Front garden: do-it-yourself device example + design options

A piece of land from the house to the carriageway is usually called a front garden, and the fence separating it from the road is called a front garden. In a small area, flowerbeds are most often located, a beautifully designed path leading to the house, an arch in flowers, compositions of low trees and stones. This is a place where you can embody the most daring design decisions, and the opportunity to create an original front garden with your own hands.

What are the front gardens?

Before you start decorating the front garden in front of the house, you should get acquainted with the variety of house territories and their features.

From the point of view of openness, front gardens are divided into two types:

  • Open - without fencing. The space adjacent to the house is perfectly visible both from the porch and from the roadway. Most often, this is a neatly trimmed lawn with flower beds and a path leading to the entrance.
  • Closed - fenced off from the street with a hedge or fence (forged, brick, wooden, wicker, stone, metal mesh).

The open front garden is clearly visible from the road, shrubs, flower beds, and decor are visible. High fences excluded

A vivid example of a closed front garden is a courtyard surrounded by a high hedge. No dust or noise penetrates the roadway

When designing a project, some designers are interested in the owners of the house, which is more important for them: personal preferences or the opinions of neighbors and passers-by. Depending on the opinion, the front gardens are conventionally divided into two varieties:

  • Russian type. Everything that is outside the windows of the house should, first of all, delight the gaze of the owners, rather than guests and neighbors. Accordingly, the view from the windows will be more attractive than from the road. Most likely, the site in front of the house will be closed on all sides by a fence, albeit not always deaf, or a dense hedge. But it will be decorated from the heart: with wooden painted decor, and clay figures, and numerous lush flower beds.
  • European type. Everything is arranged by strict standards. The verified geometry of lines, neatly trimmed bushes and trees, smooth lawns, impeccably decorated flower beds and paths. An open type is often used so that any passerby can appreciate the quality and level of design.

The front garden in the Russian style is characterized by the presence of many wood products

On the European courtyard, everything is calculated and thought out: from the form of steps to an exotic plant in a flowerpot

Some homeowners choose the design of the front garden depending on the style: romantic, Mediterranean, Japanese, rustic.

Step-by-step device of a picket garden

Many people ask: how to decorate the front garden with their own hands quickly and inexpensively? This is easy to do by constructing a simple fence from a picket fence.

A low white painted picket fence works well with the surrounding greenery

A low fence made of picket fence only conditionally performs a protective function, most likely, it serves for decoration and zoning. Simple, but neat and even fenders from the picket fence - an option for owners who want to try their hand at self-improvement of the site. Having at hand a small set of tools and materials, you can slowly collect the curly or the simplest fence for the front garden.

Necessary wood material:

  • bars with a section of 100x100 mm;
  • boards 25x80 mm;
  • horizontal strips (crossbars) for fastening a fence 40x100 mm.

Tools and additional materials:

  • shovel;
  • saw (jigsaw);
  • a hammer;
  • screwdriver (drill, screwdriver);
  • self-tapping screws, bolts, nuts, washers;
  • mix for concreting;
  • hinges for a gate.

First you need to dig into the ground pillars at the same distance from each other, starting from the corners. A more practical option is to install them on concrete anchors made of metal: they dig a hole, insert a pipe (tin or asbestos-cement) into it, a galvanized anchor into the pipe, pour it all with a mixture of sand and cement. Bolts are screwed to the posts, boards to them. Outwardly, the gate is a part of the fence fixed with a loop on the support post.

The diagram clearly shows how to properly fix the boards on anchors and crossbars

The next stage is the coloring of boards and posts. In order for the picket to serve for a long time, it should be treated with a special composition against mold and fungi, and then apply paint based on mineral pigments and alkyd resins. This combination will protect the tree from decay and preserve its natural texture.

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You can learn more about the technology of erecting a fence from a wooden picket from the material: postroiki / zabor-iz-derevyannogo-shtaketnika.html

A bright and cheerful fence from a picket fence will turn out if the boards are painted in different colors. If you have children, they will be happy to help

It’s easy to build a garden with your own hands, it is equally important to learn how to care for it. Here are some tips for caring for your picket fence:

  • The tree absorbs moisture well, so it is necessary that the elements of the fence are at least 15 cm above the ground. For the same reason, you need to get rid of thickets of grass growing along the fence.
  • About once every three years, the picket needs to be updated. In this case, you can change the color of the fence - the appearance of the front garden will immediately become different.
  • The tree is drying out, cracks appear that can be easily repaired: carefully puttying, and then wiping with sandpaper and painting.
  • The hinges on the gate must be lubricated so that they do not creak.

Another picket option is metal. Its construction will cost more, but it will also last much longer

Decorating a front garden with plants

How to design a front garden without applying complicated technical techniques and construction? Of course, with the help of plants.

Vegetation must be selected based on the general style, as well as depending on its orientation, practical or purely decorative. Consider several groups of plants:

Fruit and berry shrubs and trees

Leafy apple and pear trees are more suitable for the backyard, standard plants will become the decoration of the front garden. This is not the usual bushes, wild and groomed, but decorated on a flat trunk of a crown. Stack currants, raspberries or gooseberries look unusual, but this is just that neat decorative touch that will give the front garden some sophistication. Properly designed tree is best purchased in a nursery, where experts know the secrets of its cultivation.

A neat rose on the stem can become the focal point of the front garden

With the help of low trees and shrubs, you can create a hedge. For this purpose hawthorn, barberry, rosehip are suitable. Their delicate flowers decorate the front garden in the springtime, and bright fruits and foliage - in the fall.

You can learn about how to grow a hedge in the country from the material: ozelenenie / zhivaya-izgorod-svoimi-rukami.html

The hedge arch with flowering plants looks romantic and a bit mysterious


Beautiful, geometrically correct compositions are created using small conifers of conical and spherical shape. There should not be many of them, because from overloading the landscape with the same type of plantations, plants lose their attractiveness. An exception is the installation of a hedge: trees are planted in a row in front of the facade or around the perimeter of the entire site.

With the help of conifers in the middle of the front garden, you can arrange a small rockery, most importantly, that the plants are low

It is better to choose breeds that easily tolerate a haircut: boxwood, yew, dwarf spruce, thuja. Tall trees are not absolutely suitable for decorating a front garden - with their crowns they cover the facade of the house and the rest of the decor.

Flower beds and flower beds

If the climate allows, the best option is flower beds of continuous flowering, which can please the eye from early spring to late autumn. Otherwise, you can use decorative flower beds, decorated with stones or arranged in clay and wooden flower pots. To give the flowerbeds a unique look, the planted flowers are combined with garden figures, rocky slides, and wooden crafts. Mallows, roses, peonies, dahlias, asters and phlox look wonderful against the rest of the greenery.

Also, material on creating a flowerbed of continuous flowering will be useful: ozelenenie / klumba-nepreryvnogo-cveteniya.html

When arranging flower beds and flower beds, you can use the most daring combinations of colors, for example, red and purple

Even a modest wooden fence can be made luxurious thanks to a lush flower arch

Successfully use climbing plants, especially when the front garden is divided into several zones or want to protect it from the roadway. Clematis, wisteria, honeysuckle, campsis, climbing roses or creepers are allowed on trellises - in a short period of time they are able to create a real green screen.

It is not necessary to arrange a front garden using traditional principles. You can combine design techniques, stylistic nuances, various materials - the main thing is that the site in front of the house is in harmony with the building and is attractive.


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