High-yielding cherry Youth - winter-hardy and large-fruited variety
Cherry has become an integral part of a full, beautiful and healthy garden. This tree truly deserves much attention, since its fruits give us a lot: delicious edible fruits, flowers for pollinators, leaves for fragrant tea, there are a huge amount of vitamins, enzymes and amino acids in them and in the fruits. In addition, now there are so many varieties: for every taste, color and geography. Molodezhnaya cherries are one of the most common, they are purposefully searched in nurseries, they are talked about in forums. Let's get to know what kind of variety it is!
Description varieties of cherries Youth
The cherries of the Molodezhnaya variety are mid-late in maturity. Important features are: self-fertility (i.e., this variety does not require additional pollinating varieties), winter hardiness (mainly withstands frosts in the Central region).
Cherry begins to bear fruit after about 3-4 years after planting a 1-year-old seedling
Cherry of this variety is universal, not hasty, but bears fruit every year starting from the age of 3.
The youth register has been included in the state register since 1993. But in variety testing, it’s been listed since 1978. This indicates a thorough and high-quality selection during the selection process, and, fortunately, the results are confirmed by experienced gardeners.
The All-Russian Institute of Horticulture and Nursery is famous for its work, experienced breeders gave birth to thousands of beautiful varieties. Since the “parents” of Molodezhnaya are Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya cherries, he got excellent qualities. The long-established variety of Vladimir Cherry gave the daughter variety its bush-like form, that is, relative short stature.
The approximate average height of the plant is about 2 meters. The life expectancy of a single Youth cherry tree is about 15 years. The maximum is 20, if you can provide the tree with thorough care. Crohn's crown is medium thickened, widely rounded with sprawling branches. The small height of the tree is very convenient, since when harvesting you do not need to contrive with stairs and climb through dense growths.
The leaves of the cherry are dark green with a serrated edge and clearly visible veins, the back side is light, petioles are thickened, brown or green with a burgundy hue.
Cherry leaves have healing properties
Youth has very large fruits, about 4-5 grams. Berries have a wide-round shape, a small rounded stone, easily separated from the pulp. The skin color is from dark crimson to maroon. The peduncle is very reminiscent of a cherry, the same thin and long.
With proper tree care, you can get 10-12 kg of a good crop. Again, excellent qualities from the parent variety of Lyubskoy cherry.
Lyubskaya cherry is characterized by large-fruited and sweet berries, which is what it shared with its daughter variety - Molodezhnaya cherry
Of particular note is the flesh of the Youth variety. The taste is very pleasant, sweet and sweet with sourness. It is juicy in itself, juices, freshs, compotes are well made from cherries. At the same time, everyone - the berry is soft, well transportable due to the dense pulp. Its decorativeness cannot be avoided either: the color of the fruit is richly red or burgundy, very beautiful. Making sauces, preserves, decorating pastries and other desserts from this cherry is an aesthetic and nutritional pleasure.
Youth cherries are highly appreciated by taste characteristics, gardeners and housewives also love her for her beautiful appearance
One of the most significant advantages of the variety is its high degree of fruit set. Inflorescences are collected in large numerous buds (up to 7 flowers), well pollinated due to high stamens and pestle. If the spring period was characterized by favorable weather (without sudden frosts and other things) - expect a great harvest!
Gardeners fell in love with this variety for one more reason: for its self-fertility. This is really good quality, especially in small plots in summer cottages. The variety does not require the “help” of counterparts from other varieties of cherries to produce fruits. Therefore, you can safely buy seedlings of only Youth cherry, if you have finally decided on the variety and it suits you by geographical features (Central region).
Cons of the variety can be called below average resistance to fungal diseases and the need to treat the tree with drugs for prevention. Since the Youth cherry has a spreading crown - the branches need to be constantly trimmed.
Step-by-step landing instructions
It is important to know and create the conditions for the proper planting of Youth cherry saplings, otherwise you can simply lose the plant or not wait for good fruits.
- Decide on the date of planting: you can plant in April or October. And also pick up a sunny area, preferably near groundwater, and that there are no drafts. Basically, cherries are well placed in places elevated from the south or southwest.
Cherry loves sunny and calm places, then it bears fruit well
- Dig a hole of 0.5x0.5 m. If the seedling is quite massive, then you can dig wider, for example 0.7 deep and 0.9 wide.
