How to beautifully design a plot in the Tver region

Hello! Recently bought a plot, we plan a trip to the nursery for planting material. What shrubs do you recommend buying for spring composition and how to decorate the space behind the house, where does the shadow go in the afternoon and become gloomy? We purchased a plot in the Kalinin district of the Tver region, 35 km from Tver.

Irina

Hello Irina!

Congratulations on your purchase of a plot. Ahead are waiting for pleasant chores for landscaping, choosing your favorite plants and planting them. It is very good that from the very beginning of the development of the territory you thought about the right choice of planting material, taking into account its decorativeness and requirements for growing conditions. After all, only exclusively in a place comfortable for a particular plant, with proper care, will it bloom beautifully, bear fruit and delight its owners every season.

What plants to choose in the nursery: general rules

Come to the nursery with a ready list of plants and try to refrain from buying those that do not suit you in the climate zone

So, let's start with your plans for a trip to the nursery for planting material.

  1. We recommend that you make a list of those plants that you want to plant on the eve, so as not to gain too much, because it will not be easy to resist containers and pots with seedlings. Garden centers are full of a variety of crowns, stains, foliage textures and vibrant colors. Getting into their green world, I want to collect everything at once, common sense is temporarily disabled. The buyer, under the influence of the moment, does not think about where he will put it, what size it will grow, like the sun or humidity, which climate zone it belongs to. He sees beauty and wants this in his garden. Here you need to calm down and pull yourself together. Before the trip, give yourself a promise not to buy anything other than the one listed. Think, after all, this is living and it will be necessary to plant it somewhere!
  2. Moving through the ranks of the nursery with your list, carefully look at the labels on which the names of the varieties are indicated. Most likely, these will be Latin designations. If you are new to the assortment and don’t know what growing conditions are required for the selected specimen, look at the information on the Internet without leaving the box office - perhaps this is not your option. And it is better to purchase a catalog of plants in advance and take it with you. Previously, a catalog of trees, shrubs, perennials under the recommendation of the Union of Polish Nurseries was available for sale. It presents many species and varieties of popular plants, indicating brief but necessary information. Now it may be possible to find its electronic version. Such a publication will be very useful to you at all stages of landscaping.

Shrubbery Basics

So, let's start with the selection of shrubs. What information about this or that variety you first of all need to make your choice in the garden center?

  1. Winter hardiness zone.
  2. The size of an adult plant.
  3. Requirements for certain lighting conditions.
  4. Requirements for moisture and soil pH.
  5. The period and duration of flowering.
  6. Additional characteristics, such as: color of leaves and flowers, crown shape, presence of fruits, autumn foliage color.

Despite the fact that mainly plants of your climatic zone should be represented in the nursery, there may also be many varieties that are completely unsuitable for your site

You need to choose such types and varieties that would not only suit you according to the criteria of decorativeness and additional characteristics, but also meet the requirements of the above items in accordance with the environmental features prevailing in your territory. Analyze how sunny you are, how the garden is located on the cardinal points, wet or dry, which soils prevail. Is there a pond, forest, or large settlement nearby? Is your site located on a hill or vice versa - in a lowland? All this creates a certain microclimate in the garden.

How to consider when choosing a climate zone

It is good that the second part of your question just touches on one of the points of choice - the requirements of plants for light. But first, I would like to dwell in more detail on such an important condition as the winter hardiness zone.

A winter hardiness zone is understood as an area in which a particular breed of trees or shrubs tolerates winter conditions well, i.e. This is the cultural area of ​​this plant species.

The calculation is based on the average air temperature in January, July and the average annual level of precipitation. As a result, the average value of the lowest temperature in a year is determined (the sum of the lowest temperatures divided by the number of years of observation). Based on the total temperature, the affiliation of a particular breed of plant to a particular climatic zone is displayed. The map of Central European winter hardiness zones for trees and shrubs includes 11 zones, each of which covers 5.5 degrees Celsius and is divided into subzones “a”, “b”. Since most of the planting material is imported from European nurseries (Poland, Germany), frost resistance of a plant in catalogs or labels can be indicated opposite its name with the letters WHZ (Winterhärtezone).

