Grapes Bogatyanovsky: characteristics of the variety and features of cultivation
The vine has always been respected by the Eastern sages and residents of the South European countries, being a symbol of fertility and life itself. Hundreds of hybrids with agrotechnical characteristics that differ from each other were bred from wild-growing culture. Juicy, sweet berries of one of them - Bogatyanovsky grapes - ripen in late August and are admired by everyone who at least once tasted them. To get a crop and appreciate the amazing taste of the hybrid of domestic selection, you need the right care. The heat-loving variety requires close attention from early spring to late autumn.
The history of the cultivation of grapes Bogatyanovsky
An early ripe hybrid with large oval berries was obtained by crossing two white-fruit varieties - Talisman and Kishmish Luchisty. Both varieties have excellent taste and are designed for fresh consumption.
The Talisman grape variety is distinguished by an elongated fruit shape and a noble muscat taste.
An early table variety Talisman with large elongated berries and a powerful vine is resistant to gray rot, but needs to normalize fruit ovaries due to the abundance of clusters.
Grapes Kishmish Radiant with a delicate aroma and oval fruits conveyed to Bogatyanovsky hybrid its sophisticated taste and appearance
The best tastes and optimal agrotechnical characteristics of the two varieties are combined in the domestic culture of modern selection. An amateur Soviet gardener from the Kuban, Viktor Nikolayevich Krainov, an employee of the Y. I. Potapenko All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking in Novocherkassk, bred 45 grape varieties during his work, but Bogatyanovsky obtained at the end of the last century is the breeder’s pride. A table grape variety was named after the settlement of Bogatyanovka, located in the same place where this hybrid was first grown.
Gardeners appreciate the variety for a plentiful, friendly, stable crop. Many years of viticulture experience suggests that the unpretentious Bogatyanovsky feels good in the southern regions of our country and successfully survives in central Russia. In the climatic conditions of the historical homeland - Novocherkassk - Bogatyanovsky ripens in late August, in the Central Chernozem region - in early September .
A vigorous hybrid grows both on its own roots and in a grafted culture due to its excellent compatibility with stocks. Bogatyanovsky is characterized by rapid maturation and high survival rate of cuttings.
Typical features of grapes Bogatyanovsky:
- not afraid of drought and heat;
- productivity from one vine reaches 10-15 kg;
- frost-resistant - tolerates loss-free temperature reduction to –25 ° C without shelter;
- with appropriate prophylaxis, it is resistant to gray rot, mildew and oidium;
- early ripening - fully ripens in the climate of central Russia.
A powerful branchy plant reaches a height of 2.5 m, lignified fibrous shoots are light brown in color . Vines mature more than 70% of their length. Direct tall bushes with a sufficiently developed root system look decorative at any time of the year.
The lignified vines of Bogatyanovsky grapes ripen by more than 70% of the length
Three-lobed leaves with a strong dissection of a rounded shape and a saturated green color have pronounced tubercles and bristly pubescence. Petiole of leaves open, leaf denticles not sharp, triangular, of different sizes.
Small green inflorescences are bisexual, form a panicle and bloom together in mid-June. The hermaphroditic flower of selection grapes does not require the close location of another pollinator variety. Bogatyanovsky needs regular normalization of inflorescences, since the recommended eye load (these are formations that combine the buds and ensure their proper development, appear in the axils of the leaves) - no more than 45. If the extra ovaries are not removed, the vine may not withstand heavy grapes.
The Bogatyanovsky grape variety requires regular normalization of inflorescences so as not to burden the vine with bunches
The berries of the table grapes presented are large, even, oval, in mass exceed the indicators of the “parental” varieties. The color is bright green, when ripe, turning into golden yellow with a brownish, sometimes pinkish tinge (a hereditary trait of the Kishmish variety), are located on symmetrical clusters with medium density. Fruits with a thin, delicate skin and a juicy, fleshy flesh are distinguished by a muscat flavor, have a delicate honey hue of taste, weigh from 10 to 14 g, sometimes pour up to 25 g. From 1 to 3 seeds is the norm for Bogatyanovsky. Average berry size:
- length - about 3.5 cm
- width - 2.7–3 cm.
A harmonious combination of sugar content (19–22%) and acidity (approximately 8%) gives the grapes a soft, sour taste that emphasizes the particularity of the variety (the fruits are not as sugary as that of Kishmish).