The planting pit must be prepared in accordance with the size of the seedling, optimally 0.5 to 0.5 m
- Cherry does not like acidic soils, so check the ground at PH. If acidity is high, add 1 bucket of lime-fluff per 1 sq.m., wood ash, sand. For planting, it is also good to introduce slurry, chicken manure infusion and nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer.
Fertilizer ratio table for one landing pit
- Do not forget to put a peg on a layer of fertilized soil in the pit, to which in subsequent steps you will tie a still weak seedling.
The seedling will hold the peg and will not allow it to break or bend
- The cherry bush is arranged so that all skeletal branches of the roots are well straightened, lay flat and not bent.
Straighten the roots in the pit, as it is very important for plant survivalRecent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
- It remains to dig in the seedling with fertilized soil and tie it to the installed peg.
The ground at the hole needs to be a little tamped or trampled so that there are no voids at the roots
- Watering is carried out in the amount of 1-2 buckets per 1 bush. It is worth mulching the near-stem circle with peat or rotting sawdust so that the moisture does not evaporate quickly.
Mulching the near-stem circle is a must, as it helps both from drying out the soil and from excess weeds
Planting made, the seedling must be inspected the first time and be sure to close it from frost in the first and second year of life. This is very easy to do with cover material for ridges. Gently tie a sapling before a winter cold, and if there is snow, be sure to throw a hole. Snowing helps protect the roots from freezing.
An important detail is the distance between the seedlings, if you have planned more than one plant. The minimum distance is 3 meters.
In two-year-old seedlings, shoots growing at an angle of 90 degrees from the branches are removed. The remaining shoots are left. It is best to plant an annual plant, as it is better to take root in new conditions.
Planting cherries by all the rules - video
Cherry Youth, as already described, does not need to be planted next to another type of cherry, but it is itself an excellent pollinator. Therefore, usually, making a garden experiment and choosing from several varieties through cultivation, a gardener plants other trees next to Molodezhnaya. It is both expedient and profitable.
Variety Youth - an excellent pollinator for other varieties of cherries
Subtleties of care and features of cultivation
Cherry must be protected from hares and vole mice, which can cause significant harm to the root system. No need to poison animals or set traps, you can just protect the plant with a frequent peg or cover the hole so that it is impossible to get to the roots.
In the spring, it is best to feed cherries with mineral fertilizers. For this, there are such proven preparations as Emerald, Biem for fruit or any other specialized in the complex. It should be remembered that in the spring during the growing season, fruit trees give a significant part of their energy to flowering, foliage and shoot growth. Potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus are extremely important in April - May. Be careful with ammonium nitrate, as too much of it can burn the root system.
The mineral complex is important to make before setting the fruit during flowering
The second time you need to feed the cherry after fruiting. Superphosphate and potassium chloride (4 tablespoons each) are diluted with warm water (15 liters) and the trunk circle is poured. Such top dressing in the autumn will allow the tree to recover after it has given all its energy to ripening berries.
In autumn, it’s nice to water the cherry once or twice with infusion of chicken droppings or mullein (organic with water in a ratio of 1:10).
You can not add fresh manure, only rotted or infusion in liquid form
After the cherry “woke up” after a winter cold, pruning can be done. It is optimal to remove all the shoots of the last year period, ideally, about 12-14 shoots should remain on the bush. Where incised, be sure to cover with garden varieties.
Youth Cherry needs annual pruning
All branches that grow randomly, thicken the cherry and simply become longer than half a meter from the trunk - it is necessary to prune. This must be done before the tree blooms. And best of all in March - April.
In the fall, they usually do not form, but heal, the pruning. All dry, prolific branches are removed. Damaged areas are also treated and inspected. Perhaps they contain larvae or parasites, which should be immediately destroyed. Since the crown of Molodezhnaya is quite sprawling, after five years of age, the upper branches should be cut by half a meter. Form a bush in a way that is convenient for you and for a more productive collection of berries.
A simple guide to cutting a cherry - video
Diseases, pests and control measures
Although the resistance of the cultivar Molodezhnaya to fungal diseases is not the highest, but still this cherry is very beneficial in comparison with others. Coccomycosis does not parasitize your tree during preventative treatments with fungicides. Consider the diseases that are most often manifested in this variety.
