How to choose a good secateurs for gardening
Opening the last winter leaf on the calendar, you involuntarily think that the long-awaited spring will come soon, the sun will warm and the fragile messengers of the awakening nature - spring primroses, will climb out of the dark thaw. Summer residents will begin to actively harvest their seeds for seedlings, pots and fertilizers. And seasonal chores in the garden are waiting for us ahead, and at the time to think about how to choose a quality garden tool, because not a single spring revision on the site can do without it. In anticipation of the opening of the summer season, we will conduct a review on the choice of secateurs for landscape design needs.
Why do I need a garden pruner landscape designer and gardener
Spring gardening requires a number of tools and some skills.
Secateurs - a tool specifically designed for work in the garden for pruning plants. With it, you can cut them completely (perennials) or partially (branches and shoots of trees and shrubs, faded buds of annual and perennial flowers).
Thinking about buying this garden assistant, you need to determine why you will first of all need it on the site, what kind of work you plan to do with the pruner and whether it can be replaced with something.
Due to the fact that the pruning shear is necessary primarily for intervention in the skeletal branches of the plant, we consider the types of intervention itself - cutting and trimming.
How the choice depends on the purpose of use
What types of trimming and haircuts exist:
- molding haircut and trimming: is carried out with the aim of creating and maintaining the artificial shape of the crown or uniform distribution of skeletal branches; in cases of thickening of the crown for thinning; to enhance flowering or fruiting.
Form haircut designed for the aesthetic needs of a landscape designer
- sanitary pruning - carried out year-round: diseased and dead parts of the plant are removed or trimmed.
Sanitary pruning is carried out as needed
- anti-aging pruning: resort to this type in case of loss of decorativeness by the plant, or physiological aging.
Pruning activities are usually carried out in the spring before the start of sap flow or in the fall after leaf fall. Distinguish between weak, medium and strong pruning (shortening to 1/4, 1/3 and 1/2 of the shoot length, respectively).
These are the criteria put forward when selecting secateurs for working with fruit trees: tech / sekator-dlya-obrezki-derevev.html
As a rule, arriving in the spring after the snow melts on the site, you proceed to a thorough examination of trees and shrubs for sick, dead, sunburned specimens. If in the fall you did not have time to cut wilted perennials on flower beds and flower beds, it is time to do this in the early spring - to remove what is left of them. Here we just need a pruner. Lignified stems of perennial herbaceous plants sticking out of the ground after the snow melts, they are perfectly cut off. You can’t do without a pruner and when sanitary pruning of roses - having opened a winter shelter, see how well your roses have tolerated frost and cold. If frozen or warmed shoots are detected, cut them with secateurs to healthy tissue. It is better to do this after the buds open, when the extent of damage is already clearly visible. For hydrangea paniculata and treelike pruned dry inflorescences, if not done before the advent of winter. Such events are just related to sanitary pruning.
The tool must be kept clean and sharp.
In the course of further inspection of the site, perhaps you will see that it would be nice to restore some of the shrubs to their former decorativeness. This can be done by applying anti-aging pruning, by shortening all shoots to a level of 5 cm from the soil. When pruning "on a stump", you can also use a pruner, but only if the diameter of the branches is not more than two centimeters, and the bush is small and not very old. In this way, decorativeness can be prolonged to white and spore-bearing derain. Varieties of white deren have beautiful bright reddish shoots in winter, and in the shoot one they are greenish-green. But such an interesting accent in the garden can be observed only in young shoots of derain, so very often anti-aging pruning is applied to it. For an old bush, branches of which are more than 2 cm in diameter, it is better to use a garden saw or delimber, the pruner here will be rather weak.
To remove thick branches, garden files and other accessories are used.
The next item is a molding haircut or trim. This is a fairly large field for creativity, associated with the implementation of the ideas of the gardener when creating topiary forms or hedges in the garden, the annual pruning of flowering shrubs and roses. In addition to the aesthetic effect, molding pruning is also used for fruit plantations, when the central conductor and skeletal branches of the tree are formed. Proper molding of fruit is necessary for their abundant flowering and fruiting. It allows you to avoid some diseases that arise due to thickening of the crown, creates certain conveniences when harvesting.
When creating large garden forms, one secateurs will be clearly not enough
To perform molding and cutting operations by the gardener, a whole arsenal of assistant tools is used: garden saws, hedge trimmers, delimbers and, of course, pruning shears. The choice of tool depends on the specific case. For example, when you need to form a young bush, shorten the annual growth on the shoots of hydrangea tree or paniculata, remove the extra branches growing inside the crown, remove the tops or root shoots, pruning for translation - all this can be done using a pruner.
For some work one or two tools are enough
For other labor-intensive work, such as the formation of hedges or topiary, maintaining the crown shape of an adult plant, secateurs can only serve as the finishing touch after using heavy artillery - all kinds of brush cutters or hedge trimmers.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Read more about choosing a brush cutter: tech / kak-vybrat-sadovyj-kustorez.html
Tapestry scissors come in handy for working with more powerful shoots
How to choose a good secateurs for gardening
Whatever cutting or haircut work you do in the country, always try to do it with a quality professional tool. It should reduce pressure on the hand, make a clear, accurate cut, while remaining sharp for a long time and in no case chewing branches.
