Lilies in landscape design: the secrets of proper composition
- Type: Lilac
- Flowering Period: May, June, July, August, September, October
- Height: 20-250cm
- Color: White, Yellow, Orange, Red
- Sun loving
The shape of the lily is regal-classical, recognizable - just remember the historical emblem of the French kings “fleur de lis”. From spring, when the growing season begins, and until flowering, the slender stems of the lily are unusually decorative. At the time of flowering, lily is not only beautiful, but also spreads a delicate aroma. Lilies belong to perennial bulbous flowers with a wide range of color inflorescences: white, pink, yellow, red and others. Properly using lilies in landscape design, you can create spectacular flower beds, mixborders and rabatka blooming from early summer to late August.
Depending on the variety, lilies have a cup-shaped, chalmovidny, funnel-shaped, tubular or bell-shaped flowers. The height of lilies varies from 0.5 to 2 m. Low-growing varieties can be planted as a border, and tall ones - as tapeworms and in the background of the flower garden. Lilies are often planted in groups: isolated islands of different varieties or combined with other perennials and annuals.
Light pink hydrangeas and lilac phlox form a favorable background for pink and white lilies
Pink lilies form an expressive tandem with plants having sprawling large leaves. A successful background for yellow lilies will be created by rhododendrons, euonymus, barberry, mahonia. The beauty of lilies manifests itself more strongly in combination with evergreen species: junipers, cypresses, thuja.
Read more about coniferous compositions in the article ozelenenie / xvojnye-v-landshaftnom-dizajne.html
Tall lilies look great as a background planting and along the fence, outlining the boundaries of the site. In the form of a single planting, lilies-solitaries win by being placed in the middle of a lawn on a hill. Lilies are also good in the foreground of trees, when a thick green crown plays the role of a background for a regal flower or a small group formed of 2-3 lilies. Low-growing species perfectly emphasize paths and flower beds, and varieties for mixborders are selected so as to admire the flowering of regal flowers all summer and early autumn.
Lilies of different varieties, selected according to the shade and size of the buds, perfectly coexist in the flowerbed
Lily is harmoniously combined with peonies and delphiniums, junipers and ferns, astilbe and alissum. Lilies are often planted with curtains, given their hue and compatibility with other plants in tone, as well as in the shape and texture of foliage.
Landing in rabatki and on borders
For planting along the paths and forming low borders, the tubular lily and its variety Garrisi lily are 70-80 cm high, blooming in July with pure white inflorescences.
Other border color ideas: ozelenenie / bordyurnye-cvety.html
Good for the same purpose, a white Formosa lily 60-90 cm high with narrow tubular buds. But it will most effectively outline the paths, as well as complement rabatki and borders with a low-growing Tunberg lily up to 50 cm high, blooming in May-June with speckled orange flowers.
Another species that can successfully arrange the lower tier of flowerbeds and decorate the alpine hills is a drooping lily 40-60 cm high with pink-purple turban-shaped flowers.
Varieties for single landings
Due to the expressive shape of inflorescences and an upright stalk with spectacular foliage in landscape design, the lily is often planted singly and in small groups.
For a single planting of lilies in the garden are best suited:
- Lily is golden. 150 cm. White speckled, blooms July-August.
- Lily regale. 120 cm. White with purple, blooms June-July.
- Lily candidum. 100 cm. White, blooms July-August.
- Lily tiger. 120 cm. Red-orange, blooms July-August
- Lily turban. 150 cm. Purple, red or yellow, blooms June-July.
Features arrangement of lily flower beds
In a garden where everything is subject to aesthetic perception, it is important to achieve a harmonious combination of lilies with other plants. In order for the lilies to look spectacular in the garden, they need to be planted, obviously imagining how they will look surrounded by other flowers, as well as trees, shrubs and other decorative elements of landscape design.
A plain flowerbed, combined from shrubs and evergreens, is the most optimal background for spectacular lilies in shape and color
Each type of lily has individual decorative and botanical features that are unique to it, which must be taken into account when creating landscape compositions - these are the height, size and shade of flowers, the time and duration of flowering, the nuances of care.
