering. Irrigate raspberries once a week. It is necessary to wet a lump of earth to a depth of 30–40 cm. Watering may be needed when it rains, if they are drizzling and moisten only the surface of the soil. During ripening, stop watering the berries. Keep the earth under the mulch.
- Top dressing. Those fertilizers that were introduced during planting will be enough for the first 2-3 years. Then start feeding:
- Immediately after the snow melts and after 2 weeks, when shoots are actively growing - with nitrogen-containing fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate, nitroammophos, etc.) or infusions of bird droppings, mullein, and weeds.
- In the bud budding phase and during the flowering period, give 1-2 dressings with mixtures of micro and macro elements, without nitrogen or with a low nitrogen content. Suitable wood ash or store fertilizers for berry crops (Agricola, Fertika, Clean Sheet, Gumi Omi, etc.).
- In the fall, before freezing, under each bush make 1.5 tbsp. l superphosphate and mulch with humus or compost (2 buckets per bush). By lazy technology, you can do just one autumn top dressing. But if you are unhappy with the yield and taste of berries, try to “treat” the Penguin and the above fertilizers.
- Autumn pruning and cleaning. With the advent of cold weather, cut all the shoots at ground level. Rake the leaves, pluck the weeds. Take away all these plant debris from the site or burn.
Video: Raspberry Penguin Ripens
Harvesting and processing
Collect raspberries Penguin - a real pleasure. Firstly, bushes with ripe berries look very beautiful. Secondly, you do not need to look inside each berry, and then also soak in salt water to get rid of the worms. They are not there. Thirdly, the berries are large, quickly fill the container, do not crumple. There is another plus: after ripening, the fruits wait for you on the bushes for about five more days, do not crumble and do not lose their qualities. But if the weather is hot in your area at that time, then it can dry out. The first light frosts are not afraid of berries, they will warm up in the afternoon in the sun and continue to sing.
Raspberry penguin berries are firm, retain their shape
The Penguin berry holds its shape well, so it will transfer the transportation from the site to the city apartment or to the market for sale. It can be frozen and dried for tea. Of course, from this raspberry it turns out a healthy jam. But before starting harvesting, you must be sure to get enough fresh fruits to replenish your body with vitamins and minerals.
I definitely like the penguin. You can look at it for a very long time, it’s even a pity to remove berries, beauties. This year on the bush left 3 shoots. Now they are covered in berries. The berry itself is also very beautiful - dark, large, beautifully shaped, dense, but not dry. Taste - he is, all of the above allows him to forgive sourness. Although she does not spoil it. I would even say that he is somewhat similar to Hercules, only satiation. The aroma is also there, but rather weak, like all the repairmen, or almost all of them. Very, very like it.Elena Koshevaya
A variety for busy and lazy, not requiring support and trellis. The berry does not burn in the sun (comparison with the Shelf), but with prohibitive plus values it is cooked on bushes. In the conditions of our hot climate, you can’t count on crops without watering. Productivity is lower than that of the Shelf (if you take it as a standard). The variety is not sick. Difficulties arise when separating unripe berries, but visually it is visible and this does not create a big problem for pickers. Transportability by 4 (Shelf 5). To taste - sugary sweet, a big minus - the lack of raspberry notes. In the fall, the taste improves due to the appearance of a small acidity.Zhora 61
Basically, the Penguin starts to bear fruit from the beginning of August (sometimes there are some berries at the end of July). Fruits in mid-October, but the main crop is August-September.Tamara St. Petersburg
Variety Penguin is called raspberries for the lazy. There are no difficulties in growing. There are more advantages than disadvantages. The most significant drawback is the usual taste, without frills. Perhaps the Penguin will not become the main variety in your collection, but it is worthy of a small sunny corner in the garden.