Gooseberry varieties Masheka: description, subtleties and nuances of its cultivation
Gooseberry Mashek was bred by Belarusian farmers about 20 years ago, and to date, the variety is one of the favorites among gardeners. It is appreciated for its stable yield, attractive appearance and, of course, for the pleasant taste of berries. In addition, the fruits of Masha are universal, they are good and fresh, and in the preparations.
Description gooseberry variety Mashek
Gooseberry Masheka - a variety of Belarusian selection, which was created by A.G. Volzunev - a famous scientist-agrarian, doctor of agricultural sciences. The breeder brought a huge number of new varieties of gooseberries, while Masheka is considered to be one of the best.
In season, the gooseberry bush of Mashek is strewn with ripe berries
The variety got its name in honor of the hero of Belarusian folk art, a noble robber and protector of all the oppressed by the name of Mashek.
The appearance of the bushes
The gooseberry bush Mashek - thick and sprawling - looks very impressive, especially during fruiting. The plant is medium-sized. Light green thick shoots grow obliquely. Branches are not pubescent, with yellowish-brown spikes. Leaf blades have a dark green hue, they are leathery and wrinkled, have a slight sheen. The teeth along the edges are blunt and short. Ovaries not pubescent, unpainted.
Mashaeka berries are orange-red.
Table: characteristics of the fruit
|Mass of one berry||3–3.5 g, individual fruits weigh up to 4 g.|
|Appearance of berries||The elongated oval shape of the fetus. Unfrozen berries.|
|Coloring||Orange-red, when fully ripened, the berries acquire a dark brick hue.|
|Taste||Sweet and sour. 4 points out of 5 according to the tasting score.|
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the gooseberry Mashek
|Winter hardiness.||The variety is demanding on heat.|
|High productivity, you can collect up to 6 kg from the bush.|
|Self-fertility, pollinators are not required for fruit setting.||Too many root siblings.|
|Berries withstand transportation well.||Productivity falls under adverse weather conditions (high humidity, low air temperature).|
|High resistance to pests and diseases.|
The subtleties of planting and agricultural technology
The variety is characterized by high productivity. Masheka will give her owners delicious and fragrant berries, if you provide the bush with the necessary care and choose the right place for planting.
Where to place
To plant Masha, pick up a flat and bright place, protected from the winds. Groundwater should not lie closer than 1.5 m to the surface.
Gooseberry Mashek recommended to plant on a flat and bright place
The soil in the area for planting gooseberries should be slightly acidic, fertile and loose. If the earth is sandy or clay, then it is recommended to plant a crop only after its preliminary improvement. A year before planting, 15 kg of organic fertilizers per 1 m2 (this can be humus, manure or compost) should be added to the sandy soil, and sand should be added to the clay soil, besides organic matter. Experienced gardeners are also advised to add 50 g of potassium sulfate and 40 g of double superphosphate per 1 m2.
Despite the fact that the culture tolerates the acidity of the substrate rather well, if its pH is lower than 5.5, it is necessary to produce liming. The best fertilizer for this purpose is dolomite flour (application rate - 1.5 kg per 1 m2).
When and how to plant
Experienced gardeners advise to plant gooseberries in the fall, about a month before the start of frosts. With such planting dates, the plant manages to take root well and to tolerate winter cold. It is also permissible to plant seedlings of Mashaeka in early spring before buds open, but in this case, young gooseberries must be abundantly moistened.
On the selected site you need:
- Dig up the soil and remove all weed roots.
- Plants should be located at a distance of approximately 1–1.5 m from each other.
Gooseberry seedlings should be placed at a distance of 1-1.5 m from each other
- Dig holes measuring 50x50x50 cm.
- Add 1 bucket of compost or well-rotted manure to the soil, as well as 40 g of potassium sulfate or 1.5 tbsp. wood ash, 100-120 g of superphosphate.
- Fertilizers mixed with soil and fill the pit to a third of the volume.
- Cover the nutrient mass with ordinary soil and moisten it.
- Place the seedling in a pit without tilting and deepen 5 cm more than it was grown before.
When planting, the seedling should be buried in the soil 5 cm more than it grew before.
- Fill the roots in the planting pit with soil without fertilizer, slightly compact the surface and pour (0.5 buckets of water).