Option # 1 - lilies of different varieties in groups
In landscape design, a flower garden created from lilies of different groups or from different varieties of the same group planted with two or three tiers looks good. Such a multi-tiered array of lilies looks very impressive. In the foreground, undersized varieties of lilies form a lush rug - they are selected among "Asians" or LA hybrids that bloom before other species.
It is desirable that the lowest tier of lilies bloom first, and then the middle and highest tiers of planting begin to bloom - they are formed from tall oriental or OT hybrids of lilies.
Low types of garden flowers of a blue palette will create the most successful contrast with white and pink lilies
When planting lilies in species groups, it is desirable to divide the tiers of other plants. For planting in front of lilies, undersized conifers are perfectly suitable, gradually growing to the sides and covering the ground.
Dwarf conifers look good: ozelenenie / dekorativnye-xvojniki.html # i-3
Option # 2 - lilies and peonies
Of all garden flowers, lilies are best combined with peonies that bloom before lilies and have lush foliage of high decorativeness - it serves as a background for lilies, regardless of how peonies are planted - behind or in front of the lilies.
Before peonies, a group of stunted lilies will be especially effective in combination with ground cover phlox due to the alternation of flowering: phlox in May, peonies in June, lilies in July. Behind the peonies, the high varieties Oriental and Orienpet hybrids of lilies look great in July-August.
Soft lilac lilies elegantly complement the discount along the path due to the contrast with the grass lawn, emerald and silver shrubs
Not very successfully combined lilies and irises, the leaves of which quickly dry after flowering and lose their decorativeness - at this moment irises do not need watering, while lilies need it.
At the same time, cultivating irises is somewhat easier. Read more about caring for them: rastenija / posadka-vyrashhivanie-i-uxod-za-irisami.htmlRecent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
Option # 3 - Lilies and Roses
Lilies and roses are not best combined on the flowerbed - they are good at landscaping by themselves. But, if nevertheless, there is a desire to plant the queen and the queen of the garden together, it is advisable to place tall lilies with dark flowers behind the light bushes of climbing roses. Roses also look good with lilies of the same color.
Low-growing monophonic lilies create an aesthetic duet with identical shades of ground or climbing roses
When a rose grows in a single planting, it already represents a bright compositional spot, therefore, next to the pink bush, lilies are planted in small groups of 3-5 copies, otherwise they will be lost against its background.
Option # 4 - lilies and phloxes
Not all types of phloxes are in harmony with lilies - the sharp blue and violet tones of panicled phlox in tandem with a lily will look too variegated. But creeping varieties of phlox of a blue or pale lilac hue, blooming in early spring, will form a good background for the growing shoots of lily. In summer, the shiny leathery leaves of phlox will create a kind of border in the foreground of planting from lilies, and in winter they will serve as a mulching layer.
Phlox is a flower that is picky about soils and some other conditions. Examine the information about him before deciding to land in a tandem with a lily: rastenija / floksy-posadka-i-uxod.html
Option # 5 - lilies with white perennials
In the foreground of planting from lilies, Iberis bushes 10-15 cm tall look very delicate, blooming with neat inflorescences of snow-white and keeping green foliage all year round, serving in the winter as mulch for lilies.
Another great option for planting in front of lilies is alissum, which gradually grows and forms a beautiful green rug, strewn with small white flowers.
Lawn decoration with lilies
In large landscaped gardens, where the lawn is combined with ornamental shrubs and trees, medium- and undersized lilies are planted on green lawns and along paths. Lily varieties for lawn planting are selected so that they stand out well against the background of the grass due to the bright color - these may be Asian lilies-hybrids of saturated orange or red tones.
A strict, expressive tandem is obtained by combining white or any other light-colored lilies with evergreens and conifers
For borders, you can use low types of any color. An impressive duo is formed by lilies and coniferous evergreen shrubs, for example, juniper. Lilies are planted both in front and on the sides of conifers, and if you use high varieties, then behind the bushes.