Squeeze branches pruning branches into the trash without pity
Now on the market of garden equipment there are many companies involved, including the manufacture and sale of pruning shears. In large chain stores, such as OBI or LEROY MERLIN, Tvoy Dom, you can find secateurs that are not professional but that can be suitable for a gardener for simple and infrequent pruning operations, usually sanitary: remove faded buds, cut the bouquet, remove the broken branch, trim annual growth, etc. This category includes most secateurs sold on the market. Widely represented are products of firms Gardena, Fiskars, Geolia, LUX, Folf-Garten at a price of 50 rubles. (the simplest) up to 5000 rubles. (premium). If you do not plan to work as a professional topiary and you have not planted kilometers of hedges on the site, you have not allocated a hectare of land for a fruit garden, then you can safely take a closer look at them and pick up a quite worthy copy for your taste, color and afford.
It is not necessary to purchase an expensive tool for spring pruning of fruit bushes, but it will last you longer
It’s another matter if your profession is a gardener or a master of topiary art, which implies frequent and long operations on the shaping and cutting of plants, as well as on sanitary pruning throughout the season at different sites of customers. In this case, you just can not do without a professional tool. The category of professional includes secateurs and other garden tools of the following manufacturing companies:
- ARS Corporation,
- Saboten (Japan),
- FELCO (Switzerland),
- BAHCO (SNA Europe, Sweden).
Why do I suggest you consider buying secateurs from these particular companies? These are companies with many years of experience specializing specifically in the manufacture and maintenance of garden tools, the history of the production of some of them begins over 100 years. A large number of factories around the world, an established production process, the introduction of the latest technologies and knowledge of the specifics of the use of inventory are their distinguishing features. Innovative design solutions, high-quality steel, ergonomics, reliability and low rejection rate in production - all this should undoubtedly please the buyer.
Examples of secateurs in the photo
What models can be offered for purchase
In my opinion, these companies deserve to be in the ranking of reliability and quality.
The model from ARS is convenient for the gardener and gardener
Pay attention to the model of the secateurs VS-7Z at a cost of about 4000 rubles, weighing 212 grams and a one-handed locking system. Suitable for use both in nurseries and in a private garden, as well as in fruit farms. Made of forged steel with chrome plating, rubberized handle.
SILKY Okatsune 103 model from a famous Japanese manufacturer
Okatsune 103 (200 mm). A model from one of the market leaders in Japanese garden tools. Suitable for seasonal gardening as well as bonsai. Weight 230 grams, the cost in the same price range is about 4000 rubles. The red and white pen is easily visible in the grass when lost. The lightness and at the same time high reliability is ensured thanks to the use of high-carbon steel Izumo Yasugi.
FELCO 7 secateurs made of hardened steel
Felco 7. A sector of a well-known Swiss brand worth a little more expensive than its Japanese counterparts (about 4, 600 rubles). Provides increased ergonomics and ease of use thanks to a rotatable handle, an inclined cutting head and a shock absorber with a buffer. Weight 290 grams, hardened steel.
You can look at other manufacturers and their models on websites selling garden tools on the Internet, choose the ones suitable for your needs.
Rules for working with a garden cutting tool
Whatever pruner you choose for yourself, there are several rules that you must follow to make the plant easier to survive the process of cutting or pruning:
- Never cut unnecessarily.
- Observe the cut-off dates for each plant; sanitary pruning is allowed throughout the season.
- Look at the materials on cropping techniques and do it correctly (shortening to the kidney; cutting “to the ring”).
- Do not cut in windy or frosty weather (not lower than –5 ° С).
- Cut less than you want.
- Never use a blunt tool.
- When forming a hedge, consider the rise in its height over the season from last year (make new sections at a distance from the old within 5–10 cm); To maintain the shape of plants, prune regularly from year to year.
- Immediately after planting, sanitary pruning of specimens older than 1 year is allowed, other types of pruning are allowed only after a year.
- In one year, remove no more than 1/3 of the branches from the length of the shoot, leaving at least 2/3 of the leaves, especially on the lower tiers.
- Do not cut conifers at temperatures above 25-30 ° C.
- Heal wounds even from the smallest cuts with garden varieties, rannet garden pastes or Etisso lacquer balsam.
Etisso balm lacquer is intended for the rehabilitation of plants that have succumbed to cutting and shaping
In conclusion, I would like to add that secateurs for gardening should be safe, well-sharpened, durable and comfortable. Do not forget to care for them using special greases. Regularly clean and monitor the sharpness of the blades, observe safety precautions when working with any garden tools. The more closely you follow him, the longer he will serve you. In turn, blade cleanliness is necessary to prevent the spread of fungal and viral diseases from one plant to another.
Also, remember to store the tool correctly. Here are some storage tips: tech / kak-xranit-instrumenty.html
I hope my tips will help you determine the choice of secateurs. I wish you early spring and the long-awaited opening of the summer season!