Gatzania in the open ground: cultivation and care
Gatzania is known and loved all over the world due to its bright petals and similarities to chamomile. It is great for decorating a garden flowerbed or balcony of a multi-story building. Before planting gatsaniya in the open ground, the cultivation and care of it should be studied as much as possible so that the flowers are large and delight their owners.
Features of growing gatzania as a perennial garden culture
The flower feels good both at home and in the open.
This flowering herbaceous plant is known as annual and perennial. Most often, in the conditions of our climate, it is possible to grow annual gatsaniya, because it does not tolerate large frosts. If you want to make it a perennial garden crop, you will have to take care to properly transplant it and help to winter at home.
The homeland of gazania is South Africa, so she loves the warmth and bright sun. Despite this, today there are many varieties that can withstand temperatures up to –5 degrees and long delight their owners with lush flowers.
How to: gazania or gatsaniya
Another flower name is African Daisy
The plant was named after the Italian priest Theodore von Gaza. However, despite this, in different countries it is called gazania and gatzania in the same way. Due to the fact that its bright buds open at noon, among flower lovers it is known as midday gold.
What is the best way to grow
Gatzania is a fairly unpretentious plant, so it can be grown in open ground, on the balcony and in home pots. The only condition for this is maximum access to sunlight, moderate watering, and the absence of drafts. The less heat and light you provide your gazania, the less flowers it will have.
What climate is this plant suitable for?
In the southern latitudes, colorful gatsaniya carpets bloom almost year-round
Gazania is suitable for almost all types of climate. It is only necessary to consider that in the cold it is dug up for the winter, and in warm latitudes it grows all year round. Only the gummid and monsoon climate, where a large amount of precipitation falls, does not like the plant. It can withstand significant temperature fluctuations from –5 to +35 degrees, although most of its types of frost do not like at all and die immediately.
What soil grows better
Fertile soil is considered the most suitable for this plant, but if it is sandy, then the flower will not suffer from this. The main thing is that the place is well lit by direct sunlight, be protected from drafts, and the groundwater level is as low as possible.
In the southern regions, gatsaniya is sown directly on the flowerbed. In areas with severe winters, cultivation occurs only at the expense of seedlings, which must be sown, following certain rules.
Role in landscape design and application examples in the photo
Gatzania plays a huge role in landscape design. She gained popularity thanks to the bright colors, striking in its contrast. So, raspberry-white, yellow-orange, red, white and many other shades of ganzania are distinguished.
Consider some ways to use these colors:
- As a decor of tracks;
A colorful carpet of gatsaniy can advantageously emphasize the planting of flowers in pastel shades
- Visually create borders between sections of the garden;
- Rockeries decorate, feeling great among stones;
In a rocky kindergarten or rockery it will look like a separate accent, and in combination with other neighbors
- In the flower beds, it goes well with ursinia, venidium, arctotis, chamomile, Iberis;
Several varieties of gatzania planted in a wide pot or box will be a bright accent in the garden
- Framing the edges of flower beds;
The brighter the color of gatsaniya, the more noticeable the edges of the flower garden
- Having correctly landed them on the ground, you will always be able to create interesting patterns, zigzags, circles and various shapes.
In order not to harm gatsaniya and skillfully decorate your garden, do not plant tall plants next to it that will create a shadow unacceptable to it.
If you want gazania to have large flowers, you need to plant seedlings for it. It is important to know that the plant begins to bloom when at least three months have passed since the emergence of the seedlings. That is why sowing seeds in May will give a result only in August or even closer to its completion. This time is unfavorable, if we talk about our country, because in most of its territory frosts can already begin, which are unacceptable for gatting.
To understand when it is best to sow the seeds of the plant in question in 2018, you can turn to the lunar calendar for help:
- February 21 to February 27;
- In March, it is recommended to sow twice: from the 5th – 9th and the 20th – 25th;
- Favorable days in April are considered 4-8.
When planting seeds and seedlings, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions of each particular region. In areas where warm spring and summer begin later, it is better to start the sowing process in March. This is explained by the fact that you should not keep seedlings at home for too long, because of this they become weaker and thinner. Due to the fact that gatsaniya loves a lot of warm light, having planted it too early, be prepared to provide her with a high-quality lamp illumination.