Lilies are also planted next to heichera - compact bushes with decorative foliage and long peduncles. More on this plant: ozelenenie / geyhera.html
Beautiful flower beds with lilies: 7 schemes
A. Soft cuff (Alchemilla mollis) 2 pcs. B. Heuchera (Heuchera "Champagne Bubbles") 1 pc. C. Lily (Lilium) 3 pcs. D. Scabiosis (Scabiosa "Butterfly Blue") 1 pc. E. Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica) 3 pcs. F. Japanese Spirea (Spiraea japonica "Goldmound") 1 pc. G. Iris (3) H. Barberry Thunberg (Berberis thunbergii) 1 pc. I. Armeria seaside (Armeria maritima) 3 pcs. J. Kamchatka sedum (Sedum kamtschaticum) 9 pcs.
1. Delphinium tall dark blue (Delphinium). 2. Buzulnik gear (Ligularia dentata). 3. Anchus azurea (Anchusa azurea) "Loddon Royalist". 4. Orchard (Echinops ritro). 5. Lily "Enchantment". 6. Phlox "Citrus" 7. Yarrow (Achillea) "Terracotta". 8. Crimson gravel (Ceum coccineum) "Werner Arends". 9. Small-sized spur of large-flowered (Delphinium grandiflorum) “Blauer Zwerg”. 10. Cinquefoil Tonga (Potentilla tonguei). 11. Veronica broadleaf (Veronica teucrium) "Kapitaen".
1. Chubushnik (Philadelphus). 2 Phlox paniculata (Phlox paniculata). 3. Hybrid peony (Paeonia x hybr.). 4. Tiger lily (Lilium tigrinum). 5. Mexican Ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum). 6. Marine lobularia (Lobularia maritima). 7. Turkish clove (Dianthus barbatus).
Tall lilies of three shades of one species will successfully complement the design of the garden fence
Soft pink lilies in combination with a delphinium and irises will subtly complement the design of a relaxation area in the garden
Bright orange lilies will become an expressive emphasis on a flower bed with conifers and stunted perennials
Orange lilies will become an exotic focal point of a flower garden formed from different varieties of roses
The best types and varieties of lilies
In order to harmoniously fit lilies into landscape design, you need to decide whether it will be a single planting or a group - based on the idea, choose the appropriate variety of lilies: optimal in height, size of buds and color.
There are many varieties of lilies, grouped:
Asian hybrids of lilies. Height 80-100 cm, flower diameter about 15 cm. Blossom in June, winter well in the open ground, unpretentious care. Asian varieties have a wide range of shades, they are diverse in height and size of buds - these lilies give room for imagination when creating a landscape design of the garden.
- Reds: Sulfarino, Red Sensation, Black Out, Black Jack, Hiawatha, Koktel Twins, Landini, Linda, Matrix, Olina.
- White: Navonna, Costa, Annamari Dream, Crossover.
- Yellow: Top Line, Fata Morgana, Black Spider, Vali San, Vento, Golden Stone, Grand Cru, Graffiti.
- Pink: Lollipop, Iowa Rose, Arosa Jewel, Vali Nappa, Vermeer, Delilah, Chianti.
- Purple: Double Sensation, Night Flyer, Nattys Pride, Purple Ey, Purple Life, Push Off.
- Orange: Apricot Pixel, Bullfight, Loreta, Orange Art, Orange Electric, Pearl Justin.
Tubular (long-flowered) hybrids of lilies. Heat-loving flowers, wintering under good shelter, with small buds and a delicate aroma: yellow (Deliana), purple (Devine, Miyabi, Tsirano), white (White Elegance, Prime Ice, Elegant Lady). This lily culture is predominantly greenhouse; it is rarely grown in open ground.
Hybrids of tubular (longiflorum) and Asiatic lilies (LA hybrids). The height of the strong erect stems with beautiful foliage is 1-1.3 m. The diameter of the velvety flowers upward is about 25 cm. They bloom in July, winter well - frost-resistant varieties, resistant to disease. LA-hybrids of lilies are perfect for growing in the open ground, they will successfully complement the landscape design of the garden with their multicolor.
- Reds: Fangio, Red Planets, Constable, Original Love, Royal Grace, Tomar.
- White: Litovin, Oakland, Ice Crystal, Bright Diamond, Donatello, Ercolano.
- Yellow: Royal Fantasy, Freya, Buzzeto, Yellow Kokot, Prominent, Royal Fantasy.
- Pink: Cavalese, Turandot, Arbatax, Beyonce, Indian Summerset, Cavalese, Little Kiss, Moselle, Nora, Rodeo.