Table: stone diseases and measures to combat them
|Disease||Symptoms of manifestation||Control measures||Prevention|
|Cytosporosis||Spots and cracks in the bark, leaves curl and fall off||Treatment with Novosil; whitewashing of the trunk and main branches.|
|Red spotting||On leaf plates, spots of a light red hue can be seen, then the leaves die off and fall off. The frost resistance properties are deteriorating.||Loosening the near-trunk circle, removing and burning fallen leaves.|
|Moniliosis||Light gray spots-growths on the cortex, shoots and fruits are affected||Remove fallen leaves and fruits. Be sure to trim the diseased and dry branches.|
|Gum detection||A bright yellow resin-like liquid on a tree trunk, the tree dries and dies||In places of damage or wounds need to be treated with copper sulfate, then - garden var||Protect the tree from mechanical damage, whitewash the trunk and branches.|
Photo of symptomatic signs of cherry disease
- Red spots on the leaves are nothing more than a fungal disease.
- Moniliosis on the fruits is manifested by a gray fungal growth, rotting of the fruit
- Cherry moniliosis or monilial burn manifests itself as scorched and dried leaves that fall over time
- Gum cherry detection can cause a tree to die
Table: cherry garden pests and control measures
|Cherry aphid||Twisting of leaves, the appearance of red or burgundy spots on them with tuberosity, when the leaf is unfolded, you can notice small insects of green, white or black color, as well as their larvae||Treatment with the drug insecticide Fufanon in the calculation of 10 l of water per 10 ml of the drug in ampoules, per bush up to 1.5 l of solution;|
The drug Iskra (50 g per 5 liters), is good because it contains potassium, so necessary to a weakened plant;
Fitoverm - per 100 g per 10 liters of water
|On the site, it is necessary to get rid of all anthills, since ants are carriers of aphids. It’s also good to use sticky belts on a tree trunk (from paper coated with sticky fluid), because aphids and ants rise to the leaves from below along the trunk.|
Fitoverm (preparation) is perfect as a prophylaxis, it is organic and does not cause any harm to humans and beneficial insects
|Cherry fly||Small black dots on the fruits of the cherry, the berries rot over time||Treatment with Actellik at a rate of 20 g per 10 l of water or Fitoverm (1 ampoule per 10 water)||Spraying Fitovermom in early spring|
|Cherry slimy sawfly||Black larvae can be seen on the leaves, later an adult appears, which damages the leaves, shoots||Processing with Confidorm (1-2 g per 100 ml of water), it is a strong insecticide, working volume of 10 liters||Digging and loosening the soil near a tree trunk (eliminates sawfly larvae and pupae), as well as with the mass appearance of larvae, spraying with insecticides|
|Cherry shoot moth||Damage to young leaves, shoots do not develop||Similar to cherry fly control measures||Burning old fallen leaves, loosening the trunk circle|
Photo pests of cherries Youth
- Moth eats leaves and destroys young shoots
- A fly on a cherry lays larvae that destroy the fruit
- No wonder the sawfly is named so, it eats leaves and shoots
- Aphid is very dangerous despite its tiny size, it can destroy a tree
Gardeners reviews about Cherry Youth
Ripe (or almost ripe ..) youth cherry. I liked it very much! Sweet and sour berries, even sweeter (those who managed to ripen to dark red: P) I am very pleased! And how pleased son! it’s a pity that the cherry is only half a meter high. And already such a burdock stands!Ekaterina Beltyukova
According to the results of three years, I did not like youth. Planted this variety, because in the official description it was indicated "the most reliable variety for the Moscow region." Practice has not confirmed this statement - in my area he was sick more than Vladimir. Coccomycosis has finished off one seedling (dropped leaves in the summer, did not survive the winter). The second seedling is still growing, as it is unfair to remove it without creating equal conditions for it with the rest of the cherries - it was obscured. Now the sun has opened to him, plus so far I have not tried the berries (one or two pieces do not count). But stability is clear to me, and the crown is ordinary, big-eyed and drooping.Volkova Svetlana
The first time I gathered whole cherries, no bites. After all, Youth cherry is very good - large and tasty, but it ripens so gradually that it did not have time for wasps, and other cherries are coming.star of the north
In conclusion, I would like to note the fact that despite enthusiastic reviews and recommendations, everything in the world is known through its own experience. So the sort of cherries Youth may be pleasant to someone, and at someone in a garden not to give results at all. In any case, the variety deserves attention and should be tested by experienced and sophisticated gardeners in the Central region.