The complete absence of peas (chopping of fruits) and the evenness of ripening fruit together distinguish Bogatyanovsky among other varieties
Table: tasting assessment (according to a 10-point system) of table grapes of the Bogatyanovsky variety
|The appearance of clusters and berries||ten|
|Taste and Aroma||eight|
|Skin properties and pulp consistency||nine|
Large, conical clusters of Bogatianovsky with proper care, timely top dressing and regular watering weigh from 400 g to 1 kg, some specimens reach 1.5 kg . On the vine of an amateur variety almost all up to one berry ripen at the same time, weakly loose clusters are slightly susceptible to pea. Fruits rarely crack and hold tightly on petioles; they tolerate transportation and storage well.
Practice shows that up to 90% of the shoots of Bogatyanovsky grapes during the summer season bring a crop. Bunches are both short and loose, and dense and long, depending on the landing site and the shade of the site.
Video: Bogatyanovsky grapes
The unpretentious climatic variety grows on sandy and clay soils enriched with peat and is resistant to disease. The fruits of Bogatyanovsky are great for desserts and homemade wines, rich in vitamin C, B, potassium and phosphorus. Juicy, sugary berries of this variety are very healthy. However, those who suffer from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and flatulence, it is better to limit eating berries.
Grapes begin to develop, the kidneys wake up when the daytime temperature rises above 10 ° C. The vine blooms at an average temperature of + 18–22 ° C around mid-June (data for central Russia). The crop will have time to gain sugar content and will be with a moderate typical acidity in sunny, hot weather with average daily indices in July-August of +25 ° С.
Bogatyanovsky grapes bloom in June, and by July fruit sets
Grapes do not like excessive watering. Dampness and frequent rains reduce sugar accumulation. The optimal temperature and sunny weather in the second decade of summer allows Bogatyanovsky grapes to ripen by the end of August - early September and improve the tasting qualities of fruits.
The mid-early variety of amateur selection by V. N. Krainov ripens 120–140 days after the appearance of the first kidney. On each shoot of the vine, under normal weather conditions, up to two or three inflorescences mature.
The table variety Bogatyanovsky allows you to grow up to 40 full-fledged grapes in one season. High yields cause overload of fruiting, for this reason, growers recommend a short pruning of fruiting vines for 10 eyes. Annual normalization increases the yield of the middle bush to 85–90% if the eye load on the plant does not exceed 35–40 pieces.
A fast-growing vine with a straight trunk requires reliable support that can withstand both powerful foliage and a plentiful harvest.
Bogatyanovsky grape variety requires reliable support
The Bogatyanovsky hybrid takes root well on the southern slope, which should be aired to provide bushes with air circulation during ripening of berries, but to remain protected from northern winds in the fierce winter.
Having a short-term experience in the cultivation of white-fruited nutmeg varieties, I noticed that such hybrids are sensitive to early frosts. The first frost and lack of snow are detrimental to the root system of the vineyard. Therefore, in the Black Earth region, a vine of dessert grape varieties requires timely shelter with spruce branches and needles, sometimes you have to resort to a frame shelter with lutrasil, fixed with slate on the sides. The plant will need this in mid-November. Leaving the vine uncovered on the arbor or trellis will not work - this will increase the risk of freezing.
These varieties are encouraged by the fact that they practically do not pea and are small even in rainy, damp summers. It is enough 2 times during the period of active growth to feed the bushes with organics or humates, treat with potassium fertilizer “according to the leaf” and spray from oidium and gray rot, 8-10 clusters of 1 kg will necessarily grow on white hybrids. Bogatyanovsky and his "relative" Kesha are similar in shape to berries and delicate aroma. This variety with juicy yellow-green pulp is good in fresh form and in compote. After freezing, the berry is suitable only for fruit drinks, such grapes are not suitable for baking. 2-3 seeds are always found inside, but sometimes we put berries in vegetable and fruit salads, the bones are easily separated from the juicy “middle” of grapes.
Fragrant, juicy fruits of Bogatyanovsky grapes weigh more than 20 g
So that the clusters on Bogatyanovsky are dense, and the juicy berries have a sugary and not too thin flesh, the plant is advised not to “load” - normalize shoots and remove stepsons, water abundantly, especially in dry summers. Despite resistance to drought, the hybrid is demanding on watering. Moisten the near-stem circle of grapes must be plentiful, it is good to use mulch to reduce evaporation. They begin to irrigate vineyards in early June and end in late July - early August to avoid cracking berries.
