How to choose a dry closet for a summer residence: compare 3 different designs with each other
The classic "toilet of the toilet type" with a cesspool and unpleasant odors spread around as a summer toilet is not very attractive to anyone. Someone prefers to equip the toilet using a septic tank, a considerable number of summer residents choose dry closets, which began to be used on our sites. In order to understand how to choose a dry closet for a summer residence, first you need to deal with their varieties, which we will do in this article.
The main plus of the dry closet is that it functions autonomously, for its installation you do not need to spend time on arranging a sewer or digging a cesspool. Human products in such a device are converted into compost or liquid with almost no smell, the waste is either cleaned organically or processed using chemicals.
There are several types of dry closets, depending on the type of waste treatment - composting, chemical, peat and electric. Let's consider each of them in more detail.
Peat dry closet - free fertilizers
This is an environmentally friendly option, completely eliminating the use of chemistry. Peat toilets are also called composting, because when processing waste, compost is obtained in them - an excellent fertilizer.
A conveniently equipped peat dry closet has a lot of advantages - environmental friendliness, safety + fertilizers obtained as a result of processing
The budget version of the peat dry closet from inexpensive plastic. The design is convenient, practical, if you do not care too much about the appearance - a good option for giving
Such a toilet needs to be equipped with ventilation, so it needs a stationary installation. Its size is slightly larger than that of a conventional toilet, so it will fit in any room that you decide to take for it. Externally, a peat toilet is not much different from a chemical one - it has two tanks, only peat is located in the top instead of water. In such toilets there is no water flush.
When the waste enters the lower tank, it is covered with a layer of peat, for this there is a special lever. Part of the liquid waste is removed by evaporation through a ventilation pipe, the other part is absorbed by peat. If the toilet is used too often, excess fluid may form. In this case, you need to use a hose that discharges the already filtered liquid. When the lower tank is full, the waste from it is discharged into the compost pit, as they cannot be used immediately as fertilizer. In just a year, in a compost pit, they will become an organic fertilizer useful for feeding plants.
In a peat toilet, the lower tank has a large volume. If you purchase a toilet with a capacity of 120 l, with a family of 4 people, it will need to be cleaned once a month.
To use such a toilet, peat stocks must be periodically renewed, but today there are no problems with the purchase of raw materials for the use of dry closets
A peat toilet with a stylish contemporary design, with ventilation exiting through the roof - a stark contrast to a shed with a cesspool
For proper installation of ventilation, it is necessary to install a corrugated pipe for ventilation in the hole on the cover and bring the pipe through the wall or through the roof (pipe length is within 4 m), the outlet through the wall is at an angle of 45 °.
Electric dry closet - comfortable but expensive
Such a toilet can only be installed if there is an outlet nearby. Outwardly, it is very similar to the toilet. The fan and compressor require power from the mains. It will also be necessary to arrange ventilation through the wall of the house or through the roof.
Waste in such a toilet is first divided into solid and liquid. The compressor dries the solid fractions, turning them into powder, the lower container is intended for their collection, the liquid is drained through a hose into a drainage pit.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Electric dry closets of the same model in different colors. Modern design allows you to create coziness and comfort even in the cottage in the field
The electric dry closet is comfortable to use, absorbs a minimum of electricity, has a convenient cleaning system. But you can install it only if there is electricity, and it is expensive.
Chemical toilets - convenient choices
Chemical toilets for summer cottages are small and compact; they are easy to transport and install in the right place. Any portable toilet has two compartments - at the bottom there is a waste tank, in the upper part there is a seat and a water tank. All chemical dry closets have the same design, they differ in the volume of the waste tank and some functions for ease of use.
The portable chemical dry closet is very compact and lightweight. It is the compact design that distinguishes this variety of country dry closets
The toilet may have an electric pump or manual flushing, an indicator showing the degree of filling of the waste tank.
Chemical toilets work as follows. After washing off the waste water, they fall into the lower tank. Here, the chemical product is engaged in their processing into an odorless product, the effluent is deodorized, the process of gas formation is minimized. The choice of dry closet, which is based on the use of chemicals, is quite wide.
The figure shows the operation of the chemical dry closet - after washing, water and waste are transferred to the lower tank, where they are processed using chemical means
Different toilets use different drugs:
- the composition of bacterial preparations includes live microorganisms, the product of such processing can be used as fertilizer;
- ammonium-based liquids are harmless, their chemical component decomposes on average in a week;
- toxic formaldehyde preparations can be used if it is possible to pour waste off-site and in green areas.
Using the bottom tank of such a toilet is convenient: it closes tightly, so you don’t feel any bad smell, after filling it must be disconnected from the upper container and taken to a place designated for draining. After this, the tank must be washed, re-filled with a chemical preparation and attached to the upper tank.
When choosing a toilet, pay attention to the size of the tank. If the toilet is supposed to be used infrequently by a small number of people, a 12-liter tank is suitable, for frequent use it is better to choose a larger tank.
There are also cassette chemical dry closets. They are installed permanently, and the waste container is located behind the door in the rear of the cab. From there, she gets to clean and wash. Such toilets are hygienic, due to their low weight they are easy to carry. As a disadvantage, the need for constant purchase of chemical preparations can be noted.
Each dry closet, although it works autonomously, needs certain components to work. The functioning of an electric dry closet requires the availability of an electrical network, for the chemical one, the purchase and replacement of drugs, and the operation of a peat dry closet requires peat, which is also constantly bought.
Using modern portable washbasins and dry closets, you can arrange comfortable conditions for yourself in the country, even if you have not finished the house yet, or if you do not plan to carry out water and sewage
But it’s not such a big deal, given the simplicity of using such an important device to maintain the cleanliness of the site and your comfort. We hope that our brief review helped you figure out which dry closet is better and choose the right option for yourself.