- Purple: Noranda, Sabatini, Samur, Cecil.
- Oranges: Best Seller, Eremo, Indian Diamond, Kentucky, Supers Crossing, Orange Cocot, Fiamma.
Oriental (Eastern hybrids). Powerfully developed greens, large bush, 0.8-1.5 m high. The diameter of exotic flowers is about 25 cm. They bloom in August, do not winter (it is better to dig bulbs and store in the basement). Oriental lilies are the most spectacular and demanded among gardeners, but new varieties of OT hybrids, which differ in early flowering, begin to make some competition in landscape design.
- Reds: Distant Drum, Montezuma, Magic Star, Pico, Stargeyser, Sumatra, Tigerwoods.
- White: Innocent Lady, Rialto, Casablanca, San Glove, Triumph, Muskadet, Annika, Double Party, Legend, Marco Polo.
- Yellow: Royal Fantasy, Freya, Anais Anais, Brekdans.
- Pink: Isabella, Bernini, Josephine, Acapulco, Bergamo, Belonica, Double Surprise.
- Purple: Dizzy, Power Gloss, Starfighter, Entnrteiner.
Hybrids of Asiatic and Oriental Lilies (OA Hybrids). The diameter of the flowers directed upward is 18-20 cm. There are few varieties in this new group of hybrids: yellow (Yellow Power, Kaveri, Nanjing, Sani Crown), pink-red (Kokopa, Red Power, Fest Crown, Elegant Crown).
Hybrids of oriental and tubular varieties of lilies (OT hybrids or Orienpet). The height of the bush is 1.5 m. Huge fragrant buds with a diameter of up to 30 cm are directed to the sides and up. Easy to care, winter without problems.
- Reds: Mussashi, Red Hart, Satisfaction, Sophie.
- White: Boogie Woogie, Jura, Eastern Moon, Coconut, Mr. Cass, Ovation.
- Yellow: Gold Class, Halloween, Katina, Lesotho, Pontiac, Solange, Fifi Fifi.
- Pink: Bowmore, Baywatch, Gluwein, Judy Foulis, Donato, Myth.
- Purple: Dalian, Judith Saffinha, Life Style, Miss Fairy.
- Oranges: Morini, Orange Space, Saltarello.
Hybrids of tubular and Orleans lilies. The most viable varieties of all types of lilies, resistant to fungal and viral diseases, but require shelter for the winter.
- Whites: Appearing White, Lady Alice, Regale, Regale Album.
- Yellow: Apple Yellow, Golden Splendor.
- Deep Pink: Appending Pink.
- Purple: Pink Perfection.
- Oranges: Applying Orange, African Queen.
Martagon hybrids. Medium turbaned flowers with foliage located in whorls. Long-lasting, frost-resistant, disease-resistant varieties.
- Reds: Claude Shride.
- White: Martagon Album, Chameleon.
- Yellow: Slate Morning.
- Pink: Rashshian Morning, Hydebird.
- Purple: Martagon Perple, Maroon King.
A completely new group of lilies LO hybrids (Oriental plus Longiflorum) with funnel-shaped flowers: pink (Bellsong, Dolcetto, Pink Neven, Prince Promis), white (Global Beauty, Illusive, White Triumph).
Another new series of lilies obtained by triple crossing is LOO hybrids with shade flowers with a diameter of about 40 cm: white (Bright Diamond, Eagle, Nuance Polar, White Triumph), pink (Dreamiver, Pink Diamond, Pink Panther, Forlana Faith).
In domestic latitudes, experienced gardeners recommend growing lilies of the following varieties: Regale, Crystal Star, Merostar, Narbona, Grand Gru. But to introduce bright touches into landscape design, use rare varieties of lilies: red (African Lady, Black Beauty, Scarlet Delight), white (Gold Bend, Virginiele, Specum Album), pink (Lankon, Specum Rubrum, drooping lily), orange (David's lily, Henry's lily, leopard lily), yellow (Canadian lily, dwarf lily, Leichtlin lily, Hanson's lily).
The emergence of new varieties and hybrids with a rich shade palette and unique decorative properties allows lilies to gain a strong position in the landscape design of the garden, decorating with their appearance flower beds, curtains, borders.