Green Balls of Salinity: Home Growing and Care
Among the decorative-deciduous plants, salinolysis occupies a special place. Delicate plants with creeping shoots are able to transform any interior: they can form round fluffy balls, grow in the form of a thick beard or openwork green meadow at the foot of the giant ficus. Openwork curly leaves look great next to other flowers.
As a decorative culture is known for over 100 years. Homeland - evergreen moist forests of Corsica and Sardinia. The generic name was obtained in memory of the captain Soleirol, who first saw this plant while traveling in Corsica. In nature, it grows along the crevices of rocks, where it is warm, humid, and where the sun rarely looks. Its thin stems are tightly intertwined with each other and openwork green coverlet spread on the mountain slopes.
Wildrooting grows in crevices of rocks
Soleirolia (Helksina) is the only species of the genus. The main variety is the Soleolirol of the Soleirol with bright green foliage.
The main type of flower is the Soleirol saltworks
The decorative varieties of saltworks were also bred:
Argentina is a soil plant with silver leaves.
Argentina has silver leaflets
Variegata, notable for its leaflets with a thin snow-white border.
Variegata leaves have a thin snow-white border
Aurea with golden green foliage.
Aurea variety is distinguished by golden green foliage
Characteristic differences of the variety are manifested in bright light. Otherwise, the plants acquire their original emerald hue.
The species is characterized by the presence of tiny leaves only 5 mm in diameter. Because of the drop-shaped shape of the leaves, the plant is popularly called baby tears.
Salioli has very small teardrop-shaped leaves
Blooms in the spring. Small flowers (1 mm) are located in the axils of the leaves. Numerous stems, interwoven, form a continuous green cloth. The roots are thin, filiform.
Numerous shoots will cover a thick green rug
The plant is also known as indoor duckweed and Irish moss.
It adapts well to the conditions of detention, it is not difficult to grow it in the apartment . Putting up with temporary drought: capable of quick recovery as soon as watering resumes.
Solerolia quickly recovers when watering resumes
Soleoli - video
|Lighting||The plant loves diffused light. It grows well in partial shade. To preserve bright greens in the winter months, artificial illumination is necessary.|
|Temperature mode||A temperature of +20 degrees in the summer and +8 degrees in the winter are the optimal parameters for the development of the plant; at +5, shoot growth stops.|
|Humidity||The plant loves moisture. In hot summers you need to spray several times a day. In cool weather, moisturize twice a week.|
|Watering||In warm time, they are watered as the soil cover dries. In winter, a two-time watering per month is enough.|
|Fertilizer||It grows better with mineral fertilizers. Fertilizer application: from spring to early fall in two weeks. When the plant goes into a dormant phase, the amount of fertilizing is halved.|
|Transfer||As soon as the pot becomes small for a sprawling bush, the plants are transplanted.|
|Pruning||Pruning is necessary to form a neat shape and remove dried stems.|
|Breeding||New plants can be grown from seeds, but this is a laborious process. Soleirolia is not afraid of dividing the bush, cutting shoots from which a full-fledged plant grows.|
In the room, the salt is placed in a hanging pot, on a high stand - the shoots hang beautifully, forming a dense shoot. Ground cover properties are used in large pots, where high indoor plants are planted - delicate leaves quickly “tighten” the entire surface with a green carpet.
The greens of saltworks look great next to other indoor flowers.
Important! Tolerance is often planted on the bare trunks of dracaena, yucca, palm trees. However, it should be remembered that she is quite aggressive and can strangle her more fragile neighbor.
Soleirolia is perfect for decorating open-type florariums that maintain a humid microclimate.
Soleirolia feels great in the florarium
For reference. Florarium is a herbal composition in a glass vessel: a tall glass, a vase, an aquarium. A garden in a bottle, representing a miniature of a moist tropical forest or desert, is created from living plants, moss, pebbles, snags.
Landing and transplanting
Soleoli grows rapidly, requires an annual transplant. The best time to change your place of residence is early spring.
The plant prefers the soil loose, without lumps. It can be a purchased primer for decorative leafy plants. With independent cooking, they take an equal amount of peat, sand, earth, humus.
You can use ready-made soil for decorative deciduous plants
The flowerpot needs a wide and shallow - the roots are superficial, they need space. To avoid stagnation of water, pebbles with a layer of 3 cm are laid on the bottom of the tank.
Flowerpot for solyrol pick up a wide and shallow
The plant is transshipped annually into a larger pot.
- Prepare nutritious soil.
- Lay drainage on the bottom of the bowl and sprinkle it with earth.
- Roots with a lump of earth are placed in a container and fill the voids with earth.
- In a new place they give the flower root without watering. Three days later, normal care is provided.