At what temperatures do air sow seeds and plant seedlings
When picking gatsaniya seedlings, one must be especially careful
The most acceptable temperature for planting seeds is considered to be +18 degrees. Before the emergence of seedlings, this figure is increased to +22 degrees. As soon as the seedlings begin to rise above ground level in the box, the temperature is again reduced to +18 degrees.
Further development of gazania occurs at a temperature of no higher than +15 or +16 degrees. If it is higher, then the plant will stretch strongly up and will be less strong.
Before landing in open ground, gatting is taken out onto the street first for 40 minutes. Every day, this time is increased so that the plant gets used to the temperature outside.
When to plant gatsanii when growing from seeds + step-by-step instructions
Grow seeds for seedlings in a well-prepared soil. To do this, use light, nutritious, moisture-permeable soil. The most suitable option is a mixture of peat and sifted sand in a ratio of 1: 1, as well as turf land and compost in a ratio of 2: 2. If the total soil volume is 10 liters, do not forget to add complex mineral fertilizer to it (no more than 3 matchboxes).Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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- Before laying seeds into the soil, it must be calcined at high temperature for about 3 hours.
- After that, a highly saturated solution of potassium permanganate is added to it, it is cooled and poured into a container, where seedlings will grow.
- At the bottom of a low drawer for seedlings, 10 mm expanded clay is poured, on top of which prepared soil is poured. Its height should be within 30 mm. To seed germinated faster, they need to be soaked in hydrogen peroxide for 3 hours.
- Well-packed soil is abundantly watered with water and seeds are staggered at a distance of 20 mm from each other.
- Then another 10 mm of soil is poured on top of them, sprayed with water and tightly pull a plastic film over the box. So the seeds will germinate faster. Regular airing of crops and drying of the film will help to prevent mold. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the room with seedlings is warm, so it is recommended to install a container near the battery.
- Seeds germinate in a week. In order not to harm them, open the film and rearrange closer to sunlight in a place where there is no draft. Watering is carried out only on well-dried soil.
How to sow at home: a video for beginners
In order not to damage the root system of gatsaniya during transplantation into the open ground, it is recommended to dive young growth when the sprouts are with 4 leaves. Peat cups are used for diving (their volume should be no more than 200 ml). They poured soil almost to the top with a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5. Having made a recess in the container, seedlings are deepened to cotyledon leaves. So they grow up to the moment of landing on the flowerbed.
How to pick in pots: video guide
Care in the garden from the moment of planting in the open ground until the fall
Landing in the open ground is carried out in a stable warm time.
Immediately after sowing the seeds, calculate the approximate time when you will plant gazania in open ground. This should be a period of lack of frost and extreme cold. In this case, the soil should warm up at least 40 cm.
On a pre-selected sunny piece of land, compost is poured and digged. Withstanding a distance of 20 cm from each other, holes are dug to a depth of 20 cm. Before lowering the peat pot into the ground, the hole is abundantly watered with water, a tablespoon of fertilizer (potassium, superphosphate, earth) is poured.
How to care for growth
During growth, the flowers do not water much. They make sure that many tall weeds do not grow around, which will cover the sunlight necessary for the plant. Weeding the ground directly near the gatsaniyu need to be careful so as not to damage the root, which is quite close to the surface. That is why experts advise the soil not to loosen. So that the soil does not lose moisture and is not covered with weeds, the soil must be mulched (peat or compost).
With proper care, flowering gazania lasts about 20 days. As a result of this, cut off withered flowers in time to promote the appearance of new ones.
Do not forget to feed the plant a full mineral fertilizer once a month or a month and a half, which includes potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
How to prepare a plant for winter
Most often, with the advent of winter, the bushes are cut, and the roots are dug up. However, if you want to leave a few blooming gazani until the next season, dig them up and plant them in a pot. At the same time, make sure that the lump of land in which the plant has been growing all summer remains intact. Place the flower in a room with a temperature not exceeding +8 or +10 degrees. Watering it is necessary only when the land is almost completely dry. With the advent of spring, the stems are pruned and the root is planted on a new bed.