Frost zones are also called USDA zones.

From the entire assortment of plants imported to Russia from European nurseries, varieties belonging to 2, 3, 4, and 5 winter hardiness zones are suitable for the Tver region. For varieties belonging to zone 6 and above, you can only admire; there is no point in buying them in the long term. Some may object, citing such cases as an example: “But I (my neighbor, mother-in-law, etc.) have boxwood growing, we will cut it with a ball.” Boxwood is zone 6a, 6b, Tver Oblast is 4b-5a zone, and if boxwood winters for some, it means that they have a favorable microclimate (southern slope, domed topography, proximity to the urban environment that gives off additional heat into the atmosphere, etc.).

First of all, I immediately warn you against buying non-frost-resistant specimens in which blooms can not be seen in the spring due to the death of flower buds: forsythia (although this is the 5b zone), broom, Japanese curry, magnolia, blood-red currant, slime-leaved spirea, small-leaved lilac Superba, tamarix, folded viburnum, three-bladed almonds. This applies to specimens blooming in spring. I can say the same about some summer-flowering species: weigels, narrow-leaved lavender, large-flowered hydrangea, David buddley.

The list of shrubs, especially beautiful in spring and suitable for planting in the Tver region

  • Spring-flowering varieties of spire. Very beautiful and elegant, like a bride in a white dress, looks gray spirea Grefsheim.

    Gray Spirea Varieties Grefsheim

    In adulthood, this is a bush up to 2 m high, shoots hang picturesquely in arches. It blooms with white flowers, densely covering all last year's shoots in early May. You can plant it in bulk or make it an accent in the recreation area by adding suitable spring bulbous to the neighbors: tulips, daffodils, muscari. It blooms beautifully and abundantly also in white, but a little later than Grefsheim, Spirea Wangutta (Spiraea x Vanhouttei).

  • Lilacs, where without them! We have this traditional plant, the flowering of which begins in the May holidays and marks the opening of the summer season. Choose varieties of common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) that you like by color of inflorescences: Beauty of Moscow with large double flowers of pearly pink tones. or a beautiful white late-flowering Mme Lemoine variety.

    Lilac varieties Beauty of Moscow

    Or a beautiful white late-flowering Mme Lemoine variety.

    Lilac varieties Mme Lemoine

    Lilac-purple flowers in thick and large panicles at Mrs Edward Harding.

    Grade of a lilac ordinary Mrs. Edward harding

    The Meyer Palibin variety of lilacs grafted onto the stand looks original, having a dense domed crown and blooming later than the ordinary lilac.

    Example of a lilac grafted on a stamb

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  • At the very end of May - the beginning of June, the crown mock Philadelphus Coronarius and the Lemoan marmoset (Philadelphus × lemoinei) bloom. The flowers are white, creamy white, fragrant, straight bush. Variety Blizzard breeding Vekhova N.K. will delight in abundant flowering and elegant shape of the crown. The aroma of semi-double flowers resembles the smell of strawberries. Read more about varieties and planting of mock-up.

    Blizzard grade Snowstorm

    Aureus corolla variety can be used to create hedges or as an accent in the garden thanks to the original color of the foliage: from bright yellow in spring to green-yellow in summer

    Aureus forelock

  • If you are not afraid of experiments, try planting a couple of rhododendron or large-flowered azaleas in your garden. Some varieties of azalea belong to climatic zone 5b (Anneke, blooming in the second half of May, or red Doloroso, blooming until mid-June). If, following all the agrotechnical methods necessary for growing this crop, you achieve success, you can be congratulated. So, the climate in your garden is suitable, because this plant is more suitable for the sixth climatic zone, and its soil requirements are special. Therefore, it is up to you, but if you succeed - a firework of colors is provided!