The plant you just bought also needs to be transplanted from the transport substrate to a new one.
- Be sure to wash the leaves with warm water to rinse off the substance with which the plant is treated for better preservation.
- The roots are completely free from the ground, remove damaged parts, sprinkle cuts with ash.
- Planted in a new nutrient land, watered.
Gelksina easily transfers transplant and quickly takes root.
After transplantation gelksina quickly grows
The plant can be grown in the form of a ball, if the forming pruning is carried out in time. Or like an ampel, cutting thinning long shoots. In this case, the salinity falls in a beautiful cascade or, easily climbing on a support (wooden lattice, stand), quickly turns into a thick carpet. Unusually look pots in the form of a variety of figures, framed by green curls.
Original look decorative pots covered with greens
Minimal care is enough to make the “green waterfall” delight with its beauty. Groundcover does not require daily attention and watering.
Soleirolia harmoniously develops in diffuse lighting: direct sunlight and dry air are harmful to the plant. Winter illumination is carried out with fluorescent lamps.
Soleoli prefers a bright place
With active growth, moisten the flower twice a week through a tray, but do not fill it. The plant will respond to excessive watering with yellowed leaves. But they do not save on spraying: 2-3 times on a hot day, in the cold season - 2 times a week.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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With proper watering, salinole is distinguished by bright greens
In spring and summer, fertilizers are applied after 2 weeks, in winter - once a month. Feeding responds with an abundance of bright greenery. They are fed with a liquid complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants. The growth of shoots is facilitated by the introduction of a small amount of liquid bird droppings.
Feeding should only be done on moist soil, after watering, to avoid burns. And be sure to spray the crown.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in spring and summer. The use of nitrogen at another time of the year will make it difficult for the plant to transition to a dormant state, as it causes a rapid growth of greenery.
During the year, gelxin builds up a dense mass of shoots, the stems lack light and they gradually die off. Bushes are sheared, trimmed, giving them the shape of a ball. For greater bushiness, pinch the tops.
For rejuvenation, carry out a haircut
At cascading salinolysis, stems shortened by more than 30 cm are shortened so that they do not break from their own weight.
Having planted the duckweed in decorative pots of different shapes, you can use the trimming to form amusing cups of fairy tales from green shoots.
With the help of cropping from green shoots, you can form funny hair
In indoor conditions, gelxin rarely blooms. In spring, small white flowers appear, slightly noticeable in the leaves. But their modest beauty gives an additional charm to the green outfit.
In spring, little white flowers appear
From October to March, the plant is in a mild state of rest. Reduce the amount of watering to 1 time per week, feeding is limited. It is possible at this time to keep the flower in a cool room with a temperature not lower than + 8˚C, but not necessary.
Soleoli does not require much attention. But in uncomfortable conditions it loses decorativeness.
The plant instantly responds to improper care
Care Errors - Table
|Possible problems||Causes||How to fix|
|Gelksina grows too fast, the shoots are extended, thinning.||Bad light.||They rearrange saltolysis closer to the window, using fluorescent lamps. Turn the pot so that the plant is evenly lit.|
|Yellowing of leaves, drying and thinning of shoots.||Excess Sunlight. Lack of moisture.||Rearrange the flower from the south window, shade. Often sprayed on the plant. Cut shoots, well watered and put in a shaded place. After 2 weeks, green sprouts will appear, which should be sprayed daily.|
|Slow growth.||Direct light, dry air or lack of food.||The flower is shaded, sprayed with water, fertilized.|
|The leaves turn yellow and fall, the stems turn brown.||Excessive hydration.||Reduce watering, carry it through the pan.|
With good care gelksina pleases with its juicy green outfit
With proper care, the plant will delight its owners with a juicy green outfit.
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Diseases and Pests
This culture is rarely affected by pests. But it can get sick in violation of the watering or lighting regime.
Major diseases - table
|Root rot||The spores of the fungus are scattered only in a humid environment. Leaves fade. The roots become soft, rotten.||Carry out proper watering, avoid stagnation of water.|
|Gray rot||A gray coating is noticeable on the leaves. High humidity and cold contribute to the development of the disease.||Reduce watering and spraying. Adjust the temperature, fertilize on time.|
|Brown rot||Brown spots appear on the stem, leaves turn yellow and discolor.||Do not create a too wet microclimate, remove fallen leaves.|
Diseases - photo gallery
- As a result of stagnation of water, the roots rot
- Leaflets of a plant affected by brown rot turn yellow, brown spots appear on the stem
- Gray rot occurs when humidity is high
Gelxins pests - table
|Mealybug||White lumps are visible on the leaves. Worms inhibit flower growth.||Maintain high humidity.|
|Whitefly||Plaque appears on the leaves and stems, the affected areas begin to rot.||Inspect the plant for parasites, provide access to fresh air.|
|Aphid||Aphids settle on the shoots, the underside of the leaf. A small insect feeds on the sap of the plant, the leaves wither and twist, the shoots dry out.|
|Spider mite||Leaves are covered with a thin cobweb, dry.||Regularly spray with warm water.|
Pests - photo gallery
- Whitefly-affected areas begin to rot
- The worm causes yellowing and drying of the leaves
- Aphids suck plant juices, causing them to dry out
- Spider mite loves dry air
Propagated by division, cuttings, seeds, shoots.