What problems do gardeners with growing and their solution
Both young and adult plants do not tolerate overflow
Like all plants, gatzania is also susceptible to pests, from which it suffers and can die. These include slugs, aphids, spider mites, snails.
Pest Control Methods:
- It is possible to prevent the appearance of ticks and slugs by regularly weeding the area where the gassing grows, as well as pouring slaked lime between the bushes. In addition, the spider mite can be killed by Ditox, Fufanon;
- It will be possible to get rid of snails only by manually collecting them, not allowing more distribution;
- To combat aphids, Aktara, Fitoverm, Biotlin are used.
If you notice that brown spots appeared on the leaves, increasing in number every day, be prepared for the fact that the flower was struck by gray rot. In this case, it will be very difficult to save the bush, therefore it is better to dig up heavily infected plants and take them away from the site. To prevent the occurrence of such a disease, the following rules must be observed:
- Do not water the gas;
- Plant her in a well-lit place;
- The soil should be regularly ventilated, but be free from drafts;
- For prevention, occasionally spray flowers with Fitosporin.
In some cases, gardeners claim that the plant does not bloom for a long time. The reason for this lies in the improper care of gatsaniyu or the bad place in which it grows.
Flower Growth Reviews
My mother planted the seeds in separate cups for seedlings somewhere around the New Year, because by the time of planting she had time to get stronger. Sprouts need to be fed, and planting should be done in May and on a sunny site. The flower is demanding of the sun and heat, but it does not care at all about poor soil. I understand that in the southern regions he would be more comfortable and stay in the seedling stage could be reduced. The first experience in planting seeds for seedlings showed that the beginning of March is a bit late for our region. The flower bloomed only in August.Gossip Girl
So bright, beautiful, unusual! But only flowers bloom very quickly - literally in a few days. By evening, they close their petals, and the flower looks as if it has already wilted. I water the bush as the soil dries, but so far we have not carried out any special care for this flower. After all, only somewhere in a little over a month we are growing it. The flowers are quite large (medium size), so even if there is only one blooming flower on the bush, it is still noticeable and looks beautiful.Cucumber
I made such conclusions: it is better to grow gazania in the garden, planting along the paths. So her opened beautiful flowers are visible perfectly. On the balcony, she always turned away from me for the sun. But we must always remember that it opens only to meet the sun. On cloudy days, closed buds are not very beautiful. So next to it you need to plant some bright low flower that is not afraid of cloudy days and will attract the eye.Nika
Bought in the market. There I was advised to shelter the place where she grew up and then the next year should breed self-propagating. Let's see how to winter. The soil where it grew is sandy. It tolerates drought, but I often watered it all the same (there are other stretch marks next to it). Gazania is quite hardy, but hardly tolerates frosts, so this perennial plant in our climate is usually cultivated as an annual. Loves the sun very much! In cloudy weather, the flowers did not open. Next year I want to try to sow seeds.Chocolate
Sowed at the end of February, and in tablets, and in the tray, in tablets liked more, you can sow it at the end of January, take it to the greenhouse, and in May it will bloom. The transplant is very poorly tolerated, if the root is damaged, the plant can be considered lost. Therefore, it is necessary to transplant into the ground to a permanent place with a large lump of earth or better by the "pass" method. After the emergence of seedlings, it is desirable to lower the temperature, I take out the loggia, we have it with a heating battery, in the winter there are 16 - 18. He loves the light. If grown on a window, then on the lightest one. By development, which is somewhat reminiscent of eustoma, at the initial stage of development it grows very slowly, and then begins to grow “in front of our eyes”. I rarely plant, I don’t like stagnation of water, in the lowland it can die in the rainy summer. The bushes grow, so I rarely plant, 30 centimeters from each other. He loves fertile soil and feeds with complex fertilizer about once a week.Tamara
If you want to decorate a flower bed or a house, you must definitely pay attention to gatsaniyu. A bright, unusual, unpretentious plant will delight you with its large flowers throughout the summer until severe frosts. Just do not forget about careful and proper care of it, so that the flower is not exposed to pests and is not lost in the shade of large trees.