Garden jasmine: rules for planting and growing
Real jasmine in the middle lane does not grow. What is filling the gardens in Russia is called a mocker. But even this imaginary garden jasmine is in no way inferior to the real one in either aroma or beauty.
Features of growing jasmine as a perennial garden culture
Chubushnik bushes complement the design of many garden plots
Garden jasmine, widespread in Russian gardens, is a mocker, a representative of the Gortenziev family. Philadélphus has nothing to do with real jasmine, which belongs to Olive. The similarity is found only in the aroma emanating from the flowers of the bush.
In the old days, smoking pipes were made from hollow stalks of mock-ups - chubuki. The name of Russian jasmine is connected with this. The Latin name reminds us of the ancient Egyptian king Ptolemy Philadelphus.
Wild mockers inhabiting the hot mountains of the Caucasus were acclimatized to the cold climate by the French Lemoine. Today, his varieties are excellent for winters in the European part of the country. Foreign mockups found on the market are most often suitable only for the fifth frost resistance zone. As for the conditions of Siberia, the varieties developed by Vekhov are more relevant for them. They easily carry up to forty degrees of frost. When choosing a variety, it should be borne in mind that the same one can belong to both Lemoine and Vech. This point must be specified upon purchase.
You can learn more about which perennial flowers in the conditions of the Urals and Siberia best from the material: ozelenenie / mnogoletnie-cvety.html
Some varieties are characterized by abundant flowering, but they are not always fragrant.
Most varieties differ in short flowering, the average period of decoration with flowers is about three weeks. Ermine mantle blooms longer than others - up to 50 days. Flowering periods are scattered over time depending on the variety. By picking up different types of mock-ups, you can achieve the appearance of fragrant flowers in the garden from May to July inclusive.
Role in landscape design and ideas in the photo
Deciduous or semi-deciduous perennial shrub with gray or brownish bark turns during flowering into a snow-white bouquet. It looks impressive against the background of red-brick buildings or in a mixborder. Chubushnik is also planted on the lawn. Low-growing varieties will find their place in rock gardens and rockeries, decorate the shores of garden ponds. In the forest gardens they occupy the lower tier, located under the trees. From varieties reaching two to three meters, an excellent hedge is formed that can bloom even after pruning. The mock-up is combined with spireas, hydrangeas and weigels. The higher the bush becomes, the better it looks on its own - in solitary landings.
- Curly varieties can be used to decorate garden arches
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- Monolithic hedges-walls can be used to design secluded arbors
- In combination with a host it is used especially often
- Chubushnik successfully used in group landings
- Chubushnik will be a decoration of the entrance group at home
- Good will be the neighborhood of tall garden jasmine and shade-loving low crops in the flower beds and
- Low varieties of chubushnik look great in a single landing
Popular varieties with photos
Twenty species of mock orange are divided into more than 70 varieties. Here are the most popular ones.
The vast crown takes up to three meters of area and rises two meters in height. Terry flowers of the variety Virgin, each 5 cm in size, are collected in inflorescences of 8-10 pieces and almost completely hide the juicy greens of the leaves. This happens in mid-summer and lasts about a month.
The second name of the variety is the flower of innocence.
Single white fragrant flowers of this variety are shaded pink at the base, appear in early summer for 3-4 weeks. The dense crown reaches a height of one meter. The leaves are rounded and dark green.
The variety blooms in the first half of summer for 3-4 weeks.
The above varieties belong to common mockworms and can withstand in winter up to 25 degrees of frost.
A variety of crown mock-ups is distinguished by spherical terry flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, gathering together 5-7 pieces. A delicate aroma should be expected in July, and it will last only a couple of weeks. The maximum growth of the bush is 2 meters. The foliage is dark green, with a rare-toothed edge of an oval shape.
Variety Snowball in a single planting during flowering resembles the appearance of a beautiful snow globe
The yellow-gold foliage is famous for the three-meter handsome Aureus. White flowers up to two centimeters in size are actively fragrant at the end of May. The stems go straight from the ground.
Variety Aureus is more notable for its bright foliage than the actual flowers
A variegated two-meter variety is useful in darkened areas of the garden - it can burn out from direct sunlight. As for flowering, it occurs at the beginning of summer and gives a truly jasmine scent.
