Overview of Arcadia grapes: basic characteristics and nuances of agricultural technology
Arcadia is a time-tested variety that is perfect for both commercial cultivation and mental satisfaction. It should be noted that Arcadia grapes are not only the record holder for the sale of seedlings per year, but also among the five varieties intended for trade purposes. So, let's figure out what this grape is so loved by gardeners.
About the history of selection of the variety Arcadia
The hybrid variety Arcadia, which is also known as Nastya, appeared a little more than 20 years ago in the city of Odessa. And breeders of the Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking named after V.E. Tairova from the dark blue grapes of Moldova and the purple Cardinal.
Interestingly, despite the colors of the berries of her ancestors, Arcadia herself has light berries
So, Moldova has shared with Arcadia, a good adaptation to climatic changes in the environment. But from the Cardinal variety, the plant got all its properties of berries, which gardeners like so much.
Together with the light Arcadia, the pink variety of this variety was also bred, but during the first test it showed low quality characteristics and was worked out by selectors (better known as the Helios variety)
Variety Arcadia is a vigorous plant with large shoots.
Up to 70% of the shoots of the plant give the brush
Broad-leaved leaves, pubescent and with bristles. The color of the foliage is light emerald with a faint whitish glow. The peduncle is medium in length. The brush itself is large, weighing up to 700 g, has a conical shape and dense structure.
The berries are large, weighing up to 11 g. There are 2 seeds in the berries.
Yellowish-green in color of the fruit have a characteristic honey-amber blush and a beautiful oval shape
Arcadia grape characteristics - table
|Ripening time||110–115 days after the appearance of the ovaries.|
|Average yield||20 kg from the bush|
|Type of pollination||Self-pollinating, may be a pollinator for other varieties.|
|The taste of berries||Sweet taste with a long nutmeg aftertaste.|
|Berry acidity||6 g / l|
|Sugar content of berries||16%|
|Frost resistance||To - 21 º С (without shelter)|
|Transportability of berries||Great|
|The purpose of the variety||Table|
This variety is beautifully grown by gardeners of the Crimea, the North Caucasus, Volgograd and southern Ukraine. And Arcadia can be grown in Central Russia, Tver Oblast, Moscow Region and Belarus, but only with shelter for the winter and protecting the plant from cold winds.
Video: review on the grade Acadia
Proper grape planting
Directly for the Arcadia variety, it is better to choose cuttings as a method of propagation of grapes. Because this particular method is aimed at the rapid development of the root system, which is of great importance for this variety.
If the seedlings are selected in a store or nursery, then for Arcadia grapes it is important:
- So that the seedling has a healthy, well-formed and not over-dried root system.
As you can see, a healthy root system should be branched, with a lot of new roots
- The cross section of the shoot should be either green or light green, but in no case brown.
It is perfectly normal that the cross-section along the edge has a brown border - this is the bark, and it should be brown, but inside it should be dominated by a green tint
The selection of a place for Arcadia should be taken care of in advance, because she loves sunny places with moderately moist soil and the absence of drafts. Actually, it is better to prepare a landing pit for this grape in the middle or at the end of March, and to plant it from mid-April to the end of May.
Do not forget that the support for grapes falls into the ground before the plant itself is lowered there
The seedling of the Arcadia variety itself also requires preparation for planting, which consists in pruning the tips of the roots of the plant and its mandatory soaking in warm water. It is advisable to add drugs to improve rooting, such as "Kornevin" or "Humate", in soaking water.
Immediately after planting, the plant should be watered, and the soil around it should be mulched.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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5 main rules for the care of the variety Arcadia
An Arcadia plant is not demanding to watch out for its growth, but there are several basic rules that not only allow gardeners to grow healthy grapes, but can also increase the yield of a variety.
- Regular systematic watering of the plant before the beginning of the flowering period. And a clear control of dry soil during flowering and fruiting. For example, you can water Arcadia during growth 1-2 times a week, but you need to do this regularly and with the same volume of water (10-15 l).
But in the summer, during the flowering or ripening of berries, this variety does not tolerate excessive watering, so just make sure that the land where the plant sits is not dry
- Feeding Arcadia grapes are carried out twice a year. In the spring of a mixture of humus and mineral fertilizers (best of all, potassium and phosphorus), but in the fall only organic fertilizer should be added.
Some farmers believe that in order to increase yields, grapes should be fertilized with ash rather than complex mineral fertilizers.
- Twice a year, Arcadia is sprayed with insecticidal and fungicidal preparations for the purpose of prevention.
It is important to spray exactly on the day the watering was done.
- To increase the yield and with the threat of a snowless winter, we cover the grapes until the first autumn frosts.
The easiest way to shelter grapes is to lay shoots on the ground and sprinkle them with earth, but it is better to use arcs and covering material
- Arcadia grapes need to be cut. At rest, we cut the vine into 8-12 eyes and form no more than 4 main shoots. During flowering, adjust the number of brushes on the sleeves of the vine. Optimally one brush per escape.
Experienced gardeners cut grapes so that at least 40 eyes remain on it
Until last season, I thought I knew all the nuances of Arcadia. At the opening of the five-year-old eight-arm bush, only 2 were opened by oversight, the rest when they sprouted through an earthen shelter. In the first two, 6 grapes were received, which matured 2 weeks ahead of schedule. After flowering, the remaining clusters stopped in development. After cutting the ripened, they resumed growth, and were ready almost simultaneously with everyone, only slightly inferior in the size of the berry, because they bloomed later and were not pollinated. This season, during the flowering period, it rained intermittently to tropical rainfalls, but Arcadia pollinated well, again confirming its reliability. Summer turned out to be extremely arid, the only good rain in August caused cracking of the ends of unsold berries. Vineyard in the field, irrigated.Vladimir
I call my Arcadia "nurse." I have her about forty bushes. In our region, not spoiled by various grapes, it stably diverges at 20 UAH / kg. Next spring I want to free part of the territory where I used to plant potatoes and plant 50 more grapes there. Thirty of them will be Arcadia. For a long time I doubted what to give preference to. A lot of new products, nearby grows 40 bushes of the Troika, the temptation is great to give preference to her. I also read the topic “The Most Productive Variety”, looked at the reviews of other winegrowers, compared it with my experience. Yesterday I cut the cuttings from the most productive bush, for future seedlings. Genetics help us ... :)Radio operator
I have the first fruiting of Arcadia, 18 shoots, 13 clusters, the bush is the third year. The smallest bunch1.5kg, the largest is more than 3. The vine ripened perfectly. There was a light nutmeg, however, not in all berries. It rained heavily, cracked a little, the pulp was a little liquid and sugar fell, but still yummy. Frankly, I was shocked, did not expect such a harvestMichael
Variety Arcadia (Moldova x Cardinal), synonymous with Nastya, breeding IVIV them. V.E. Tairova. The ripening period is 115–125 days, but in the Kuban it is usually mid-August. With good agricultural technology, the weight of bunches can be up to 2-3 kg, but I prefer the standard ones of 1 kg., Approximately. The weight of the berries is 10-15 g., But it also depends on the care of the winegrower ... The pulp is dense, harmonious with a simple taste, but with full ripening a light muscat appears. This grape has high transportability and has a chic presentation.Irina
Arcadia is one of the best white and berry varieties. Excellent taste, with full ripening, light muscat appears. Large berry, hefty bunches. Well loaded, you can leave two inflorescences to shoot well, just a hard worker in the vineyard.Victor and Inna
So, the variety Arcadia has large clusters, but also an excellent adaptation to the weather phenomena that he received from his parent varieties. Gardeners love this variety for its fertility and the unusual taste of berries.