Malva: a flower from a Chinese holiday
Many gardeners are familiar with mallow, but it is a stock rose or mallow - it is a tall plant with bright flowers. Every year in May in the Kamigamo temple of the Chinese city of Kyoto, a holiday dedicated to the mallow is held. On this day, all residents with music and dancing walk around the city in ancient costumes. In Russia, this flower experienced both a peak in popularity among gardeners and a certain decline, but now interest in this beautiful flower is rising again. It will serve as decoration of a personal plot or garden of any size.
How to grow
It is believed that mallow is not very difficult to grow, it is enough to follow simple agricultural practices. The plant loves sunlight, but it grows in the shade, only a little slower.
How old is blooming
The plant is annual, biennial and perennial. Gardeners and landscape designers prefer perennials - they take root well on the site and can please the owner with flowers for up to 10 years, if they are properly looked after. Two-year-old varieties bloom profusely, but only in the second year after planting. There are annual varieties. The mallow forest is characteristic of them.
The flowering of such an annual lasts much longer than in perennial varieties, which usually activate by mid-summer
She has peculiar, delicate flowers. And it blooms for a long time: from the 2nd half of May to mid-autumn.
Where to plant
Typically, mallow is able to grow up to two meters, which is why it is called the stem rose. The "stem" in German is a stick, and this name of the plant literally translates as "stick with roses", which is pretty accurate.
This tall flower looks great next to the door of the house.
Low-growing varieties of mallow are also bred by breeders; they look very impressive in flower pots, tubs, on balconies and loggias. Luxurious mallow and cut. In bouquets, she can stand in the water for up to a month.
Role in landscape design: ideas on the photo
- Mallow is very beautiful against the background of a wooden fence
- Stately flowers of mallow seem to serve as bench backs
- Flirty peeking out from behind a white fence, pink mallow looks charming
- Such charming plants will decorate both the corner of the yard and the veranda
- In addition to the fact that this flower pleases the inhabitants of the house with beauty and aroma, due to its height, it also shades the windows in the heat
- A similar set looks great in a flower pot
The mallow homeland is the southern regions, it was actively cultivated in Asia Minor, China, there is a mention of this culture in Ancient Egypt. But in the temperate climate of Russia, she also feels rather well, only for the winter she needs to be cut and covered.
There are many varieties of stock roses, and even individual varieties have their own subspecies. But traditionally there are the most popular - both among gardeners and designers.
Such stock roses are giants in the world of garden crops, they reach 3 meters
A very ancient plant. It is curious that this variety is used not only for decorative purposes. Delicious honey drinks are prepared from the fruits of Sudanese mallow. Decoctions are used in folk medicine as an expectorant and anti-inflammatory agent.
Refers to biennial varieties.
This species is often compared with peonies, the flowers are really very similar.
Initially, it was these flowers that came to be called stock roses. They are very fond of breeders. Dwarf varieties with a growth of not more than 75 cm have been bred. But there are also medium-tall and tall ones, reaching up to 2 m.
This culture is not high, does not grow above 1 m
The flowers in this variety are very delicate, white or pinkish. Several subspecies are known, among which the White Tower and the Pink Tower, as well as the White Perfection, are especially popular.
This flower loves sunny places where it blooms luxuriantly and for a long time.
The immediate descendant of the forest species, therefore, is very unpretentious. considered a relatively tall plant, stems exceed 1 m.
Like most flowering crops, the stem rose can be planted in open ground or seedlings.
This flower can propagate by seeds even on its own - fallen to the ground, they germinate well. But it is better to take this process into your own hands. Step by step you need to act like this:
- the place for sowing is chosen sunny, with loose soil;
- holes are made on the bed, in which it is recommended to invest three seeds;
- pre-pour the wells well with hot water; for this you can use the old kettle, it will be more convenient;
- after sowing, they are covered with ground earthen nutrient mixture;
- Further, it is desirable to cover the garden with plastic wrap;
- as soon as the shoots appear - in about two weeks - the film is removed;
- when the third leaf appears, the sprouts can be dived.
Seeds are recommended to be planted either in early spring or late fall, before winter. The latter option is preferable for early flowering, as the stem rose can easily tolerate winter.
Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a nutrient solution, and then proceed according to the following scheme:
- seeds are usually sown in separate pots, since it is difficult to plant them from the total capacity, the mallow has a delicate root system;
- Before planting in open ground, seedlings are recommended to be taken outside for several days so that they are used to changing conditions; otherwise, the planted stems of some varieties for the most part die.
Sowing mallow seeds for seedlings, video
Seasoned gardeners recommend using seeds that have been stored for 3 years - they have the highest percentage of germination.
