Licoris: the mysterious flower of death or a simple spider lily?
Likoris (lat. Lycoris) is a flower plant native to Asia. There it is a wildflower to which mystical properties are attributed. The Russians grow licorice in summer cottages and at home as a pot plant. He takes root, however, by no means in all regions. In agricultural technology, it can be compared with daffodils and tulips.
Legend of the flower of death
Likoris - the European name of the oriental plant, obtained from the name of the beautiful Nereid (sea nymph). According to Asian legend, the spirits of the plant world Manju and Saga looked after the flower. The first was responsible for the flowers, the second for the leaves. Once they forgot about the assigned work for the sake of meeting each other. God chose a cruel punishment for lovers: it seems to be near, but not be able to see each other. During the flowering period of the licorice, the leaves dry out, and when they appear again, the flowers are gone.
In Japanese culture, a special emphasis is placed on the bright red variety of licorice
The Japanese usually plant this flower in the cemetery, use it in mourning ceremonies, as they believe: it grows at the edge of the underground death roads. Other plant names:
- manzhusaga (in honor of spirits in love);
- higanban (meaning: "flower of the autumnal equinox");
- heavenly flower;
- ghostly flower;
- fox flower;
- lily of demons;
- spider lily;
- flower of the dead;
- desert Flower;
- razor flower;
- hellish flower;
- flower of death.
Video: lush flowering lycoris
Features of growing decorative culture
Licoris is a bulbous perennial up to 70 cm high. The leaf length is large (up to 60 cm), but the width is a maximum of 20 mm. The plant is quite thermophilic; it can winter only in the southern zones. So, it took root well in the Krasnodar Territory.
After a summer vacation, when the leaves disappear, the flower stalks are thrown out in the last August days or early September. Those are rapidly gaining height: for 5 days, arrows can grow to half a meter. Fragrant bouquets on straight bare stems become a decoration of the garden. In one species of fox flower, the filiform stamens are much longer than the petals, in the other - almost flush.
Because of the unusual stamens, the flowers are similar to representatives of the spider family.
In nature, licorice blooms anywhere.
Lyricis color palette:
The flowering period lasts about 15 days. After wilting, narrow arrow-shaped leaves form, which survive until the end of spring, beginning of June.
After pollination, the fruits appear: 3-channel capsules with small black seeds. However, licorice is usually propagated vegetatively: by daughter bulbs. Many species do not form seeds, therefore, it is impossible to grow this culture with their help in most cases. Bulbs of the culture during reproduction form dense fused rhizomes - this is good for strengthening the soil.
Examples of use in landscape design
- Delicate shades look good on the background of greenery
- Japanese Garden - a wonderful place to grow lycoris
- Red with white is one of the winning combinations
- Likorisy in the form of live borderlets divide the garden into zones well
- Lycoris will also take root well in pots
- You can make a solo landing by mixing several colors of spider lilies
Popular varieties in the photo
Most often, this flower is found in gardens in southern Russia, less often in the middle lane. Florists prefer several varieties of ghostly flower.
- Licoris is golden. It does not tolerate temperatures below –5 ° C. Often it is grown only at home. Its height is slightly more than half a meter. The diameter of the tubular flowers of the canary color is 10 cm. In the inflorescence, there are usually no more than 6 pieces. It blooms in May or early June.
The height of the golden flower is about 60 cm
- Licoris is blood red . Shorty in comparison with other varieties: only 45 cm. Tiny leaves grow from April to June. In August, red flowers bloom. In the peduncle, usually 5-6 buds with a diameter of 5 cm.
Lycoris sanguinea blooms in late summer
- Licoris is radiant. Highly decorative perennial with long filamentary stamens and unusual petals. The lateral "antennae" are bent back, and the central petals resemble a wavy arc. Large flowers are pink, white, terracotta (the color of burnt clay). The height of the flower arrows reaches 30–70 cm.
Likoris radiant blooms for more than a month
- Licoris is scaly, or scaly. The most chilly species with inflorescences of 8–9 buds. Funnel-shaped flowers smell good. The color of the petals slightly bent back is soft pink with a lilac hue, and the cores are yellow. Plant height - 60–70 cm, it propagates by daughter bulbs. Basal leaves appear at the end of the flowering period.
This variety can successfully survive the winter without shelter.