Shrubs can be combined into a separate group, the flowering of which is not as much valued as the other characteristics. Plants of this group are a valuable material due to the color of the foliage and the shape of the crown. The following types of shrubs can be attributed to them:

  • Varieties of barberry Thumberg (Berberis thunbergii).

    Barberis Thumberga can be used to create picturesque compositions

    The golden yellow erect Maria variety will turn orange-red in the fall, and the purple-red Helmond Pillar will have a narrow, columnar shape.

    There are many varieties of barberry Tumberg, choose at your discretion

    The notorious compact variety Atropurpurea Nana in autumn turns red. The variety Green carpet with light green foliage has picturesque shoots leaning to the ground.

    Green Carpet Thumberberg Barberry

  • Larger than the Tumberg barberry grows Ottawa barberry (Berberis x ottawensis), which has memorable purple foliage (Superba).

    Ottawa barberry autumn fire will add color to the garden

  • A valuable plant that is used for a calm light green background, as well as trimmed forms, is the commonweed cysticis (Physocarpus opulifolius, golden variety Luteus; purplish-red Diabolo is suitable for accents).

    Dibolo varieties

    Properly trimmed vesicles of Kalinifolia will decorate your site

  • Varieties of Japanese spirea (Spiraea japonica) are useful for creating picturesque compositions and combinations with perennials.

    Japanese Spirea perfectly complements garden decor

    Low-growing green-yellow Goldflame and Golden Princess, green dense semi-circular grade Little Princess, orange-yellow Walbuma.

    Japanese Spirea Walbuma Varieties

With the help of this group of shrubs, you can create accents in the garden, picturesque landscape compositions, decorate buildings and a fence, create a background for flower beds, arrange green borders or hedges. These are plants without which the garden will seem boring and monotonous.

Plants for shady places

If on your site there is such a place where partial shade prevails and which needs to be revived with paints, decorate, brighten, we recommend planting trees and shrubs with light foliage there that tolerate a lack of bright sunlight.

  • Perfectly dilute the dusk variety of white deren (Cornus alba) Argenteomarginata, Elegantissima. The leaves of this shrub have a white border, which is why at a distance the bush seems light.

    Derain white varieties Spaethii

    Plant shoots in winter

    Flowering bush
  • Good partners to him will be hydrangeas tree-like and paniculate, various types of hosts, astilbe and brunner.

    Astilbe feel good in partial shade

    Hosts and astilbe - plants of a shady garden, plant them in the desired zone

    Many people know the variety of hydrangea tree Annabelle, white flowers of which are collected in large up to 25 cm in diameter of the inflorescence.

    Hydrangea tree-like varieties Annabelle

    Thanks to the white caps-inflorescences, the bush during the flowering period looks very elegant. This type of plant is also suitable for you because it grows and develops best in partial shade with sufficient soil moisture.

    Tree Hydrangea Helps Finish Garden Composition

    The only drawback of Annabelle hydrangea is that its shoots can die after heavy rain under the weight of wet inflorescences.

    Panicled hydrangea can be used as an odorous hedge

  • If you want a plant taller, but to also set off a gloomy corner, pay attention to the acerifolia (Acer platanoides) Drummondii, which has white-edged foliage. It grows quickly, shade-tolerant, hardy, it will look beautiful against the background of the dark roof of the house or fir trees planted nearby.

    In the shade of the foliage also looks quite profitable

    Its leaves are played in the sun

    Holly maple is often planted in small rows

It is necessary to warn you to plant in the shady place yellow-colored species of shrubs, for example, such as black elder Aurea. With a lack of sunlight, its attractive golden foliage will lose its intense color and turn green. The same applies to some purple-colored plant species. Ottawa barberry Superba from a bright purple-red handsome man can turn into a plain-looking shrub with dirty green foliage.

Summarizing the review of plants for the spring garden and shady places, I want to add that a competent selection of species and varieties, taking into account their requirements for growing conditions, a pre-planned planting plan is the key to a beautiful and harmonious garden.

We wish you a positive attitude in the next steps to improve the territory!

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