Gardeners note that in the heat the bunch acquires a yellowish-pink tan, which does not affect the harmonious taste of Bogatyanovsky. But on sultry July days, berries can “roast” in the sun, drying out and losing their juiciness. Experts say that leaving leaves on the shoots in the places of fastening of fruit clusters and to complete thinning of the leaves is necessary when the crop has ripened.
It happens that the berries of this grape are damaged by wasps, but the “wounds” quickly dry out and overgrow, not having time to rot or deteriorate.
Advantages and disadvantages of the grape hybrid Bogatyanovsky
Like other varieties, Bogatyanovsky has its advantages and disadvantages.
- resistance of the kidneys to return frosts;
- a small number of stepsons;
- stable ripening period of the vine;
- tight fastening of fruits to the petiole;
- self-healing ability in case of damage to berries;
- a small number of seeds;
- compatibility of cuttings with stocks.
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- the need for rationing the crop;
- occasionally - pea;
- medium disease resistance;
- the obligatory formation of the vine and the need for support for it;
- watery pulp of fruits.
Bogatyanovsky grapes of the Kuban breeder V.N.Krainov have more advantages than disadvantages, apparently, therefore, the variety is very fond of many gardeners, it is widely used for cultivation not only at home, but also in Central Russia and in the southern regions.
Features of planting and growing
The plant will grow faster if planted on a sunny area of the southwestern slope. Seedlings are placed at a distance of 2 m from each other so that they do not shade and the crop ripens faster. Grapes are planted near buildings that serve as an additional source of heat in winter (the distance to the building is at least 1.5 m, to nearby trees - at least 3-5 m).
Features of planting dessert grapes Bogatyanovsky
For a dessert hybrid, spring planting is preferable, so that the bush has time to take root before winter frosts and build up a vine. The Bogatyanovsky variety does not grow in moist lowlands, on clay, heavy soil.
- Dig a hole 80 cm deep and about 60 cm wide. Drain from cracked brick, crushed stone and sand is poured into the bottom so that the drainage layer is about 20 cm.
The drainage layer in the planting pit for grapes should be at least 20 cm
- The pit is filled with a fertile mixture consisting of rotted manure (1-2 buckets per 1 m2), humus soil and peat - 1 bucket and mineral fertilizers (150 g of superphosphate and 100 g of potassium salt). Everything is mixed with sand (1 bucket) and supplemented with 1 liter of wood ash.
Preparing the fertile layer for a planting pit for grapes is an important task that should not be neglected
- A pipe with a length of 70–90 cm is inserted into the finished drainage, 10 cm back from the edge of the hole, the surface is rammed. From above, the fertile layer is covered with alternating with chernozem.
- A sharp tool in the grown plant cut off the vines closer to the base. Then the seedling is placed in a pit for planting so that the roots are turned south and the buds are turned north.
Grapes are planted in a hole, tied to a support
- The bush is bent towards the previously prepared support and the base is sprinkled with the remaining fertile mixture. Then the plant is abundantly watered: it will take 2-3 buckets of warm water.
Tall grape variety Bogatyanovsky necessarily requires support for the seedling
The soil around the grape seedlings cannot be tamped - this violates the breathability of the soil. In order for the roots to properly settle in the hole, the young bush sprinkled with the planting mixture is slightly pulled up - this procedure allows the roots to straighten down. Then the remaining substrate is added to the pit and watered.
The young vine is provided with a sufficient amount of moisture, irrigating planting every 2 weeks under the root with two buckets of well-maintained, warm water. The base of the vine bush is covered with a film and mulched with straw - this protects the hole from drying out. With a properly planted pit, with humus and mineral additives, in the first year of growth, Bogatyanovsky does not require top dressing.
Cultivation and care
Grape growing consists of mandatory watering, pruning and top dressing procedures.
During the summer, it will be necessary to water the plant when drought occurs, but at least 2 times a month, abundantly moistening the earth by at least 0.5 m under each vine. In rainy, wet summers, the plant needs less moisture. Periodically, the near-trunk circle of the young vine is loosened and cleaned of weeds.
Immediately after planting, grape seedling needs abundant watering, then the plant is watered as necessary, but at least 2 times a month
Trimming and Normalization
Growing shoots are attached to a support or placed on a trellis to avoid breaking. In the first year of life, grapes are not cut. In the second and subsequent years, the plant requires the formation of a bush and regulation of vine growth (pinching). In spring, weak shoots and shoots break off, after the appearance of the ovary, the procedure is recommended to be repeated - this will allow redistributing nutrients to the inflorescences. For this, the tops of shoots 20–25 cm high are cut into “2 sheets” (so that 2-3 leaves are left on each). In the same way, the stepsons of the current year are manually nipped to reduce the load on the bush and to reduce thickening.