- Water the plant.
- Remove it with a lump.
- Divided into parts.
- Planted them in bowls, not too deep.
- For splendor, several bushes are planted in one pot.
After dividing the bush, the shoots quickly gain strength and grow with new leaves
Propagated by seeds rarely.
- The container is filled with nutritious loose soil.
- Sow the seeds on the surface.
- Sprayed with warm water.
- Cover with a transparent film and put on a bright diffused light.
- The greenhouse is aired.
- After 7-15 days, sprouts will appear.
- Fortified seedlings are transplanted into pots.
Propagation by cuttings
- Young shoots are cut off and put in water until the roots appear.
- Or immediately placed in a moistened mixture of peat and sand.
- Put in a greenhouse, maintain a temperature of +25.
- Periodically ventilate.
- The stalk takes root in 2-3 weeks.
- Plants are planted in the ground.
Gelksins cuttings root in the ground
You can root the shoot by simply sprinkling it with earth right in the pot.
Overgrown shoots root directly in the pot, sprinkled with earth
After 2 months, he will develop a root system. Separated from the bush, the shoot is transplanted into a new container.
Rooted shoots are planted in a new pot
Soleoli, I like to call her helksina, always grew up with my grandmother, she called her a hat, I just adore her!Larisa chajka
I have such a plant ... I have nothing to say about it. If you don’t do it, it will go down, you will do it again - again a funny ball. Not once in a year. It grows in a jar of yogurt, although it takes up much more space in volume, in the jar there are only roots and water, in general, everything grows. I’m constantly distributing it to my friends, but I haven’t taken it from anyone. Give him freedom, do not look that small, calmly climb into other pots and I give him a haircut, do not fertilize.Helen
I really like this plant, but for some reason it doesn’t survive, I bought it several times already, regularly watered it, sprayed it, made sure that it did not dry out. I put it in the most comfortable place where there is no increased dryness of air and drafts, however, literally after 5 days, the shoots begin to dry out, even a greenhouse does not save. and then it dries completely.Nugis
This is a wonderful plant I just adore. I had it for a very long time, but I did not know anything about it and ruined it. Last year I bought a very cheap, small bunch. It grew well and one day left it under the supervision of her husband ... poured very warm water (maybe it was hot). In a matter of hours, she withered - the roots rotted very quickly. How much she could sheared and settled in a jar on wet sphagnum moss. A week later, I just did not recognize her, how she had become a beautiful lady from chahliki. Now saltoly is growing wherever possible. It gets along well with azalea, by itself and leaves for friends. I have 2 types of it - green and light green.Ugusha
I’m familiar with saltolemia or Gelksin’s for 35 years. I first saw at work in a design bureau where various large plants grew in large, mostly adapted pots, anything — scindapsus, passionflower, some kind of palm tree, hibiscus in one trunk. So, saltoleil was planted for all of them - it covered ugly pots, and even slightly emptied trunks of the main plants, growing with a huge beard. As a groundcover plant, she saw it in the greenhouse of the Tauride Garden in St. Petersburg. There, too, the space between the large plants is all covered by salt release - one continuous carpet. Propagates quite easily and quickly. This is ground cover grass, which in one season can close the entire pot, just get a small cuttings. It will not hinder anyone and will create a decorative cover under large specimens, wood and bush. True, you need to monitor it, because growing, it can crush the still growing younger neighbors. She is completely undemanding in care.Palasha
The soleoli is very tenacious, once it dried up and all the greens died. As soon as I cleaned the roots of the dead tops and planted in a fresh country, a month later there was already a magnificent hair.Elena Mazurenko
Gentle, but unpretentious salinolysis is an ideal plant for gardeners. It quickly grows into a thick hat, which is easy to cut and takes the desired shape. It can be planted as a rotter to large plants, and indoor duckweed will cover the ground with a green openwork rug. And if placed in a hanging pot, a beautiful emerald wave will fall like a waterfall descending from a rocky mountain. In addition, it is also a plant useful for the home - it is believed that it cleans the space, neutralizing the harmful radiation of electrical appliances.