- Finally fill the hole with soil, make a hole around the seedling and water again (0.5 buckets).
- Mulch the well with humus, peat or dry earth to reduce moisture evaporation.
- Trim all shoots, leaving 5-7 cm above the ground.
- Cover the sections with garden var. This is necessary so that the young plant is not attacked by pests.
In the first years of life, seedlings develop slowly. First, the roots grow stronger, and only in the second half of summer the shoots begin to grow, and Mashek will give the first berries for the 3rd year. Full fruiting of gooseberries occurs when 15–20 strong and healthy branches form on it (in the 5th year of life).
The nuances of care
To get a rich harvest of sweet and sour gooseberries Mashek, you should make a lot of effort. If you strictly adhere to the agrotechnical schedule, then you can achieve high yield bush for 18-20 years. Techniques that will achieve this result are quite simple and accessible to every gardener. This is a timely watering, feeding and forming pruning of the bush.
Gooseberry Masheka declared by its creators as a drought-tolerant plant, but requires abundant moisture in spring and early summer. It is best suited for this purpose by sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation (if several plants are planted in a row on the site). Another great way to moisten the soil near the bush is to water in the grooves. For this:
- They dig small trenches around the bush in a radius of about 30–40 cm from the base.
- 20 l of water are poured into each groove. Water does not need to be heated; gooseberry roots are not afraid of cold moisture.
- The moistened substrate must be mulched with dry grass, straw or sawdust.
In dry summers, more frequent and plentiful watering is necessary (3-5 buckets for each bush).
Moistening is recommended to be stopped before the ripening of berries begins. Excess moisture during this period will interfere with the collection of sugar content in the fruit, as a result of which the berries will turn out to be watery and acidic.
Abundant watering in the grooves is a great way to provide gooseberry roots with the necessary moisture.
Another plentiful watering should be carried out in the fall (20–40 l under one gooseberry bush). The plant responds well to winter hydration. The so-called water-charging irrigation will help the plant easily tolerate winter cold.
The timely application of both mineral and organic fertilizers will maintain a stable high yield and contribute to resistance to the diseases to which the variety is susceptible.
- It should be noted that the nutrients introduced into the planting pit when planting a seedling will be enough in the first three years of the bush's life. Then, in the autumn, once every 2-3 years, about 6 kg of organic fertilizers, 20 g of superphosphate and 1/2 cup of wood ash per 1 m2 are applied under each gooseberry bush.
- In early spring, before budding, experienced gardeners advise feeding the culture with ammonium nitrate (15 g per 1 m2 for young bushes, 20–25 g for mature bushes).
With an insufficient amount of nutrients, the leaves comparatively early, even in the summer period, acquire an unusual color (a colored rim along the edge of the leaf or purple or violet spots between the veins of leaf blades). In case you find such symptoms on a plant, urgently feed Masheka, as the leaves of a healthy bush have a dark green color.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Trim and shape gooseberries
Pruning helps to form a full-fledged bush, get large berries and maintain a stable yield. The peculiarity of Masha is that the variety forms a huge number of root shoots, because of which the bush becomes thickened and the quality and quantity of berries decreases. In addition, their growth is delayed until late autumn and the ends of the growths do not mature well. Fruit buds are laid on the shoots of last year, while the main berry harvest is concentrated on shoots of 1-2 branching order and 1-2 year old fruit branches, where up to 3 large berries can form from one bud, whereas on older branches only grows one small fruit.
Proper pruning helps to form a full-fledged bush and get large berries
In order for the fruits of Masha to be sweeter and larger, competent shaping and sanitary pruning should be carried out. The basic rules of procedure are as follows:
- A year after planting a seedling in autumn, cut shoots at ground level, leaving 3-5 the strongest.
- In subsequent years, cut off all weak annual shoots (basal shoots), leaving 3-4 healthy branches.
- On mature bushes, remove all old branches that have poor fruiting.
- If there are good growths at the bottom of the old shoot, then cut off only the top of the shoot above the branch.
- Remove all broken, oppressed, weak and unproductive branches of any age.
Too thickened bushes are recommended to be cut off gradually, with partial rejuvenation of branches that do not have root shoots.