Innocence is commonly planted in sunny or semi-shady areas.
Belle Etoile (Beautiful Star)
Lemoan chubushnik meter high. The leaves are smaller than other varieties - only four centimeters long. Single flower bells reach 4 cm and are colored with purple. Anthers gold color. Flowering 3-4 weeks at the border of spring and summer.
During flowering, Belle Etoile resembles apple blossoms.
Manteau d'Hermine (Ermine Mantle)
The long-flowering shrub does not reach a meter in height. The branches are thin, drooping, covered with fine foliage. Semi-double white flowers (up to three centimeters each) are covered literally entirely. It smells like strawberries.
Gornostaev's mantle will complement the design of a small garden
The arched branches of a one and a half meter long mock-up are abundantly covered with medium-sized flowers - the variety is distinguished by their greatest number. The scent of strawberries.
Also, the Avalanche mock-up may be called a strawberry variety for its smell
The powerful aroma of these terry flowers can be enjoyed in July. The leaves reach nine centimeters, the crown is oval and grows to three meters.
The name of the variety Schneesturm is translated from German as "snowfall", "blizzard"
The drooping white parachutes-bells are an achievement of the Vekhov variety. Shrub exudes strawberry aroma in June-July. Height allows you to use it as a living fence.
You can learn more about creating and maintaining hedges from the material: ozelenenie / zhivaya-izgorod-svoimi-rukami.html
Flowers of this variety resemble airborne parachutes in the sky.
Shrub with drooping branches does not grow above one and a half meters. The aroma is strong, double flowers.
Variety Majori needs light, because in the shade it blooms much worse
The diameter of the crown is up to two meters. Serrated leaves. Terry flowers about 3 cm in size have a yellow center. Fifth winter hardiness zone, young plants cover for the winter.
Bouquet blank requires thinning pruning every 2-3 years
Minnesota Snowflake (Minnesota Snowflake)
Bushes are vertical, two-meter. Inflorescences are small, terry flowers.
Minnesota Snowflake can be grown in the Urals and Siberia
At first, the vertical branches begin to fall gracefully down with age. The maximum height is 1.5 meters. Flowering period - June-July, the aroma is delicate.
Girandole is a hardy variety
Chubushnik seedlings are easy to transport
A sunny spot in the garden is allocated for the plant. Soils are preferable drained and fertile, but any other are suitable. Soil quality primarily affects the abundance of flowers.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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A couple of weeks before planting, it is necessary to dig a hole for each bush under 50 by 50 cm. When a hedge is planted, the hole is replaced with a trench. If the soil is heavy, drainage from expanded clay or crushed stone is laid in the lower layer. Next, the recess is filled with sheet soil (three parts), humus (one part) and sand (two parts). The root neck of a seedling cannot be buried more than a couple of centimeters to prevent decay. After heavy watering, the trunk circle is closed with mulch.
The best time to plant a seedling:
- early spring, when the buds have not yet awakened;
- the first half of autumn (in Siberia and the northern regions - not later than September 15, in the suburbs - until October 10).
The approximate distance from the mock up to other plants is a meter and a half. When a hedge is formed from garden jasmine, the gaps between the specimens are narrowed to half a meter.
Garden Jasmine Care
A young landing needs to provide good watering
The rule is the lack of fertilizer in the first year. Until the root system is sufficiently developed, slurry can damage the plant. But from the next season they start feeding lubber with nitrogen liquid - a bucket for each bush. This meal will remain unchanged even when a complete cut of ground shoots has been made.
Freshly planted plants need abundant watering - 25-30 liters at a time. During a drought, it is watered every other day, and once a week is enough in rains. A good indicator of soil moisture are leaves. With a lack of moisture, they droop.
The soil must always be loose. After the first watering, it is loosened to a depth of 8 cm and mulched immediately. This helps preserve both moisture and airiness of the soil. With good mulching, further loosening is not needed, it remains only to replenish the mulching layers with new ones.
For a decorative effect, you can use the color mulch, read about it: dekor / dekorativnaya-shhepa.html
Care during growth and flowering
The recipe for annual manure top dressing is one part per ten parts of water. Blooming biennial specimens replenish the diet with mineral fertilizers. To do this, add 15 g of urea, 25 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfide to a bucket of water. This portion is enough for one plant that has reached its maximum size, or two - if they are half as much.