Video: radiant licorice in Japan
Methods of planting licorice
Licorice breeding is best done in the fall. Bulbs are planted on the site a month before the frost, so that they have time to get used to the soil and put down the roots. Some plant in the spring, but then it is likely that capricious plants will become ill and will not bloom next year.
Favorable conditions for growing licorice:
- a climate similar to the natural habitat;
- well-lit and warm place without stagnation of water;
- protection against drafts, gusts of wind;
- protection against direct sunlight by partial shade of large leafy crowns.
Spider lily grows well in the shade of trees
- Choose a suitable site, best with sandy or slightly acidic loose soil.
- Peel it and weed.
- If required, add peat, humus, coarse sand to the ground.
- Level the soil.
- Make the distance between the holes: 25-30 cm. Cover the bottom of each with a layer of sand.
- Plant large bulbs, squeezing a little into the substrate, to a depth of at least 14 cm.
- Cover the bulbs with sand, and the remaining empty space with sheet soil.
- Tamp the soil in the hole and water it abundantly.
Lush lycors will become a real decoration of your garden
Care for this garden crop consists of timely watering, loosening the soil around, pulling out weeds, fertilizing with nutrients and preparing for winter. From time to time, licorice needs a transplant.
During the active growth of peduncles and leaves, plants are watered regularly so that only the upper earthen layer dries out. The lower layers of the soil should always be slightly damp. During the winter dormancy, watering is not required, during the summer it is minimized.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Nutrients are introduced in the spring and at the beginning of flowering, as well as in those cases when the flowers do not look too healthy. But zealous in this matter is not worth it. Mineral fertilizers are preferred for bulb crops. Add top dressing to the root, previously dissolved in several liters of water. The main thing is to follow the instructions on the package. It is better not to add nitrogen, especially in autumn.
There is no need for an annual transplant; with frequent division, the flowers weaken. It is enough to do this once every 5 years, following simple rules:
- Prepare a new place for licorice.
- Dig out the bulbs, gently separate the kids.
- “Powder” the places where they were with wood ash.
- Land on the prepared site.
- Do not water the soil during the autumn transplant.
A year and two after transplanting, the licorice may not bloom.
In late autumn, dried flowers and leaves of the plant are removed. Bulbs for the winter do not dig. With deep rooting, frosts are not frightening for them, but only on condition that the distance from the bottom to the surface of the site is at least 30 cm.If weather forecasters promise a harsh winter without snow, the flower is covered with dry grass, leaves, spruce branches or agrospam before the spring comes.
The flower doesn’t really like the cold, so shelter doesn’t hurt
Growing problems, pests
Licoris is resistant to diseases and to all pests, except daffodils. So that they do not harm, during the period of active growth, the flowers are watered with a solution of an insecticidal preparation.
Licoris is poisonous, primarily its bulbs. In order to comply with safety precautions, flower growers work with him only in tight rubber gloves. Grow it in a place inaccessible to children and pets.
If you do not observe the watering regime, root rot may appear due to excessive soil moisture. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, the leaves get burns: light, as if burnt, areas. This adversely affects both health and the appearance of the culture.
Higanbana - the flower of samurai honor and death in battle
Reviews on the cultivation of licorice
Like all onions, Likoris flake is planted to a depth of 3 times the diameter of the bulb. A sunny or slightly shaded place, soil is sandy loamy or loamy, rich in humus. The seed does not form, it propagates vegetatively.
Licoris can be not only white, yellow, red, it can be pink and blue i.e. blue or blue.
Licorice in our conditions should be grown like nerins. Like many amaryllis, they do not like transplants, so they will not be able to grow as gladioli. Moreover, as you probably noticed, new leaves grow in them at the end of summer and in the fall, and they remain all winter.
Nerina Bowden grows in my 10 liter capacity, after flowering I don’t water it and put it in an unheated room at approx. + 5 degrees. until spring. Then the leaves begin to grow and you need light, watering and fertilizing. As soon as the weather permits, I take it out into the open air. And so it grows all season. At the end of July-August I stop watering and top dressing and put it under a canopy, arranging a dry period. In the fall, it blooms. In the same way, you can grow licorice, but in winter they do not die off the leaves, so you need to keep them cool at maximum light and moisten slightly. The most persistent - squamigrace lycoris winter in the 5th zone.
Likoris is a beautiful plant with an amazing legend. In Japan, in the language of flowers, it means "waiting for a new meeting." With proper care, it pleases gardeners for many years.