Pruning recommended in autumn
When forming an adult plant (over 10 years old), there are peculiarities. When trimming such a bush:
- we remove all short annual shoots growing at the base. At the same time, it is recommended to leave 3-5 well-formed branches in the lower tier;
- the tops of fruiting shoots are cut to a well-developed lateral branch;
- branches that ceased to give berries, completely cut out in the fall;
- in early August, pinch the tops of skeletal branches by 5 cm. This technique allows you to stimulate the laying of flower buds and increase the winter hardiness of the culture.
Anti-aging pruning of mature bushes is carried out every 2-3 years.
Preparing for the winter
Masheka is a winter-hardy variety, but in regions with severe cold it needs to be additionally covered. To help gooseberries winter well, agricultural experts recommend that water-loading irrigation be carried out in late autumn. In snowy winters it is necessary to fill the bushes with snow and trample it around the gooseberries. A great way to preserve a snow shelter is to sprinkle it with earth or sawdust.
Video: gooseberry care
Diseases affecting the gooseberry variety Masheka
The authors of the Masheka variety claim that gooseberries are resistant to many ailments. However, under adverse conditions, it is affected by such common diseases as anthracnose, septoria and powdery mildew.
Table: diseases and methods of dealing with them
|Disease||How do they manifest||How to fight||When to treat with drugs|
|Septoria||Rusty or grayish-brown spots with a yellow border appear on the leaf blades.||Spray gooseberries with 1% Bordeaux fluid (2-3 liters per bush).|
|Powdery mildew||A loose white coating appears on leaf blades, petioles, ovaries, berries.||Pour bushes with hot water (2–4 liters per bush).||Immediately after snow melts in early spring.|
|Spray with fungicide Oxychrome, Vectra, Fundazole (1-2.5 liters per bush).|
|Spray bushes with a solution of water and wood ash (300 g per 10 liters of water). Means to insist for two days.||During fruit setting and ripening.|
|Anthracnose||Small brown spots appear on the leaves. Leaf blades become brittle and turn brown, then curl and fall.||Spray the bush and soil under it with a solution of the drug Skor (20 ml per 10 liters of water).|
Photo gallery: diseases characteristic of the gooseberry Mashek
- Small brown spots on gooseberry leaves are the main sign of anthracnose infection.
- Powdery mildew most often appears on gooseberries in rainy summers
- Irregular rusty spots indicate gooseberry infection with septoria
Collection, transportation and storage of berries
Gooseberry Masheka has prickly spikes, so you need to harvest with gloves to protect yourself from cuts and wounds. Upon reaching maturity, the berries turn orange-red. They do not crumble from the bush, so all the fruits can be collected at a time.
The berries are firmly held on the shoots, retain their shape and taste even under adverse conditions, for example, in rainy weather.
If you need to transport gooseberries, it is recommended to pick the berries slightly immature (about a week before full ripeness). They are laid out in baskets or plastic containers without closing the lid. In this form, the fruits can be stored for 2-3 days.
Gooseberries can stay fresh for about 2 weeks in the refrigerator. To do this, they are freed from sepals and leaves, washed and laid out in perforated plastic bags, i.e. packaging with ventilation openings.
Mashek gooseberries are good not only fresh, but also as jam or jam
For longer storage, berries can be frozen or cooked. Gooseberries make excellent preparations with a pleasant sour taste: jams, compotes, preserves.
Gardeners reviews gooseberries Mashek
I think Mashek’s strong-pricked variety is the most tasteless, it’s just fresh and sweet. I will get rid of it along with the other varieties of medium taste.Nelly
Masha is beautiful, the color of the berries is very rare. You won’t pass by, you’ll definitely stop. And the taste is for an amateur, one is not very good, while the others are simply delighted.pioneer 2
The berry is red, elongated, larger than medium. Unrefined, thin peel, small seeds, sweet and sour taste, towards sweet. I'm growing without treatments. The bush is thickening, it is necessary to thin out. The branches lie under the weight of the berries - you need support. Harvested in the first decade of July.Michailo
I remembered another wonderful gooseberry variety - Mashek, in my opinion, he is Belarusian.Tamara
The Belarusian variety of gooseberry Mashek has undoubted advantages. It has sweet berries and a very beautiful fruit coloration. Masheka is winter-hardy and suitable for cultivation in the Central region. The crop will bear fruit for about 20 years, while gooseberry care is minimal, it is enough to conduct regular watering before setting berries and after leaf fall.