Generous Cherries - a self-made variety for the Urals and Siberia
The generous Shchadrya cherry variety was created specifically for cultivation in the harsh Ural and Siberian climates. This cherry is stunted, winter-hardy, self-fertile and undemanding to care for.
Generous hardy cherries
The generous cherry variety was bred by Sverdlovsk breeders in the middle of the last century by hybridizing ordinary and steppe shrub cherries.
As a legacy from the steppe cherries, the Generous variety received short stature and high winter hardiness, and from the ordinary - yield and juiciness of fruits.
Generous Cherries - winter-hardy and productive bush variety
Generous Cherry is a spreading bushes up to 2 meters high, widely spreading to the sides due to the abundant formation of root shoots. This variety is partially self-fertile, which is a rarity for cherries, and can be a good pollinator for other varieties. It blooms in the second half of May.
Generous Cherry - a good pollinator for other varieties
The fruits are medium-sized, weighing up to 3-4 grams, dark red, juicy, sweet and sour, taste from mediocre to good . Suitable for fresh consumption and for all methods of home canning. They ripen late and stretched from mid-August to September. Fruiting annually from 3-4 years, yield up to 4-5 kilograms per bush.
Generous Sour Cherry is great for making jam
Variety Generous is zoned for the Urals, Western Siberia and the Volga-Vyatka region.
In Tatarstan, Generous Cherry is sometimes grown in the gardens of the eastern part of the republic, where the climate is more continental than on the Volga. This cherry grows well in neighboring Bashkiria.
Generous Cherry - a winter-hardy harvesting variety for the Urals and Siberia
Pros and cons of the Generous variety - table
|High winter hardiness||Fertility|
|Drought tolerance||Mediocre fruit flavor|
|Stunting||Susceptibility to fungal diseases|
|Ease of reproduction by shoots|
Features of planting and cultivation of generous cherries
As a descendant of the steppe cherry, it grows best on dry sunny slopes and does not tolerate waterlogged acidic soils. In the Urals and Siberia, cherries are planted only in spring, from late April to mid-May.
Planting cherries - step by step instructions
Generous is a compact bush variety, so 2-3 meters between adjacent bushes will be quite enough. Procedure:
- Dig a hole with a depth of 50-60 centimeters and a diameter of 50 centimeters on light sandy soils to 1 meter on heavy clay soils.
For planting cherries, pits are prepared with a depth of 50-60 centimeters and a width of up to 1 meter
- Add 1-2 buckets of rotted compost and 1 glass of ash to the ground from the pit, and another 1-2 buckets of coarse-grained sand for clay soil. Mix well.
- Pour a little of this mixture into the pit.
- Spread the roots of the seedling and place it in the pit so that the root neck is 2-3 cm above the soil level.
When planting, the roots of the seedling should be spread to the sides, and the root neck should be positioned slightly above the soil level
- Cover the roots with fertilized soil.
- Gently pour a bucket of water under the seedling.
Immediately after planting, you need to pour a bucket of water on the seedling
In order for the bush cherry to be durable, it is necessary to plant it with root-own seedlings obtained from the shoots. Such plants with timely rejuvenation can live 20-30 years or more, forming a wide multi-stem bush from shoots of different ages. Young seedlings do not need pruning until the shoots appear. From this moment it is necessary to monitor the bush, timely cutting weak, dried and too old trunks near the ground. A properly formed cherry bush should be well ventilated and illuminated by the sun.
Old bushes of overgrown cherries are rejuvenated by cutting part of the trunks near the ground
How to protect cherries from pests and diseases
Generous Cherries are affected by moderate coccomycosis and moniliosis. Of the pests, aphids and mucous sawflies are common.
Pests and diseases of cherries and ways to combat them - table
|Title||Description||How to fight|
|Aphid||Small soft insects on the leaves||If a pest is found, sprinkle the bushes with Decis|
|Slimy sawfly||Slime-covered larvae that turn leaves into a transparent mesh|
|Coccomycosis||Leaves prematurely turn yellow and fall|| Spray the bushes three times with the drug Scor: |
Pests and diseases of cherries - photo gallery
- Aphids suck leaves juices
- Larvae of the mucous sawfly feed on the flesh of leaves
- Adult sawfly looks like a small wasp
- Coccomycosis causes premature yellowing of leaves
- Moniliosis develops especially rapidly in rainy summers
“Generous” - short stature, self-fertility, regular fruiting, high winter hardiness
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The best cherry is Generous, do not look towards other varieties.
4 year generous bush cherry grows. The first 2 years everything was fine, and two were sick, but there is a crop (though not much else)
Lavish. The variety is self-fertile, but in joint plantings with other varieties its return is higher. Fruiting is annual. Productivity 4 ÷ 5 kg from the bush.
Be sure to take the Generous Cherries, it is resistant to drought and pests, and the yield is high.
Unpretentious self-fertile cherries of the Generous variety give reliable harvests even in the difficult climate of the Urals and Siberia. It is suitable for gardens in central Russia.