Video: normalization of shoots and removal of stepsons of grapes
During fruiting, normalize the bunches (artificial regulation of their number) to reduce fruiting and reduce the load on the grape bush. For optimal distribution of nutrients, experienced gardeners recommend pruning the lower clusters (closer to the ground) - they are pollinated worse.
Video: normalization of the grape bush in clusters
In autumn, Bogatyanovsky’s vine is formed so that the plant is lit evenly. Pruning is carried out with a sharp secateurs before sheltering the grapes for wintering.
- In the second year of life, 2 young shoots with 2-3 eyes are left on the hybrid.
- In the third and next year, the plant consists of 4 shoots about a meter long and 1–1.5 cm thick.
After pruning, the grape bushes are recommended by gardeners to treat with a solution of Bordeaux fluid or copper sulphate in order to avoid infection at the cut sites with fungal diseases.
Top dressing is carried out three times per season.
- In the spring before flowering, it is recommended to feed the vine with mineral fertilizers with a low nitrogen content. The prepared solution (30–40 g of granules per 1 bucket of settled water) is applied under the root and then watered abundantly.
- During ripening, the fruits are fed repeatedly “according to the leaf”. 30 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium salt, 3 g of boric acid are added to 10 l of warm water and sprayed abundantly.
- After 2 weeks, foliar top dressing is repeated, but the fertilizer composition is replaced: 10 g of potassium salt, 10 g of soda and 4 drops of iodine are diluted in 10 l of warm, settled water and sprayed on the surface of the leaves and vines.
Video: top dressing and garter of grape bushes
Shelter for the winter
In autumn, when the night temperature drops to 0–3 ° С, the vine is carefully laid on the ground and sprinkled with sand (1.5–2 buckets), covered with spruce branches or non-woven covering materials . For strength, the structure is fixed on top or on the sides with metal arcs. This procedure is carried out at the end of November in central Russia. If it gets warmer, the protective material is partially opened and the vine is ventilated. This will help to avoid decay and the development of diaper rash, which lead to the death of the bush.
For the winter, the vine is covered with non-woven materials and spruce branches
Diseases of the grape variety Bogatyanovsky and their prevention
This hybrid is rarely affected by diseases characteristic of the vine. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew and its varieties - mildew and oidium. In addition, Bogatyanovsky has increased immunity to gray rot and anthracnose. However, preventive measures are still worth carrying out.
To prevent disease, the vines are treated before flowering.
To prevent infection with fungal, infectious diseases and pests, vines are treated before flowering and after harvesting with low concentration chemicals (according to instructions) for fruit trees and garden shrubs.
With appropriate care, Bogatianovsky will please a stable crop and take a worthy place in the garden.
Bogatyanovsky grapes are an excellent dessert that is loved by both adults and children
Bushes are vigorous, the vine ripens well. The size of the bunch walks depending on the load. If I leave 10 clusters on an adult bush, then everyone will be 1.5–1.7 each. Checked. This year 22 left, clusters about a kilo. I'm already sorry. It also has a decorative function for me, and even in kilograms it is a loss, but two-kilogram chandeliers overhead in the courtyard look impressive.Dmitry Anatolyevich
I have a Bogatyanovsky root, fourth vegetation. In my conditions, resistance to mildew 2.5, to oidium 3–3.5 points on a 5-point scale. Brush and berries are large, impressive. Taste without frills, but quite good. The crackle of berries is insignificant, the crack on the tip dries without rotting and then overgrows.Igor F.
Bogatyanovsky on my site is also in the top five best light-colored table varieties. It pleases everyone - large brushes and berries, good taste, productivity, resistance to disease. I have one of the strongest growing varieties. In general, the rich are good grapes. A serious minus is a severe reaction to overload. I don’t even know who is even more depressed reacting to the slightest overload. The rest is a good option for a harmonious taste.Yuri Semenov
A true garden does not exist without a vineyard. So say everyone who has already tried to grow grapes in their garden. If you look at the intricacies of caring for a fastidious but climate-resistant grape variety Bogatyanovsky, then the traditional southern culture will certainly delight you with juicy, sweet bunches reminiscent of the sunny Caucasus and summer vacations by the sea.