Planting by cuttings
The stem-rose has one drawback: flowers grown from seeds in the first year quickly pollinate. To maintain varietal qualities, some gardeners prefer propagation by cuttings.
For better rooting, it is preferable to use drugs such as "Kornevin"
It makes sense to observe the following principles:
- cuttings at the root are preferably planted in the spring;
- stem cuttings are more suitable for planting in the summer.
Care before flowering
Of course, the stock rose can be classified as “planted and forgot”, it can grow almost without leaving, if it rains occasionally. But in this case, the plant will be much lower, with small flowers.
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- Once in 1-2 weeks - watering, only not abundant, the root system can undergo rotting.
- Mallow also responds well to loosening - shallow so as not to damage the delicate roots.
- Tall stems must be tied, otherwise they may break due to strong winds or under their own weight. If the plant is planted against a wall or fence, they can be used for support.
- Immediately after planting in open ground, seedlings are preferably fed. This is best done with a solution of wood ash. After a while, you can apply a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1: 1. A good feeding is considered an ordinary herbal infusion.
Before the appearance of inflorescences, it is recommended to feed the plant with nitrogen-containing fertilizer.
Ammonium nitrate is one of the most inexpensive and common nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
In order for the flowering to be beautiful and plentiful, faded buds must be cut.
After flowering, wintering
Around mid-September, after flowering ends, the plants need to be gradually prepared for wintering. The stems are pruned. In the southern regions, pruning can be done at a height of 30–35 cm, this will allow new shoots to form earlier in the spring. In regions with a frosty climate, pruning is carried out under the root, covered not only with mulch and foliage, but also with additional material or spruce branches.
Such shelter creates additional heat and allows the plant to “breathe”
If you do not provide the plant with such a shelter, it can die even with minor, but frequent frosts.
Diseases and Pests
Plots of mallow, annual, biennial, and perennial, can be affected by various fungi and insects, therefore, in addition to general flower care, it is necessary to consider protection from them.
Mallow is often attacked by slugs. A recent surge in their number is likely due to climate warming and long heat; slugs climb up a strong stalk to get moisture in leaves and flowers. Thunderstorm successfully copes with this scourge.
It is enough to sprinkle the granules of this product in the garden, and persistent pests will disappear for a long time
If tomatoes grow nearby, stock roses are often affected by powdery mildew, then spraying with a fungicide solution helps.
But you can’t get rid of sheet rust by any drugs, you just need to pick off the affected leaves in time.
If the flowers of mallow (especially Sudanese) are planned to be used for medicinal purposes, it is better not to use chemical preparations for pest control.
The stem rose (Alcea rosea) is a perennial plant that is often grown as a biennial, and also grown as an annual. It blooms in the second year from sowing, but then gives self-sowing, which also blooms in the second year. It turns out that you can self-sow yourself an annual flowering of mallow. But it is quite possible to see flowers in the year of sowing, right, for this you need to sow very early for seedlings. In January-February. But the mallow has a rooted root system and does not like transplantation. Therefore, it is best to plant seedlings in the ground without destroying a lump of earth. Those. grow in separate cups, for example, cut cardboard boxes from milk or kefir. But there are low or early ripening varieties that can bloom in the year of sowing.
I planted perennial mallow - sidalcea. There she is. It bloomed in the first year, and this in the second. Very tender and sweet plant. Height is about 1.5 m. I slightly cover humus for winter (15–20 cm).
Perennial mallow grows in our village garden. By her own. From the beginning of July until late autumn, our eyes are pleased with luxurious large flowers located along a powerful stem, reaching a height of up to two meters. The color of the flowers is very different: from white, pinkish-lilac, red to maroon. They have no smell.
Does not require special care. The main thing is to collect seeds in time and sow where it is needed. Usually it is recommended in May to sow them on the beds, and when the first leaves appear, transplant them to a permanent place. Mallow flowers will look good in plantings near fences and walls, which will serve as a support and shield from the wind.
Mallow is suitable not only for decoration, but also for applied purposes - to obscure with itself what I would like to hide: unsightly fences and fences; or cover the window on the first floor from prying eyes. Fortunately, the height of the bush allows it. I consider this flower, though unpretentious, but the queen!
Terry mallow was grown through seedlings, but it is possible not at home, in the greenhouse to start, and then it is already strong, but terry was always, if stated, there is only a small nuance, they look down a little under the weight of terry flowers.
Mallow - the culture is very beautiful, with a diverse range of colors. It will equally well fit both on the garden plot, and in the decorative landscape, and simply on the balcony or loggia. At the same time, caring for her does not require much effort. A minimum of attention, and she already pleases the gardener all summer.