How to choose a garden sprayer: which models are available and which is better to purchase?

Only healthy plants can truly decorate a summer cottage and bring a good harvest. Experienced gardeners know that without the use of special tools to deal with pests is very difficult. For processing fruit trees and shrubs, berry crops and other plants grown on the site, garden sprayers are used. This equipment facilitates the process of applying pesticides and biological products that destroy harmful microorganisms. Also, it can be used when carrying out foliar top dressing, spraying biostimulants and fertilizers, prepared, including, with their own hands. Manufacturers produce various models of sprayers, among which you can choose the most suitable option, taking into account the area of ​​the garden plot and the number of plantings in need of processing. Other technical characteristics of sprayers, which have a direct impact on the functionality and ease of use of this type of garden equipment, are of no small importance.

In this video you can get acquainted with the main types of sprayers and find out how they differ from each other:

Manual sprayer models: simple and cheap

For processing seedlings and vegetables grown in the greenhouse, as well as small flower beds, one or two fruit trees, a hand-held sprayer is suitable. This simplest device is a small plastic container equipped with a lid with a pump pump built into it. The pump is necessary in order to manually pump the necessary pressure level inside the tank, under the influence of which the spraying of the liquid solution occurs after pressing a button or a special lever provided on the handle.

Manual models of garden sprayers are easily held in the hand, since their volume does not exceed two liters. You can purchase devices with a volume of 1 liter or 500 ml. All models of hand-held sprayers are equipped with a filter to prevent nozzle clogging, a safety valve that allows excess air to be released. The scale applied to the container body simplifies the process of controlling the flow rate of the solution. The fluid flow is regulated by the nozzle tip, thanks to which it is possible to organize fine spraying or to direct a powerful stream of solution to the object to be processed.

Important! Brand fame affects the price of products. Garden sprayers Sadko, manufactured in Slovenia, are several times cheaper than similar products made by the German company Gardena.

Manual models of garden sprayers are equipped with small containers, allowing you to process small sections of the garden with chemical and biological agents

Pump models of sprayers on a belt

To carry out the processing of large areas of plantings, it is worth buying a pump-action garden sprayer, the capacity of which varies from 3 to 12 liters. To make it easier to carry the device around the site, the manufacturer supplies these models with special belts. The pump pump, also integrated in the sprayer cover, allows you to create a pressure in the tank of 3-4 atmospheres. The design of this equipment provides for a one and a half meter hose to which a handle and a rod with a nozzle-tip are attached. The length of the bar can be from 1 to 3 meters.

Pump-action garden sprayers on a belt that facilitates their carrying during the processing of plantings grown in a summer cottage

The process of spraying liquid is regulated by a button or lever located on the handle. In some models, the button position is fixed, which allows you to spray drugs for a long time. When pressure drops in the tank, air is pumped using a pump. Then proceed to further spraying the prepared solution. Pump-action sprayers with 12-liter containers are in demand among gardeners, as they allow you to process up to 30 acres of land at a time. When choosing a pump-action garden sprayer, you should pay attention to the products of the Polish manufacturer Marolex (Maroleks).

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Design features of backpack garden sprayers

Processing areas with an area of ​​up to 50 acres is best done with a backpack garden sprayer, the volume of which can reach up to 20 liters. Also, manufacturers produce models with capacities of 12, 15, 18 liters. The main difference between this type of spray equipment is the method of pressurization. Achieving the desired pressure does not occur in the container with chemicals, but in the pump chamber. Thanks to this design feature, the operation safety of the installation is increased, since with a possible rupture of the chamber from high pressure, pesticides will not fall on the person involved in the processing of plantings.

Knapsack models of garden sprayers are securely fixed on the back of the operator who is processing the territory of the suburban area. The pressure in the apparatus is pumped up with the left hand, and the spray boom is held with the right hand

Knapsack models of sprayers have wide belts that allow you to wear them behind your back, like a backpack. To reliably fix the position of the product behind the operator’s back, a waist belt is also attached to the bottom of the case. This belt does not allow the device to shift to the sides and slide down, pressing on the shoulders of a person.

On the side of the sprayer is a handle that allows you to pump up pressure in the pump chamber. During operation, one operator’s hand is involved in pumping pressure in the apparatus, and the second hand guides the bar with the sprayer to the objects to be processed. Some models can be adapted for left-handed and right-handed persons by rearranging the handle in a convenient direction.

Important! The cheapest for the buyer will cost a sadko backpack sprayer (Slovenia). Next in cost is the Chinese model of Grinda. Gardena Comfort Backpack Sprayer, a 12-liter German backpack sprayer, is twice as expensive as the Chinese counterpart, and practically does not differ in function.

Battery Sprayers: Silent Processing

If you have the finances, experts recommend getting a backpack battery sprayer, which frees the operator from the need for manual pressure boosting. The electric drive that runs on the battery is responsible for this process. The operator gets the opportunity to guide the bar with both hands, which is much more convenient and easier. The battery is charged by connecting to a conventional electrical outlet (220 V).

Models of electric sprayers differ from each other not only in the volume of the tank and its ergonomic shape, but also in the duration of their work without recharging. For example, the Stocker Italian 15-liter Electric Knapsack Sprayer can operate without recharging for 8 hours. This is important if processing is performed away from the energy source. No noise is another indisputable advantage of this type of atomizer.

Model of a silent garden sprayer with a battery that ensures the operation of the equipment for several hours without recharging

Farm motorized sprayers

Large-scale crop farmers can use motorized sprayers that are carried behind or carried on wheels. This type of sprayer works from gasoline engines, the power of which varies from 2 to 5 horsepower. The more powerful the engine, the farther and higher the stream of solution is emitted. Among sprayers with gasoline engines, you can find models that work not only with liquid preparations, but also with powder ones. The process of spraying fertilizers or pesticides is as automated as possible, so a person does not have to put a lot of effort when working with this garden equipment.

Garden knapsack sprayers with gasoline engines of different powers provide spraying of the disinfecting solution at a distance of 8-12 meters

Important points for choosing a specific model

When choosing a garden sprayer, pay attention to the following points:

  • material for the manufacture of the housing, nozzles, rods;
  • the quality of the connection of parts and assemblies
  • complete model additional nozzles;
  • the availability of instructions in Russian;
  • brand fame;
  • reliability of fastening belts;
  • maintainability;
  • availability of spare parts and consumables for the purchased model;
  • warranty period, subject to the territorial availability of service centers.

Do not forget to try on a sprayer in the store to make sure that the model will be convenient in operation. Check the performance of all parts, paying particular attention to the proper functioning of the safety valve.


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