Geoplastics as a direction in landscape design

Good afternoon! I heard from a friend, and she is a fan of country affairs, that now the direction of geoplasty is fashionable. Tell us what kind of animal it is and what it is eaten with.

Victoria

Specialist response

The term "geoplasty" appeared not so long ago, but in fact it hides the millennial history of garden art. These techniques have been used in landscape art for many centuries, because people at all times strove to improve living conditions and housekeeping, for which sometimes it was necessary to adjust the natural topography of the territories. But especially widespread geoplastics received since the XX century. It was during this period that this method of designing the relief became relevant and became popular not only in landscape gardening, but also in personal territories. Despite the fact that many new decorating ideas, popular in the West, are still not widely applied here, more and more people with their own land plots want to transform their original landscape for the better, emphasize the diversity and beauty of the relief.

The possibilities of geoplasty in many cases are not limited.

So what is geoplasty? What features does she have? How can they be used to improve the territory of your garden?

What is geoplasty in landscape design

Geoplastics is an architectural and artistic plastic processing of a relief and transformation by artificially creating its forms, taking into account aesthetic, technical and functional requirements for the object, landscape features of the territory, the presence of vegetation and the level of groundwater.

The events on the art of geoplastics and modeling of relief include the device of both engineering and aesthetically expressive, enriching the relief of structures.

This is, first of all: terracing of slopes; retaining wall device; slope layout; the device of stairs, ramps, steps; the formation of earthen ramparts and hills where initially they are not.

Thus, the use of this promising area can benefit both owners of plots on a slope, and those who have a completely flat plot.

How can you create such shapes with your own hands in a summer cottage?

In the event that you are the owner of the site on a slope, for the convenience of its use, you will need to terrace the slope. This can be done in both regular and landscape style, using two different methods. The first is the use of retaining walls, the second - slopes (steep slopes must be strengthened with a special grill, which will protect them from slipping).

In addition, on the relief site can not do without stairs. The choice of material depends mainly on the style of the site and your preferences. Long and steep stairs need to be protected with a handrail, and for people with disabilities, steps should be replaced with ramps.

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Also, material on strengthening slopes and slopes on the site will be useful: plan / ukreplenie-sklonov-na-uchastke.html

Another situation is if your site is completely flat. This is ideal for breaking down a garden or fruit garden, but for decorative gardening, such a relief may seem boring and monotonous. Geoplastics such as creating artificial hills can help here.

You can apply the direction both on small plots and when designing the landscape of large land holdings

In addition to creating a visual effect, man-made hills can solve many purely practical problems.

  1. In this way, you can zone the space.
  2. It will turn out perfectly to hide from prying eyes any zones that you wish (for example, a cellar, a utility block, a recreation area). To do this, it is enough that the height of the hill planted with plants is about 1.5–2 m. On the contrary, you can make the hill a great place to relax by putting a gazebo on top of it, from which a picturesque view of the site will open.
  3. The hill can perform the function of soundproofing. If the soil in the area holds moisture well, you can also use the hills to grow plants, placing photophilous on the southern slope, and shade-loving on the northern.

But there is one caveat - on a plot of less than 10 acres, the hills look unnatural, upsetting the natural balance. Therefore, if your site does not have such dimensions, you can make a small hill for rockeries or rock gardens.

What materials are preferable to use

It should be noted that not all materials can be used to create an artificial hill. Clay and peat soil are completely unsuitable because of their ability to change volume with increasing humidity, as well as humus, due to the content of a large amount of organic substances that will gradually decompose, reducing soil volume and contributing to the subsidence of the hill. The best option is to use infertile soil, which must be poured in layers (layer thickness 30-40 cm), ramming and spilling water with each layer. The design of the finished hill can only be started in a year, otherwise the probability is high that the soil may sag.

In any case, whether it is the construction of a retaining wall or the construction of a hill, it will be necessary to drain. Drainage is laid at the bottom of the retaining wall, along the slopes and at the foot of the hills.

You can learn about what and how to make retaining walls from material: postroiki / podpornye-stenki-v-landshaftnom-dizajne.html

Cons of geoplastics on the land

Despite the large number of advantages and positive aspects, geoplasty has its own “minuses”, which are a number of limitations in the application of its methods. The main ones are:

  1. It is undesirable to change the terrain in areas with high seismic activity.
  2. It is not worth creating an artificial relief on a site with loose soil.
  3. Absolutely inapplicable geoplastics in areas with swampy soil.
  4. You will have to refuse to change the terrain if your site has valuable plants that need to be preserved.
  5. Geoplastics should never be applied in forest areas.

Nevertheless, the limitations of the use of geoplastics are not so many, and they do not detract from its many advantages. Geoplastics techniques help us to make our garden unique and original, to give it uniqueness and originality.

Examples of landscape transformation in the photo

Application in zoning of stone and vegetation

Strict geometric shapes

Creating stairs

Artificial slopes

Site zoning

Material author: Laryukhina Aza

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