After flowering and before winter
Dead sprigs of jasmine are quickly replaced by overgrown new ones by spring
After dropping the flowers, the marshmallow's vitality is restored with ash - two glasses under the bush. Replace it with a ten-liter bucket of potassium sulfate (tablespoon) and superphosphate (two tablespoons). Weak branches after flowering are removed immediately.
Before the first snowflakes appear in autumn, the root system is insulated with a layer of compost or humus of at least five centimeters thick. You can add a little phosphorus-potash fertilizers, they will increase frost resistance. A good “blanket” for the roots will be coconut felt spread on the ground.
Plants that have not yet reached full size are covered with snow as it appears. Many varieties lose in frost that part of the branches that rises above the snowdrifts. This is not critical.
If there is an experiment with more heat-loving mockers, you can cover the whole bush for the winter as well. To do this, they stick a high stick in the middle, spread the aggropan on the ground and neatly, but tightly tie it to the installed support at the top and bottom. In the middle, the cocoon is also tied with a rope, but more freely.
Vekhovsky varieties tested by Russian winters usually do not need such a procedure. Enough for them will be the autumn binding of the branches, giving strength to withstand the severity of snow.
The scheme for trimming mock-ups after flowering will help the beginner to properly work
At the very beginning of spring, all strong branches are slightly shortened. Weaknesses can be removed altogether, as well as those that are more than eight years old. The resulting stumps are smeared with garden var.
Very old plants are rejuvenated, leaving only 3-4 trunks up to 40 cm long. All the rest are cut to the ground.
Possible problems when growing mock up
Garden jasmines are considered completely unpretentious. But from time to time there are force majeure and when growing them:
- Chubushnik dumps leaves in the summer. The probable cause is a deepening of the root neck. Free it from excess soil should be in the coming spring.
- Foliage darkens and curls. This happens if you damage the young roots with fertilizers. Strengthen the roots by watering with zircon (ampoule on a bucket of water).
- Black bean aphid attacked. Here you can not do without chemicals - for example, FAS-double, Intavir, Fitoverm, Kinmiks or Tanrek can help. Actara watered under the root.
- Gray rot - leaves become covered with white coating, curl and dry out. Sick branches must be removed, the remaining treated with any fungicide.
- Weevil attack. The crown is treated with chlorophos, bugs with larvae are caught and destroyed.
- Spider mite. Repeated spraying with the emulsion of Celtan (0.2-0.3%) or Phosphamide (0.2%) is necessary.
The easiest way is to carry out spring prophylaxis of these misfortunes. In the recipe used for this tank mixture must be present fungicide and insecticide - for example, Hom and Fufanon.
The easiest way to propagate marshmallow cuttings
There are several ways to breed mock-ups, and the choice depends on the needs of the gardener.
In autumn, fresh seed boxes of Chubushnik are planted to a depth of 30 cm and covered with organic mulch. In the spring, the cover is removed to allow the earth to warm up, and the sprout to hatch.
Spring planting is carried out in greenhouses, but seed treatment should precede this. They are placed in water in a nylon stocking for swelling, and then allowed to dry. A little sand and humus are added to the soil.
Diving is allowed after a couple of weeks from the appearance of shoots. It should be borne in mind that from the seeds a plant of the same variety is rarely obtained, and flowering can be delayed for several years.
Cuttings cut in the autumn are dug in wet sand in the basement, maintaining zero temperature. Planting material is planted already in the spring, slightly tilting the cuttings and deepening into two buds. They are transplanted to a permanent place in the autumn, when enough roots are formed.
Old branches are not suitable for cuttings, because they have a loose core.
Green cuttings are taken from the parent in May or June and immediately planted in a greenhouse. After a couple of months, the seedlings gradually begin to harden, and they are sent to permanent residence only after a couple of years.
Propagation by layering
Young stems are pressed into the ground and fixed, leaving only an apex of 15–20 cm above the soil. As they grow, this shoot is watered and spud. After two years, you can transplant away from the parent, separated from him with a sharp shovel.
A white bouquet with a height of human growth will delight you with its aroma for many years. And the more labor and love will be invested, the more light and fragrance your garden will get.